Signos Filosóficos es una revista especializada cuyo fin es dar a conocer los resultados de investigaciones originales, rigurosas y metodológicamente consistentes relacionadas con temas de la filosofía tanto desde un punto de vista sistemático como histórico. Teniendo un enfoque abierto, Signos Filosóficos no se ciñe a una determinada concepción de filosofía, poniendo el énfasis en la calidad y originalidad de los trabajos publicados.

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The Globethics library contains vol. 1(1999) to current.

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  • Evidencia que cuenta. Injusticias epistémicas en la agenda de la salud mental global

    Gómez Aguilar, Iván Eliab; Murguía Lores, Adriana (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-08-09)
    Uno de los sistemas expertos que ha recibido más atención en relación con las injusticias epistémicas a las que da lugar es la biomedicina.  Se ha producido una importante literatura que analiza tanto el conocimiento como la práctica médicos y la comisión de injusticas epistémicas de diferentes clases. Este trabajo aborda un caso particular de este ámbito: la Salud Mental Global, un esfuerzo multilateral e interinstitucional cuyo principal objetivo es escalar la atención en salud mental en los países de ingreso medio y bajo.  El análisis se centra en los supuestos epistémicos que subyacen a los saberes expertos que confluyeron en la construcción de esta agenda, las concepciones sobre los procesos de salud enfermedad a los que dan lugar, y argumenta por qué dichas concepciones son epistémicamente injustas.
  • Jürgen Habermas (2022), Ein neuer Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit und die deliberative Politik, Berlín, Suhrkamp Verlag, 108 pp.

    Lira Rosiles, José (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-12-08)
    En su nueva obra publicada en 2022 Ein neuer Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit und die deliberative Politik (Un nuevo cambio estructural del espacio público y la política deliberativa) Jürgen Habermas emprende, por un lado, una serie de aclaraciones y ampliaciones sobre el modelo de política deliberativa, así como los conceptos adyacentes centrales, como el de consenso (Konsens), situación ideal de habla (ideale Sprechsituation) y el espacio público-político (politische Öffentlichkeit), particularmente desde los enfoques agonísticos de lo político. Por otro lado, Habermas aborda la cuestión fundamental en torno al impacto en el espacio público de los actuales procesos de digitalización de los mass media y el imperio actual de las redes sociales en las cuestiones públicas y procesos políticos, lo cual conforma el primer apartado de esta nueva obra. En la segunda parte de esta, se incluyen dos textos breves en los que Habermas ofrece dos ampliaciones a su explicación sobre el concepto de deliberative Politik (política deliberativa), el cual es dependiente, enfatiza, de una formación democrática de la voluntad en el espacio público-político.
  • Mario Teodoro Ramírez (2022), El nihilismo mexicano, México, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo/Bonilla Artigas, 269 pp.

    Cuéllar Moreno, José Manuel (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-10-06)
    Reseña de Mario Teodoro Ramírez (2022), El nihilismo mexicano, México, Bonilla Artigas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, 269 pp.
  • Enrique Dussel (1934-2023)

    Leyva, Gustavo (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-12-08)
    In memoriam Enrique Dussel
  • Abstraction and idealization of the homo economicus: The formation of the neoclassical notion of the rational agent

    Hernández Cervantes, Josafat Iván (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-08-09)
    The article presents a historical reconstruction of homo economicus. The aim is to show how the notion of agent went from being a holistic abstraction in Adam Smith to an idealizing abstraction where features of the human being are simplified and exaggerated. To this end, the notion of agent in Smith is reconstructed and then it is shown how in the works of John Stuart Mill, the marginalist revolution, perfect competition, an increasingly idealized notion of agent was formed which, already in the expected utility model, ceased to represent human beings. The text shows how this growing idealization was linked to the process of mathematization of economics. Finally, some epistemological advantages and disadvantages of the neoclassical notion of the rational agent are discussed.
  • La agenda de la salud mental global y las injusticias epistémicas

    Gómez Aguilar, Iván Eliab; Murguía Lores, Adriana (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-08-09)
    Uno de los sistemas expertos que ha recibido más atención en relación con las injusticias epistémicas a las que da lugar es la biomedicina.  Se ha producido una importante literatura que analiza tanto el conocimiento como la práctica médicos y la comisión de injusticas epistémicas de diferentes clases. Este trabajo aborda un caso particular de este ámbito: la Salud Mental Global, un esfuerzo multilateral e interinstitucional cuyo principal objetivo es escalar la atención en salud mental en los países de ingreso medio y bajo.  El análisis se centra en los supuestos epistémicos que subyacen a los saberes expertos que confluyeron en la construcción de esta agenda, las concepciones sobre los procesos de salud enfermedad a los que dan lugar, y argumenta por qué dichas concepciones son epistémicamente injustas.
  • Kant y el escepticismo pirrónico: indicios para una perspectiva kantiana, en clave escéptica

    Aguilar Martínez, Ernesto (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-10-06)
    El objetivo que persigo es destacar la importancia que tiene el escepticismo pirrónico en el desarrollo y consolidación del idealismo crítico-transcendental. Para ello me valgo de un camino argumental de índole metafísico, distinto al que se ha hecho en la bibliografía especializada, en torno a la influencia del escepticismo en Kant; con la introducción de la noción de resonancia argumental como guía, bajo la suposición de la incognoscibilidad de las cosas en sí mismas y de la transcendentalidad. El resultado de este camino argumental es la actualización de una problemática antigua acerca de la influencia del escepticismo pirrónico en Kant, con el añadido de presentarla en un contexto metafísico, es decir, el proceso y afianzamiento de la propuesta kantiana que va de un periodo dogmático-racionalista hasta su propuesta propia en virtud del escepticismo pirrónico. La conclusión es que tal resonancia argumental escéptica se haya irreprochablemente desde sus periodos precrítico, crítico y póstumo.
  • On a tableux method for a synthetic term logic

    Castro-Manzano, J.-Martín (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-08-10)
    Combining logics is usually done with respect to Fregean-Tarskian-Kripkean systems, but since logic does not need to be restricted to this received view of logic, in this work we reproduce a synthetic logic of terms à la Sommers together with a tableaux proof method, and we show some of its metatheoretical properties. In particular, we show that the logics we synthetize can be properly combined and that the synthetic tableaux method preserves the properties of the tableaux methods of each basic logic.
  • Engel´s Dialectics of Nature as an attempt at Scientific Normalization: A kuhnian reading

    Rodríguez Chiarini, Sebastián Matías (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-08-09)
    In this paper we study Engels’ ideas on dialectical materialism, from the perspective of Thomas Kuhn’s philosophy of science. We argue that Engels’ efforts, in works such as Anti-Düring or (even more so) in his Dialectics of Nature, are best understood as an attempt to crystalize a new scientific paradigm, in the sense that Kuhn (2000) gives to this last word. In order to do this, we start by identifying Marx’s previous statement regarding this topic. Then we present Kuhn’s concept of a “disciplinary matrix”. Thirdly, we apply the aforementioned concept to Engels’ work, identifying all the elements of the disciplinary matrix.
  • Carmen Trueba Atienza. In memoriam

    Segovia Camelo, Ana (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-12-19)
    Obituario en honor a la profesora Carmen Trueba
  • Criminal Law in Kant´s juridical theory. On the articulation between the retributive and the preventive functions of punishment

    Beade, Ileana (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-06-06)
    In this paper I analyze the relationship between the retributive and the preventive function of punishment, within the frame of Kant´s juridical theory. Despite Kant´s explicit rejection of the preventive function in his brief discussion on Criminal Law, his observations regarding right and coercion allow to establish an acknowledgement of the preventive function. In my discussion of this topic, I will consider some methodological, juridical and moral premises which influence Kant´s emphasis on the retributive principle. I will also consider the relationship between both function (retributive and preventive) of punishment, within the frame of his brief treatment of Criminal Law.
  • A response to Street’s debunking argument from moral realism

    Martínez Bohórquez, Maximiliano; Mosqueda, Alejandro; Oseguera, Jorge (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-09-23)
    In this article, we advance a realist response to Sharon Street’s debunking argument, which appeals to evolutionary theory to argue that natural selection and moral realism are incompatible. Our aims are three. First, we describe the debate on this topic by distinguishing between a modal argument, a parsimony argument, and Street’s Darwinian Dilemma. Secondly, we focus on her reasoning, one of the most relevant arguments in the recent metaethical debate against moral realism. To mount a defense of that, we will point at three fundamental characteristics of moral realism: its cognitive character, the nature of its representative language, and the relationship between evaluative judgements and their truthmakers (facts). Finally, we will argue, against Street, that moral realism is not scientifically inferior to moral antirealism, thus, the former is not debunked
  • The past borns posthumous: An approach to Hayden White's philosophy of history in the light of Sartrean existentialism

    Sabio, Tomás (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-06-06)
    The main objective of this article is to analyze the narrativist philosophy of history developed by Hayden White in the light of the existentialist perspective embodied paradigmatically by Jean-Paul Sartre. In this way, different convergences will be developed from which an ontological reading of the past in common, the ethical consequences that derive from these perspectives and, finally, the common emphasis on an exhortation to the self-awareness of agency that every historical effort implies.
  • Enrique Serrano Gómez (2021), Razón y dogmatismo. Una aproximación a la filosofía de Kant, México, Ediciones Quinto Sol, 308 pp.

    Medellín Barquín, Tirso (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-10-06)
    In Reason and Dogmatism: An Approach to Kant's Philosophy, Enrique Serrano develops an interpretation of Kantian epistemology following some guiding threads that are pointed out in the review. These threads are: 1) an interpretation of Kantian epistemology that brings it closer to pragmatism; 2) the appreciation of the Kantian transcendental perspective that gives priority to synthesis over analysis; 3) the conception of being as relation; 4) the link between language and synthetic activity; 5) an interpretation of the Kantian transcendental time as a synthetic mediation of the subjective and the objective; and 6) the consideration of consciousness as a self-constitutive activity. Based on them, the interpretation and the arguments that Enrique Serrano develops throughout his work are presented in a general way.
  • Freedom, with or beyond moral responsibility?: The Frankfurt challenge

    Camargo, Ricardo (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-06-06)
    One of the most recurrent debates facing epistemology today is that of the possibility of imputing moral responsibility within a deterministic context that denies freedom of will (free will). In contemporary analytical philosophy, this challenge has been met with relative success by the theoretical approach of Harry Frankfurt. In this article, this perspective will be revisited in contrast to the positions that both Aristotle and late Stoicism hold in relation to the question of freedom of will and consequent moral responsibility. An intersection with this will allow us to build an updated critique of the hierarchy of desires that Frankfurt offers to resolve the dilemma of freedom, with or beyond, responsibility and the moral problems to which it gives rise.
  • Ian H. Angus (2021), Groundwork of Phenomenological Marxism: Crisis, Body, World, Lanham/Boulder/Nueva York/Londres, Lexington Books, 539 pp.

    Marín Ávila, Esteban (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-06-06)
    Reseña del libro de Ian H. Angus.
  • A humean solution to Agrippa’s trilemma —and an internalist scape to Bergmann’s dilemma

    Vilaró Luna, Ignacio (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2023-06-06)
    This paper deals with Agrippa's trilemma, an old skeptical argument that questions the possibility of justifying any arbitrary belief p and the paradox about justification generated by it. Assuming that neither infinitism nor skepticism are satisfactory positions, the main alternatives available to face the problem (foundationism, coherentism and epistemic externalism) are outlined, as well as some central arguments that show the serious difficulties they face. In the case of foundationalism, these problems arise from two dilemmas, which work together with the trilemma to make our philosophical life even more difficult: the so-called Sellar’s dilemma and Bergmann's dilemma —although the latter is a very general attack on internalism. The former calls into question the intelligibility of a key idea of standard foundationalism: the notion of justified basic belief. The second casts doubt on the rational sustainability of epistemic internalism, which is a usual presupposition of the presentation of the trilemma. I explore a Humean way out of the trilemma that also manages to escape such dilemmas. Like any position in this difficult territory the way out has costs. However, they do not seem unaffordable. Here I only intend to tentatively present the idea, as a possible way out of our difficulties, which deserves to be seriously discussed.
  • The invention of political realism. An exercise of conceptual history

    Cabrera García, Ernesto (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2018-12-07)
    This article is a historiographical and conceptual attempt of clarification and delimitation to offer an alternative view to the studies of the realist political theory. I pretend to put forward an outline of the historical sense of the concept of political realism, placing it on the contexts of German Realpolitik and the realist school of international relations. Thus, I pretend to show the contextual relations of political realism, the location of its antagonism against liberalism and the retrospective invention of a realist tradition as a result of a set of intellectual and political additions.
  • Heraclitus and Ephesus: Philosophy of the cosmos on a city-state scale

    Aguirre De la Luz, Nazyheli (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-03-19)
    This paper, inspired by Vernant’s belief that Greek reason is “a creature of the city”, explores the connection linking Heraclitus’ thought to the political and social circumstances prevailing at Ephesus. Indeed, the tension arising from Heraclitus’ own historical framework and this philosopher’s resulting outlook on it led him to conceive of a rule for organizing a city, according to which a pólis should be governed by the same principle guiding the universe —i. e. the lógos—, which would materialize in concrete form as a monarchical government.
  • The concept of historical ethos. Achievements and limitations: The problem of reification

    Gandler, Stefan (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-03-19)
    This article is analyzing if in the theory of the four ethe of capitalist modernity, developed by Bolívar Echeverría, isn’t included a basic weakness. It is about understanding if for to arrive to its highest contributions, this theory is not paying a too high prize. Does it possibly renounce to the critique of ideology, at least in the radicality fulfilled by the authors of Critical theory, inspired in this point originally by Georg Lukács?

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