The Effects of Gender and Parental Education on Participation Within Post- Secondary Education in the 1970s and 1980s
AbstractKnowledge offactorsaffecting access topost secondary education isgrowing, but we know much less about influences shaping patterns of study within higher education. This paper explores the impact of gender and parental education on student decisions to study part-time orfull-time, to choose college or university, and to enroll in different fields of study. These issues are examined using representative national samples of Canadian students from 1974-75 and 1983-84. We demonstrate that both gender and family education play decisive roles in influencing patterns of participation in higher education and that the effects of family background differ significantly between women and men.