Problematika spolužití Čechů, Němců a Židů v díle a životě Moritze Harmanna
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AbstractThis Thesis works out the issue of the Czech-German-Jewish Relations in Moritz Hartmann's Life and Work. As a Jew growing up in a Czech village, he received a German education. Talented in writing, he became a politically oriented author, who similarly to Heine knew how to use old forms to put into them a new political content. Hartmann used very often a form of a monk diary or used even a character of a writing monk, who is trying to be objective, but is on the contrary very subjective. This form is not by chance a form of at that time newly found medieval Czech manuscript, which proved to a be falsification in the 20th Century. Hartmann is not only using a form related to the Czech National Movement, but also topics from Bohemian history occur in the majority of his works. Hartmann's Bohemian motives raised a debate on two different issues. Are the topics purely Czech or are they Bohemian? Can a history belong to a single nation in a multicultural environment? The other issue is Hartmann's legitimacy of using the Bohemian history. Is he as a German writing and a pro German feeling Jew from Bohemia allowed to loving the Bohemian country? Is he allowed to make a comparison with the Jewish fate and history? Hartmann's temporary and later Czech critics argued negatively. They were afraid of Hartmann's...