Now showing items 80007-80026 of 86160

    • X-rays and technology as metaphor

      Lentle, Brian (Canadian Medical Association, 2000)
      "Technology has an ambiguous relation with the human imagination. It is possible to trace developments in the use of x-rays in medicine over the century or so since their discovery by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen.1–3 It is equally possible to recognize that radiography and other technologies have provided a mirror for the society in which they have been used. In other words, although technology changes society, society, in its response to technology, reveals its values and preoccupations at certain places and times."
    • Xdlos profetas y san Pablo en la Carta a los Gálatas [The Prophets and Apostle Paul in the Epistle to the Galatians]

      Bravo, Arturo (Facultad de Teología de la Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, 2009)
      "Los temas fundamentales de la Carta a los Galatas son la necesidad de la circuncision en el orden de la salvacion y la autoridad apostolica del Pablo. Este articulo nos introduce en el contexto de la autoridad paulina y la forma como el se ha apoyado en el Antiguo Testamento, sobre todo en el pensamiento profetico, para argumentar las ideas fundamentales de su carta. En la interpretacion biblica existe una expresion clasica que explica la postura de este articulo: El contexto explica al texto. En esa misma logica "el sujeto es explicado por la comunidad". Pablo pertenece al ambiente judio, esto nos permite entenderlo mejor." "Basic thematics of Paul's Epistle to the Galatians are the requirement of circumcision for salvation and the question of his authority. This article is a introduction to the study of the context in which Paul exercises his authority and to the question of Biblical prophecy as argument for the main ideas of his Epistle. According to a classic saying of Biblical hermeneutics, "context explains text" and "subject is explained by community". Paul belongs to Jewisch milieu: this fact allows to understand him better."
    • Xenofobia ou Xenofilia [Xenophobia or Xenofilia]

      Rivera-Pagán, Luis N. (Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 2010)
      "A primeira confissão de fé da Bíblia começa com uma história de peregrinação e migração: “Arameu prestes a perecer foi meu pai, e desceu para o Egito, e ali viveu como estrangeiro...” (Deuteronômio 26.5, ARA). Ou, em outra versão: “O primeiro dos nossos antepassados foi um arameu que não tinha lugar certo onde morar. Ele foi com a família para o Egito, e ali eles moraram como estrangeiros” (BLH)." ["The first Bible confession of faith begins with a history of pilgrimage and migration: "A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and went down to Egypt and lived there as a foreigner ..." (Deuteronomy 26.5, ARA). Or, in another version: "The first of our ancestors was a Syrian who had not the right place to live. He was with his family to Egypt, and there they lived as foreigners "(NIV)."]
    • Xenotransplantation

      The working group on Bioethics and Biotechnology of the Church and Society Commission of the Conference of European Churches (2002-06)
      "This report seeks to evaluate the ethical and social issues raised by xenotransplantation in the perspectives of a Christian understanding. European churches seek to reflect areas of general consensus and also points where we differ."
    • Xenotransplantation - An aid to ethical discernment

      Kirchenamt der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland (Kirchenamt der Evangelischen Kirche Deutschland, 1998)
      According to current knowledge, xenotransplantation seems to entail considerable risks. That is why xenotransplantation in humans will not appear ethically defensible until independent bodies (ethics committees) have qualified the risk as ranging within acceptable limits.
    • Xenotransplantation An aid to ethical discernment

      Church Office of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD); Secretariat of the German Bishops’ Conference (DBK)
      The process of transplanting animal organs into human beings, so-called xenotransplantation, was started to remedy a severe shortage in donor organs. According to scientists, at present a great number of questions attached to xenotransplantation has not been solved yet, such as issues related to immunosuppression, which is required to control the rejection of the alien animal organ, the functioning of animal organs within the human organism, and the risk of infections. Apart from taking into account considerable uncertainties that cannot be clarified by medicine, an ethical evaluation of xenotransplantation must also acknowledge a broad range of other factors.
    • Xenotransplantation Eine Hilfe zur ethischen Urteilsbildung

      Kirchenamt der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland (EKD); Sekretariat der Deutschen Bischofskonferenz (DBK) (Kirchenamt EKD and Sekretariat DBK, 1998)
      "Die Entwicklung der Transplantation von Tierorganen auf den Menschen, die sog. "Xenotransplantation", wurde in Gang gesetzt, um den schwerwiegenden Mangel an menschlichen Spenderorganen zu beheben. Zur Zeit sind - nach Auskunft der Forschenden - viele Fragen hinsichtlich der Immunsuppression, die zur Unterdrückung der Abstoßungsreaktion des fremden Tierorgans nötig ist, der Funktion von tierischen Organen im menschlichen Organismus sowie der Infektionsrisiken noch nicht gelöst. Jede ethische Beurteilung der Xenotransplantation muß neben den erheblichen Ungewißheiten aus medizinischer Sicht ein breites Spektrum von weiteren Aspekten berücksichtigen."
    • XI El apartheid climático [XI Climate Apartheid]

      Kliksberg, Bernardo (Unesco, 2012)
      "La Oroya es un pueblo andino del Perú. Encabeza una tabla muy peligrosa. Es uno de los diez lugares más tóxicos del planeta. Vivir allí es un peligro. Era un idílico y tranquilo poblado indígena. Se instaló en el pueblo una fundidora de plomo internacional. Infringió todas las disposiciones ambientales y una administración pública débil no veló porque las cumpliera. El 95 por ciento de los niños menores de 6 años del pueblo tiene niveles de plomo tóxicos en la sangre. Su salud está comprometida. Rosa Amaro, líder de un grupo ambientalista del lugar, declaró al New York Times que denunció este indudable “escándalo ético”: “No puedo entender por qué estamos expuestos a los riesgos de una inversión americana, pero no tenemos las protecciones ambientales que tienen los ciudadanos de EE.UU" ["The Oroya is an Andean village in Peru. Topping a dangerous table. It is one of the ten most toxic places on earth. living there it is a danger. It was an idyllic and peaceful Indian village. He settled the people an international lead smelter. Violated all environmental provisions and a weak public administration did not ensure that the comply. 95 percent of children under 6 years people have toxic levels of lead in their blood. its health is compromised. Rosa Amaro, leader of an environmental group of the place, told the New York Times reported this undoubted "Ethical outrage": "I can not understand what we are exposed to the risks of an investment American, but we have no environmental protections who are US citizens"]
    • Xie Fuya as a Contributor to Religious Studies in China in the First Half of the Twentieth Century

      Meyer, Christian (Christian Study Centre on Chinese Religion and Culture, Chung Chi College, 2009)
      While Xie Fuya has always been regarded as a philosopher of religion, this article wants to demonstrate his contribution to early religious studies in Republican China (1912–1949). For this purpose it analyses his book Zongjiao zhexue from 1928. Although clearly beinga “philosophy of religion,” this book draws heavily on theories of Western religious studies and thereby serves as an important vehicle for transmitting concepts of this new Western discipline. It proves that Xie Fuya, who sometimes called himself not only a philosopher of religion but also a scholar of religious studies (zongjiaoxuejia), can be seen as an important contributor to the field in this time.
    • XII Assembléia geral ordinária do sínodo dos bispos sobre a palavra de deus [XII Ordinary General Assembly of the Sinod of Bishops on the Word of God]

      Konings, Johan (Faculdade Jesuíta de Filosofia e Teologia, 2009)
      "Em outubro de 2008 transcorreu em Roma a XII Assembleia Geral Ordin ária do Sínodo dos Bispos, o qual é uma instituição permanente criada pelo Concílio Vaticano II para manter o diálogo dos pastores-bispos das Igrejas particulares. Nesta Assembleia, dedicada à Palavra de Deus na vida e na missão da Igreja, foi retomada praticamente a Constituição Dogmática Dei Verbum do Vaticano II. Depois de apresentar o tema da Palavra de Deus, traçamos um breve histórico focalizando os inícios da Tradição cristã e os tempos modernos desde Leão XIII até hoje. Em seguida descrevemos a XII Assembleia Geral, especialmente a Relatio post Disceptationem e as Propositiones. Concluímos com uma reflexão teológicopastoral sobre a Revelação e a leitura bíblica, e sugestões para a prática."
    • XIII El voluntariado [Volunteering XIII]

      Kliksberg, Bernardo (Unesco, 2012)
      "Cuando se desplomaban masivamente las casas de los pobres en Haití, bajo el terremoto, y el gobierno había dejado de funcionar, ya estaba llegando Médicos sin Fronteras. La voz de Save The Children se alzó muy dura en su informe anual 2010 sobre la situación de los niños en el mundo, mostrando que la cuarta tasa de mortalidad materna más alta de todo el planeta está en las aldeas indígenas del Perú. A pesar de los progresos macroeconómicos del país, allí es un riesgo grave ser madre indígena. Amnesty International, Premio Nobel de la Paz, denunció sin ambages en los peores años el genocidio que estaba perpetrando la dictadura militar en la Argentina. Hoy termina de incidir en que no se ejecute a pedradas a una joven en Irán" ["When massively collapsed houses of the poor in Haiti, under the earthquake, and the government had stopped working, I was getting Doctors Without Borders. The voice of Save The Children are raised tough in its 2010 annual report on the situation of children in the world, showing that the fourth highest rate of maternal mortality in the world is in the Indian villages of Peru. Despite the macro-economic developments in the country, there is a serious risk being Indian mother. Amnesty International, Nobel Peace Prize, denounced unequivocally the worst years in the genocide that was perpetrated by the military dictatorship in Argentina. Today ends of influence that is not executed by stoning a young girl in Iran"]
    • Xingamentos entre homossexuais [Swear words among homosexuals]

      de Baére, Felipe; Zanello, Valeska; Romero, Ana Carolina (Conselho Federal de Medicina, 2015)
      "Os xingamentos são poderosas armas de controle social. Neles, os valores de gênero são não apenas representados, mas também perpetuados. A partir dos resultados de pesquisas anteriores, que demonstraram a existência de valores binários e sexistas nos xingamentos, o presente estudo teve como escopo fazer um levantamento e comparação de xingamentos considerados piores pelos grupos autodeclarados homossexuais, para verificar se os mesmos valores de gênero se fazem presentes ou são diferentes. Foram aplicados 303 questionários, divididos em 150 homens (75 homossexuais e 75 heterossexuais) e 153 mulheres (74 homossexuais e 79 heterossexuais). As respostas passaram por análise semântica e pragmática e, posteriormente, foram classificados em categorias analíticas. Após essa etapa, realizou-se comparação quantitativa e qualitativa entre os grupos. Notou-se que os piores xingamentos eleitos pelos grupos homossexuais foram semelhantes aos dos heterossexuais, o que sugere a validade da hipótese da replicação de valores heteronormativos na escolha das ofensas."
    • Xixiang, eine katholische Missions-station im Nordwesten Chinas

      Horlemann, Bianca (China-Zentrum e.V., 2014)
    • Xu Guangqi – ein Mann für alle Jahreszeiten

      Bischof Luxian, Aloysius Jin (China-Zentrum e.V., 2012)
    • XVI Asamblea Plenaria de la Conferencia Episcopal Española [XVI Plenary Assembly of the Spanish Episcopal Conference]

      Unciti, Manuel (Asociacion Iglesia Viva, 1972)
      "No hay mucho de nuevo que decir sobre el desarrollo de la XVI Asamblea Plenaria de la Conferencia Episcopal Española, celebrada en Madrid del 6 al 11 de marzo último. La información ha sido muy extensa y los medios de comunicación social han rivalizado en conceder al acontecimiento amplios espacios" ["Not much new to say about the development of the XVI Assembly Plenary Assembly of the Spanish Episcopal Conference in Madrid from 6 to 11 last March. The information has been very extensive and the media have competed in granting the spacious event spaces"]
    • XVI La divinidad de Cristo, centro de la predicación de san Pablo [The divinity of Christ, the center of the preaching of St. Paul]

      Benedicto XVI (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 2006)
      "Hoy quisiera hablar de la enseñanza que san Pablo nos ha dejado sobre la centralidad del Cristo resucitado en el misterio de la salvación, sobre su cristología. En verdad, Jesucristo resucitado, “exaltado sobre todo nombre”, está en el centro de todas sus reflexiones. Cristo es para el Apóstol el criterio de valoración de los acontecimientos y de las cosas, el fin de todo esfuerzo que él hace para anunciar el Evangelio, la gran pasión que sostiene sus pasos por los caminos del mundo. Y se trata de un Cristo vivo, concreto: el Cristo -dice Pablo- “que me amó y se entregó a sí mismo por mí” (Gal 2, 20). Esta persona que me ama, con la que puedo hablar, que me escucha y me responde, éste es realmente el principio para entender al mundo y para encontrar el camino en la historia."
    • XVIII Mejorando el mundo [Improving the world XVIII]

      Kliksberg, Bernardo (Unesco, 2012)
      "Hay en el mundo 1025 millones de personas con hambre, una de cada siete. Muchos son niños. Los chicos desnutridos tienen 160 días de enfermedades todos los años. Basta de pretextos. Se alega que la población crece demasiado, que no hay manera de hacer frente a su aumento en los países pobres. Lo real es que el mundo produce hoy 17 por ciento más de calorías per cápita que hace 30 años. La población creció en esos años fuertemente, pero la capacidad de producir calorías mucho más. Si se divide la producción mundial de calorías por el número de habitantes, cada uno podría tener 2720 calorías diarias, más que el mínimo necesario, 2500. Pero los niños que perecen por hambre o están desnutridos no las tienen. Los alimentos no están al alcance de sus familias.Un factor clave es, según el relator mundial de la ONU sobre el derecho a la alimentación, Olivier de Schutter, “la burbuja especulativa”" ["There are in the world 1.025 billion hungry people, one in seven. Many are children. The malnourished children have illnesses 160 days every year. No more excuses. It is alleged that the population grows too large, there is no way to deal with their increase in poor countries. The reality is that the world now produces 17 percent more calories per capita than 30 years ago. The population grew sharply in those years, but the ability to produce much more calories. If the world production of calories divided by the number of inhabitants, each could have 2720 calories a day more than the minimum required, 2500. But children die from hunger or are undernourished do not. Food is not at your familias.Un key factor is, according to the World UN Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier de Schutter, "speculative bubble""]
    • XX Aniversario del Máster y del Observatorio de Bioética y Derecho de la Universitat de Barcelona [Twentieth Anniversary of the Bioethics and Law Observatory of the University of Barcelona]

      Observatori de Bioètica i Dret Observatori de Bioètica i Dret (Observatori de Bioètica i Dret - Universitat de Barcelona, 2015)
      "A final de los ochenta del pasado siglo comenzó su trabajo en común el grupo que daría lugar a la creación -en el año 1995- del Master y del Observatorio de Bioética y Derecho (OBD) de la Universitat de Barcelona, con un enfoque entonces novedoso y rupturista al sostener que el tratamiento de las nuevas cuestiones bioéticas debía enmarcarse en el respeto y la promoción de los derechos humanos reconocidos, y analizar las implicaciones éticas, legales y sociales de la tecnociencia con un punto de vista interdisciplinar y laico" ["At the end of the 1980s, the group that would eventually lead to the creation - in 1995 - of the Bioethics and Law Observatory and the Master in Bioethics and Law, began working together with what was then a new and groundbreaking approach: arguing that the treatment of new bioethical questions should be within a framework of respect for and promotion of recognized human rights, and analysing the ethical, legal and social implications of the technoscience involved from an interdisciplinary and secular perspective"]
    • XXI La hora de la economía social [XXI The time of the social economy]

      Kliksberg, Bernardo (Unesco, 2012)
      "Grecia ha sido la cuna de una de las filosofías más influyentes de la historia. Hoy es el laboratorio de experimentación de la nueva ola de recetas de ajuste. La promesa es que realizando cruentos sacrificios en el nivel de vida de la población, bajaría el déficit público drásticamente, sobre esa base recibiría préstamos con los que pagaría deuda y finalmente, en algún momento, recuperaría el crédito, las usurarias tasas de interés que paga bajarían y volvería a normalizarse. Ojalá funcionaría así. Los hechos van mucho más en la dirección del título de la célebre obra del Nobel García Márquez Crónica de una muerte anunciada" ["Greece was the cradle of one of the most influential philosophers of history. Today is the laboratory for the new wave of recipes fit. The promise is that performing blood sacrifices in living standards of the population, the deficit would drop drastically on that basis would receive loans to help pay debt and eventually, at some point, recover credit, usurious interest rates paid would go down and back to normal. Would work well. The facts go far in the direction of the title of the famous work of Nobel García Márquez Chronicle of a Death Foretold"]