La Revista de Filosofía es un espacio que pone a disposición del pensamiento crítico y creativo sus páginas. La Revista desea estimular la creación de pensamiento costarricense y de otras latitudes, en virtud de lo cual las colaboraciones son bienvenidas como insumo para fomentar una sociedad tolerante, crítica y abierta.


The Globethics library contains vol. 42(2004) núm. 106/107 to current

Recent Submissions

  • Presentation. The Poems of an Algorithm Builder

    Molina Delgado, Mauricio (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
  • Formulas from a Given Truth Table

    de Leon Urbina, Mario (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    In the Tractatus, Ludwig Wittgenstein presents a theory of logic and its nature in aphorisms 4, 5, and 6. Especially from 4.31 to 5.101, truth tables, tautology, contradiction, the number of truth possibilities given n elementary propositions, truth functions, etc., are presented. The idea of this article is to expose these concepts from a mathematical point of view, with particular attention to the result that tells us that given a truth table, a corresponding formula can be constructed.
  • Space-time Functionalism: a Guide for the Perplexed

    Picado Lara, Kevin (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    According to inertial frame functionalism, a structure will play the space-time role just in case it describes a structure of inertial frames. The present paper provides an introduction to the topic in the context of wider debates about the ontology of space-time assuming a minimal technical background.
  • Presentation. Why Mathematical Philosophy?

    Leitgeb, Hannes (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
  • Claudio Gutiérrez's foray into computer science, databases, modeling, and university planning, with special reference to the years 1971-1973: the SIMULA project

    Chavarría-Chaves, Juan Bautista (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    This article is about a particular work of the late Claudio Gutiérrez, a visionary and well-known Costa Rican philosopher, with broad productive activity in many fields, including academic university planning, to which he made important contributions.  The project which he termed SIMULA, developed in the late 1970’s is described here. An overview of the computer model used, along with its main characteristics and results, useful in the process of political decision taking for a university, are presented first.  Then, a general glimpse is given about the limiting conditions in terms of computing and data availability of those years.    
  • Syntax as a Hybrid Object in the Minimalist Program: a Categorial Approach

    Boccafogli, Lorenzo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    Departing from the mainstream categorial grammars (full-propositional, Lambek-like representations), Song interprets categorically the syntactic atoms of the generative machinery. Merging and categorizing become the same: the propositional representations constitute the last layer of a multilevel abstraction-structure generating local types and combinability features. I argue that dual interpretations are possible at any level of analysis under that of complete clauses: some CT-applications in philosophy of science, particularly the Stone duality theorem, show that the isomorphisms between semantic models correspond to syntactic categorial equivalences. Finally, the semantic pointers’ architecture could provide a consistent neurobiological basis for the abstractions.
  • Hinkelammert's contribution to critic thought

    Mora Rodríguez, Arnoldo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
  • The impact of Claudio Gutiérrez on my academic formation

    Coronado Céspedes, Guillermo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    This contribution is a letter from a student to his professor, an affective transcription of gratitude. Don Claudio Gutiérrez Carranza is presented, through memories, as more than a lecturer. The author walks through texts, philosophical currents, geographical locations and anecdotes to give an account of his relationship with one of the most important thinkers of Costa-Rican philosophical thought.
  • The Principle of Compositionality and Machine Learning Algorithms

    Gallardo-Allen, Eugenia; Molina-Delgado, Mauricio (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    This article explores the consequences that Fodor and Pylyshyn's 1988 criticism of connectionist representations could have with respect to recent developments in Machine Learning. The questioning that these authors raise is usually called the challenge of systematicity. In particular, the so-called compositionality principle will be analyzed here, which establishes that the meaning of a sentence is determined by the meaning of its parts, a principle that according to the aforementioned authors cannot be accounted for through distributed (subsymbolic) representations. To address the point, we present an overview the state of Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence (AI) at the end of the 20th century, where the distinction between symbolic and subsymbolic approaches is used; and the development of both disciplines during the first decades of the 21st century is analyzed. It is concluded that the statistical tools adopted by the field of Machine Learning maintain characteristics that allow these techniques to be divided through the symbolic/subsymbolic distinction, so that the arguments of Fodor and Pylyshyn can in principle be applied to these techniques. The consequences of this would be related to the so-called problem of epistemic opacity.
  • Introduction to Category Theory, Logic, and Elementary Topoi for a Curious Mind

    Sánchez-Guevara, Jesús E.; Zuñiga-Rojas, Ronald A. (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    This paper presents a study of how the theory of categories leads to the creation ofnon-classical logical systems. In particular, the case of the elementary topos of graphs, wherethere are three other truth values different from false and true. The approach in this article tothe theory of categories avoids specialized mathematical training to understand it, since itseeks to make accessible the main ideas of this branch of mathematics to otherdisciplines ofknowledge. This work was presented by the second author, under the title of«Logic andCategories», at the I Colloquium on Logic, Epistemology and Methodology organized by theSchool of Philosophy of the University of Costa Rica.
  • Claudio Gutiérrez, from logic to epistemology

    Camacho, Luis (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    We emphasize Claudio Gutiérrez’s influence in the Costa Rican philosophical activity in recent times. After a chronology and a distinction of several stages in his intellectual output, we place his logical work within the history of this science in the country, and then we proceed to the exposition of some of his fundamental ideas in epistemology.
  • "Blanco interrumpido" Manuel de la Cruz González

    García Quesada, George (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
  • On dr. Claudio Gutierréz Carranza's thought. An algorithm of Artificial Inteligence to prove theorems of uniform cuantification logic

    Rojas Romero, José Ángel (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    In addition to an overview of Claudio Gutiérrez's philosophical thought, this article presents an application of an algorithm for automatic theorem proof that was carried out as part of the Logic and Cybernetics course, taught by Claudio Gutiérrez in 1971 and whose purpose of application was to prove the theorem called Holiday Venture. Gutiérrez, in An Artificial Intelligence Algorithm, describes the aforementioned algorithm with three variants, but one of those variants, called Empirical Orientation, was not implemented in a program. This article shows the application of this variant.
  • Towards a Political Philosophy of the Environmental Crisis and Climate Change

    Quesada Rodríguez, Francisco (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2024-01-26)
    This article integrates ecology and environmental ethics to find a new political philosophy that addresses the challenge of the environmental crisis. Although ecology as a science allows us to understand the state of the environment, ethics and politics must be integrated into a new environmental democracy that systematically responds to the challenge of climate change. The epistemological demarcation of science, philosophy and politics based on the ecological question, presented by environmental thinkers, helps organize democracy so that citizens can actively participate in political decision-makingabout the environment.
  • Schopenhauer und die Folgen. Robert Zimmer. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, 2018, 138 pages

    Choque-Aliaga, Osman (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2023-09-22)
  • Cogito and ontology of flesh in Maurice Merleau-Ponty

    Durán Guillén, José David (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2023-09-22)
    This research focuses on how the problem of the reflexive cogito returns in Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s ontology of the flesh. In the first place, the concepts “reflexive cogito” and “tacit cogito” are developed according to Phenomenology of Perception (1945). Subsequently, the article describes the conceptual transformation of these concepts into the ones of “perceptive faith” and “reflexive philosophy” according to The Visible and the Invisible (1964). Finally, the article demonstrates how the reflexive cogito returns to the ontology of the flesh because of the priviledge given to the presence and the coincidence in the analysis of touch and vision.
  • Updating Agnes Heller's dialectical thought

    Mora Rodríguez, Arnoldo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2023-09-22)
  • Helio Gallardo: between impossible and necesarry Marxism

    García Quesada , George (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2023-09-22)
    This essay explores the conception of Marxism in Helio Gallardo’s work. It discusses what we consider a constitutive tension in this concept: that between the impossibility to establish a single and definitive Marxism, and the need for Marxism as a theory for human emancipation.
  • "The world is a perfect animal." Politics and biology in the Stoics

    Nava Contreras, Mariano (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2023-09-22)
    This paper attempts to review the Stoic conception of the universe as an immense sentient animal provided with thoughtand perfection to the highest degree, as formulated by Sextus Empiricus in Adv. Math. IX 88 = SVF I 529. This idea has its roots in Aristotelian biology and naturalism, although it was the Stoics who developed it as part of their political thought, with important connotations not only for politics and biology, but also for its ethical, physical and cosmological system. Thisconception constitutes one of the first attempts to establish a relationship between politics and biology in Greek thought.

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