Now showing items 76179-76198 of 86160

    • U.S. Business Conduct Standards 2006

      Medtronic (Medtronic, Inc., 2006)
      Compliance with these Standards is mandatory for all Customer Interactions. If you are unsure about the legality of a Customer Interaction or if the proposed Customer Interaction is not specifically allowed by these Standards, before entering into it, you must consult with a Medtronic Manager, the Medtronic Business Conduct Officer, Medtronic Legal Counsel or your Business Unit Compliance Officer, if this position exists within your Business Unit. All Employees and all Agents, to the extent relevant to their activities on behalf of Medtronic, must comply with these Standards, the Medtronic Code of Conduct, Medtronic policies and procedures and applicable law, including, for example, the antitrust, securities, FDA, and export control laws, and any policies and procedures adopted by their Business Unit, including policies and procedures that may be more restrictive than these Standards. Standards 1-9 do not apply to relationships with individual patients or to relationships with persons or other entities that are neither in the business of providing health care services nor Affiliated with such entities.
    • U.S. Childhood Obesity and Climate Change

      Sheffield, Perry E.; Galvez, Maida P. (Mary Ann Liebert Inc. Publishers, 2009-12)
      This article focuses on the epidemic of childhood obesity, a significant cause of pediatric morbidity in the United States. It begins with a review of the evidence regarding environmental influences on obesity. Then it draws from that evidence to cite examples of climate change prevention and preparedness efforts that could also benefit the obesity problem. Climate change is a global environmental issue predicted to negatively impact children’s health. In the United States, many regions are expected to experience worse air quality, increased vector-borne disease, and changes in food availability. Children’s size, developmental stage, and long life expectancy make them unique when considering health effects from the environment. Furthermore, in the latter part of this century, the children of today will become seniors, a group also vulnerable to predicted health impacts from climate change. These vulnerabilities will contribute to existing health disparities that are due, in part, to unequal risk factors in communities of color and low income. Improved air quality, healthier diets, and increased physical activity are all potential results of climate change interventions. Unintended potential negative consequences are also discussed and careful pre-intervention assessment is emphasized. Interdisciplinary collaborations for research and solutions are needed for large scale environmental issues such as climate change and their impact on multi-factorial health problems including childhood obesity. Carefully selected climate change-related efforts can simultaneously address current children’s health problems, future population health concerns, and ultimately result in more equitable health for all.
    • U.S. Health Researchers Review their Ethics Review Boards

      Burris, Scott; Moss, Kathryn (2006)
      Virtually all research involving human subjects in the US must be reviewed by an institutional review board, a form of research ethics review board. This article reports the results of qualitative research on how investigators regard this regulatory regime. Interviews were conducted with forty investigators conducting health-related research. Most respondents shared the regulations' goals, but doubted that the regulations, as implemented, promoted these goals efficiently, effectively and fairly. The interviews suggest that efforts to raise researchers' ethical consciousness have been, over time, quite successful, but that implementation of the regulations remains problematic. Research aimed at better defining the problem to be solved by the regulatory system, and at assessing the effectiveness of the regulatory tools for solving properly defined problems, could guide a more productive debate about human subject protection.
    • U.S. Israel Cooperation with India in Space Missile Technology

      Khan Niazi, M. Zulfiqar (Qurtuba University, Pakistan., 2007)
      US-India bilateral cooperation of civilian space activities, civilian nuclear programs, and high-technology trade and to expand discussions on missile defense is the corner stone of the New Step in Strategic Partnership (NSSP) launched in January 2004. Indian quest for acquiring ICBM capability is spanned over more than four decades and is largely based on space launched technology acquired through the foreign sources. Though the United States has taken different steps over the last several decades to restrict missile proliferation, but in case of India, the sincerity and inconsistent application of nonproliferation policies have always been criticized at all levels. The ongoing US-Israel space cooperation with India indirectly aims at strengthening and improving its ICBM capabilities-a step necessary for transforming India to a global power and tilt the balance of nuclear power in the region.
    • U.S. Legal Ethics

      Terry, Laurel S. (2005)
      This Article reviews the influence of comparative law during the past 100 years on the field of U.S. legal ethics. It begins by defining the field of legal ethics and then divides the last 100 years into three distinct comparative legal ethics eras. The first era consists of the time period between 1904 and 1973, during which there was both domestic and comparative legal ethics scholarship, although a relatively small amount compared to later years. The second time period, which dates from 1974, when legal ethics became a required course, to 1997, represents the coming of age of domestic legal ethics scholarship. This time period also included a significant amount of legal ethics scholarship employing a comparative or global perspective. The Article continues by analyzing the time period from 1998 to the present and offers the thesis that in 1998, there was a fundamental transformation or sea change that occurred with respect to the use of global and comparative perspectives to discuss U.S. legal ethics issues. The Article cites several post-1998 examples to demonstrate the coming of age of these perspectives. The final section of the Article identifies various factors that contributed to, and have helped sustain, these heightened comparative and global perspectives.
    • U.S. Police/African American Community Relations and Racial Profiling

      Abdul-Ra’uf, Bakhitah (European & International Research Group on Crime, Ethics and Social Philosophy (ERCES), 2006)
    • U.S. West

      Isabella, Lynn; Daud, Tya (2008-10-21)
      This case presents the student with a business decision marked by ethical parameters. Should U.S. West terminate its advertising account with an agency that is embroiled in an ethnicity/gender conflict? How should the decision be made? By what criteria? The B case (UVA-OB-0442) provides postdecision information.
    • U.S. West

      Isabella, Lynn; Daud, Tya (2008-10-21)
      This case is a follow-up to the A case (UVA-OB-0436). U.S. West withdraws its account. How should the ad agency react?
    • Ubiquitous Computing

      Hubig, Christoph (International Center for Information Ethics (ICIE), 2007-12)
      The authors distinguish three types of media ethics: Applied ethics which focusses situations and raises nor-mative questions depending on a particular situation; application-centered ethics, which supports or warns users, and the classical ethics of autonomy which gives new spheres for actions. For ethical challenges of UbiComp the third type is most important. UbiComp reduces the intentions of the user by decontextualizing the context of action. The actor is confronted with an "informed" reality. It is a problem, when there is no explicit delegation of services to the system and the media "clues" are disappearing and we don't see that reality is augmented. It is the first commandment of media ethics to show the clues of media via which it is possible to reconstruct the spheres which give possibilities for action. Concerning UbiComp, media ethics has to demand compensatory institutions like the concept of parallel communication, which allows for negotiating metacommunicatively on the communication processes delegated to smart systems.
    • Ubuntu, uma perspectiva para superar o racismo [Ubuntu, a perspective to overcome racism]

      Santos, João Vitor (Instituto Humanitas Unisinos - IHU, 2016)
      "É, por exemplo, a atualização dessa perspectiva na relação com imigrantes, numa outra faceta racista. Isso porque são vistos como intrusos, quando na verdade quem os “recebe” é incapaz de assumir o drama do povo como também um drama seu. O professor africano Jean-Bosco Kakozi Kashindi olha para essas questões raciais desde os princípios do Ubuntu, que pode ser apreendido como uma metafísica africana. Para ele, entre as inúmeras defiições, Ubuntu pode ser compreendido como a humanidade do ser. Ou, como prefere, “a abstração das pessoas no conjunto de suas humanidades”. “É a ideia de que minha humanidade está ligada à sua. Logo, ‘eu sou porque somos’”, explica, ao mergulhar no princípio do reconhecimento do outro, tão forte na lógica do Ubuntu."
    • Ubuntu, uma “alternativa ecopolítica” à globalização econômica neoliberal [

      Sbardelotto, Moisés (Instituto Humanitas Unisinos - IHU, 2010)
      "Reconhecido como “um sistema de crenças, uma epistemologia,uma ética coletiva e uma fiosofi humanista espiritual do sul daÁfrica”, o ubuntu é, em suma, “uma forma ética de conhecer ede ser em comunidade”. Essa é a opinião da doutora em Educação nascida na África do Sul e hoje residente no Canadá, Dalene Swanson."
    • UCLA Journal of Environmental Law & Policy

      Stecker, Abigail; Beryt, Elizabeth (University of California, School of Law, 1980)
      The UCLA Journal of Environmental Law and Policy produces a high quality biannual journal on cutting-edge environmental legal and policy matters. JELP is entirely run and produced by students at UCLA School of Law. Articles in JELP are written by leading scholars throughout the country and often the world, and by students focusing on environmental law at UCLA.
    • Ucrania como el ‘Waterloo’ del imperio del dólar [Ukraine as the 'Waterloo' dollar empire]

      Observatorio Internacional de la Crisis (DEI (Departamento Ecuménico de Investigación), 2014)
      "Durante los últimos siglos, los jefes tradicionales del mundo han sido los banqueros ingleses y estadounidenses y en el mando mundial ha esta­ do la dinastía Rothschild. Con sus socios en el banco de la Reserva Federal (Fed) de los EE. UU., como la dinastía Rockefeller y otros ocho banqueros, emiten la moneda: el dólar. La Fed es propiedad privada (de diez agen­ tes), no es nacional. Esta élite controla la moneda y los bancos centrales de numerosos países, así como el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI), el Banco Mundial y el Banco de Pagos Internacionales (BIS) en Basilea, Suiza. En 2006, el presidente ruso Vladimir Putin canceló a los Rothschild todo lo que Rusia les adeudaba y con ello este país recuperó su soberanía. China, igualmente, es soberana en este sentido. Pero el imperio del dólar —y con ello el imperio Rothschild— se encuentra en problemas y su dis­ persa infraestructura se está desmoronando. Esto exige recurrir a la fuerza coercitiva (Organización del Tratado del Atlántico Norte —OTAN) para lograr mantener sometidas las naciones al dólar. No obstante, dicho im­ perio se está acabando; por tanto, esa moneda deberá dar un importante paso atrás."
    • udaismo y cristianismo a través de los rollos del Mar Muerto [Judaism and Christianity through the Dead Sea Scrolls]

      Sievers, Joseph (Instituto Universitario ISEDET, 2001)
      "Al comienzo de 1947 misteriosos manuscritos antiguos comenzaron a aparecer por Jerusalén. Algunos incluían porciones de la Biblia Hebraica, otros textos eran completamente desconocidos al momento. En poco tiempo fue claro que estos textos eran encontrados por beduinos en cuevas cercanas al borde noroccidental del Mar Muerto, a tan solo algunos kilómetros de Jericó. Para e 1956 once cuevas conteniendo varias cantidades de manuscritos habían sido encontradas, la mayoría por beduinos y algunas por arqueólogos."
    • Udienza ai membri del movimento per la vita

      Benedict XVI (Zammerumaskil, 2008-05-12)
      "Certamente molte e complesse sono le cause che conducono a decisioni dolorose come l'aborto. Se da una parte la Chiesa, fedele al comando del suo Signore, non si stanca di ribadire che il valore sacro dell'esistenza di ogni uomo affonda le sue radici nel disegno del Creatore, dall'altra stimola a promuovere ogni iniziativa a sostegno delle donne e delle famiglie per creare condizioni favorevoli all'accoglienza della vita, e alla tutela dell'istituto della famiglia fondato sul matrimonio tra un uomo e una donna. L'aver permesso di ricorrere all'interruzione della gravidanza, non solo non ha risolto i problemi che affliggono molte donne e non pochi nuclei familiari, ma ha aperto una ulteriore ferita nelle nostre società, già purtroppo gravate da profonde sofferenze. Tanto impegno, in verità, in questi anni è stato profuso, e da parte non solo della Chiesa, per venire incontro ai bisogni e alle difficoltà delle famiglie. Non possiamo però nasconderci che diversi problemi continuano ad attanagliare la società odierna, impedendo di dare spazio al desiderio di tanti giovani di sposarsi e formare una famiglia per le condizioni sfavorevoli in cui vivono. La mancanza di lavoro sicuro, legislazioni spesso carenti in materia di tutela della maternità, l'impossibilità di assicurare un sostentamento adeguato ai figli, sono alcuni degli impedimenti che sembrano soffocare l'esigenza dell'amore fecondo, mentre aprono le porte a un crescente senso di sfiducia nel futuro. E' necessario per questo unire gli sforzi perché le diverse Istituzioni pongano di nuovo al centro della loro azione la difesa della vita umana e l'attenzione prioritaria alla famiglia, nel cui alveo la vita nasce e si sviluppa. Occorre aiutare con ogni strumento legislativo la famiglia per facilitare la sua formazione e la sua opera educativa, nel non facile contesto sociale odierno. Per i cristiani resta sempre aperto, in questo ambito fondamentale della società, un urgente e indispensabile campo di apostolato e di testimonianza evangelica: proteggere la vita con coraggio e amore in tutte le sue fasi. Per questo, cari fratelli e sorelle, domando al Signore di benedire l'azione che, come Centro di Aiuto alla Vita e come Movimento per la Vita, voi svolgete per evitare l'aborto anche in caso di gravidanze difficili, operando nel contempo sul piano dell'educazione, della cultura e del dibattito politico. E' necessario testimoniare in maniera concreta che il rispetto della vita è la prima giustizia da applicare. Per chi ha il dono della fede questo diventa un imperativo inderogabile, perché il seguace di Cristo è chiamato ad essere sempre più "profeta" di una verità che mai potrà essere eliminata: Dio solo è Signore della vita. Ogni uomo è da Lui conosciuto e amato, voluto e guidato. Qui soltanto sta l'unità più profonda e grande dell'umanità, nel fatto che ogni essere umano realizza l'unico progetto di Dio, ognuno ha origine dalla medesima idea creatrice di Dio. Si comprende pertanto perché la Bibbia afferma: chi profana l'uomo, profana la proprietà di Dio (cfr Gn 9,5)."
    • Udienza Santo Padre Congresso studi su Matrimonio e Famiglia

      Benedict XVI (Zammeru Maskil, 2008-04-05)
      "In un contesto culturale segnato da un crescente individualismo, dall'edonismo e, troppo spesso, anche da mancanza di solidarietà e di adeguato sostegno sociale, la libertà umana, di fronte alle difficoltà della vita, è portata nella sua fragilità a decisioni in contrasto con l'indissolubilità del patto coniugale o con il rispetto dovuto alla vita umana appena concepita ed ancora custodita nel seno materno. Divorzio e aborto sono scelte di natura certo differente, talvolta maturate in circostanze difficili e drammatiche, che comportano spesso traumi e sono fonte di profonde sofferenze per chi le compie. Esse colpiscono anche vittime innocenti: il bambino appena concepito e non ancora nato, i figli coinvolti nella rottura dei legami familiari. In tutti lasciano ferite che segnano la vita indelebilmente. Il giudizio etico della Chiesa a riguardo del divorzio e dell'aborto procurato è chiaro e a tutti noto: si tratta di colpe gravi che, in misura diversa e fatta salva la valutazione delle responsabilità soggettive, ledono la dignità della persona umana, implicano una profonda ingiustizia nei rapporti umani e sociali e offendono Dio stesso, garante del patto coniugale ed autore della vita. E tuttavia la Chiesa, sull'esempio del suo Divino Maestro, ha sempre di fronte le persone concrete, soprattutto quelle più deboli e innocenti, che sono vittime delle ingiustizie e dei peccati, ed anche quegli altri uomini e donne, che avendo compiuto tali atti si sono macchiati di colpe e ne portano le ferite interiori, cercando la pace e la possibilità di una ripresa. "
    • Udmurtia: Orthodoxy, Paganism, Authority

      Filatov, Sergei (Keston Institute, 1997)
      "In Udmurtia, as in other Finno-Ugrian republics in the Volga region, the revival of paganism is inseparably connected with the national movement. This link was fore- ordained by the relative liveliness of paganism in the republic. Christianity began to penetrate the Udmurt milieu in the thirteen to fourteenth centuries, first of all into the northern regions of traditional Udmurt settlements together with the first Russian settlers. However, the greater part of the Udmurt people was under strong Turkic Muslim pressure until the destruction of the Khanate of Kazan'. Over the centuries the Udmurts offered resistance to Turkic expansion. The southern Udmurts, who formed part of the realm of the Volga Bulgars, and later of the Golden Horde and the Khanate of Kazan', experienced especially strong Muslim influence; it is not surprising that their northern fellow-tribesmen called them the 'Tatar Udmurts'. However, Islam could not supplant the Udmurts' traditional beliefs, and up to the time of the fall of the Khanate of Kazan' the great majority of them remained pagans."
    • Ududo reasoning in African thought

      Chimakonam, JO (Calabar School of Philosophy (CSP), 2014)
      "The dominance of methods of mathematical reasoning such as the axiomatic method in modern logic has taken a toll on the independent development of logic as a separate discipline. However, the emergence of other non-standard systems of logic which could be described as postmodernist shows how a radical break might be necessary in salvaging logic from the grip of mathematics. Our goal in this essay would be to propose and articulate a post modern formalist method called Ududo Reasoning for logic"
    • UEM Study on the Charismatic Movement and Healing

      Niwagila, Wilson
      "This study, on healing, brought new challenges. We discovered that either the churches have forgotten to use the spiritual gifts in their ministry of healing or they have taken very lightly the function of the Holy Spirit in our modern technological world. The consultation on healing, which took place in Accra-Ghana for one week (12-19 November 2003) came up with the following recommendations to the UEM member churches and all other interested churches to remind them of their task of being a learning and serving community. It is obvious that in this wounded world the healing ministry of the church is imperative."

      Dennison, D. Brian; Tibihikirra-Kalyegira, Pamela (, 2014)
      RECOGNISING THAT the Uganda Courts of Judicature are established by the Constitution to exercise judicial power in the name of the people of Uganda in conformity with law and with the values, norms and aspirations of the people, and are enjoined to administer substantive justice impartially and expeditiously;