Veritas (ISSN Print 0042-3955; Online 1984-6746; Qualis A2) is the first journal of PUCRS (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul), created in 1955, initially, Revista da Universidade, it became, as time went by, Revista do Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Currently, it's the first journal of our Philosophy Graduate Program, grade 6 at CAPES evaluation, indexed in the main national and international systems, platforms and databases. The periodical is quadrimestral and receives collaborations (articles, translations or reviews) in the field of philosophy, according to the theme of the respective number or varia.


The Globethics library contains articles of Veritas as of vol. 50(2005) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Sorensen on vagueness and sorites

    Valcarenghi, Emerson Carlos (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-15)
    We will try to show that Sorensen’s treatment of vagueness and sorites should not be classified as being epistemicist. Furthermore, we will try to show that the approximations that Sorensen tries to make between the soritic paradox and the no-no and preface paradoxes are not successful.
  • Music, society and emancipation: A improbable process for a impossible reader: Review of SAFATLE, Vladimir. Em um com o Impulso. Belo Horizonte: Editora Autêntica, 2022

    Kurle, Adriano Bueno (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-15)
    Review of Em Um com o Impulso, by Vladimir Safatle. The book deals with social emancipation through the aesthetics of art. The book starts by criticizing the traditional association between autonomy, modernity, and social emancipation, and is divided into three parts: the first deals with autonomy; the second, with the sublime; and the third, with expression. There is also an excerpt and a conclusion. The general perspective has the bias of the Adornian negative dialectic linked to psychoanalysis - a bias well-known in the author's work.
  • Dialectical Nets: Static Part

    Sautter, Frank Thomas (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-12)
    Dialectical Nets aim at the representation of the elements of a dispute: the assertions of the Proponent and of the Opponent, and the actions of attack and defense. I propose a diagrammatic representation – the Dialectical Diagram – and an algebraic one – the Dialectical Graph – of the Dialectical Nets. This work is limited to the static-structural aspects of the Dialectical Nets.
  • Oakeshott and the Genesis of Modern Rationalism: some considerations on section III of ‘Rationalism in Politics’

    Ferreira, Gabriel (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-08)
    The thinking of the British philosopher Michael Oakeshott is often recruited in the debate between conservatism and progressive positions, in which some of his distinctions and explications are used to criticize certain aspects of the latter. One of his main argumentative moves is to point out that fundamentally revolutionary political positions presuppose a certain conception of rationality, which in turn would be at odds with a classical view of the human intellectual faculty while privileging such a conception over other spheres of human experience. However, although common, such a reconstruction not only does not do justice to Oakeshott’s objectives and argumentation but also seems to ignore a more genuine understanding of rationalism in 17th and 18th centuries. Thus, the aim of this article is to explore Oakeshott’s argumentation as exposed in section III of his Rationalism in Politics in order to simultaneously specify his objectives and place them in perspective with the historical and thematic genesis of rationalism. 
  • Nicholas of Paris and the sufficiency of the categories: Introductory study, edition and translation of Rationes super Praedicamenta Aristotelis, prooemius and question 3

    Rebelo Correia, Mário João Rosas (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-08)
    Aristotle’s list of the ten categories in Categories, chapter 4, generated serious problems for the interpreters since its early reception stage. Firstly, it is not clear what is the goal and the scope of the list. Is it an attempt to establish the most general genera of words, of things, of concepts, of all of them? Secondly, Aristotle enumerates the categories, but he does not present a justifi cation for their number and completeness. This gap made the interpreters forge various attempts to solve these two problems. In the context of Latin medieval scholasticism, both for didactical and theoretical reasons, the reception of these problems was made through the discussion of a via divisiva or suffi cientia that could demonstrate the completeness of the Aristotelian list. However, for it to be coherent, it is necessary to establish the scope of the list fi rst. The intention of this article is to present one of the fi rst texts of the 13th century where these problems were addressed: Rationes super Praedicamenta Aristotelis, by Nicholas of Paris (d. 1263), an important magister artium at the University of Paris in the second quarter of the 13th century, author of one of the fi rst suffi cientiae in this scholastic context, indispensable source for the understanding of the origin and evolution of this kind of answer to the problem of the completeness of the list of categories.
  • ERRATUM - Veritas v.68 n.1-2023-artigo-ID44913

    revista Veritas , Equipe editorial da (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-13)
  • Gender ideology in genealogical perspective: The dispute for truth between conservatisms and feminist studies

    Ornelas Rosa, Pablo; Zamboni, Jésio; Buxton dos Reis Vieira, Breno (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-08)
    The advancement of struggles around sexual and reproductive rights has been treated by different political and religious segments as a threat to traditional hierarchies. Faced with this field that involves different conflicting perspectives, the article at hand proposes an analysis of the use of the notion of “gender ideology” as a fundamental element in the offensive against these rights. For this, the proposed text will be divided into two parts: in the first, its antecedents and subsequent dissemination will be presented; in the second, a genealogical analysis of the literature produced by different authors who recognize themselves as conservative, adopting a reactive attitude in relation to gender and sexuality studies, will be carried out; and finally, in the third part, we will show how this premise about the existence of a universally differentiated human and sexual nature between men and women does not hold up, taking as reference different research on gender and sexuality published in recent decades.
  • Life as a scandal of truth: Michel Foucault’s philosophical testament

    Villa, Lucas (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-08)
    This article aims to interpret the last course taught by Michel Foucault at the Còllege de France, in 1984, extracting from it a kind of philosophical testament. I begin by seeking to make a parrhesiastic rendering of accounts emerge from this Foucaultian self-writing, in which Foucault speaks frankly about the dimensions of his work and his horizon of concern with the interweaving of three major themes: truth, power and the subject. Later, I analyze how these three themes are tied by Foucault around the central issue of his last course, the notion of parrhesia. I expose the development of the concept of parrhesia in connection with the theme of true life in the Socratic-Platonic tradition, in Cynicism and in primitive Christianity, to finally conclude that Foucault leaves us a vast legacy, including the mission of, from the tradition opened by cynicism, to promote a rewritting of the history of philosophy no longer as a metaphysics of the soul, but as an aesthetic of existence.
  • Distributive Justice, Social Inequalities and Utilitarianism in Hume

    Fior Mota de Andrade, Pedro (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-08)
    In this paper, I intend to challenge two theses that make up the standard interpretation of Hume’s theory of social justice. First, this understanding does not provide us with sufficient conceptual resources for sketching a theory of distributive justice, and, second, that this theory is, in principle, indifferent to occasional highly unequal social arrangements. On the contrary, I advance here an outline for a possible theory of distributive justice in Hume. I argue, based on textual evidence, that Hume systematically addresses issues such as the initial distribution, changes in the distributive order, and, finally, occasional redistributive arrangements in light of principles that combine imaginative associations, public interest considerations, and utilitarian intuitions.
  • Dehumanization and the banality of evil: an analysis based on Primo Levi’s literature of testimony and Hannah Arendt’s historical narrative

    Delatorre Leite, Leonardo; Leite de Moraes, Gerson (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-12-08)
    This article presents as its main purpose an exposition about the theme of dehumanization present in the testimonial literature of Primo Levi (1919-1987) and in the reflections of Hannah Arendt (1906-1975), especially in her work "Eichmann in Jerusalem". The investigation about the phenomenon of dehumanization in the Nazi concentrationist universe will be carried out, primarily, from its relationship with the thesis of the banality of evil, which addresses the impersonalization and the loss of moral conscience as parts of the totalitarian project of suppression of individuality and the banalization of barbarism. In a first analysis, a brief consideration of the main aspects of "banal evil" was established from the perspective of Arendt's historical narrative and how these elements dialogue with depersonalization. Next, the theme of dehumanization was analyzed exactly in Primolevian literature. Finally, a parallel between the two authors was drawn, attesting, in a categorical way, a direct link between totalitarianism, the proliferation of the banality of evil, and dehumanization. Based on the methodology of deductive approach, the present work was built with the use of bibliographic sources.
  • The role of modifying adjectives in fictional discourse

    Lins Lemos, Italo (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-22)
    I argue, following Amie Thomasson’s account on the metaphysics of fiction, that fictional objects are abstract artifacts. However, artifactualism struggles on how to make sense of the properties one can correctly ascribe to a fictional object: how is it possible for a fictional character, like L. B. Jefferies from the movie Rear Window, to be a photographer and an abstract artifact at the same time? Can such a character do such a thing as investigate a crime? In order to solve this conceptual tension, I introduce the vocabulary developed by Andrea Bonomi regarding fictional, metafictional and parafictional utterances. Then, in opposition to the accounts that rely on make-believe in order to make sense of fictional discourse, I put forward Hans Kamps’s and Barbara Partee’s theory of modifying adjectives to the case of fiction, and argue that the uses of the adjective ‘fictional’ are intersective regarding the metaphysics of fictional objects, while privative regarding the properties ascribed to them according to the story. Consequently, although fictional objects do not exemplify the properties that are attributed to them in a story, given that abstract artifacts are not spatially located and cannot establish causal interactions with other objects, those are the properties we are entitled and obliged to assign to them. So, I present a unified account on how our practices of fiction are intelligible and in accordance with the artifactualist approach.
  • Entering the theatre of Forms: scenes from a poetics and a dramaturgy to the present philosophy-making and its genesis in Plato’s Republic

    de Almeida, Nazareno Eduardo (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-22)
    In this essay, I present some arguments in defense of a metaphilosophy proposal that provides a comprehensive, formal, and methodological answer to the question ‘how is philosophy made?’, taken as earlier and more fundamental than the traditional question ‘what is philosophy?’. This proposal is methodologically materialized through the idea of a poetics and dramaturgy of philosophy-making. The poetics of the philosophy-making has to do with a reappropriation of the classical trivium in the form of a philosophical trivium, made up of philosophical grammar, philosophical dialectics, and philosophical rhetoric. The ​​dramaturgy of the philosophy-making is associated with the polysemous notion of dialogue, understood as argumentative enactment. Then, I present a brief genealogy of the notion of theatrum philosophicum in its relation to the configurations assumed by the topics of theatrum mundi in the late medieval and early modern eras. Finally, I present how this relationship provides us with a way of access to make explicit the poetics and dramaturgy of the philosophy-making elaborated by Plato in Books V-VII of the Republic, thus showing that my proposal of metaphilosophy is contemporary, but has its genesis in this classic text.
  • Between Between bets and rational choices: conjectures on the fraying of time under intense action of chance

    Ibri, Ivo Assad (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-22)
    Abstract Starting from the exposition of the fundamental guiding principles of Peirce's philosophy, mainly, its three categories viewed under his Phenomenology and its correlated Ontology, I conjecture about three possible dimensions of Time, considering the function of predicting the future course of events with varying degrees of certainty as the main role of our human rationality. In these three dimensions, the affection of the first of the three Peircean categories occurs with differentiated intensity, this first category precisely the one that includes the way of being of the incidence of Chance, either in the course of a natural Chronos, or in the course of a temporality produced by human actions, or also equally having incidence in the spontaneity of a subjective time, assumed here as Kairós. Inspired by the recent experience of the pandemic that devastated all corners of the planet, this conjecture suggests dimensions of a temporality frayed ontologically in different degrees, leading to a corresponding fraying of our predictive rationality, imposing upon us the condition of being characters who are left to bet on the course of future factuality to the detriment of choices that would be feasible if a history circumscribed by an intense incidence of Chance had not occurred. Keywords: Peirce, Pragmatism, Semiotics, Chance, Time
  • Hegel and Denise Ferreira da Silva’s Analytics of Raciality

    Sanguinetti, Federico (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-14)
    In this paper, I aim to reconstruct Denise Ferreira da Silva’s interpretation of Hegel in her book Toward a Global Idea of Race. Ferreira da Silva’s interpretation of Hegel is deep and original. However it is completely ignored by the Hegel-scholarship, both in Brazil and abroad. I will try to show the key role Hegel plays in Ferreira da Silva’s project in Toward a Global Idea of Race and I will highlight two insights that I take to be relevant for the Hegel studies.
  • John Rawls and Hannah Arendt: From the rejection of a comprehensive civic humanism to the possible convergence around a minimalist perfectionism based on political virtues

    Corrêa de Araujo, Ricardo; Mauricio Junior, ALCEU; Matedi Barreira, Carolina; Kretle dos Santos, Edson; Pierazzo Santos, Gustavo Antonio (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-24)
    This paper investigates the positions of John Rawls’ political liberalism and Hannah Arendt’s republicanism concerning civic humanism and classical republicanism. It argues that Arendt’s republicanism should not be considered a comprehensive civic humanism and that there is a proximity between political liberalism and classical republicanism, as it maintains that a minimalist perfectionism based on political virtues informs both theories.
  • Genesis and Conquering of Kant’s Concept of Cosmopolitan Philosophy

    Alexandre de Azevedo, José Henrique (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-24)
    This article intends to expose the genesis and conquering of the concept of cosmopolitan philosophy of Kant along his precritical period of thought. This concept was constructed through Kant’s researches as on what meant to philosophize in ancient time as on his intention to find a method that should solve the problem of the scientificization of metaphysics, dogma in philosophy. We defend that this concept is the main element which provides organicist for his philosophy, in order to endow logical coherence along his entire critical reflection, that is, from the Critique of Pure Reason to the Opus Postumum Kant keeps the contents and the form of that concept insofar as it interests to every human being because aims to achieve rational ends to solve human problems. We divided the reflection in three topics: I – the reflection of the decades of the 1740s and 1750s; II – The question of method in philosophy in the 1760s; III – Finally, the formulation of that concept of cosmopolitan philosophy along the 1770s at the same time that he had been building the basis of the critical project.
  • The conservatism of radicalism? : Radical experiments in 20th century French philosophy

    Corrêa, Diogo Silva (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-24)
    Philosophie des expérientes radicales, a recently published book by Stéphane Madelrieux, a pragmatist philosopher and professor at the University of Lyon III, proposes an original and innovative way of reading 20th century French philosophy. Without approaching it through traditional paths, such as the chronological succession of generations (1860, 1900, 1900, etc.), typical concepts (spirit and life; existence and transcendence; dialectics and praxis; structure and discontinuity; difference and deconstruction, etc. ), hegemonic currents (Bergsonian spiritualism, philosophies of life; existentialisms; Hegelianisms, Marxisms; structuralism, historical epistemology; poststructuralism or postmodernism, etc.), Madelrieux chooses six French authors (Henri Bergson, Jean Wahl, Gilles Deleuze, Georges Bataille, Maurice Blanchot and Michel Foucault), all from the twentieth century, to then analyse them through the prism of "metaphysical empiricism". What interests Madelrieux is to point out the presence of an unprecedented program, not worked out in philosophical literature, which ties experience and metaphysics, and which explains an important part of twentieth-century philosophy, notably in France.
  • Más allá del tiempo: la perpetuidad del Weltbürgerrecht de Kant frente al enfoque de Rawls

    Bresolin, Keberson; Moreira Paulsen, Carolina (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-13)
    The primary objective of this essay is to critically examine and compare the core concepts of international justice as articulated by Kant and Rawls. Specifically, the focus centers on Kant's cosmopolitan law (Weltbürgerrecht) and Rawls' law of peoples. This analysis delves into the international dimensions of these theories, exploring key aspects such as the philosophers' perspectives on war, immigration, and the moral imperative to provide refuge for those in need. Throughout the article, a parallel examination of these theories will be conducted alongside contemporary developments in international law and the safeguarding of individual rights, particularly within the realms of human rights and refugee law. The aim is to elucidate how the authors grappled with the practicality of their theories, revealing them to be "realistic utopias" that aspire to transformative change while acknowledging the challenges of implementation. These themes were chosen due to their inherent connection to the discourse surrounding international justice and the pressing challenges faced by this discipline in the present era. By analyzing the theories put forth by two prominent political philosophers, we seek to provide a comprehensive framework for reflecting upon the complex issue of refugees in the modern world. Moreover, our intention is to demonstrate that Kant's theory, by embracing the inherent dignity and autonomy of individuals while emphasizing humanitarian and cosmopolitan duties, presents a more suitable approach for addressing the multifaceted challenges posed by refugees in our contemporary global landscape.
  • Autonomous Vehicles and Collective Wide Reflective Equilibrium

    Coitinho, Denis (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-13)
    The aim of this paper is to reflect on the need to have moral standards to guide autonomous vehicles (AVs) and to propose a procedure of reflective equilibrium (RE) for this purpose. Bearing this in mind, I begin with an investigation into moral disagreement to find out how we should decide in cases of uncertainty, arguing that we should use a procedure that brings together different normative criteria. Afterwards, I present an interesting investigation route, which is the method of collective reflective equilibrium in practice (CREP) as proposed by Savulescu, Gyngell and Kahane (2021), which corrects the results of the Moral Machine experiment and proposes principles of public policy to regulate VAs. The next step is to analyze the reflexive equilibrium (RE) procedure, identifying its basic characteristics of consistency, reflexivity, holism and progressiveness. Next, I point out the limits of CREP, because it leaves out the normative criterion of virtues and does not form a coherent system of beliefs that is wide enough. Finally, I present the suggestion of collective wide reflective equilibrium (CWRE) in order to consider the normative plurality that is the basis of our society and propose a methodology to identify the moral standard for VAs.
  • Self and personal identity: hybridization and expansion

    Peruzzo Júnior, Léo; Stroparo, Amanda (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2023-11-13)
    This article aims to show, based on a reading of Andy Clark’s extended mind hypotheses and his absorption of the functionalist consequences, that the concepts of self and personal identity are naturally diluted in the body and in the world. We defend that the movement performed by the integration of Clark’s proposal with Richard Heersmink’s autobiographical self and Shaun Gallagher’s pattern theory of self is a movement of hybridization, which gives rise to the image of an ecological and multifaceted self, as well as a more permeable notion of personal identity. After all, while Clark sheds light on functionalist movements that extend the mind and the self in the world, Heersmink emphasizes the role of self-narrative in the design of the self, as well as the socially extended character of the self and the relationships between it and personal identity. Gallagher, in turn, reiterates the relevance of both this social dimension and the conception of a thesis that expresses this diversified character. More specifically, in this process we will have the emergence of a hybrid self.

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