Trabalhadores acidentados e adoecidos no complexo do alumínio em Barcarena-PA: um estudo sobre a negação dos direitos sociais
Author(s)MELO, Nelcesi Silva
KeywordsSegurança do trabalho
Saúde e trabalho
Saúde do trabalhador
Indústria do alumínio
Acidentes de trabalho
Barcarena - PA
CNPQ::CIENCIAS SOCIAIS APLICADAS::SERVICO SOCIAL::SERVICO SOCIAL APLICADO::SERVICO SOCIAL DO TRABALHO
CNPQ::CIENCIAS SOCIAIS APLICADAS::SERVICO SOCIAL::SERVICO SOCIAL APLICADO::SERVICO SOCIAL DA SAUDE
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AbstractThis study has as grounding a research made with workers victimized from accidents and illness from the Aluminum Complex work settled down at the city of Barcarena in Pará, which the aim was to analyze the impacts of the denial of social rights on the social life sphere: personal, professional, and familiar. From the historical materialism dialectic method searched for a sequent approximation from the social reality of the research subjects, on the perspective to development the study aim, by means of research approach, in which to seek for the opinion of the workers and related about their rights as victimized workers of accidents and illness from the job, at the Aluminum Complex mentioned before. It had as mean tools the data collect the interview semi structure that had a script pre-elaborated and directed to each fallow do the interviewers, to know: victimized workers of accidents and illness at work, unionists, and membership of ADRVDT. Based on Marxist social theory critical, the data were analyzed from the perspective of social totality. The main results of this research study can be summarized: on the professional sphere occurred a sudden interruption between the worker and his job, through a process of deprofessionalization; on the personal sphere occurred the increase of individualism; on the familiar sphere realized that disease situation allied to denial of the workers’ rights have caused, in general, the undoing familiar relationship, in the same time it has enabled the fortification of the family as institution of social protect; on the economic sphere the workers face the finances difficulties to pay for buying medicines, because they depend of the social benefits from the company. Thus, the denial social rights have created mental physical impairments, to accident and illness workers by job at Aluminum Complex, as the discredit to healthy public policy, getting worse as more the health of them.
O presente estudo tem como base uma pesquisa de campo realizada junto aos trabalhadores vitimados por acidente e adoecimento pelo trabalho no Complexo de Alumínio instalado no município de Barcarena-PA, tendo como objetivo analisar os impactos da negação dos direitos sociais nas esferas da vida social: pessoal, profissional e familiar dos mesmos. A partir, do método materialismo histórico e dialético buscou-se uma aproximação sucessiva da realidade social dos sujeitos da pesquisa, na perspectiva de desvendar o objeto de estudo, por meio de uma abordagem de pesquisa, na qual se procurou conhecer a opinião dos trabalhadores e de correlatos sobre os seus direitos, enquanto trabalhadores vitimados por acidentes e adoecimentos no trabalho, no mencionado Complexo de Alumínio. Teve como instrumento principal de coleta dados, a entrevista do tipo semi-estruturada que contou um roteiro pré-elaborado direcionado a cada segmento dos pesquisados, a saber: trabalhadores vitimados de acidente e adoecimento no trabalho; sindicalistas e membros da ADRVDT. A luz da teoria social critica marxista, os dados foram analisados sob a perspectiva da totalidade social. Os principais resultados deste estudo de pesquisa podem sintetizados: na esfera profissional ocorreu uma interrupção brusca do trabalhador com o trabalho que exercia, através de um processo de desprofissionalização; na esfera pessoal houve o aumento do individualismo; na esfera familiar constatou-se que as situações de acidente e adoecimento pelo trabalho, aliada à negação dos direitos dos trabalhadores, têm provocado, em geral, a destruição de laços familiares, ao mesmo tempo possibilitado o fortalecimento da família como instituição de proteção social; na esfera econômica: os trabalhadores enfrentam dificuldades financeiras para custear a compra de medicamentos. Desta forma, o acidente e ou adoecimento no trabalho, no Complexo do Alumínio, tem gerado a negação de direitos sociais, consequentemente, o aumento do pauperismo na Amazônia.
MELO, Nelcesi Silva. Trabalhadores acidentados e adoecidos no complexo do alumínio em Barcarena-PA: um estudo sobre a negação dos direitos sociais. 2015. 173 f. Dissertação (Mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Pará, Instituto de Ciências Sociais Aplicadas, Belém, 2015. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social.
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Trabalho, gestão e adoecimento: um estudo na Junta Comercial do Estado do Pará - JUCEPAGomes, Vera Lúcia Batista; http://lattes.cnpq.br/9114006776434389; SEYNAEVE, Carla Vanessa Moreira da Silva (Universidade Federal do ParáBrasilInstituto de Ciências Sociais AplicadasUFPAPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social, 2017-01-30)This study work management and object removal for illness of the JUCEPA servers. In this sense, a field research that supported it possible to obtain data was performed to analyze the form of labor management adopted by this institution and its impacts on illnesses that cause removal of servers to work, in order to contribute to the health of their servers. This study had as theoretical - methodological basis Marxist theory and historical materialism and dialectical method, considering that these instruments provide unravel the multiple determinations of the study object. Therefore, we opted for the type of qualitative research from a case study, aiming to understand the social reality of the research subjects in an attempt to analyze the multiple determinations: political, economic and social. The mentioned survey had a sample of 10 servers of the universe of 83 servers that were away from work for illness, whose criteria used for the definition of this sample was: having been away from work due to illness in the period 2009 to 2013. Thus They were interviewed 17 subjects, 15 servers occupying the various positions of the boards that make up the institution, namely: the mid-level positions, and top-level managers. Of the 15 respondents 10 servers have been away from work due to illness in the period, the others make up the group of managers (with 04 managers) and 01 health professionals (psychology); plus 01 representative of DSO / SEAD and 01 representative of the Union. The conclusions of this study allow us to state that there is a relationship between the form of management established in Jucepa and illness leading to departures from servers that institution, which seriously impacted on various aspects of life of those surveyed, causing traumatic processes that extend from the aggravation of diseases such as mental diseases, depression, diseases such as hypertension; the family and social conflicts arising from the financial insecurity that plagues the daily life of these servers at the time of illness.
O serviço social no campo sociojurídico : requisições conservadoras e implicações para o projeto ético político profissionalSantos, Josiane Soares; Cunha, Michelle da Conceição Costa (Universidade Federal de SergipePós-Graduação em Serviço SocialUFSBrasil, 2017-09-27)This research has as object the conservative institutional requests responses to social workers sociojurídico field in Brazil and some of its implications for the professional ethical-political project, from the perception of professionals, having as determining the contemporary capitalist crisis, which began in the 1970s. The specific objectives discuss the repercussions of the contemporary capitalist crisis in public policies implemented by the Brazilian government and its relationship with the conservatism of reissue in the professional demands of the institutions of sociojurídico field. They characterize the history and peculiarities of the Brazilian Social Work in this field and they identify and analyze the requests put conservative social workers of the socio-legal field discussing some of its implications for the professional ethical-political project. Thisis an exploratory study, predominantly qualitative nature, whose universe comprises social workers work published in thematic sessions pertaining to sociojurídico field in the Brazilian Congress of Social Workers (CBAS) 2001-2013. They also analyze the works published in the "Second National Seminar of Social Work in sociojurídico field: in view of the realization of rights" and the data collection results coordinated by CFESS published in the document "Performance of social workers in sociojurídico: subsidies for reflection". The collection was recorded in a database from the categories identified to enable their analysis guided by the Dialectical Historical Materialism. Among the key findings identified emerging as conservative requests the "special inquiry of children and adolescents" in the judicial area, the "rehabilitation" of prisoners and the "criminological examination" in prisons, and "screening" in the police station. The analyzes argue that the theoretical-critical reflection has the potential to unravel such requests, bringing up his conservative potential, disciplinarian and rights violator. The conclusions point that for the authors of the works analyzedsuch requests affront to the professional Code of Ethics principles and has the opposite effect to that recommended by the professional design, and relevant research and reflection about these "new" requests, which express the reinvigoration of conservatism in the Brazilian context entrance of the XXI century.
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