• A Philosophical Look at Animals (original in Spanish)

      Leyton, Fabiola (Universitat Ramon Llull, 2020)
    • A Phone of My Own. Gender, Religion and Technology

      Díez Bosch, Míriam; Micó, Josep Lluís; Sabaté Gauxachs, Alba (Universitat Ramon Llull, 2018)
      The invisibility of immigrant women has a negative impacton their integration into the host society. This article examines how accessto technology, particularly mobile devices, is an element that can fosterthe empowerment of immigrant women with religious beliefs who livein the Raval neighborhood of Barcelona. A questionnaire was handedout to 238 women from different origins and different religions, whichwe complemented with six in-depth interviews. Women’s empowermentin the public sphere and their resulting visibility will not be possible ifthey do not have their own digital tools to connect with the host society.Although 88% of the women we surveyed own a mobile device, possessionis not everything. Digital competency (59% admit to having none)and sociolinguistic and cultural competencies are also necessary. In addition,social elements – such as an educational, work-related or social activity– are important in motivating them to expand their networks digitally,so that their use of digital tools does not imply shutting them up intheir family’s past: 58% of these women use new technologies to talk tofamily or other people in their home country.
    • A. MacIntyre: Person, Community, and Tradition against Individualism

      Lorenzo, David (Universitat Ramon Llull, 2020)
      Alasdair MacIntyre is one of the most important authors in contemporary Ethics and Political Philosophy. Regarding his political thought, he was a key figure in the Liberalism-Communitarianism debate, one of the most important and fruitful in the field of Moral and Political Philosophy in the second half of the 20th century. An important point of Communitarianism is its critique of the liberal view of the self and of Ethics and Politics, that is to say, a critique of an individualistic view of the human being (an idea maintained by MacIntyre throughout his intellectual evolution). MacIntyre’s thought has been studied from many points of view, but there is no research on his global critique and alternative to Individualism. For that reason, the aim of this paper is to studyand analyze such an alternative. It is worth analyzing it although over the last few years the Liberalism-Communitarianism debate has lost importancein Philosophy. This alternative is based on the concepts of ‘person’, ‘community’ and ‘tradition’.
    • An approach to ethical communication from the point of view of management responsibilities. The importance of communication in organisations

      Moreno, Carlos M. (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2010)
      This article defends the relevance of ethical communication in21st Century leadership. It is argued that leaders will find in ethical communication the means of gaining credibility and the confidence of their most immediate collaborators, their teams, the organizations they lead and the society in which the company operates. Taking the fundamental structure between internal and external communication as a starting point, the article describes the necessary conditions for leadership to develop ethical communication. It establishes the general and common characteristics of people-centered ethical communication, both as individuals and teams. Furthermore, it identifies the conditions that must generate ethical external communication through which leaders can convey messages to their target audience. For this purpose, the article is structured into the following sections: 1. The importance of communication within organizations. 2. Two levels of communication. 3. What is required of a leader-communicator in order to communicate well? 4. The basic Q&A of communication.
    • Are (official) approaches to nanotechnology affected by cultural context and tradition?

      Ruiz Trujillo, Pere; Florensa, Albert; Borrós, Salvador (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2011)
    • Aristotle and spiritual capital

      Bosch, Magdalena; Torralba, Francesc; Gràcia, Carla (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2013)
    • Business ethics as applied ethics. A discurse ethics approach

      Garcia-Marzá, Domingo (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2012)
    • Business Ethics in emerging markets. Evidence from Mongolia

      Choi, Tae-Hee; Zuzaan, Boldmaa (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2011)
    • Care and justice arguments in the ethical reasoning of medical students

      Sommer, Christina; Boos, Margarete; Conradi, Elisabeth; Biller-Adorno, Nikola; Wiesemann, Claudia (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2011)
    • Climate Change as a Challenge for the Ethical Acting of Companies in the Global Context

      Thomas, Rosamud (Universitat Ramon Llull, 2020)
      First, this paper introduces differing viewpoints about thedangers of Climate Change. Then, the United Nations Sustainable DevelopmentGoals are utilised – notably Goal 13 on ‘taking urgent actionto combat Climate Change and its impacts’ – to steer a clear path throughthe issue of Climate Change. Next, three ethical principles for businesscompanies to adopt to deal with Climate Change challenges are identified:first, the ethical principle of Financial Sacrifice for the Common Good;second, the ethical principle of Solidarity; and, third, the ethical principleof the Rights of, and Concerns for, Future Generations. The ethicalvalues, as distinct from principles, of openness and trust are then examined,including breaches of trust. Finally, Conclusions are drawn about someof the adverse consequences of Climate Change, including its effect onhuman health and migration patterns. Both businesses and ethics are seento have a key role to play in protecting our global environment andmitigating Climate Change impacts both in the present and for futuregenerations.
    • Climate Change, Moral Bioenhancement and the Ultimate Mostropic

      Rueda, Jon (Universitat Ramon Llull, 2020)
      Tackling climate change is one of the most demanding challenges of humanity in the 21st century. Still, the efforts to mitigate the current environmental crisis do not seem enough to deal with the increased existential risks for the human and other species. Persson and Savulescu have proposed that our evolutionarily forged moral psychology is one of the impediments to facing as enormous a problem as global warming. They suggested that if we want to address properly some of the most pressing problems that cause catastrophic harm to our existence, we should enhance our moral behavior by biomedical means. The objective of this paper is, precisely, to reflect on whether a Moral Bio-Enhancement (henceforth MBE) program would be a viable option to confront theclimate emergency. To meet this goal, I will propose the Ultimate Mostropic (hereafter UM) thought experiment, a hypothetical situation wherewe have already discovered the UM, an available, safe (without any deleterious secondary effects), extremely cheap and effective pill to enhanceour cognitive, affective and motivational abilities related to morality. After briefly presenting the main argument of Persson and Savulescuregarding MBE and climate change, I will point out some of the difficulties that make MBE a daunting but exciting philosophical and scientificdebate. In order to overcome these complications, I will describe the UM thought experiment, which involves two scenarios of the MBE program:(a) the state-driven, compulsory and universal enterprise, and (b) the initiative of voluntary individuals. I will show that the shortcomings ofMBE programs through the UM in both scenarios make Persson and Savulescu’s proposal a not appealing pathway to mitigate climate change.In the final section, I will suggest that an inaccurate attribution of responsibilities underlies their proposal and that the collective inaction problemshould be redirected primarily through a reinforcement of the political nature of the solutions.
    • Code of ethics for politicians

      Argandoña, Antonio; Bilbeny, Norbert; Camps, Victòria; Calsina, Miquel; Castiñeira, Àngel; Palazzi, Cristian; Requejo, Ferran; Ribera, Raimon; Román, Begoña; Sàez, Ferran; et al. (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2012)
    • Codes of ethics in catalan organizations

      Buch Ros, Roger; Cegarra Dueñas, Blanca; Comas López, Núria (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2013)
    • Coherence as a source of authority in organizations

      Torralba, Francesc; Palazzi, Cristian; Seguró, Miquel (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2011)
    • COMMUNICATION ETHICS: MONITORING AS A COMPLEMENT TO SELF-REGULATION IN THE PURSUIT OF TRANSPARENCY IN THE NEWS INDUSTRY

      Feenstra, Ramon A. (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2014)
      This paper reflects on the role of communication ethics in the search for solutions to some of the problems in the journalistic arena today. Specifically, the article first examines the importance of applying the principle of transparency in the news industry. It then analyses the potential complementary role that monitoring processes can play in consolidating this transparency in the mass media business model. The present article attempts to propose a communication ethics model grounded on defending the need to foster co-responsibility in which the media, the journalists and the public perform a fundamental role.
    • Communication Skills Training in Medicine Degrees at Andalusia's Public Universities: an Ethical Matter

      Porras-Florido, Carolina; Becerra Muñoz, Elena; Victoria Mas, Juan-Salvador (Universitat Ramon Llull, 2020)
      In contexts where communication skills can be learnt and taught, they become an ethical matter as far as the proper provision of healthcare is concerned. Communication skills bestow greater empathy to exchanges with the patients and they are necessary to improve improve the ways of relationship between physicians and patients.This study analyses the Medicine degrees program at public universities in Andalusia. This study takes this Spanish region as a reference to evaluate the communication training in Public Medicine Schools, and offers them some suggestions to improve medical skill communication.The multidisciplinary dimension of communication skills training could be a vital tool in encouraging certain types of patient behaviour. The ever-increasing frequency of assaults by patients on the medical staff attending them are the ultimate proof that this dimension is currently lacking.We shall also examine communication skills training as a key facet of the social responsibility intrinsically associated with the medical profession. Our research method involves firstly a review of the documents reflecting the current situation as far as skills training of the medical staff is concerned, and secondly an analysis of the program followed in courses taught at Andalusia’s Medicine Schools.Therefore the study will demonstrate a scarcity in formal education on skills communication in Medicine degrees of the Andalusian Public University.The paper concludes that real communication training appears after students have completed their superior studies at Public Medicine Schools when they learn physician – patient relationship at the treatment room by the trial and error method.
    • Corporate Social Responsibility in small shops. An ethical proposal

      García-Marzá, Domingo; Martí, Carmen; Ballester, Roberto (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2010)
      In this paper we present the main results of a pilot studyundertaken in the Autonomous Region of Valencia, Spain, on the implementation of ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in small shops. The study’s basic hypothesis is that CSR can become one of the distinctive features of small shops as well as an important value in terms of differentiation from their main competitors, namely, big chains and department stores. The study results confirm the original hypothesis. It shows that the specific features of small shops (their small size, communityinteraction, knowledge of the neighbourhood, proximity to clients and workers, etc.) can be regarded as sources of potential for making CSR a distinctive feature of small or traditional shops. We could also come to view CSR as a basic value for forging a common shop identity, which they currently lack.
    • Corporate Social Responsibility. A Critical Review

      Ibáñez Ruiz del Portal, Eduardo; Senent de Frutos, Juan Antonio (Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics, 2015)
      Within the context of the European Union, the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been revised in its 2011-2014 strategy to conform with a concept including new features that deal with the impact of business in society. We aim at denouncing the false debate between a compulsory or voluntary vision of CSR because the voluntariness would be in the process but not in its concept. CSR resurfaces with a vengeance after a period of reflection caused by the deep economic and social crisis. Our analysis intends to situate this concept in a critical and historicized perspective of CSR, inspired by a critical theory of society and the historicizing of concepts proposed by Ellacuría. Amartya Sen has also worked on the relationship between ethics and economics and the development of the capability approach as a way of measuring development; this approach may help to enforce the basic premise of CSR that was qualified as a weakness by Professor Stefano Zamagni due to its support of companies’ reputational issues. At a moment when global capitalism is under revision and the environmental and social unsustainability of the current economic system has become evident, CSR could play a role or at least make a proposal to improve not only the visibility of companies, but also the legitimizing of a category of practices that could ultimately be unsustainable.