TURISMO Y ESPACIOS NATURALES PROTEGIDOS EN COSTA RICA: ENFRENTAMIENTO O CONCERTACIÓN
Author(s)Gilbert Vargas Ulate
CONSERVACIÓN DE LA NATURALEZA
IMPACTO DEL TURISMO
GEOGRAFÍA DEL TURISMO
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AbstractEl Sistema de Áreas de Conservación de Costa Rica (SINAC) constituye el destino favorito de los turistas durante su estadía en nuestro país, además de ser el destino lógico para el turismo nacional. Su uso por parte de los turistas genera un dilema; por un lado genera beneficios económicos para diferentes sectores de la población, pero por otro, la actividad turística también afecta las iniciativas de conservación in situ, son estas relaciones de entendimiento y enfrentamiento las que se analizan en este estudio.
Copyright/LicenseRevista de Ciencias Sociales (Cr)
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In terms of public policies in Brazil, we conclude that they are disconnected, fragmented and insufficient to promote the development of a locality or region since, apart from concentrating more than 60% of the resources only in the hotel and catering industry and funding multinationals, they are not creating the expected number of jobs and those that really create jobs, are entry-level and badly paid ones. Government resources for investment in tourism have also obtained contributions from international agents, but this type of funding lacks adequate mechanisms of control and inspection by the government, with a connotation of showing favor to a "clientele" in exchange for votes in political elections. Field survey results have shown that promises made by the government and businessmen of the sector in question are not actually accomplished, causing disbelief, conflicts and frustration in the population of the affected communities. 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However, for both studied sites, to a greater or lesser extent, the main social impacts observed were problems related to people moving out of their residences, the rise in prices for goods and services, uncontrolled invasion of people in the communities, emergence of violence, drugs and prostitution, absolute disbelief in the public authorities and tourism businessmen, fragmentation of the coordination among local leaders, failure of expectations, especially in relation to jobs and the severance of traditional social relationships. However, the surveys, particularly the quantitative one, indicated that people still express their optimism about the future and that something good has remained, as the learning gained with past experiences, the improvement of some equipment of the local infrastructure and the interest in studying in order to get better life conditions. 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