Author(s)Pažėraitė, Aušrelė Kristina
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AbstractThe article presents a biography of Emmanuel Lévinas, written on the basis of data from the Lithuanian archives and other sources on his family that lived in Kaunas. Lévinas was born in Kaunas on 30.12.1905 (according to the old calendar). His father was Yehiel Levin ben Abrom, mother - Dvoyra bat Moshe. On 10.01.1921 his father received Lithuanian citizenship and his family was Lithuanianised to Levinas. His family lived on Kalėjimo St 1 (now Spaustuvininkų St) in Kaunas. Here he met his future wife Raisa. The archives also contain data on his mother and brothers Boris and Amidonov. Until the First World War his father was selling books and stationary goods, after the war – only stationary goods. The shop was established in the Karnovski House on the Nicholas Avenue (after the war - Laisvės alėja No. 25). The family spent the war years in Charkov and returned to Lithuania in Autumn 1920. In 1923, Levinas left for Strasbourg. In Strasbourg he started his career as a philosopher. Since 1928, he studied in Freibourg with Husserl. In 1930, he defended his doctoral dissertation in Strasbourg and left for Paris, where began working with the Alliance Israélite Universelle. In 1931, he became the citizen of France. He continued his philosophy studies there and got married in 1932. He was observing closely the Jewish issue that was becoming poignant in Europe. After the Shoa, Levinas became deeply engaged in Talmudic studies, participated in the Jewish intellectual life in France and wrote essays on issues in Judaism. Alongside, he also wrote his main philosophical works that earned him the name of one of the greatest twentieth-century philosophers. Levinas died on 24.12.1995.