Christian psychology as a scientific direction: on the history of the issue
Author(s)Boris S. Bratus
Keywordspsychology of faith
psychology of religion
the spiritual sphere of the person
history of post-Soviet psychology
Moscow School of Christian psychology
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractThe paper is the first attempt to consider cultural and historical background of the new scientific direction of Christian psychology in the post-Soviet Russia. It shows the continuity of this trend with the works of the Tsar Russia period, and the connection with the works on the psychology of faith by foreign scientists. The reasons for reviving the interest in the psychological issues of spiritual development and religious outlook are described. Despite the fact that certain ideas and attitudes to the issues mentioned above appeared at the Soviet time, the possibility of the open movement arose only at the decline of Soviet ideology. The interest in the study of personality and individuality was increasing on a par with the issues of man’s inner world, which is unthinkable without spiritual and religious aspects of human mind. The main milestones of Moscow school of Christian psychology development are highlighted: Seminar on Christian Psychology and Anthropology at the Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University (1990), Laboratory of Philosophical and Psychological Foundations of Human Development (actually Christian psychology laboratory) at the Psychological Institute of RAS, new specialty «Psychology of Religion» at the Department of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University (early 1990s), the first Russian edition of textbook « Christian Psychology» for high schools (1995), «Chelpanovskye readings» in the Psychological Institute of RAO, which touched on Christian issues. Several departments of the Institute of Educational Innovations RAO start practicing Christian education and psychology. International conferences of the late 1990s - early 2000s on the psychology of religion and the implementation of other facts of the Christian ideas of psychology at educational and practical activities in Russia are mentioned.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
A obra poética de Pablo Neruda: um estudo psicanalítico The Pablo Neruda&#8217;s poetic work: a psychoanalytical studyIsmael Pereira de Siqueira; Rodrigo Otávio Fonseca; Sandra Maria da Silva Sales Oliveira (Universidade de São Francisco, Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Psicologia, 2002-12-01)Neste trabalho realizou-se uma leitura da obra poética de Pablo Neruda, conforme os pressupostos teóricos de Freud e Lacan. A preocupação inicial foi a de elaborar um esquema teórico que fornecesse subsídios ao estudo. Num segundo momento foi realizada uma leitura das principais obras que marcam os três períodos literários de Pablo Neruda, tentando-se interpretar psicanaliticamente a rede simbólica encontrada nessas obras. Com base nas análises realizadas, pôde-se observar que a poesia de Pablo Neruda parece possuir um papel de figura objetal, possibilitando ao autor religar-se às suas figuras parentais, nas quais projeta os seus desejos e frustrações.<br>In this work a reading of Pablo Neruda&#8217;s poetic work was done, according to a Freud&#8217;s and Lacan&#8217;s theoretical presuppositions. The first concern was to elaborate a theoretical schema to supply subsidies to this study. After, a reading of the most important works of Pablo Neruda&#8217;s three literary periods was done, trying to interpret psychoanalytically the symbolic net of these works. Based on the these analysis, it was observed that Pablo Neruda&#8217;s poetry seems to have an object figure role, causing the author to link again to his parents figures on whom he projects his desires and frustrations.
&lt;img src="http://openjournals.net/files/pics/CEU.gif"/&gt; Exploring the development of an organisational culture of control and dependency from a systems psychodynamic perspectiveRené van Eeden (OSIS OpenJournals, 2010-03-01)&lt;strong&gt;Orientation: &lt;/strong&gt;Globalisation and accelerating rates of change characterise the work environment.&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Research purpose:&lt;/strong&gt; The aim of this research was to study the impact of the change process at a plant of a South African production company.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Motivations for the study: &lt;/strong&gt;Problems were experienced in terms of production and a need for transformation at different levels was expressed. Co-dependence in the environment necessitated exploration of intra-organisational dynamics.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Research design, approach and method:&lt;/strong&gt; The study focused on the management team at a specifc plant, but by applying the systems psychodynamic perspective it was possible to also explore the mutual effect of relationships with other systems in the organisation, the company as a whole and the environment. Respondents included the directors of manufacturing and of human resources, the general manager, an 11-member management team and staff representatives. Semi-structured one-to-one interviews, group interviews and a group consultation session were held.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Main findings:&lt;/strong&gt; Hypotheses were formulated regarding the change experienced in the company, the overemphasis of control in the various systems, efforts to move from dependency to interdependence, personal authority as a requirement for interdependent functioning and problems with interrelatedness.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Practical/managerial implications:&lt;/strong&gt; The study illustrates the application of the systems psychodynamic approach in exploring the interaction between and mutual infuence of various organisational systems, especially in times of change.&lt;/p&gt;&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Contribution/value add:&lt;/strong&gt; At a broader level, the study contributes to the understanding of the application of the theory as well as suggesting the use of a methodology. Recommendations for an intervention of this nature were also made.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;strong&gt;How to cite this article:&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;br /&gt; Van Eeden,R.(2010). Exploring the development of an organisational culture of control and dependency from a systems psychodynamic perspective. &lt;em&gt;SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrif vir Bedryfsielkunde&lt;/em&gt;, &lt;em&gt;36&lt;/em&gt;(1), Art. #854, 11 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v36i1.854
Control del Estrés Laboral en los Profesores&#xD; mediante Educación EmocionalFerran Salmurri Trinxet; Vania Skoknic Cvitanic (Universidad de Chile, 2003-01-01)Este trabajo presenta los resultados obtenidos con una muestra de profesores de&#xD; Enseñanza Básica quienes fueron apoyados en su trabajo profesional, con diversas&#xD; técnicas de entrenamiento emocional, cognitivas, conductuales y de interacción social.&#xD; Estas técnicas constituyeron una intervención destinada a mejorar sus habilidades&#xD; para el control emocional y el afrontamiento del estrés en su trabajo mediante el&#xD; aumento del autocontrol la disminución de la ansiedad y la depresión y el aumento&#xD; de la asertividad y las emociones positivas entre otras variables. Además, después&#xD; de la intervención realizada, disminuyeron los conflictos en el aula, la sintomatología&#xD; clínica de los maestros y los días laborables perdidos por licencias médicas debidas&#xD; a afecciones o enfermedades psicosomáticas.