Desde su primer número, publicado en septiembre de 2003, CTS mantiene la vocación de alcanzar una mejor articulación entre la ciencia y la sociedad en los países de América Latina y la península ibérica, así como también promover el diálogo e iniciar discusiones sobre los importantes temas relacionados con su ámbito. La mirada de CTS es regional y evalúa y publica los artículos que recibe bajo una perspectiva plural e interdisciplinaria. A lo largo de su historia ha publicado trabajos relevantes de investigadores iberoamericanos y de otras procedencias. Los artículos académicos publicados en CTS son aprobados a partir de un sistema de referato de múltiples instancias, bajo la modalidad del doble ciego. En los índices de la revista, estos trabajos conviven con monográficos sobre temas específicos, reseñas, foros, conferencias y otros documentos. A su vez, la revista integra un espacio más amplio de componentes que permiten modos más directos de interacción con el público lector. Este espacio es visible en su plataforma electrónica, en la que es posible explorar secciones que difunden artículos de portafolio, tesis y documentos de consulta, así como también números especiales y columnas de debate a las que se invita a la comunidad a participar con comentarios y nuevos textos, en una dinámica que crece a partir de la riqueza que producen estos intercambios. Desde 2007, CTS proporciona un acceso libre, abierto y gratuito a todos sus contenidos, incluidos el archivo completo de su edición cuatrimestral y los diferentes productos presentados en su plataforma electrónica. Esta decisión se sustenta en la creencia de que ofrecer un acceso libre a los materiales publicados ayuda a un mayor y mejor intercambio del conocimiento. A su vez, para el caso de su edición cuatrimestral, la revista permite a los repositorios institucionales y temáticos, así como también a las web personales, el auto-archivo de los artículos en su versión post-print o versión editorial, inmediatamente después de la publicación de la versión definitiva de cada número y bajo la condición de que se incorpore al auto-archivo un enlace a la fuente original. Los números de CTS y sus artículos individuales están bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional (CC-BY).

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The Globethics.net library contains num. 1(2003) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Productividad, bibliodiversidad y bilingüismo en un corpus completo de producciones científicas

    Beigel, Fernanda; Gallardo, Osvaldo (2021)
    Discussions on open access publishing, scientific information systems, and institutional repositories are continually renewed in Latin America and other latitudes. Initiatives that seek to compile everything produced by scientific researchers, and not only indexed publications, also take a central role. To this end, this article analyzes the complete publication corpus of all the researchers of the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET, due to its acronym in Spanish) of Argentina. Publishing styles are examined (format, language, and place), in addition to differences between disciplines and specific gender asymmetries. The article also delves into the changes occurred in the last decade within the assessment cultures of CONICET and its recruitment policy. The results show that, while the paper format and the English language are dominant, they coexist with other forms of knowledge production and circulation. Publications in Argentina, written in Spanish and published in book format, are far from marginal in the population analyzed.
  • Concepções de estudantes do ensino médio sobre as relações de interdependência e qualidade de vida relativas à ciência e à tecnologia

    Gonçalves, Rafael Schepper; Dias de Menezes, Paulo Henrique; Santos, Amanda Batista dos; Filho, Walmir dos Reis Miranda; Vázquez Alonso, Ángel (2021)
    In the science, technology and society (STS) approach to education, it is expected that students acquire basic and useful knowledge about science and technology, so that they may be capable of positioning themselves in their societies’ decision-making processes in a well-founded and critical manner. The research presented in this paper is part of the Ibero-American Project Evaluation of Attitudes Related to Science, Technology and Society (PIEARCTS, due to its initials in Spanish), and sought to investigate the ideas held in regard to STS by students in basic education. To this end, a questionnaire about views on science, technology and society was given to 82 high school students from a federal public school in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, with the aim of identifying and diagnosing the positive or negative traits of these ideas that could be associated with school education. The results show that students do not yet understand STS issues, mainly the interdependence/quality of life related to science and technology, the adoption of new technologies and their influence on our societies.
  • Modelos de evaluación de las declaraciones sobre propiedades saludables en alimentos y su impacto en la comprensión y la apropiación públicas de la ciencia

    Sanz Merino, Noemí (2021)
    In most countries, the authorization for the use of health claims —i.e., the statement that a specific type of food contributes to the improvement of human health— requires having passed an assessment process regarding both its beneficial properties as well as how it will be labeled in the future. These processes try to guarantee the truthfulness of the statement, in addition to its correct understanding by the consumer. This paper presents the results of a comparative analysis of the regulations for both issues in the United States and the European Union, based on categories that derive from social science studies (or STS studies), and analyzes how the different assessment strategies used to justify the health claims lead to the different ways in which the science involved is communicated. The available data regarding the effective compliance of the political objectives associated with these regulations is also shown. This analysis presents the consumer’s limitations in absorbing scientific information, precisely in the case that, a priori, would be considered less technocratic and more participative from an STS perspective.
  • El fetichismo de la indexación. Una crítica latinoamericana a los regímenes de evaluación de la ciencia mundial

    Salatino, Maximiliano; López Ruiz, Osvaldo Javier (2021)
    This paper raises the issue of the indexation of scientific journals as a mechanism used for science assessment and management. Over time, indexation and quantitative indicators have produced at least two specific effects. On the one hand, the constitution of an unquestioned “faith”, belief or conviction that equates scientific production indexed in mainstream databases to “excellence”; and on the other, a formidable process of commodification of the circulation of knowledge worldwide. From the study of a universe of 10,104 scientific journals from 28 Latin American and Caribbean countries active in 2016/2017, we describe the heterogeneity and particularities of indexation policies in these regions. We then discuss some examples of science assessment policies in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. We argue that the idea of “indexation fetishism” allows showing the hidden and invisible ways that the acceptance of mainstream criteria adopts in the assessment of regional science within the context of international scientific competition. In addition, based on this concept, we expect to stimulate a critical reflection on behalf of the scientific community itself.
  • Futuros tecnocientíficos: nuevos desafíos en torno a la geoingeniería solar

    Granados Mateo, José Luis (2021)
    The emergence and proliferation of techno-sciences since the mid-20th century has rapidly accelerated the transformation of natural spheres. The technosphere is a new interconnected system that has superimposed itself upon the biosphere. It consists of multiple artificial objects and their various interrelationships, accounting for a considerable amount of the environmental risks of our time. This article explores its expansion during the Great Acceleration of the 20th century from two practices within techno-scientific activity: the use of computer simulations and meteorological intervention. Both of them currently converge in the recent proposals for solar radiation management (SRM), which aims to transform and regulate atmospheric conditions in order to reduce global warming. The current climate crisis and the advancements in geoengineering suggest that there are certain elements that may give rise to the appearance of future climate techno-sciences, based on private initiatives and research platforms such as Future Earth. The prediction and prevalence of underlying risks are matters to be anticipated by STS studies. Together, they form an agenda of issues centered on the Technocene: the era of techno-sciences as the main altering force of the Earth System.
  • Soy ejecutivo de una empresa y no me interesa la ciencia. ¿Debería interesarme?

    Rey Rocha, Jesús; López Navarro, Irene (2021)
    This study aims to analyze the individual and organizational variables related to a lack of interest in science and R&D among people with managerial positions at companies. It explores the components of their scientific culture, their perception of science and their attitudes towards science and R&D (related to this lack of interest), as well as their socio-demographic profile and the characteristics of their companies. The study was carried out through the survey “Scientific culture, perception, and attitudes towards science and innovation in the Spanish business sector”, the first of its type in Spain and a frontrunner at an international level in terms of studies on perception of science. The lack of interest in science is related to a low appreciation for the positive values associated with it and the scarce value allocated to scientific knowledge as a basis for making business decisions. When it comes to explaining the disinterest in applying it within the company, more pragmatic, applied and even everyday factors come into play, related to the companies’ performance and the prospective R&D benefits.
  • Análisis participativo del problema de los residuos en Montevideo: aplicación del Análisis Causal Estratificado

    Lázaro Olaizola, Marila; Iribarne, Patricia; Adalyiza, Paula; Rumeau, Dominique; López Echagüe, Camila (2021)
    This article aims to describe the implementation process of a specific analysis methodology, the Causal Layered Analysis, as a participatory tool to approach the problem of solid urban waste in Montevideo, Uruguay. This methodology applies a vertical analysis of four causal layers aimed at enriching the understanding of the nature of a problem (contemplating its manifestations and systemic causes, as well as the perspectives of the world from which it emerges or is sustained by), and a horizontal analysis of each layer to explore possible courses of action (and involved parties) in order to solve the problem in the short, medium, and long term. At approaching the solid waste problem in Montevideo, the analysis involved a series of participatory events in which diverse parties, both academic and non-academic, were involved. These events were held within a context of articulation between extension, teaching and research units of the Universidad de la República (UdelaR, due to its initials in Spanish).The analysis allows us to reflect on the potential of this methodology as a tool for deliberation and learning in spaces of collective participation and transformation.
  • «Big Tech». A ascensão dos dados e a morte da política

    Mayumi Sataka, Mayara; Silva, Matheus Felipe (2021)
  • Mulheres gestoras em CT&I: estudo de caso nas áreas espacial e do ambiente terrestre

    Raimundi, Priscilla Sousa Frigi; Sá, María Auxiliadora Avila dos Santos (2021)
    This article addresses gender issues in science, technology and innovation that were present in the careers of eight female scientists who held leadership positions at a Brazilian research institute in fields related to the Earth’s environment and space. In order to know the critical incidents that defined their professional journeys, a qualitative research was conducted, guided through biographical-narrative methods and 16 in-depth interviews. The accounts were transcribed and organized in biograms that allowed the identification of singular and paradigmatic aspects present in their careers. The scientists’ (who were graduates in engineering and exact and Earth sciences, predominantly male fields) accounts showed that they were aware of their skills and tendencies for these disciplines at an early age, and that they started to hone their skills through the influence of parents or other male figures. As for the balance between jobs, studies and maternity, they faced limitations. Although they achieved professional satisfaction by gaining leadership positions, their journeys were marked by gender issues. The authors of this article conclude that an expanded discussion on this subject could contribute to encouraging young women to study and work in fields related to the Earth’s environment and space.
  • Desenvolvimento de líderes em uma indústria siderúrgica: percepção das competências pela formação universitária

    Carvalho, Karla Maria P. de; Chamon, Edna Maria Q. de O.; Camarini, Gladis (2021)
    Leadership is a subject that has been discussed thoroughly within organizations and universities. Training people to make them capable of developing their own skills and achieving remarkable results through them is a great challenge, especially when it comes to leadership. This paper presents a research on how the subject is treated within universities, taking the perspective of students and professionals that have already finished their courses. An exploratory research was carried out through a questionnaire with open and closed questions that was answered by leaders and interns from one of the departments of a large steel company. The results showed that leadership had been discussed within the universities; 61% of the participants stated that they had subjects or activities that were directly or indirectly related to the role of a leader. According to them, identifying and developing people is the most important part of being a leader, which is similar to the role of professors who, as coaches to future leaders, are often not prepared to develop this skill in their students. Although leadership is discussed or experienced in university courses, there is still place for professors and students to truly be trained in this particular aspect.
  • Sobre la filosofía: 1950-1980

    Tula Molina, Fernando (2021)
  • Controversia nuclear en España: la central de Lemóniz

    Fernández Arias, Pablo; Cuevas Badallo, Ana; Vergara Rodríguez, Diego (2021)
    In the second half of the 20th century, in a phase of openness and growth after years of repression and poverty under an authoritarian government, Spain chose nuclear energy as a source of electricity generation by importing several nuclear power reactor designs. One of the nuclear plants requested was the Lemóniz plant, in the Basque Country, with a pressurized water reactor (PWR) design. The construction of this nuclear power plant promoted a social and cultural movement against technology and in favor of protecting the environment in the country and the identity values of the Basque region. In addition, the intrusion of the terrorist group ETA into the controversy and the beginning of the transition to democracy reinforced the decision in favor of a moratorium for all nuclear projects proposed in Spain.
  • Culturas de participação em práticas educativas brasileiras fundamentadas pela educação CTS

    Ewerling Rosa, Suiane; Strieder, Roseline Beatriz (2021)
    The search for a participatory society in terms of social issues related to science and technology is one of the main goals and challenges of STS education. However, different studies have shown little depth with regard to establishing an understanding about the development of democratic and participatory processes in the socio-educational context, especially in schools. Through an analysis of academic production in science teaching, this article aims to characterize how participation has been included in Brazilian educational practices. It is based on Paulo Freire’s ideas, as well as on the Latin-American Thought on Science, Technology and Society (PLACTS, due to the initials in Spanish), and is underpinned by the thought that the constitution of a culture of participation is a guiding principle that steers these ideas. The analyzed corpus consists of Brazilian educational practices, and the theoretical and methodological tool used was the textual analysis of statements made in different cultures of participation. We highlight that there are cultures that are close to technocratic decision-making processes and others that enable expanded participation mechanisms. We also stress the limitations and possibilities for reaching participatory democratic processes in STS educational actions and a (re)thinking of curricular propositions.
  • Una aproximación general al desarrollo de los coches autónomos

    Terrones Rodríguez, Antonio Luis (2021)
    El propósito de este trabajo consiste en llevar a cabo una aproximación introductoria al ámbito de los coches autónomos. En primer lugar, se hace un breve repaso histórico para observar su evolución y posteriormente se destaca la importancia que posee la investigación en inteligencia artificial para el desarrollo de esta tecnología autónoma. Los coches autónomos suscitan un cambio cultural en la movilidad que viene acompañado de ventajas, oportunidades, riesgos y amenazas que deben ser sometidas a un juicio valorativo. Por ello resulta fundamental llevar a cabo una aproximación general al desarrollo de los coches autónomos como una novedad tecnológica que condicionará la vida del futuro en materia de movilidad y gestión del tiempo.
  • El par ciencia-tecnología en el devenir hipermoderno de la estetización de la vida

    Janneth Jaramillo Sánchez, Claudia (2021)
    This paper aims at showing some of the relationships between science and technology in light of a hypermodern present characterized by changes and transitions regarding what we have been and how we have been being. Among these, we find a convergent and integrative understanding of the world where the imperative becomes desire and concerns statements that act on the mind and body of the subjects, such as performance optimization, personal improvement and lifelong learning. Through means like SciArt, this link stimulates meaningful experiences and interdisciplinarity, placing the communication of knowledge, creative capital and innovation as central nodes of productivity. The methodological concepts regarding government and noopolitics allow us to problematize not only the modes of operation of science and technology, but also the turn that living and life are taking in the perspective of an aesthetization that does not exclusively concern beauty, but rather an individuality that does not cease to produce creative and innovative experiences and responsible, autonomous and consensual decisions about a future forged in the promise of a longer and better life.
  • El enfoque CTS en el bachillerato tecnológico en México: facetas y contrastes de su inclusión

    Valladares Torres, Liliana (2021)
    This article analyzes the design of the Science, Technology, Society and Values syllabus for Mexican technological high schools between 2004 and 2020, with the objective of assessing the ways in which an STS approach was included. The ways this approach is mostly expressed in each study program are described, as well as the presence or absence and degree of inclusion of this approach throughout the changes in the syllabus. An argument is made towards the absence of a STS focus in the 2020 program, seen in elements like the course’s aim, the conceptual contents addressed and the teaching techniques used.
  • Reciclaje inclusivo y modelos de transferencia tecnológica en Argentina. Análisis sociotécnico de iniciativas de reemplazo de carros cartoneros

    Carenzo, Sebastián; Schamber, Pablo J. (2021)
    Handcarts are the primary tool used by cardboard collectors (known locally as cartoneros) when gathering recyclable materials. Since the explosive rise in the number of collectors in the large urban centers of Argentina during the first years of the 21st century, a broad variety of initiatives have tried to replace this tool with models that offer improvements to its aesthetic design and functionality. It was not considered necessary for this task, generally carried out by professionals with a background in industrial design, to analyze the essential characteristics of the activity in which it is used. This article examines some of these attempts and analyzes two research and transfer experiences that belong to a specific field of technology transfer within universities, for which the interactions with groups or subjects that are commonly identified as the users or beneficiaries is key.
  • Los imaginarios sociotécnicos de las políticas de producción de energía eléctrica en Argentina

    Hubert, Matthieu; Spivak L'Hoste, Ana (2021)
    This article studies electrical energy policies in Argentina during the last two decades by tracing the expert arguments used to describe, assess, justify, or criticize these policies. The analysis identifies three socio-technical imaginaries that have shaped and guided technological decisions regarding electrical energy in Argentina: the mercantile imaginary, the developmentalist imaginary and the imaginary of socio-environmental justice. The concept of socio-technical imaginary allows the analysis and comparison of different desirable energy models as projected by the actors involved, taking into account the specificities of national political cultures. The analysis is based on three criteria: the main actors involved, the missions that these actors attribute to public policy, and the identification and management of risks. We discuss two results that arise from the comparison and distill the main differences and tensions that underpin the three imaginaries: the territorial scale considered relevant to define the common interest and the parameters of technology benchmarking.
  • Caracterização da produção acadêmica latino-americana sobre educação CTS e temáticas socioambientais nas Jornadas ESOCITE

    Galieta, Tatiana; Linsingen, Irlan von (2021)
    Latin-American Thought on Science, Technology and Society (PLACTS, due to the initials in Spanish) emerged in the 1960s as a movement that focused on science and technology policies and was strongly engaged with activism. In the 1980s, it became a research field with several disciplinary areas and objects of study. The STS field fully established itself through the organization of events and the publication of specialized journals. This article aims at mapping the academic research on education and the environment presented at the largest Latin American event: the ESOCITE Congress. The most discussed topics were: the training of teachers and engineers, environmental management, and sustainability. The papers on education/environment articulation are authored by Brazilian and Argentine researchers. Empirical research that analyzes texts of different natures is highlighted, with theoretical frameworks for environmental education and STS education. There is a prevalence of socio-environmental subjects, local in scope. Future studies are suggested, where the association’s directors and the event organizers are interviewed, so that ESOCITE’s history is documented and deepened.

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