• 1917 – Revolución rusa – 2017

      Casas, Aldo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2019-06-29)
      La Revolución de 1917 analizada como proceso revolucionario ‘permanente’. El poder soviético debía conducir una transición socialista basada en la alianza de obreros y campesinos y el desarrollo de otras revoluciones obreras en Europa. La Guerra Civil y el cerco hostil enfrentaron a la Revolución con imprevistas dificultades. La fuerza inspiradora del acontecimiento no debe inhibir su análisis crítico.
    • 9 preguntas sobre el comunismo “a la tica”

      Herrera Zúñiga, José Roberto (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2014-12-17)
      This article, written in the form of a question-and-answer, seeks to give a pedagogical explanation of the chief ideological/ strategic characteristics of communism “a la tica.” Here we enter into polemics not only with Manuel Mora Valverde, historical leader of Partido Vanguardia Popular and inventor of this ideology/strategy, but also with various Costa Rican authors that today seek to rehabilitate this ideological understanding of Marxism.
    • A Biologia do Fascismo por José Carlos Mariátegui

      Bastos da Silva, Renata; Marinho, Ricardo José de Azevedo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2021-03-18)
      The analyses of the founder of Amauta magazine, the Peruvian José Carlos Mariátegui, were accurate as to the emergence of fascism in Italy and beyond. After the Great War, Mariátegui was in Italy in the early 1920s, in an undercover exile imposed by the government of A. B. Leguía.
    • A cidade e a política conforme a natureza

      Perine, Marcelo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2008-01-01)
      The paper intends to settle a relationship of reciprocal elucidation between two surprising platonic utterances. The first one, in Republic (428 E), is "a city established on principles of nature" (kata physin oikistheisa polis); the second one, in the Statesman (308 D), speeks about a "the true natural art of statecraft" (kata physin alethos ousa politike). The comprehension of the two platonic formulas, in their contexts, allows to verify the coherence of the political thought of Plato in his late works.
    • A conceção leibniziana de vida

      Cardoso, Adelino (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2014-01-23)
      Considering that life defines the very style of the being, the author searches the specificity of the living as a machine endowed with an immanent principle of operation, which is a perceiving principle. The perception is the proper modality of the action of the living, whose requisite is a primordial self.
    • A Dislocation without a Subject. Althusser, Laclau and Spinoza

      Bruschi, Fabio (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2020-07-23)
      This article studies the relation between Laclau’s concept of dislocation and Althusser’s concept of structural causality, to demonstrate that the hegemonic articulation of identities cannot be ascribed to the operation of a subject, since it can only be sustained by a social force that can either block or mobilise processes of subjectivation.
    • A la fe por la duda: Una lectura metafísica de la paradoja en El hombre que fue Jueves de G.K. Chesterton

      Siles González, Ignacio (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2005-01-01)
      El artículo discute el significado metafísico de la paradoja en la novela El hombre que fue Jueves de G. K. Chesterton. Se consideran datos biográficos del autor con el fin de explorar el proceso de gestación de la obra. Finalmente, se analiza el uso de la paradoja por parte del autor así como sus posturas religiosas y filosóficas.
    • A propósito de la teología apofática. Algunos apuntamientos semánticos

      Moya Bedoya, Juan Diego M. (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2017-03-22)
      In this paper, Professor Moya B. exposes and analyzes some issues related to apophatic theology, in particular its fundamental pretension and the legitimacy of some of its statements. Identically, the author methodically exposes some inconsistencies of apophatic theology. The article has been prepared in order to celebrate the publication of Professor Edgar Ulloa-Molina’s new book, a text that concerns some metaphysical issues that subtend the architectural reform of Saint Denis Royal Abbey’s Church.
    • A Revolução Russa como escola política na teoria socialista e prática revolucionária de J. C. Mariátegui

      Aguiar, Danilla; Galastri, Leandro (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2021-03-18)
      The text presents the interlocution of Mariátegui’s Marxism with the revolutionary transformations developed in Bolshevik Russia, the influence of intellectual experience in his European stay and the ways in which he proposes the organization of Peruvian workers with a view to resolving the agrarian and peasant issue in his country. In our hypothesis, the dialectical analysis of the national with the international plan and the highlight given to local selforganization experiences were fundamental to the development of their practice Leninist and revolutionary.
    • A simple theory of proper names

      Korta, Kepa (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2015-09-29)
      In this essay, I address the following question posed by Glezakos (after Kaplan): What determines the form of a namecontaining identity statement? I argue that uses of names are determined by the specific names uttered and the presence (or absence) of coco-referential intentions of the speaker. This explains why utterances of the form a=a are uninformative or knowable a priori, more generally than utterances of the form a=b. My approach has the additional benefit of providing an account of empty names.
    • A tirania na República - o outro em si mesmo

      Gazolla De Andrade, Rachel (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2008-01-01)
      This paper attempts to develop certain of tyranny in Plato's Republic, Book IX. It takes into account not only the pleasures as principle of the dissolution of "logismos" but also the platonic intention of structuring the man's negative paradigm, its thinking, its affections, its actions -the tyrant-, as the opposite of the philosophical soul in its "celestial paradigm" or the man's paradigm, who uses "logismos", who has autarky and who knows what one's care is.
    • Abducción en el contexto del descubrimiento científico

      J. Rodríguez Rodríguez, Rodolfo (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2005-05-01)
      Los modelos epistemológicos sobre el razonamiento científico han sido descritos en términos de inferencias de tipo deductivo o de tipo inductivo. No obstante, han sido menos explorados los tipos de inferencias abductivas. Explicar los procesos de inferencia abductiva resulta sumamente ilustrativo para dar cuenta de los procesos de resolución de problemas en el contexto de un modelo epistemológico del descubrimiento científico. Así, el investigador científico, por medio de procesos cognoscitivos de tipo abductivo, podrá generar una amplia gama de nuevas hipótesis plausibles, y entre ellas decidir racionalmente cuáles son capaces de dar cuenta de los datos observacionales.
    • Acerca de la ‘usucapio,’ la presunción y la justicia internacional según Leibniz

      Blank, Andreas (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2014-01-23)
      Usucaption—the acquisition of ownership through long-standing possession— was widely discussed in Roman civil law. At the turn of the seventeenth century, the question began to be debated whether the concept also could be applied to international relations. The present essay is concerned with Leibniz’s contri- bution to this debate.
    • Acerca de las cualidades ocultas según Leibniz

      Leduc, Christian (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2014-01-23)
      This paper analyzes Leibniz’s criticisms of occult qualities. As Descartes and Boyle did before him, Leibniz rejects hidden qualities because they contradict the mechanist model of explanation, but also for other epistemological reasons. Leibniz’s main argument aims to show that occult qualities are not simple forms, contrary to what Aquinas and Sennert maintain, but rather that they are relative elements that can be reduced to either metaphysical or physical principles
    • Actualidad de la idea de tolerancia en Leibniz

      Roldán, Concha (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2014-01-23)
      Over other approaches to the idea of tolerance in the beginning of modernity, focusing on claims of religious freedom of worship and, therefore, the separation of church and state, Leibniz presents a positive and complex concept of tolerance to combat relativism while pointing out its limits. Due to the complexity of Leibniz’s approach it has a great prevailing, and it may help shed light on the legal and ethical- political approaches in contemporary societies.
    • Adiós al sol inmaculado: sobre la astronomía telescópico-teórica1 en las Cartas sobre las manchas solares2, obra de Galileo Galilei

      Ramírez, Adrián (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2009-09-01)
      En el año 1613 se publican las así hoy llamadas Cartas sobre las manchas solares en las que Galileo Galilei no sólo expone su punto de vista respecto de tan novedoso evento astronómico, sino que pone de manifiesto una serie de postulados que lo ponen en sintonía con la obra copernicana y se desliga a la vez de la posición aristotélica representada por Apelles. Así como se ve una serie de cuestiones de índole metodológica que lo ubican en un concepción moderna de hacer astronomía.
    • Afectos, tiempos e intensidades en la Ética en Spinoza

      Rojas Peralta, Sergio E. (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
      This is the resume of author�s doctoral work. In her theory of affects, Spinoza holds the position that the alienation is an imaginational and temporal work. For that, Spinoza devise a theory of time and mainly a theory of intensities with the purpose of explain the illusion (as source of alienation)