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AbstractMilan Machovec (1925 - 2003) was one of the most significant Czech philosophers of the second half of the 20th centutry. This work is focused on a dilemma which connects all interests of Machovec into one unit. The topic is Search for the Meaning of Life. Due to personal, political and social changes the view at this topic has changed during Machovec's creative life. The work is divided into three main periods, in which we trace this continuous evolvement. At first, it is "Marxist solution" (1946 - 1964), where Machovec is trying to use a historial analysis to show the evolvement, understanding and search of the meaning of men's life from the times of antigue up to present. He comes to the conclusion that the only acceptable possibility is a socialist solution. This result is quite under the influence of a historical contemporary context. Thereby, Machovec is identified with the ideology of the leading communist party. In the second period "Expectation and Conversion" (1965 - 1989) the approach to this dilemma is changed completely. Machovec is not searching for the meaning of life in a historical context of this phenomena but he is trying to make his own conclusions. He is attempting to find the meaning of life thanks to human work, universe, history, humanism, god, delight, future or dialogue....