• Afectos, tiempos e intensidades en la Ética en Spinoza

      Rojas Peralta, Sergio E. (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
      This is the resume of author�s doctoral work. In her theory of affects, Spinoza holds the position that the alienation is an imaginational and temporal work. For that, Spinoza devise a theory of time and mainly a theory of intensities with the purpose of explain the illusion (as source of alienation)
    • Aproximación a la probabilidad

      Vargas, Celso (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2008)
    • Apuntes filosófico-políticos sobre cosmopolitismo y justicia social

      Solís, Mario (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
      This article examines the main lines of arguments for the so-called institutional cosmopolitanism and some of the most challenging objections to it, particularly to the idea of global justice. The article challenges the skeptics and offers a positive account of global justice by shedding light on the possibility of a convergence theory, a theoretical effort to accommodate elements of statist/nationalist and cosmopolitan theories of global justice within a coherent framework. In other words, the article highlights some of the main arguments to the soundness of institutional cosmopolitanism while trying to capture, without contradiction, the particular demands of domestic justice.
    • Apuntes para clasificar, comprender y aplicar la responsabilidad

      Zamora, Álvaro (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2008)
    • Bayes y el círculo de la probabilidad

      Molina Delgado, Mauricio (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2009)
    • Breves reflexiones sobre las imágenes del miedo al fin del mundo : el caso de las pandemias en la pantalla

      Espinoza Rojas, Johan (2017)
      This paper presents a couple of considerations about the doomsday’s images, emphasizing the case of the productions in the screen about the pandemics in the world. The paper tries to prove that these images have become popular during the past years because of the mediated fear for the advent of the end of the mankind on account of the actuation of this species in the world. They are recognized other reasons based in the religious apocalyptic thought that put two dichotomous concepts in fight: hope and the fear of death. Finalizing the discussion three specific images are analyzed: chaos for a virus, biological warfare and the zombie.
    • Capacidades para el desarrollo, desarrollo de capacidades

      Camacho, Luis (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
      Este trabajo es una reseña-ensayo de Ethics of Global Development, Agency, Capacity and Deliberative Democracy, libro en el que David Crocker expone toda su larga dedicación a los problemas éticos del desarrollo internacional. Después de enumerar las ideas básicas de la obra, hacemos algunas observaciones acerca de los fundamentos del enfoque de capacidad, así como la conexión entre este enfoque y el de las necesidades básicas. En particular, se señalan algunos problemas que surgen de la formulación abstracta de algunos principios éticos importantes.
    • Confrontando teorías: ¿Propone Didi-Huberman un programa de investigación en Confronting Images: Questioning the Ends of a Certain History of Art?

      Santamaría Montero, Leonoardo (2013)
      This paper examines the theoretical and methodological thesis of Georges Didi-Huberman in “Confronting Images: Questioning the Ends of a Certain History of Art”. The analysis model is based on Imre Lakatos’ thesis on “The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes”, therefore the Freudian Didi-Huberman’s proposal was evaluated against a mature science: the neo-Kantian iconology of Erwin Panofsky. Did Didi-Huberman propose a research program? After reviewing “Confronting Images” one realizes many of his criticisms on Panofsky, the iconology and Art History are not correctly argued. It also seeks to demonstrate how the proposal of Didi-Huberman is far from being a research program for Art History and closer to a lengthy philosophical reflection on the notions of art, existence (and feasibility) of a Science of Art and the human possibilities to interpret images.
    • Contame tu pasado. El saber absoluto en Hegel como saber retroferente

      Fragomeno, Roberto (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2009)
    • Crónica de una subversión boicoteada: la publicidad, la moda y el arte de vanguardia

      Camilo, Retana (2013)
      n the following text I track some ideological, aesthetic and discursive features of the contemporary publicity. My approach is that publicity uprises in a narrow proximity with the aesthetic of some of the artistic vanguards of modernity. These two discursive matrices would have a special link if we take into account that the vanguards advocated the fusion of art with life whereas publicity performs a synthesis between these significance ambits (of course it would be a diferent synthesis everytime that the scenario in which it is performed are the consumerist societies). The text contains besides a brief excursus around the impact that this publicity co-optation of vanguardist aesthetics has had in the fashion industry
    • Del Big Bang al Dios escondido: (De Copérnico a Hawking y vuelta)

      Cascante Fallas, Luis Diego (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
      This essay is not a metaphysical interpretation of the universe, but rather, a scientific interpretation, where contemporary physics is shown as an evolving system and the universe as an expanding system. The aim is to simply �find out whether the image of the physical universe that modern science develops for itself claims or leads to admit the existence of an inherent reality in and of itself, really different from the universe and without which the universe could not exist or be what it is � (A. González)
    • Dialéctica de la ficción y el trabajo

      Alfaro Vargas, Roy (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2011)
    • El análisis filosófico de las nociones de pobreza y desigualdad económica

      Carvajal Villaplana, Alvaro (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2010)
      This essay analyzes the topics of poverty and global inequality from a philosophical perspective. While I revise the relationship between philosophical studies and poverty, the question is asked whether the notion of poverty can be considered a philosophical idea, similar to the concepts of development, capacities, equality and agency. The correlation between poverty and economic inequality is also discussed, and the existence of a robust correlation between both phenomena is denied. Lastly, I present four models for the interpretation of the relationship between poverty and global inequality, from the most simplistic to the holistic and complex
    • El argumento de la existencia de Dios en la Monadología

      Vargas Elizondo, Celso (2013)
      In this paper is presented a proposal to understand Leibniz’s claim that in the case of God, “…essence includes existence; meaning that in the case of God being possible is sufficient for being actual”. This modal argument is grounded in the equivalence between three general groups of arguments: those referred to the different levels of perfection that exhibit our world, the used of the principle of sufficient reason and the depicted world that results from the principles of plenitude, linear graduation and continuity. That is the same conclusion follows deductively (a priori), inductively and abductively. But before introducing this analysis (in the second section) it is important to offer some way of classifying the types of arguments to prove the existence of God. This is objective of the first section. In the third I present some additional arguments related with the kind of world depicted by Leibniz.
    • El Barón de Verulam y el vulgo

      Solano Villareal, Diana (2017)
      This article focuses itself on Francis Bacon’s position concerning common people, from the point of view of New Atlantis, Novum Organum, Instauratio Magna and On Selfish Wisdom. In this paper we invoke the Decolonial Modernity/Coloniality theoretical perspective, specially Professor Bernal Herrera Montero’s Theory of Bipolar Modernity. Our paper explains how common people was seen, by Francis Bacon, as harmful for the advancement of learning.