Whistleblowing and information ethics: Facilitation, entropy, and ecopoeisis
AbstractThis paper analyses whistleblowing from the perspective of Floridi's information ethics (IE). Although there is a vast literature on whistleblowing using micro-ethical (egopoietic) or meso-ethical (sociopoietic) frameworks, whistleblowing has previously not been researched using a macro-ethical or ecopoietic framework. This paper is the first to explicitly do so. Empirical research suggests whistleblowing is a process rather than a single decision and action. I argue this process evolves depending on how whistleblowing is facilitated (positively or negatively) throughout that process, i.e. responding to whistleblowers and providing information about whistleblowing activity. The paper develops a typology of whistleblowing facilitation to complement Floridi's IE. The findings suggest that for whistleblowing to be beneficial to the informational environment, facilitation must filter out untrue whistleblowing, and achieve closure with the whistleblower, especially when whistleblowing is mistaken or deliberately false. I also find that publishing information about whistleblowing activity can be beneficial for the informational environment, but only if all organizations or all regulators do so.
Vandekerckhove, Wim (2016) Whistleblowing and information ethics: Facilitation, entropy, and ecopoeisis. Journal of Business Ethics. ISSN 0167-4544 (Print), 1573-0697 (Online) (In Press) (doi:10.1007/s10551-016-3294-4 <http://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-016-3294-4>)