Šiuolaikiniai atlaidai Lietuvoje : religinis ir socialinis aspektas
Wake, faithful, social phenomenon
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AbstractThe tradition of wakes during holidays in Lithuanian churches lasts for several centuries already. Despite the variety of wakes functions, an exhaustive investigation of the wakes and the relationship between the religious and social aspects in general is so far missing. The same is true for both traditional and modern wakes. This paper aims at examining the religious and social functions of modern wakes of the last decade of the 20th century, basing on the data of the ethno-sociological research. The basis of the material of the paper consists of the data of the survey of the rural and urban Lithuanian congregation from different age groups. The research aims to establish the meaning of the wakes and their perception by different age groups; identify the motives of attending the wakes; reveal the connections of modern wakes with traditional pre-Soviet wakes as well as their place in social life. The findings showed that religious and social functions of wakes are differently significant to various researched groups of population. Religious wakes functions are more significant to elderly people, whereas social functions to younger people; however, even when highlighting the priority of social functions, the causes of their emergence are the existence of the wakes as the phenomenon of religious life. The hypothesis concerning the decrease in the social functions and the increase in the religious functions of the wakes was not confirmed. The religious and social aspects of the wakes in modern Lithuanian wakes do not contradict each other, but are rather complementary structural elements of the wakes as a parish feast.