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AbstractThe article addresses the Christian movements among the workers in Brazil. The question goes back to Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum. At the heart of this relationship is the inseparability between the workers' movements, the Church and the State, opposing the socialist movements. Pernambuco was the pioneering center of the working circles. these were processed from the beginning of the twentieth century to the end of the New State when its decline is observed. The peak of the Operational Circles takes place during the Vargas dictatorship in Pernambuco, under the intervention of Agamenon Magalhães.