Siwô. Revista de Teología es una publicación semestral con artículos originales e inéditos que discuten temas de realidad social, a partir de problemáticas costarricenses y latinoamericanas. Los artículos son evaluados por un sistema de arbitraje de pares externos a los comités. La revista también fomenta el diálogo entre diversas disciplinas y estudia las relaciones entre teología, sociología, literatura, ciencias naturales, ecología, cultura de paz, diversidad sexual, étnica, entre otras discusiones de actualidad.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Siwô as of no. 1(2008) to current.

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  • Presentación

    Angulo Espinoza, Helmuth; Universidad Nacional (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-07-01)
    La presente edición dedica un lugar privilegiado a interesantes artículos escritos por tres autoras de renombre en el ámbito teológico, literario y social. El aporte de estas autoras es complementado por análisis de corte etnológico en relación con la teología. La edición se cierra con un espacio para la creatividad artística.
  • ME INTERPELA LA PALABRA

    Montoya, Auxiliadora; Universidad Nacional (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-07-01)
    Poema de Auxiliadora Montoya
  • ¿Tienen futuro las teologías feministas en América Latina?

    Gebara, Ivone; Universidad Católica de São Paulo (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-07-01)
    El texto analiza algunas razones del rechazo de las teologías feministas en las iglesias, facultades de teología y en los medios católicos populares de América latina. Problematiza la palabra “rechazo” a partir de un recorrido por la historia de la teología feminista en el continente y la revisión de algunos de sus contenidos en el contexto de la producción teológica de los últimos 40 años. Reflexiona sobre el momento actual y los nuevos retos que se presentan a las teologías feministas.
  • Islam: ¿una masculinidad patriarcal?

    Angulo-Espinoza, Helmuth; Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2015-04-05)
    El presente ensayo busca responder a la pregunta: ¿es posible sostener la afirmación de que el islam, como sistema doctrinal, ha estructurado las sociedades musulmanas en torno al patriarcado y, por ende, ha instaurado una idea de masculinidad? Se quiere abordar uno de los aspectos más criticados del islam, cuya responsabilidad se le achaca: el sistema patriarcal. La respuesta se puede formular en la siguiente hipótesis: el islam, como religión, no puede ser catalogada como patriarcal, ni como el origen de la masculinidad patriarcal en las comunidades musulmanas, pero sí, en cierta forma, es generador de dicho sistema.
  • De flatulencias y otras resistencias: Comentario a “Lucas, sus pudores” (Julio Cortázar)

    Soto, Diego; Universidad Nacional (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-11-09)
    El artículo presenta una crítica a un modelo de comprensión del poder presente en algunas versiones de las teologías latinoamericanas de la liberación, que entiende el poder a partir de la hipótesis represiva. Para realizar esta crítica el autor comenta el texto de Julio Cortázar “Lucas, sus pudores;” a través de la pregunta: ¿qué provoca el horror de Lucas? El autor muestra cómo la narrativa de la singular condición de Lucas se vincula con aspectos que se desprenden de la analítica del poder en Michel Foucault, y no sólo cuestiona los elementos centrales de la hipótesis represiva sino que nos propone un marco más amplio de comprensión del poder. Se finaliza con una propuesta para el estudio de los modelos de poder que sostienen la teoría de la dominación en las teologías latinoamericanas de la liberación.
  • Popular Islam though a Colonial Perspective: The Tariqa Darqawiyya and the Spanish Protectorate of Morocco

    Farpón, Jorge Villanueva (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-12)
    Since its origins, the European colonial venture in North Africa and the Middle East was supported by a scientific and academic system that complemented military action. Like other territories under European control, Morocco became an object of study for the purposes of colonization and monitoring of its geography, its populations, its history, and its religious and cultural practices and, of course, its organizations and institutions. Among the organizations that elicited colonial interest were religious brotherhoods (in Arabic ṭarīqa, pl. ṭurūq), which had great religious and social power and influence throughout the country. In Northern Morocco, the area that would eventually become the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco, the most powerful ṭarīqa was the Darqāwiyya, whose presence also extended to the rest of the country, North Africa and some areas of the Middle East. This institution, which had already been studied by the early French colonial authorities, was a target of the Spanish information services all along the colonial period. The Darqāwiyya was seen as a threat to the success of the colonial venture due to its clientele networks and its social and religious prestige. Given that this brotherhood was a fragmented institution, it is impossible to single out a sole leader or a unique politics of action that characterized the entire Darqāwiyya. Instead, the leaders of the different branches of the Darqāwiyya acted according to their particular interests in their relationships with Moroccan and colonial powers. This paper examines the origins of the Darqāwa and its different branches established in Northern Morocco, as well as the origin of the negative portrayals of this brotherhood in the first colonial sources; portrayals that were perpetuated and affirmed by Spanish colonial agents. Through an in-depth examination of several key events, we will analyse the position of the Darqāwa leaders towards the rebellions of Aḥmad al-Raysūnī and ʿAbd al-Krim al-Khaṭṭābī against colonial authorities. In addition, we will discuss the relationships and power games between these leaders and colonial agents during the Spanish Civil War, and their positions towards the rise and flourishing of Moroccan nationalism in the North of the country. Across these different historical moments, we will conclude that, despite the negative view and the mistrust in which the Darqāwa were depicted in colonial sources, both parties collaborated with each other on several occasions for their mutual benefit.
  • Fitna

    Mohamed, Mohamed A. (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-12)
    In order to articulate the Qurʾānic concept of fitna I divided this article into three parts. In the first part, I discuss the etymology, meanings, and use of fitna in the Qurʾān. I argue that though fitna indicates deception, seduction, anarchy and turmoil, it is considered normative; it is the nature of this world. The essence of fitna is a merging of truth and falsehood that renders signs seductive and removes truth from the field of reason. Meaning is neither true nor false, absent nor present; it is incomplete since it partially operates within the sphere of ghayb, or the invisible reality. In the second part, I explore fitna as a sociological analytical concept by situating it within Western sociological theory. I contrast fitna to related concepts in the works of Sigmund Freud, Georges Bataille, Jean Baudrillard and Timothy Bewes. Exploring the work of Ibn Taymiyya (1263–1328 CE) in his treatise on truth and metaphor, and comparing it to the work of Bernard McGinn, I argue that in articulating meaning and truth, fitna avoids both dialectic synthesis and cosmic dualism by proposing a partial overlap between ẓāhir and ghayb, or the visible and the invisible worlds. In the third part, I study two applied aspects of fitna: in legal reasoning, and the theology of apocalypse. I explain how a worldview of fitna featured a formal notion of truth that is legal, rather than ontic and objective, and is grounded in ghālib al-ẓann, or the predominant probability. I then connect the apocalyptic turmoil to an increasing overlap between ghayb and ẓāhir, which escalates to their identification, but this comes with the end of fitna and the end of this world.
  • Perspectives on Islam and the body

    Harwell, Katherine; Omari, Jenine; Bahrom, Norlina; Pody, Carrie Grace; Heslin, Keyla; Eggink, Ellie (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-12)
    Islamic ritual practice and law, including the various ways in which they govern the body, distinguish Islam from other religious traditions and thus are, in part, constitutive of Muslim identity. In spite of the undisputed centrality of the body in the formation of subjectivity and identity, Islamic ritual practices are often contested. This compilation of works on the body aims to make sense of some of these contested spaces, as well as the roles that ritual purity and discipline play in training the body to perform rituals effectively. Furthermore, it also traces the historical origin of a few of these ritual practices—especially those that center upon role of the Prophet Muḥammad’s body and his personal example—and examines the different ways that the Prophet’s legacy is interpreted theologically and legally within the Muslim community.
  • Los olvidos de Adán

    Kilito, Abdelfattah; Ceballos, Manuela (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-12)
    In “Adam’s Forgetting,” which is part of The Tongue of Adam (La Langue d’Adam, 1999; trans. Robyn Creswell, 2016), Moroccan writer Abdelfattah Kilito wonders, what language did Adam (the first Prophet of Islam) speak in paradise? He also investigates whether the first poem ever written is, as some classical Arabic sources of the Islamic tradition recount, an elegy that Adam himself wrote to grieve the murder of his son, Adam, by his other son, Cain. Through a reading of The Epistle of Forgiveness (Risālat al-Ghufrān; trans. Geert Jan Van Gelder, Gregor Schoeler, 2013) by the eleventh-century poet and thinker Abū al-ʿAlāʾ al-Maʿarrī, Kilito explores the relationship between the possibility of language and the act of forgetting. Here we present Kilito’s text translated into Spanish.
  • What is popular Islam? Towards a Critical Genealogy of the Concept and its Relationship with the Disctinctions Orthodoxy/Heterodoxy and Orthopraxy/Heteropraxy

    González Vásquez, Araceli (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-12)
    The concept of "popular Islam" has a wide predicament in the academic literature generated by the Social Sciences and the Humanities, and also, in general, in contemporary media discourses on Islam and Muslims, and it is used particularly in order to characterise certain religious beliefs and practices. In the present article, centered on examples related to North Africa and, specifically, to Morocco, I will try to present a critical genealogy of this concept, and I will try to reflect on its relationship with the distinctions orthodoxy / heterodoxy and orthopraxis / heteropraxis.
  • Sobre los autores

    Ceballos, Manuela (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-13)
    Autores
  • Portada

    Quirós Gutiérrez, Érick (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-13)
    Portada
  • Gardens of the Soul. Towards a Comparative Theology of the Alhambra And The Interior Castle

    Carrión, María M. (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-11-12)
    This comparative reading of the monumental oeuvres of the Alhambra and The Interior Castle by Teresa de Jesús is a theological and literary reverie that depicts these two texts as gardens of the soul, that is to say, as spaces where spiritual awareness and religious thought flourish and transcend borders. The profound differences that separate these two texts render them virtually unfit for a proper comparison, especially one in which the referential framework is theological. At first glance. These two texts may best be read individually, water and oil. Without aiming to undermine the distinctions that set them apart, or the religious and literary traditions that have canonized them separately, this article rehearses a comparative theology built upon these two texts, one that posits a clear relationship with the divine and understands the sublime in the gap between these spaces. With this reading, it will be possible to witness a boundless love for nature, and above all, for water and its divine properties of abundance and bounteousness, which can be read as a medium and channel of faith and hope. This love is protected by a vast landscape of flowers, fruits, trees, and other forms of natural and artistic flora in and out of the Nasrid palaces of the Alhambra, as well as inside and out of the mystical treatise by Teresa de Jesús. This love for the marvels of the gardens, for the supreme beauty, for the blessing of water, and for God-Allāh moves the comparative theology that prompts the writing of these pages.
  • The spirituality in teachers of Religious Education

    Panigua Calvo, Ricardo Antonio (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2018-10-08)
    In the context of a State Religious Education in transformation, what is the perception that teachers have of that subject of their own spirituality? And consequently, what is the notion of spirituality from which religious education teachers in Costa Rica articulate their educational practice? In addition, for these same teachers, what relevance would spirituality have in a more open and multicultural religious education that is now lived in the classroom? These are the basic questions that this research addresses, located in a five-year period (2010-2015) in which significant events of this transformation have been experienced.
  • Esta carne mía: forma negativa y crítica afroamericana de la modernidad occidental

    Pimentel Chacón, Jonathan (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-06-30)
    Este ensayo trata de analizar  algunos elementos necesarios para entender  las formas en que el arte, la producción de Capital y el racismo se relacionan, particularmente en el contexto de los Estados unidos de América entre 1890 y 1930, entendiendo que la producción de Capital implica un proceso de racionalización que esta vinculado a procesos de civilización, específicamente a constelaciones epistémicas. Dos conceptos de suma importancia para demostrar como el racismo y la producción de Capital están vinculados internamente son el consumo del cuerpo y maquinas con órganos, que  a su vez son categorías centrales para entender como la relaciones entre representaciones visuales, forma, y producción de Capital son radicalmente criticadas.
  • ¿Un menú de creencias a fuego lento?: Acercamiento sociológico a la religión en Costa Rica

    Fuentes Belgrave, Laura (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-06-30)
    ¿Cuáles son los cambios que experimentan las creencias religiosas de la población costarricense? Esta interrogante busca ser respondida desde la perspectiva sociológica de un estudio en curso, que pretende explorar las transformaciones y redefiniciones de los fenómenos religiosos, en su relación con la construcción de las identidades, las percepciones sobre el rol social y político de los grupos religiosos, y la concepción de la laicidad, la sexualidad y la moral, en un campo religioso cuyos contenidos alcanzan un pluralismo aparentemente limitado en Costa Rica.
  • ¿Tienen futuro las teologías feministas en América Latina?

    Gebara, Ivone (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-06-30)
    El texto analiza algunas razones del rechazo de las teologías feministas en las iglesias, facultades de teología y en los medios católicos populares de América latina. Problematiza la palabra “rechazo” a partir de un recorrido por la historia de la teología feminista en el continente y la revisión de algunos de sus contenidos en el contexto de la producción teológica de los últimos 40 años. Reflexiona sobre el momento actual y los nuevos retos que se presentan a las teologías feministas.
  • Presentación

    Angulo Espinoza, Helmuth (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-06-30)
    La presente edición dedica un lugar privilegiado a interesantes artículos escritos por tres autoras de renombre en el ámbito teológico, literario y social. El aporte de estas autoras es complementado por análisis de corte etnológico en relación con la teología. La edición se cierra con un espacio para la creatividad artística.
  • ME INTERPELA LA PALABRA

    Montoya, Auxiliadora (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-06-30)
    Poema de Auxiliadora Montoya
  • SALMO 152

    Najlis, Michelle (Escuela Ecuménica de Ciencias de la Religión, Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica, 2014-06-30)
    Poema de Michelle Najlis

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