Signos Filosóficos es una revista especializada cuyo fin es dar a conocer los resultados de investigaciones originales, rigurosas y metodológicamente consistentes relacionadas con temas de la filosofía tanto desde un punto de vista sistemático como histórico. Teniendo un enfoque abierto, Signos Filosóficos no se ciñe a una determinada concepción de filosofía, poniendo el énfasis en la calidad y originalidad de los trabajos publicados.

News

The Globethics.net library contains vol. 1(1999) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Niche inheritance supposes a restricted notion of inheritance

    Caponi, Gustavo (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    Para que el impacto evolutivo de ese fenómeno al que se denomina ‘herencia de nicho’ pueda ser debidamente entendido, y explicado, es necesario recurrir a la Teoría de la Selección Natural. Esta teoría, sin embargo, supone una noción de herencia más restringida que aquella propugnada por los promotores de esa noción ampliada de herencia que hoy es considerada como unos de los puntos centrales de la Síntesis Extendida. La oferta variantes hereditarias seleccionables, que es crucial para las explicaciones por selección natural, requiere la mediación de recursos ontogenéticos cuya transmisión transgeneracional sea vertical: acoplada al proceso reproductivo; y asociada, consecuentemente, a la relación progenitor-progenie. Sin reconocer la especificidad de esa forma de transmisión de recursos ontogenéticos, la idea de herencia de nicho no puede funcionar.       
  • Saturated phenomena and saturable phenomena in Jean-Luc Marion

    Murga, Ezequiel (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    The objective of the following work is to establish a continuity in the work of Jean-Luc Marion in the face of a supposed hermeneutical turn. For this we establish the novel concept of "saturable phenomena" from a historical reading of saturated phenomena. Although saturable phenomena do not occur in a saturated way, they can be carry to saturation. This concept will allow us to establish a continuity between the topic of the phenomenon displayed in Marion's early works and the hermeneutical variation of his later works. In this way, we can compare the initiative of the phenomenon with a hermeneutical activity of the subject.
  • Nietzsche and Freud: isomorphism between life and discursiveness

    Zengotita, Alonso (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    This article will seek to realize that the way in which life is configured in terms of Wille zur Macht in Nietzsche and the tendency to sustain and promote a vital integrality in Freud (the latter, associated with the very objective of psychoanalytic practice) present a similar dynamic regarding how the discourse that refers to the vital is constructed —that is, life and discourse about life present a dynamic isomorphism—. From this, in the conclusion a perspective will be displayed that articulates the discursive development in the works of both, establishing that, when comparing them, it is also possible to speak of a discursive metaisomorphism.
  • Max Scheler’s theory of the conative intentionality

    Martínez Gallego, Miguel Armando (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    In this paper I will present Max Scheler’s theory of conations, which is very often overlooked in spite of its extraordinary interest and its relevance for the understanding of some better-known pieces of Scheler’s philosophy, such as the theory of perception and the concept of Umwelt. The demarcation between conations and other kinds of intentionality —theoretical and affective— will be addressed here, taking primarily into account the pre-volitive conative level. I will correct some aspects of Scheler’s approach, especially regarding the problem of the cognitive foundations of pre-volitive conations. This doctrine, based on Scheler’s phenomenology of value, represents a solid alternative to every form of conative irrationalism, and can be as such of great significance for the present of philosophy.
  • Civic culture and natural serfdom of native Americans in the works of Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda: natural slavery and colonialism in sixteenth century spanish: español

    Méndez Alonzo, Manuel (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    The purpose of this paper is to present the arguments in favor of the colonization of Native Americans in the works of sixteenth century Spanish thinker Juan Ginés of Sepúlveda. The purpose is to link these ideas with Renaissance humanism political thought. For this reason, I will firstly explain the ideological context of Sepúlveda’s ideas. Secondly, I will mention the relation between civil virtue, security, and natural slavery and how he attempts to apply these concepts to America indigenous people. Finally, I will discuss why Sepúlveda’s writings on Native Americans were proscribed by Spanish political and religious authorities.
  • Calculus, domination and capitalism: from the dialectic of Enlightenment to the onto-logical constitution of modernity

    Martínez Matías, Paloma (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    This paper analyzes the correlations between Horkheimer and Adorno’s essay, “The Concept of Enlightenment”, and Heidegger’s thinking. Without overlooking the differences that exist between the hermeneutical horizons in which these authors operate, the paper focuses on the points of convergence of their respective positions with regard to the interpretation of essential aspects of twentieth-century reality and its storied past. These include the shaping of modern science, its key role in the ontological constitution of reality as a calculable and producible entity, and the forms of domination that it generates through technique. Finally, it is suggested that this convergence is due to the common influence of Marx’s work. This is evident in the case of Horkheimer and Adorno’s work, but is also recognizable in Heidegger’s legacy.
  • Coronado, Cecilia y Vicente De Haro Romo (eds.). (2021), El cultivo del saber. Nueve estudios sobre la historia del quehacer universitario, Pamplona, EUNSA

    Gallo Serratos, Oswaldo (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2022-02-16)
    Rewiew to the book El cultivo del saber.
  • Can a Kantian be partial to his loved ones? A discussion against recurring objections

    Alegría Fuentes, Daniela (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-04-14)
    In this article I show that duly justified partiality towards our loved ones is part of the Kantian moral project. Unlike the critics who advocate a reading in which the impartiality of the judgment in this ethics forces not to take into account personal relationships when making moral decisions, I defend the hypothesis that a Kantian can be partial with his loved ones, this for systematic and textual reasons.
  • Environmental ethics for the city

    Fricke, Martin Francisco (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-04-14)
    What does environmental ethics have to say about the urban context? Is the city an environment that has only negative value or is it possible, and in fact necessary, to develop ethical recommendations about how to design it? In this paper, I argue for the second of these disjuncts and sketch some ideas for an environmental city ethics. I try to show that the most important principle of such an ethics is procedural: anyone affected by a decision about the urban environment must have the possibility to participate in the process of making it. This principle has certain preconditions and there are also limitations on its applicability. For example, it is plausible that there are certain ecocentric ethical obligations, which are valid independently of the implementation of the principle. I sketch an idea for how a city’s green areas can help to raise citizens’ awareness of these obligations.
  • The objetivation of the unobjectivable: Convergence between art and philosophy in Aesthetic Theory of T. W. Adorno

    Corona Fernández, Javier (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-04-14)
    This article analyzes the current possibilities of T. W. Adorno’s proposal regarding his vision of the relationships between art and the truth; for this, some passages of Aesthetic Theory (1970) are explored, in which he raises two central ideas in his reflection: on the one hand, the truth contents that are revealed in the artworks and, on the other, the scopes of an individual subjectivity that can still think about the possibilities of an emancipated life. For Adorno, works of art are the expression of a truth that is subjectively conceived, but that exceed any purely individual intention and, as a force of resistance, can show what escapes objective representation. According to this, the initial hypothesis is that, regardless of the position or intentionality of the author, art contributes to the clarification of various ethical and political phenomena due to the historical codification of form and, above all, by the autonomy of the work of art.
  • Chance and ethics: responsibility and moral luck

    Curcó Cobos, Felipe (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-06-10)
    In 1976, Nagel and Williams presented —at the congress of the Aristotelian Society— two famous texts aimed at exposing the challenge that chance and fortune represent for moral thought. Since then, hundreds of articles have proliferated in the literature focused on analyzing this dilemma. This debate, however, is rarely situated within the analysis of the implausible and false premises that give rise to it. In this paper I reconstruct the central coordinates in which this philosophical problem originates. Later, I show that imputation of ethical responsibility to an agent not only does not exclude, but even presupposes, what I will call an impure capacity for agency where luck occupies a central place.
  • On the priority of value in its donation mode

    Fernández Beites, Pilar (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-06-10)
    This article deals with two essays written by Max Scheler after Der Formalismus in which he affirms the priority of value over theoretical being, but clarifies that this priority should not be confused with the denial of the classical thesis of the foundation of value in theoretical being. To this end, Scheler understands the priority of value as a priority of givenness versus the ontological priority of theoretical being. In this article, I use Edmund Husserl’s notion of focused consciousness (aktuall Bewuβtsein) to show that value priority is a priority of focused givenness, due to the ability of value to focus the subject’s interest. Then, I show that Scheler’s position can already be traced back to Der Formalismus, which makes it possible to interpret this author’s central work in a more interesting way. Finally, I relate the priority of value with the priority of love, also advocated by Scheler.
  • What is the concept of horse?

    Fernández de Castro, Max; Espinoza, Rosa María (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-07-23)
    As is well known, Frege stated that the expression ‘the concept horse’ refers to an object and not to a concept. In this article we firstly show how there are some hints of this paradox in texts prior to 1891. Secondly we review some arguments given in the literature to hold that with ‘the concept Horse’ Frege referred to the extension of the mentioned concept. Finally, we argue that, even if the concept horse is such an extension, we still know very little about its nature, given the fragmentary way in which Frege introduces the extensions of concepts in Grundgesetze and in previous essays.
  • Kant, suicide and deprivation of life: A voluntarist interpretation

    López Flores, Luis Moisés (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2021-04-14)
    It is common knowledge the position of Kant regarding the immorality of suicide. Several authors attribute him an absolutist-forbidden criterion. Nerveless, there is no extended analysis about the metaphysical-conceptual definition of suicide in Kantian theory. In this paper I hold that suicide in Kant can be defined as physical death, full, self-referential, voluntary, and immoral. This definition conflicts with the definition of deprivation of life which is not immoral. As voluntarily acts, both suicide and deprivation of life are rational acts that can be understood as maxims of action. The immorality property of suicide is due to the primacy of moral over non-moral reasons (technical or pragmatic).
  • Kant and Darwin? A critical examination of Habermas weak naturalism in the light of free will and determinism problem

    Galán Vélez, Francisco Vicente (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2018-12-10)
    This article examines Habermas’s weak naturalism, in particular, his discussion of the problem of free will and determinism. Habermas challenges the reductionist aspect of strong naturalism on the basis of an epistemological dualism —one he considers unsurpassable— between the perspectives of the observer and the participant of a dialogue, but he accepts the search for a monist vision of reality. However, although Habermas’s attempt to expand the constrained vision of nature is welcomed, this paper offers a critique of his position due to the vagueness in his way of understanding the relation between philosophy and science and his attempt —however weak— to naturalize reason, by trying to bring together Kant with Darwin.
  • La invención del realismo político. Un ejercicio de historia conceptual

    Cabrera García, Ernesto (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2018-12-07)
    Este artículo es un intento de dilucidación y delimitación historiográfico-conceptual que pretende aportar un enfoque alternativo a los estudios sobre la teoría política realista. Mi propósito es presentar un bosquejo del sentido histórico del concepto de realismo político situándolo en los contextos de la Realpolitik alemana y de la escuela realista de las relaciones internacionales. De este modo, pretendo mostrar las relaciones contextuales del realismo político, la localización de su antagonismo con el liberalismo y la invención retrospectiva de una tradición realista como resultado de una serie de apropiaciones intelectuales y políticas.
  • Analogía en las atribuciones divinas

    Alvarado, José Tomás; Gubbins, Juan Luis; Morales, Diego (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2018-12-07)
    Se ha sostenido tradicionalmente que los predicados atribuidos a Dios y a las criaturas son análogos. Pero, ¿qué es la analogía? Varios filósofos han pensado que la analogía debe ser considerada como una forma de ambigüedad. Argumentamos aquí que los predicados atribuidos a Dios y a las criaturas no son ambiguos o vagos. Siguiendo algunas sugerencias de McDaniel, proponemos una concepción de la analogía donde el fenómeno semántico está asociado con el carácter más o menos natural de la propiedad o propiedades que instancian las entidades que satisfacen el predicado análogo. Un predicado "θ" es análogo si y sólo si, la propiedad Θ, que algo instancia, si y sólo si es θ, es menos natural que cualquier propiedad Ξ tal que todo lo que instancie Ξ, instancia Θ. Además, se requiere que las entidades de las cuales el término análogo es predicado deban ser ontológica o epistémicamente dependientes unas de otras.
  • Stefan Gandler (coord.) (2016), Teoría crítica. Imposible resignarse. Pesadillas de represión y aventuras de emancipación, México, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro/Miguel Ángel Porrúa, 259 pp.

    Peralta García, Yankel (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2018-12-10)
    Reseña acerca del libro que complila Gandler sobre la Teoría crítica, sus avances y limitaciones.
  • The problem of the validity of the law within the Lockean state of nature

    Chumbita, Joan Severo (Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, 2018-12-10)
    This article studies the application of the law of nature within the state of nature. In this sense, it will analyze the abstract definition of liberty, its correspondence to the practical concept of natural freedom and the opposition of the latter to the slavery involved in being born under a despotic government. It will then consider the power of establishing punishment under death penalty and its roots, through just war, in the figure of legitimate slavery. Thus, it will set out the tensions that emerge when contrasting, on the one hand, the critique of absolutism and conquest, and, on the other, the legitimation of a private and despotic power.

View more