Desde su primer número, publicado en septiembre de 2003, CTS mantiene la vocación de alcanzar una mejor articulación entre la ciencia y la sociedad en los países de América Latina y la península ibérica, así como también promover el diálogo e iniciar discusiones sobre los importantes temas relacionados con su ámbito. La mirada de CTS es regional y evalúa y publica los artículos que recibe bajo una perspectiva plural e interdisciplinaria. A lo largo de su historia ha publicado trabajos relevantes de investigadores iberoamericanos y de otras procedencias. Los artículos académicos publicados en CTS son aprobados a partir de un sistema de referato de múltiples instancias, bajo la modalidad del doble ciego. En los índices de la revista, estos trabajos conviven con monográficos sobre temas específicos, reseñas, foros, conferencias y otros documentos. A su vez, la revista integra un espacio más amplio de componentes que permiten modos más directos de interacción con el público lector. Este espacio es visible en su plataforma electrónica, en la que es posible explorar secciones que difunden artículos de portafolio, tesis y documentos de consulta, así como también números especiales y columnas de debate a las que se invita a la comunidad a participar con comentarios y nuevos textos, en una dinámica que crece a partir de la riqueza que producen estos intercambios. Desde 2007, CTS proporciona un acceso libre, abierto y gratuito a todos sus contenidos, incluidos el archivo completo de su edición cuatrimestral y los diferentes productos presentados en su plataforma electrónica. Esta decisión se sustenta en la creencia de que ofrecer un acceso libre a los materiales publicados ayuda a un mayor y mejor intercambio del conocimiento. A su vez, para el caso de su edición cuatrimestral, la revista permite a los repositorios institucionales y temáticos, así como también a las web personales, el auto-archivo de los artículos en su versión post-print o versión editorial, inmediatamente después de la publicación de la versión definitiva de cada número y bajo la condición de que se incorpore al auto-archivo un enlace a la fuente original. Los números de CTS y sus artículos individuales están bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional (CC-BY).

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The Globethics.net library contains num. 1(2003) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Frugalidad e innovación popular: nuevos caminos para la sustentabilidad y la inclusión social en Ecuador

    Pansera, Mario; Rivas Hermann, Roberto; Narvaez Mena, Horacio (2017)
    This article explores the notions of frugal and grassroots innovations and their potential to lead towards a more sustainable and socially inclusive development. Grassroots or frugal innovation, usually developed under conditions of material and financial scarcity, aspires to solve -in a simple but effective way– problems that affect the lower layers of society. In its first part, this paper introduces the concept of grassroots innovation from a theoretical perspective. Its second part describes the results of an ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Ecuador. The research focuses on four case studies designed to explore the potential of grassroots innovation in Ecuador. Finally, the paper ends with the proposition of a future research agenda and a number of proposals to integrate grassroots innovation in public policy.
  • #PraCegoVer: uma discussão da inclusão digital e social sob a ótica da pesquisa transformativa do consumidor

    Floriano, Mikaela Daiane Prestes; Cassanego, Paulo Vanderlei Junior; Hennig Silva, Andressa (2020)
    Social networks changed information communication in our societies. Amongst the tools provided by these platforms, the hashtag has become a link between different subjects and individuals. The use of this form of expression has been seen in different contexts and was recently applied to social campaigns. Therefore, this study sought to research how the use of #PraCegoVer (#SoTheBlindMaySee) has contributed to the inclusion of sight-impaired people in digital social media. To this end, a qualitative study was carried out, using web content analysis methodology. Based on our findings, the perception of the hashtag by the followers was verified; it also fostered discussions on accessibility and sight impairment. With respect to the transformative consumer research (TCR), the campaign helped to improve the quality of life of a certain segment of the population and was a model for one of the guidelines of this aspect of the study.
  • Science Communication on Nanotechnology in Brazilian Media

    Körbes, Clecí; Invernizzi, Noela (2020)
    This paper examines the communication on nanotechnology in Brazilian media associated to the interests and values of different social groups, and explores which kind of communication models they use and which kind of contents they privilege. Three different media were analysed: the science features of the broadcast TV show Bom Dia Brasil (Good Morning Brazil); the science column of the Folha de S. Paulo newspaper; and a non-random sample of Nanotecnologia do Avesso (Nanotechnology Inside Out), a chat show on web TV. The timeframe was established between 2008 and 2010, a period that follows the four best-financed years of Brazilian nanotechnology policy, after the launching of a national program in 2004. The methodological approach was quantitative and qualitative content analysis. The study concluded that communication of nanotechnology in Brazilian media is characterized by tensions and polarisations. On the one hand, the conventional media support the stabilisation of nanotechnology and emphasise its potential for innovation with discourses based on linear models. On the other hand, the alternative media expose the instability of nanotechnology, accentuate its risks with dystopic discourses and highlight the need for the application of the precautionary principle and the establishment of regulations.
  • Divulgación para la apropiación del conocimiento científico y tecnológico. Caracterización y propuesta de estudio

    Dávila Rodríguez, Lisha Pamela (2020)
    In the last few decades, the use of the expression “social appropriation” has acquired a notorious relevance. Although its presence has been intensified in academic discourse, its scope varies according to the perspective and the author. The range of meanings, just within the framework of science and technology, where it is often called “social appropriation of science and technology” (SAST), is the main sign pointing to the difficulty of it being treated as a theory, and rather should be considered as a sum of representations lacking conceptual consensus. A trend that is stronger in some spaces is to understand SAST as a synonym of popular science and to connect it to citizen participation or the democratization of science. However, these stances consider it merely as a term. This scenario not only makes it impossible to understand appropriation as a complex process, but also hides the potential for communication in these processes. This paper presents a conceptual proposal that challenges the impetus of theoretical developments that discuss the practices related to the appropriation of science, and proposes a characterization of elements that may be present in the promotion of science for social appropriation.
  • Vicisitudes de la transferencia tecnológica en México: arenas epistémicas, coproducción y uso social de la bacteria Bacillus subtilis

    Guzmán Tovar, César (2020)
    This paper analyzes the process required by the production of biotechnological knowledge to biologically control phytopathological organisms in Mexico. The Fungifree AB biofungicide was taken as a case study. The product was created by Agro&Biotecnia, a spin-off company of the Biotechnology Institute of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM, due to its initials in Spanish). The methodology used was based on in-depth interviews, documentary review and guided visits to laboratories. There were three central categories to this research: epistemic sands, coproduction of knowledge and social uses of this knowledge. By linking these categories, it was possible to observe from a new perspective the different dimensions that comprise sociotechnical networks. The complexity and crossroads that characterize technological transfer initiatives in Mexico were also shown.
  • Ciencia, tecnología y energías renovables: una aproximación a sus concepciones y contradicciones

    López Meraz, Raúl Alberto; López Meraz, Oscar Fernando (2020)
    This paper gives a brief historical overview of the concepts of science, technology, macroscience and technoscience to set in which of them the generation of energy by alternative means should be placed. In addition, it shows ways of understanding the science-technology duality and its participation in societies to present how the introduction of renewable energies in the world’s electrical systems intends to contribute towards solving the increase in energy demand. It not only discusses the supposed environmental benefits, which are considered greater than those of conventional technologies, but also the “goodness” of science and the risks not valued by designers of artefacts and the people who decide their implementation. Lastly, based on a Mexican case, it analyses two relevant and little considered aspects that can affect, with different grades of intensity, the societies in which these technologies are implemented: the life cycle of aerogenerators and photovoltaic systems, and the repercussions in the territory.
  • Mucho ruido y pocas drogas. Producción de conocimiento y transferencia de tecnología en enfermedades negadas

    Levin, Luciano; Ferpozzi, Hugo; Aguiar, Diego (2020)
    Technology transfer is a central concern in the context of academia and industry relations, but its conceptualization is still a matter of debate. Technology transfer is typically defined as the implementation of knowledge in the production of private goods and services that eventually produces spillovers and benefits society as a whole. Other perspectives, however, are concerned with the resolution of current social issues perceived as priorities beyond their commercial viability. In this paper, we propose that the nuances and hybridization between these two definitions may account for certain factors that hinder the implementation of knowledge produced in public research organizations. Drawing on concepts from the sociology of science and science policy analysis, we examine local research initiatives against neglected tropical diseases carried out during the last two decades. Concepts from the sociology of science and analysis of scientific policy were the tools used in this analysis. Focusing on the production and use of scientific knowledge, as well as the dynamics and power relations between stakeholders, we propose alternative interpretations to guide the production of locally applicable scientific and technological knowledge and make policy recommendations.
  • Brecha digital y actividad económica: el caso de las mujeres indígenas en la Sierra Sur de Oaxaca, México

    Soto Hernández, Diego; Valencia López, Oscar David; Moyado Flores, Socorro (2020)
    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have become a key tool for the development of economic and social activities. However, native communities suffer a digital gap that limits their economic and social development, with native women being the most vulnerable segment. This paper identifies the state of the use, access and appropriation of ICTs in production activities, particularly by the native women of the Sierra Sur, Oaxaca. To this end, a questionnaire was used and the information was examined through logistic regression analysis. It is concluded that the access use and degree of appropriation of technology lacks judgement. However, ICTs have positive effects on the economic activities, but the current digital gap limits their impact on the economic activities of native communities.
  • Uma análise dos artigos acadêmicos de divulgação científica na Argentina

    Massarani, Luisa; Silva, Carla Maria da; Rocha, Mariana; Cortassa, Carina Gabriela (2020)
    This paper analyzes the academic production on science communication in Argentina. As a part of the methodology, research papers on science communication in Latin America were identified. These articles were selected from scientific journals and databases from March to September of 2016, covering articles published in Latin America and other regions. Researchers were also asked to point out articles. Out of a total of 665 articles in Latin America, we selected a list of 82 research papers on science communication in Argentina. Our findings show a predominance of female authorship. The articles also present a greater concentration of individual authorship and are primarily linked to Argentine institutions. Regarding networks of scientific cooperation, collaboration amongst Argentine authors linked to the same research institution is predominant.
  • Críticas feministas al uso del pasado prehistórico para explicar las diferencias sexo-genéricas presentes

    Solana, Mariela (2020)
    This paper examines and criticizes the use of the prehistoric past in evolutionary psychology studies to explain sex and gender differences. According to these studies, the differences between men and women can be traced to living conditions in the Stone Age, when human beings lived as hunters and gatherers. Based on a reading of a series of feminist works committed to the critical analysis of biology, genetics and neuroscience, this paper seeks to show that evolutionary psychology entails serious epistemological and political difficulties. Far from pursuing the abandonment of neuroscience and the theory of evolution, it defends the search for scientific models that, while still being rigorous and empirically sound, move beyond any essentialism, reductionism and gender and sexual determinism.
  • De evaluar diferente a orientar como siempre. Burocratización e inercias institucionales en la implementación de una política científica orientada al desarrollo tecnológico y social

    Naidorf, Judith; Vasen, Federico; Alonso, Mauro; Cuschnir, Melisa (2020)
    This paper aims at analysing the implementation of technological and social development projects (PDTS, due to its initials in Spanish), a research policy launched in Argentina in 2012. Based on interviews with involved parties and institutional documents, it maps how the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation established a relationship between assessing and guiding research and the nuances adopted in the case of PDTS. Particularly, it focuses on the difficulties that arose in the implementation phase. After an initial launch with high expectations, the instrument showed limitations to change established dynamics within the scientific and university system, amongst them the unforeseen multiplication of assessment stages, the impossibility of moving forward with an agreed-upon inter-institutional document with assessment criteria and the bureaucratization of the role of external institutions. This paper also highlights the weakness of the incentives offered to researchers to commit to this initiative and the importance of taking into account the inertias in academic institutional cultures. In turn, it identifies a shift in the iniciative that went from the original intent of modifying the assessment guidelines to prioritizing the funding of matters of technological and social relevance.
  • Coproducción de conocimiento: el caso de la reunión de tendencia climática trimestral de Argentina

    Carabajal, Maria Ines (2020)
    This paper documents a space for the co-production of knowledge known as quaterly meetings on climate outlook, organized by Argentina’s National Weather Service (SMN, due to the initials in Spanish). During the meeting, a climate forecast is made with the participation of diverse operational, governmental and scientific institutions that produce and use different aspects of the information, ir order to assist decision making. This paper presents the genesis and evolution of the meetings, showing how the SMN’s openness to the users’ participation gives a framework of legitimacy, recognition and authority to the entity’s practices of knowledge co-production. The paper also describes the organization of the meetings and shows how these exchanges foster the establishment of collaboration networks through formal integration agreements. Finally, it addresses the tensions that emerge as a result of the frequent and systematic interactions between institutions of different natures in order to co-produce socially relevant knowledge.
  • De Parsons a Elias: contribuições de clássicos da sociologia aos estudos CTS contemporâneos

    Fernandes, Victor José Alves (2020)
    This paper analyses a typical object of research for science, technology and society (STS) studies in light of 20th century sociology best-known exponents. More specifically, it develops a discussion on the algorithmic evaluation of Brazilian scientific system based on contributions from theoretical points of views as different as structural functionalism, symbolic interactionism, ethnomethodology, Bourdieu’s field theory and Elias’ so-called “process sociology”, highlighting their interpretative potential and limitations in relation to the state of the art of contemporary sociology of knowledge, science and technology. This analysis points towards the fact that, beyond the substrate of the in-vogue theories and methods, the intrinsic epistemology and functioning of the classics of sociology activate different dimensions of the same object that can be articulated in the way of a methodological triangulation in the research of current phenomena regarding the different relationships between science, technology and society.
  • Internacionalización e innovación en servicios intensivos en conocimiento en América Latina

    Niembro, Andrés (2020)
    During the last decades, the degree of internationalization of several service sectors has increased considerably, either through exports or other alternative channels. Likewise, many researchers have revalued the role played by a group of activities known as knowledge-intensive services (KIS), in terms of innovation and productivity. However, the relationships between these two issues have not been sufficiently addressed through the empirical literature, and evidence from developing countries is still scarce. This paper aims to contribute to the analysis of the link between internationalization and innovation in KIS, by means of exploratory evidence from Latin America. In general, the evidence is in line with previous findings from developed countries, highlighting that, when the internationalization strategies of KIS firms are more complex (combining exports, external investments and international agreements), their innovative performance tends to improve.
  • Plan S en América Latina: una nota de precaución

    Debat, Humberto; Babini, Dominique (2020)
  • Los estudios CTS desde una perspectiva editorial

    Fernández Ramírez, Norbisley; Piñero de la Osa, Ernesto; Cabrera Morales, Idalmis (2020)
    The roles undertaken today by the university press are determined by the complex circumstances in which scientific information is produced and consumed, particularly that which is distributed digitally. This is a powerful reason for publishers to adopt new practices in their endeavor, among them to provide knowledge and tools to professors and researchers so that they may present their scientific results and that their contributions help resolve different problems of social life. This article reflects on the need to deploy strategies in order to govern the work in its connections to society and also its projections for internal development, which demand deep transformations in vital areas such as the university library. Some issues related to the management of university press is submitted for evaluation, within which the business-managerial has a significant place due to its relevance in offering science greater visibility, since the premise of tempering scientific development in contemporary universities with the paths of the new technological and digital era can no longer be postponed.
  • La edición génica y la estructura económica de la agrobiotecnología mundial. Una mirada desde los países adoptantes

    Sztulwark, Sebastián; Girard, Melisa (2020)
    There are innovations that, due to their disruptive nature, have the potential to challenge the immobility of positions acquired in the existing economic structure of a particular industry. These are called the fundamental innovations. The enormous productive potential that was opened up by the irruption and spreading of gene-editing techniques, in addition to certain signs of exhaustion in the path associated with plant transgenesis, allow us to consider the existence of an impasse in the structure of the global agrobiotechnology industry. Within this framework, we take into account the implications that these changes may bring to the countries of Latin America, which until now have taken a position of adopters of fundamental innovations within this industry.
  • Espacios interactivos de aprendizaje y circuitos innovativos en contextos periféricos. Análisis de la vinculación entre la academia y una empresa pública en Uruguay (2008-2018)

    Cohanoff, Claudia; Mederos, Leticia (2020)
    Growth and development processes are linked to the formation of national innovation systems. However, this trend fundamentally characterizes central rather than peripheral countries. In the latter, interactions occur infrequently; in this sense, “innovation system” is an ex-ante concept specified by the absence of certain phenomena and processes. This differential empirical reference has led to the emergence of novel conceptualizations within the approach of innovation systems, with great analytical capacity in peripheral contexts, such as the notions of “innovative circuits”, “interactive learning spaces” and “learning policies”. Within the framework of these conceptualizations, this article analyzes an instrument to promote the link between research capabilities and production capabilities of ANCAP (an oil refining and fuel distribution public company in Uruguay), between 2008 and 2018. The instrument, called the ANCAP-Udelar Program, finances R&D projects led by Universidad de la República (Udelar, University of the Republic) researchers and aims to solve problems raised by the company. In this analysis, the Program is conceived as an “interactive learning space” and the projects developed within its framework as “innovative circuits”.

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