Šiuolaikinių gyvenimo istorijų bei asmeninės patirties pasakojimų analizės ypatumai
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AbstractThe article presents two groups of contemporary folklore texts. The main object of this article is contemporary folklore texts: the life histories of storytellers and personal experience stories. The work is based on oral narratives noted in ethnographic fieldwork in recent years. The aim of the article is to analyze two groups of contemporary folklore texts: 1) life histories of storytellers; 2) personal experience stories. Comparative analysis and interpretation methods have been used in this study. The transformation and vanishing of traditional folklore genres is a result of postmodern society change and globalization. So, the necessity of rethinking and expanding the contemporary concept of folklore becomes particularly urgent nowadays. Various autobiographical narratives are the main research objects of folklorists, ethnologists, anthropologists and historians. Each of them investigates oral narratives from different theoretical and methodological approaches. Two groups of oral autobiographical narratives are elucidated in our article: 1) life histories of storytellers; 2) personal experience stories. Analysis of life histories reveals that symbols and implications constructed by different social groups express collective and individual memory. Personal experience stories express a simple, intimate relationship between the storyteller and the local popular saints, which provide a reflection, interpretation and evaluation of an individual religious experience. In short, the ways of analysis of contemporary folklore texts help to reveal individual and collective memory, as well as the ethnic, cultural, and religious identity of the storyteller.