Veritas (ISSN Print 0042-3955; Online 1984-6746; Qualis A2) is the first journal of PUCRS (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul), created in 1955, initially, Revista da Universidade, it became, as time went by, Revista do Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Currently, it's the first journal of our Philosophy Graduate Program, grade 6 at CAPES evaluation, indexed in the main national and international systems, platforms and databases. The periodical is quadrimestral and receives collaborations (articles, translations or reviews) in the field of philosophy, according to the theme of the respective number or varia.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Veritas as of vol. 50(2005) to current.

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  • Obligation predicable only of the Will

    Becker, Silvério (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-05-23)
    MAHAN, Asa. Obligation Predicable Only of the Will. In: MAHAN, Asa. Doctrine of the Will. Oberlin: J. M. Fitch, 1847. p 124-136.
  • Phenomenological empathy: Scenarios and possibilities

    Castro, Gillianno José Mazzetto de (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-05-23)
    This article aims to produce a study on empathy from a phenomenological perspective. Therefore, a distinction will be made between the various meanings and uses of the word empathy in contemporaneity. Afterward, the various theories and explanatory models of empathy will be analyzed based on the question of “how” human consciousness accesses the external world. Among the explanatory models explored, we can highlight the Theory – Theory (TT), the Simulation Theory (ST), the Integrated Theory (IT), the graded empathy hypothesis (GEH), the Reintegrated Theory (RT) model. Once this is done, the phenomenological proposal for the issue of empathy will be explored more thoroughly. Finally, it will seek, in the light of the phenomenological perspective, to advance in the reflection on empathy based on three ideas: resonance, affectation and inter implication, seeking to develop the first steps towards an immanent inter intentionality. As limits and possibilities, it can be noted that it is necessary to explore more the processes of empathy modularization in the process of constitution of the ego, especially in pre-ego life.
  • Nietzsche and the language: Rationality as an impulse of expression of truth by the perspectivism in art and dance

    Feiler, Adilson Felicio (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-04-06)
    Between the main characteristics that came from the Nietzsche’s work is his big capacity of stylistic expression. The form as the philosopher shows various themes is permeated by a language that link with his thought, expressed in art and dance. From the absolute and one-side truth he carries to the plural perspective vision, so that the language, with the multiplicity of figures, seals of approval this process of metaphysical deconstruction. The organist conception, that characterizes the Nietzschean thought, comprehends instincts that indicate to artistic main vital dispositions, making sense to be appearance, concept to metaphor and truth to perspective. The resulting expression from this apparent, metaphorical and perspectivistic soul field translates into language, doing with that the aphorismatic suit that composes the nietzschian work constitutes a whole stablished by the critic to culture, precisely in its modern understanding. In what aspects the Nietzsche’s thought, appointed by diagnose procedure metaphysical moral values of culture, has in the language aningredient powerful of deconstruction? Since language is the expression by which truth presents itself, would not Nietzsche still be operating in the register of reason?
  • Idolatry in Vilém Flusser: Connection between the gadget, program and technical images

    Tauchen, Jair Inácio (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-04-06)
    The research demonstrates that the new magic in contemporary times occurs through the ritualization of programs, which are structured with the clear intention of programming the society’s idolatrous behavior. From the theory of Flusser examines the process of idolatrous images that turns people into shadows of images, prey to the desire of immortality. The problem lies in knowing how the human being will deal with symbols, codes, systems and how his life will be in this immaterial environment. To what degree is the current society planned? Will the gadgets solve the problems, that is, will they work according to society? In the first place, the logic of the operation of the gadgets is explained. Then, we present how science has become automated and transformed the programmer into programmed: from subject to object of process by transferring to the program of the gadget all its power, making mass society programmed, which works according to the gadgets. The process of idolatrization is under way, however what is perceived is that humanity moves towards a totalitarian programmer.
  • For a feminist theory of justice: Nussbaum’s and Okin’s critique of Rawls

    Maia, Tatiana Vargas; Barbosa, Camila Palhares (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-04-06)
    This article aims to present and develop the feminist critiques of John Rawls’ Theory of Justice, especially through the dialogue and contributions of Martha Nussbaum and Susan Okin to the establishment of a feminist liberalism. In order to do so, we discuss three central points in the debate between these two feminist philosophers and Rawls: a) the notion of the family as an institution of the basic structure of society; b) the distinction between reasonable and unreasonable comprehensive moral doctrines; and c) the conception of political person with full autonomy. Critiques of Rawlsian theory by feminist authors demonstrate Rawls’s importance for contemporary liberalism, while at the same time pointing to the problems that theories that traditionally do not develop a critical eye for the gendered situation of democratic systems find in addressing the situation of women’s citizenship. The demands of liberal feminism, related to the situation of women around the world, are well articulated by Nussbaum from her internal critique of Rawlsian liberalism, emphasizing that some of the Rawls’ theoretical dispositions (especially in relation to the issue of how Rawls’ regards the institution of the family) do not appear to be radical enough to ensure the full availability of these capabilities for women and children. Similarly, Nussbaum’s dialogue with Okin’s critiques deepened the debate over the limits of Rawls’s theory of justice.
  • The immanent brain: Introduction to the Catherine Malabou’s neurophilosophy

    Neto, Moysés Pinto (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-02-04)
    The article intends to present Catherine Malabou’s neurophilosophy in some of its main axes. To do so, after dividing the philosopher’s work into four segments, it drives to studies on the brain that investigate epistemological and political issues that neurosciences pose to humanities. Investigation takes place in three moments: a) What should we do with our brain?, which proposes to overcome dualism as a model of resistance to neurosciences and to incorporate biology into opposition to global capitalism; b) texts that criticize current notion of biopolitics as a key to the exclusion of neuronal and biological problems from main ethical-political issues of our time; and, finally c) question of artificial intelligence and how the problem of the brain contributes to the construction of a new paradigm in education and politics based on the relationship with the artificial blue brain. Finally, it concludes by proposing an internalization of the neurophilosophical problem as overcoming the nature/symbolic gap that keeps the humanities trapped in an idea of transcendence.
  • Critical practices of the self: Foucault and Butler

    Aggio, Juliana Ortegosa (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-02-04)
    The text was divided into four parts: first, I tried to expose the philosophical question about the relationship between freedom, practices of the self, and critique. Next, I answered two questions from the so-called last Foucault: what are such practices of the self and what is the self? Third, I aimed to demonstrate, in light of Foucault and Butler, why such practices must necessarily be critical. And, finally, I intended to show that, for Butler and with which I am in full agreement, there is a practice of the self that is fundamental for us moderns, namely: the practice of the self as a critical account of the self.
  • Tricks of language: Implication and rationality in Paul Grice

    Efken, Karl Heinz; Barreto, Fanuel Melo Paes (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2022-02-04)
    The implicature theory constitutes Paul Grice’s main legacy to modern studies of linguistic pragmatics. Although associated with the philosophy of ordinary language, his thinking is not marked by an aversion to theoretical systematisation which, it is said, characterised this philosophical current. On the contrary, the work of the English philosopher, although dispersed in articles only posthumously gathered in a book, constitutes a coherent and rigorous effort to analyse the principles that explain man’s rational behaviour. This essay is an attempt to interpret the analysis he proposed for the phenomenon of implicature and seeks to integrate this analysis, progressively, into the more general framework of his philosophy of language and his philosophical psychology. In passing, an approximation is suggested between Grice’s philosophical programme and a certain critical essay by the Argentine poet Jorge Luis Borges, a perhaps surprising suggestion, but one that can prove instructive.
  • Dogmatism and Ampliative Inference

    Brogaard, Berit (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    The evidential role of experience in justifying beliefs has been at the center of debate in philosophy in recent years. One view is that experience, or seeming, can confer immediate (defeasible) justification on belief in virtue of its representational phenomenology. Call this view “representational dogmatism.” Another view is that experience confers immediate justification on belief in virtue of its relational phenomenology. Call this view “relational dogmatism.” The goal of this paper is to pit these two versions of dogmatism against each other in terms of their ability to account for ampliative, or non-deductive, inferential justification. I will argue that only the representational view can provide a plausible account of this type of justification.
  • “A Conviction about What is Moral or Lawful” Carl Schmitt on humanitarianism, the humanum, and the possibility of a “universal jus commune”

    Hiromura, Nicholas (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) spent much of his life arguing against human rights. While this may not come as a surprise, a closer examination of The Concept of the Political reveals that Schmitt’s critique of Liberal humanitarianism is itself rooted in a concept of the humanum as a sphere of substantive moral and political conflict. As an analysis of Schmitt’s concept of the enemy shows, this humanum serves as an argument for the necessity of a juristic distinction between enemy and foe. For, only by distinguishing between the relativized enemy and the absolute foe, Schmitt argues, will we be able to distinguish create a space for particularly political action. Having revealed the framework of mediated moral conflict, in which Schmitt conceives of political action, I then turn to consider Schmitt’s minimalist proposal for a positive definition of a “universal jus commune” and assess its significance for a discussion of human rights.
  • In the shadow of justice: Postwar liberalism and the remaking of political philosophy, by Katrina Forrester

    Fanton, Marcos; Silva, Walter Valdevino Oliveira (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    ---
  • Moore against the sceptics

    Azzouni, Jody (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    Moore’s “Proof of an external world” and his “Four forms of scepticism” have long puzzled commentators. How are these adequate responses to sceptics? How, for that matter, is the so-called proof of an external world even pertinent to the challenge of scepticism? The notion of relativized burdens of proof is introduced: this is a burden of proof vis-à-vis one’s opponent that one takes on when trying to convince that someone of something. The relativized burden of proof is a making explicit (in the topic of rational discourse) the truism that if you argue with someone with the intent of trying to convince that someone of something, and if you fail to, you have not met your own conversational goal. Assuming Moore is implicitly relying on the notion of relativized burdens of proof illuminates his approach in these papers.
  • Neo-Pyrrhonism, Empiricism, and Scientific Activity

    Bueno, Otávio (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    Pyrrhonism involves the inability to defend claims about the unobservable world, or, more generally, about what is really going on beyond the phenomena (SEXTUS EMPIRICUS, 1994). As a result, the Pyrrhonist is not engaged in developing a philosophical doctrine, at least in the sense of defending a view about the underlying features of reality. The issue then arises as to whether the Pyrrhonist also has something positive to say about our knowledge of the world, while still keeping Pyrrhonism. In this paper, I develop a positive neo-Pyrrhonist attitude, indicating that we can use this attitude to make sense of important aspects of science and empirical knowledge. To do that, I explore the connection between this revived form of Pyrrhonism and contemporary versions of empiricism, in particular constructive empiricism (VAN FRAASSEN, 1980, 1989, 2002, 2008). Although constructive empiricism is not a form of skepticism, there are important elements in common between constructive empiricism and Pyrrhonism. The resulting form of Pyrrhonism suggests that there is something right about the original stance articulated by Sextus Empiricus, and that suitably formulated it provides an insightful approach to think about empirical knowledge (PORCHAT PEREIRA, 2006, for the original inspiration behind neoPyrrhonism).
  • The spectrum of metametaphysics: Mapping the state of art in scientific metaphysics

    Arenhart, Jonas R. Becker; Arroyo, Raoni Wohnrath (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    Scientific realism is typically associated with metaphysics. One current incarnation of such an association concerns the requirement of a metaphysical characterization of the entities one is being a realist about. This is sometimes called “Chakravartty’s Challenge”, and codifies the claim that without a metaphysical characterization, one does not have a clear picture of the realistic commitments one is engaged with. The required connection between metaphysics and science naturally raises the question of whether such a demand is appropriately fulfilled, and how metaphysics engages with science in order to produce what is called “scientific metaphysics”. Here, we map some of the options available in the literature, generating a conceptual spectrum according to how each view approximates science and metaphysics. This is done with the purpose of enlightening the current debate on the possibility of epistemic warrant that science could grant to such a metaphysics, and how different positions differently address the thorny issue concerning such a warrant.
  • Does anti-reductionism in the epistemology of testimony imply interest relativism about knowledge attributions?

    Greco, John (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    Anti-reductionism in the epistemology of testimony is the thesis that testimonial knowledge is not reducible to knowledge of some other familiar kind, such as inductive knowledge. Interest relativism about knowledge attributions is the thesis that the standards for knowledge attributions are relative to practical contexts. This paper argues that anti-reductionism implies interest relativism. The notion of “implies” here is a fairly strong one: anti-reductionism, together with plausible assumptions, entails interest relativism. A second thesis of the paper is that anti-reductionism in the epistemology of testimony creates significant pressure toward attributor contextualism (a version of interest relativism). Even if anti-reductionism does not strictly entail attributor contextualism, the most powerful motivations for anti-reductionism also motivate attributor contextualism over alternative positions.
  • Fiction and metaphysics

    Lemos, Italo Lins (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    ---
  • Embodiment and Engagement: Berleant’s Aesthetics and Environmental Action

    Varandas , Maria José (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    In this article we present the main lines of determination of Arnold Berleant’s aesthetic approach, as well as the objections raised by environmental philosopher Holmes Rolston III. Since this approach is an emotivist perspective, Berleant’s conceptualization does not provide an aesthetic of nature with ethical meaning, thus penalizing the dialogue between aesthetic appreciation and action. However, in our view, the appreciator’s sensitive dimension portrayed here constitutes a valuable perspective on the multidimensionality of the aesthetic experience of nature and, therefore, a fundamental contribution that must be integrated and affirmed in the correlation between environmental aesthetics and ethics.
  • A quasi-objectivity in David Hume’s theory of values

    Ferreira, Carlota Salgadinho (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-12-27)
    The aim of this paper is to answer to the question of whether, in Hume’s philosophy, the standard to establish the truth value of pronouncements about moral and aesthetic values can be considered as genuinely objective. To achieve this aim, firstly, I clarify three positions one can hold about the question of whether this standard is or is not genuinely objective, namely, subjectivism, intersubjectivism and objectivism (I and II). Then, I explain the prominence of the cognitivist interpretation and why the realist interpretation proposed by David Norton fails (III). Finally, and in the light of a distinction between objectivity in a strong and in a weak sense (or quasi-objectivity), I conclude that in Hume’s philosophy, the standard for pronouncements about values is quasi-objective (IV).
  • The Politics of Criminology, by Augusto Jobim do Amaral: An invitation to resistance

    Dias, Felipe da Veiga; Medina, Roberta da Silva (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-11-19)
    AMARAL, Augusto Jobim. Política da Criminologia. São Paulo: Tirant Lo Blanch, 2020.
  • Omniscience and ignorance

    Pritchard, Duncan (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-11-03)
    God’s omniscience generates certain puzzles, not least regarding how such omniscience is compatible with human free will. One option in this regard is to impose limitations on the scope of God’s knowledge, but that then poses the further question of how such limitations can be compatible with God’s nature as a perfect being. I offer a novel way of approaching these questions, which appeals to what I claim is an independently motivated distinction between lacking knowledge and being ignorant. In particular, it is contended that God’s omniscience is best understood not as a complete knowledge of all truths, but rather as a kind of deliberate non-knowing (such that the non-knowing does not indicate any cognitive lack on God’s part) that excludes ignorance. God might not know all truths, but that’s not because of any cognitive lack, and there is certainly no truth about which he is ignorant.

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