Prielaidos lietuviškos knygos plėtotei Karaliaučiuje pirmajame XVIII amžiaus dešimtmetyje: sekant Johano Jakobo Kvanto biografijos pėdsakais
18th century culture in Prussia
Johann Jacob Quandt
Lithuanian 18th century books printed in Prussia
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AbstractGoing through the pages of the biography of Johann Jacob Quandt (1686-1772), one of the most prominent actors in the ecclesiastic and academic life of the Eastern Prussia and the spiritual leader and religious educator of the Prussian Lithuanians, a contemporary reader may take a closer look at the receding 18th century and realize under what circumstances the sprouts of education sprang in this area of Central Eastern Europe. At first glance, the Quandt’s curriculum vitae may seem a typical case of an intellectual of the time, preparing for the spiritual service and serving his land and the King; however, the supposed commonality reveals the biographical peculiarities of a specific person of extraordinary innate talents, special character traits and spiritual charisma. The first decade of the 18th c. presents a rise in the Lithuanian writing. The academic youth was influenced by the western ideas of Enlightment, information on German and French philological societies reached Königsberg. The future Lithuanian priests were greatly influenced by the idea of purity of the German language fostered in German universities. More books in Königsberg were published in German, the usage of Latin was gradually restricted in the academe as well, the rights of the local languages of Prussia – Lithuanian and Polish – were extended. Favourable conditions created prerequisites for the rise in the Lithuanian writing: as many as 5 Lithuanian books were published in a rather short period (1701-1706). A person capable of organizing all the forces of the Lithuanian writing for the main goal – the first edition of a Lithuanian Bible was needed. And the person was Johann Jacob Quandt.