AbstractThis paper aims to reconsider Nishimura Sigeki's principle and philosophical context of moral education in which he advocated the necessity of teaching shuboku no michi or the morality of a master-servant relationship. Nishimura is known for his great contribution to the development of moral education in the early Meiji period. Indeed, his importance is shown by the fact that the topic he advocated continuously appeared in kokutei shūshin kyōkasho or the governmentally designed moral textbooks between the late Meiji and early Shōwa periods. Along the state formation of modern Japan, Nishimura intended to transform a master-follower relationship from a legal-based system to a moral-based one. The former relationship between an employer and employee was guaranteed by a contract, whereas the latter was underlain by the idea of sōgo shin'ai or reciprocal dearness. For this reason, Nishimura emphasised the necessity of shuboku no michi in moral education. He affirmed a priori sociality in sōgo shin'ai thereby he criticised a theory of social contract which developed in the modern West. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that Nishimura's advocacy in the master-servant relationship is interrelated with the master-follower relationship which unites with the constitutional government.
TypeDepartmental Bulletin Paper