The religious structure of Najrān in late pre-Islamic and early Islamic history: from the end of the Ḥimyarite Kingdom until the end of the Rashidun Caliphate (525-661 CE)
Author(s)Al-Nahee, Owed Abdullah S
KeywordsBP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThis thesis questions what was the religious structure of the region of Najrān was during the period between 525 and 661 CE by examining the factors of forming the religious structure, how each religious community practised its religious life and the influence of Islam on this religious structure. It therefore consists of six chapters, Chapter one contains a discussion on primary and secondary sources relevant to the research questions. In Chapter two, the background on Najrān is given, in terms of its geography, demography, economy and political history prior to the period under research. The following three chapters after that investigate the religious aspects of polytheism, Judaism and Christianity in terms of origins, types of worship, rituals of worship and theological beliefs. The discussions also shed light on their religious leaders, places of worship and doctrinal sects. In Chapter six, the study debates how Islam influenced the religious structure of Najrān, by tracing its arrival and the policy of Muslim authorities to spread Islam among the Najrānite people. The thesis discusses the main features of the policy of the Muslim authority towards non-Muslims in terms of religion, security, economy and citizenship. It finally evaluates the impact of this policy on the lives of non-Muslim Najrānites. The thesis concludes that Najrān seems to represent a multi-religious society during the period under research. It points out that geographical, economic and political factors contributed towards making it. The thesis also deduces that each religious community established its identity which developed over the course of time to include places of worship, clergy, types of deity, doctrines, theological beliefs and rituals of worship, and that the domination of Islam clearly made the most important change in this multi-religious society by making Muslims the majority in the region.
Al-Nahee, Owed Abdullah S (2017) The religious structure of Najrān in late pre-Islamic and early Islamic history: from the end of the Ḥimyarite Kingdom until the end of the Rashidun Caliphate (525-661 CE). Ph.D. thesis, University of Birmingham.