Siwô. Revista de Teología es una publicación semestral con artículos originales e inéditos que discuten temas de realidad social, a partir de problemáticas costarricenses y latinoamericanas. Los artículos son evaluados por un sistema de arbitraje de pares externos a los comités. La revista también fomenta el diálogo entre diversas disciplinas y estudia las relaciones entre teología, sociología, literatura, ciencias naturales, ecología, cultura de paz, diversidad sexual, étnica, entre otras discusiones de actualidad.


The Globethics library contains articles of Siwô as of no. 1(2008) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Diálogos decoloniales: mística y formación docente en el grado de educación del campo en IFRN/Brasil

    Adriano de Azevedo, Márcio (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2024-03-20)
    This article presents the results of our participation in the seminar Conversaciones sobre pedagogías, resistencias y espiritualidades, held at the Ecumenical School of Religious Sciences at the National University of Costa Rica. The event was part of the project Educaciones, espiritualidades y resistencias: hacia pedagogías de la esperanza (Méndez & Garcez, 2022). We opted for a bibliographical review and documentary research, based on Bogdan and Biklen (1994). By presenting IFRN’s experience, the dialogues allowed the exchange of academic, scientific, cultural, political and social knowledge that we have developed in the context of the universities in Costa Rica, Brazil and El Salvador.
  • Hopeful pedagogical transformations from interculturality and decoloniality: intercultural educational tours

    Gómez Torres, Juan Rafael (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-11-08)
    This article discusses, in the essay format, the pedagogical importance of educational tours in university education, because they promote critical learning committed to decolonial alterity, exteriority and diversity. The case of study are the intercultural educational tours to Kachabri carried out within the framework of the Critical Literacy Program of the UNA.
  • Hope and live together: contributions from interculturality

    Fornet-Betancourt, Raúl (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-10-13)
  • Against show culture: universal priesthood and active participation. Pastoral learnings from Comunidad Luterana Santísimo Redentor and Comunidad Luterana del Perú

    Suárez Arispe, Carola; Vega-Dávila, Enrique (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-09-08)
    The different masses, cults, services have reproduced to a greater or lesser extent an ecclesiology that is the result of processes prior to the pandemic, so participation in cyberspace has not necessarily paid for in structural changes. The gaze of the laity, the clergy or the sacraments have found a continuity in cyberspace that has not exactly been questioned. Participation in the virtual world does not mean an achievement, but it would rather be a colonization of a space in which, in other circumstances, they would not have taken any steps, so the visibility of certain bodies sustains an institutionality that promotes show culture.
  • Biblical Hermeneutics In Contexts Of Armed Conflict. The Colombian Case

    Casas Ramírez, Juan Alberto (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-09-08)
    The religious framework, Christian and mostly Catholic, with the growing emergence of Evangelical groups of Pentecostal and Neo-Pentecostal tradition, has played a fundamental role in the development of the armed conflict in Colombia. On the one hand, it came to promote biblically inspired discourses that legitimized or tolerated violence in order to defend and maintain traditionalist social and cultural structures; on the other, it has been a promoter or mediator of actions that seek peace, reconciliation and reparations for victims. In the latter sense, the processes of biblical reading carried out with affected and victimized communities in contexts of armed conflict have been a source for the collective construction of the historical memory of the facts, a way of healing and resignification of the trauma itself, an existential place of acceptance and openness to diversity and plurality, generators of strategies of reparation, non-repetition and personal and community rehabilitation.
  • Between padlocks and bolts: Symbolic violence against women from Neopentecostalism in Costa Rica

    Vindas Benavides, Ruth (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-09-08)
    Symbolic violence against women is exercised in different spaces, such as the re-Symbolic violence against women is exercised in different spaces, such as the re-ligious one, where it goes completely unnoticed. By not viewing it as violence, it is normalized without questioning those who exercise it and rather it approves ofthem. In religious spaces, this evil causes other forms of violence in women, whichare the ones that finally come to be seen. To delve into this topic, we propose inthis article as a general objective, to investigate the impact generated by symbolic gender violence that is exerted on evangelical women through neo-Pentecostal reli-gious discourses and practices in Costa Rica. For this, the qualitative research me-thodology we use, making use of the observation technique in two neo-Pentecostal congregations in rural and urban areas and interviews with two women from each congregation. Through the results, it is possible to demonstrate from different va-riables, the forms of symbolic violence exerted from these spaces. With the results, a critical analysis is carried out from the human rights of women and from the Latin American feminist theology of liberation. We conclude that, through literal inter-pretations of biblical texts and the use of images of God elaborated from patriar-chalism, machismo and androcentrism, among others, a strong symbolic violence is exerted of which the women themselves are not aware. Hence the importance ofmaking this form of violence visible to find alternatives for overcoming it.

    Chipana Quispe, Sofía Nicolasa (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-08-24)
    En el compartir se plantea que las lecturas interculturales de la Biblia en Abya Yala, precisan partir de una actitud crítica que no cuestiona solo a la matriz colonial que se extiende en las formas de leer e interpretar los textos bíblicos, que sostienen la estigmatización de la idolatría respecto a los otros modos de sentir y vivir con lo sagrado. Sino también, de reconocer las palabras sagradas de los pueblos indígenas, expresadas de diversas maneras, y que tienen como fuente la fuerza de las espiritualidades relacionales recíprocas, como modo de vida que procuran sus resurgencias.

    Zúñiga Valerio, Hanzel José (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-08-14)
    El presente ensayo propone, a partir del reconocimiento de la diversidad cultural y religiosa, que el uso de las ciencias sociales, en particular la antropología social, es una herramienta indispensable para la lectura intercultural del texto bíblico. Siendo la Biblia el producto de memorias, voces y culturas encontradas, tomar consciencia de las distancias es una forma de crear puentes entre realidades diversas, pero que, de hecho, siempre han interactuado y pueden descubrir nuevos caminos de humanidad en la Biblia y más allá de la Biblia.
  • Hermeneutics of liberation from Mesoamerica: Listening to the Voice of the Jungle

    Mena Oreamuno, Francisco (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-07-18)
    A social position is proposed to carry out a biblical reading where the Caribbean, as a vital space, of the worlds that embrace its waters, is included. Croatto called this exercise eisegesis and proposed this concept as a way to bring liberation struggles into exegesis. The point is that many of the issues that are pressing for the Latin American and Caribbean communities have no reference in the Bible, one of those issues is the wealth of life that nourishes us. To think of the Bible is to think of the desert and sometimes the waters of the Mediterranean (especially the Acts of the Apostles). But the Bible does not know the jungle, it knows the desert, but not the thicket of mountain life. For this reason, and making a series of clarifications to build this position, we conclude with three great metaphors: the tangle, symbiosis and putrefaction.
  • Biolearning Project: from and in the spiral of life

    Castro Flores, Kattia Isabel; de Lima Silva, Silvia Regina (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-04-18)
    The following article shares the experience of the Biolearning project - learning from life, a training process of an inter-institutional initiative between the Ecumenical School of Religious Sciences of National University and the National Children’s Board (PANI), Costa Rica. Concepts such as self-care, collective care and revitalization are woven around this process. The main lines of the experience that will be shared, recover the learning obtained in these years (2015-2022). Finally, we want to record the challenges that are glimpsed in the future.
  • Isidore the Laborer: Costa Rican Religious Cultural Heritage

    Bonilla Soto, Luis Carlos (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-04-18)
    This research identifies Costa Rican Religious Cultural Heritage around Isidore the Laborer cult in 2 ways. First, it analyzes churches declared as the nation’s cultural architecture heritage, with Saint Isidore title. Second, it studies Saint Isidore sculptures in 75 catholic churches chosen by 3 criteria: 1. catholic churches with Saint Isidore title; 2. catholic churches located in communities, where people prepare anual parades every May in honor of Laborer Saint; 3. catholic churches declared as cultural architecture heritage by the Law 7555 of the Republic of Costa Rica.

    Leme Garcez, María Cecilia (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-04-16)
    Este volumen de la revista Siwô’, n.° 16.1, 2023, presenta aportes que se generan a partir de una reflexión-evaluación crítica acerca de 4 proyectos de extensión e investigación de la Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión (EECR), de la Universidad Nacional. Tales acciones pueden entenderse como prácticas creativas que se nutren de una escucha atenta de los sectores y poblaciones más vulnerabilizados de la sociedad costarricense, y que expresan el deseo de “contribuir a la dignificación del ser humano y la naturaleza, a la equidad de género, a la promoción de relaciones de paz, solidaridad y justicia fundamentadas en la dimensión espiritual del ser humano, a la promoción de la vida”.1 Con esto, este volumen evidencia la pertinencia de la acción sustantiva que viene realizando esta unidad académica.
  • Religious dicourses justifying gender violence in a group of women from Upala: sacrifice, guilt and spiritualities

    Argüello, Brenda Jiménez; Montoya Hernández, María Auxiliadora (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-04-16)
    This work investigates the violence suffered by five women from Upala, located in Costa Rica. It analyzes aspects of violence that they are living from spaces such as culture, the family and religious institutions. For this reason, notions that are deci- sive in the legitimization of this violence are examined, such as sacrifice, guilt, their liberator spiritualities and the vision of God as who solves problems. According to this, information recollection tools were used to qualitative investigation such as semi-structured interviews. In this way, it is evident how cultural violence is legitimized through imaginaries and religious discourses that come to have an impact on the lives of these women by justifying many of the situations of violence they live and contribute to the construction of subjectivities rooted to passivity, obedience, sacrifice and dedication. In addition, it shows how analyzing oppressive religious discourses can be favorable to the position that women have in situations of violence that are based on a religious language immersed in the cultural. In such manner, the text allows to know from the life stories of these five women who are part of a female group that has been victim of violence, the impact of a society that maintains structures that violate women and that are sustained through religious imperatives.

    Araya Gonzáles, María de los Ángeles (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-01-24)
    El presente artículo pretende compartir algunos aspectos sobre el aporte del bioderecho con respecto al derecho humano de morir dignamente. Busca abrir un espacio de reflexión, el cual permita percibir el desafío que implica regular la acción humana en la búsqueda de un campo común, para dilucidar el quehacer ante las situaciones del final de la vida. La contribución del bioderecho en este accionar es fundamental, ya que, como rama del derecho, representa una forma de comprender y resolver los conflictos planteados por la era moderna sobre el derecho que tiene todo ser humano a morir dignamente. En primera instancia, texto intenta explicar el origen y significado de algunos términos relacionados con la temática y luego analiza componentes relacionados con los efectos normativos de alcance legal y vinculante al derecho que tiene toda persona de tener una muerte digna. En su desenvolvimiento, se destacan elementos como el valor intrínseco de la vida, la compañía, la soledad, la compasión; sobre cómo conservar la dignidad humana hasta la muerte, el fundamento legal existente que regula el accionar en el proceso del bien morir, los principios de autonomía, justicia, beneficencia y no beneficencia en este proceso hacia el final de la vida. El tema por desarrollar no se centra en la eutanasia, más bien, busca reflexionar sobre qué hacer, cómo dilucidar y regular las situaciones ocurridas al final de la vida, de tal manera que posibiliten a todos y todas morir dignamente.
  • Bioethical implications for sustainable rural development

    Ahlert, Alvori; Zonin, Wilson João; Vanderlinde Hort, Juliane (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-02-12)
    Considering the advances and technologies of conventional food production and the relationships already evidenced with devastating consequences for human health and the environment, this article brings discussions, through a bibliographic review, on the interdisciplinary genesis of bioethics and the discourse of authors of global environmental bioethics and sustainability: Van Renssealer Potter, Raquel Carson, Lutzemberg, Moltmann, Leonardo Boff and Jaime Breilh. The knowledge of bioethics within sustainable rural development, mainly related to the issue of pesticides is necessary when thinking about interdisciplinary environmental and health education. In addition to anato-physiological capacities, the human being is also a social y cultural being, with values and, equally, an environmental being, where the environment and the activities that exercises are totally connected to his health and quality of life.

    Araya Gonzáles, María de los Ángeles (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2023-01-24)
    This article aims to share some aspects of the contribution of biolaw with respect to the human right to die with dignity. It seeks to open a space for reflection that allows us to perceive the challenge involved in regulating human action in the search for a common field, to elucidate the task in situations at the end of life. The contribution of biolaw in this action is fundamental, since, as a branch of law, it represents a way of understanding and resolving the conflicts posed by the modern era on the right to die with dignity. At first, this article tries to explain the origin and meaning of some terms related to the subject and then analyzes aspects related to the normative effects of legal and binding scope, to the right that every human being has, to have a dignified death. In its development, elements such as the intrinsic value of life, companionship, solitude, compassion, on how to preserve human dignity until death, on the existing legal basis that regulates action in the process of good death, on the principle of autonomy, justice, beneficence and non-beneficence stand out, in this process towards the end of life. The theme to be developed does not focus on euthanasia, rather, it seeks to reflect on what to do, how to elucidate and regulate the situations that occur at the end of life in such a way that they allow everyone to die with dignity.
  • Resistance and learning: the spiritualities that animate them

    Méndez Méndez, José Mario (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2022-11-08)
    Resistances, educations and spiritualities are intertwined and mutually reinforced in the experience of social movements in Central America. This work gathers the les- sons learned from conversations carried out during the year 2022 with 12 resistance groups in different regions of Costa Rica. It is an initiative that is part of the project Educations, spiritualities and resistances: liberating pedagogical and socio-religious experiences for children and adolescents, attached to the Escuela Ecuménicade Ciencias de la Religión (National University, Costa Rica). The main objective is to identify the spiritualities that nurture resistances and educational practices.

    Araya Guillén, Victorio (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2022-07-01)
    El texto presenta los cristianismos como un amplio conjunto de diversas tradiciones o movimientos eclesiales que se han construido y que, todavía se construyen a lo largo de su complejo devenir histórico mundial de más de veinte siglos. Hablando en plural, el autor argumenta que en la realidad histórica y social existen cristianismos no solamente diversos, sino también contrapuestos, desarrollados en muy diferentes contextos culturales y eclesiales. De esta forma, también las iglesias deben ser consideradas en sus diversidades, para reconocer y respetar la rica pluralidad manifestada en polimorfas estructuras institucionales, celebraciones litúrgicas y expresiones confesionales y magisterios.
  • Santa Sara’s Day: Image and spiritual and ethno political representation of the Brazilian Gypsy

    Grossmann Cairus, Brigitte (Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, 2022-07-01)
    Using a more fluid approach to Portelli (1988) Italian oral history, I focus on the testimony of Roms leaders Mirian Stanescon (2007) and Mio Vacite (2008) to better understand the emergence and rise of Santa Sara Kali in the cultural, spiritual and ethnopolitical panorama in contemporary Brazil. By revealing Santa Sara’s influence on the construction of ethnic policies in Brasília, Mirian offers rich reflections on the possible links between religiosity and power, while Mio Vacite makes us reflect on the potential charismatic construction of a European gypsy saint in contemporary Brazil, and of the possible and necessary negotiations and transformations of Brazilian hybrid ciganidade.

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