Veritas (ISSN Print 0042-3955; Online 1984-6746; Qualis A2) is the first journal of PUCRS (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul), created in 1955, initially, Revista da Universidade, it became, as time went by, Revista do Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Currently, it's the first journal of our Philosophy Graduate Program, grade 6 at CAPES evaluation, indexed in the main national and international systems, platforms and databases. The periodical is quadrimestral and receives collaborations (articles, translations or reviews) in the field of philosophy, according to the theme of the respective number or varia.


The library contains articles of Veritas as of vol. 50(2005) to current.

Recent Submissions

  • Three brief writings by Heidegger

    Dias, José Francisco de Assis; Valentini, Daniela (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
  • Anguish in the dream: Symbolic repetition of the repressed or ontological alterity?

    Müller, Marcos José (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    In this article, my objective is to confront a structural reading (of Freud’s and Lacan’s meaning) with an ontological reading (of Merleau-Ponty’s meaning) concerning the genesis and clinical interpretation of dreams, regarding the formal operators who guide both readings, highlighting their differences. Beyond the “symbolic operator” - tasked with explaining the formation of unconscious desires that the dream would fulfill - it is my purpose to discuss the difference how - in each reading - the “real operator” is employed. In both, the real is pointed out as what would explain the emergence of anguish before which the dream would find a limit, leading the dreamer to awake. Therefore, according to each of the readings, the real concerns very different occurrences. And the question I intend to answer in this article is: how does each of these ways of understanding the real affect the comprehension of what anguish is in the dream field? In what sense, for Merleau-Ponty, can the dream be understood as a surreal passage?
  • Treatise on Rights? On Imam Ali Zayn Al-Abidin’s Risalat al-huqūq

    Ramírez, Carlos Andrés (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    The text translated as the ‘Treatise on Rights’ (Risalat al-huqūq) was written by the fourth Imam in Shiʻi Islam, Zayn al-’Abidin (659-713). The translation is both correct and vague, because huqūq does transmit the sense of ‘rights’, but it is only one among multiple meanings. The purpose of this essay is to make a contribution to the understanding of the term haqq, the plural of which is huqūq, by referencing a text of early Islam and considering the plurality and superposition of its semantic levels with the purpose of stimulating potential exercises of comparative political and legal theory. As a result, eight different but interconnected levels of meaning can be identified comprising ethical-religious, legal and ontological dimensions.
  • Ubuntu as a moral philosophy?

    da Silva, Fabricio Pereira (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    This article discusses different uses of ubuntu. Particularly, it debates the possibilities for the concept to sustain a moral philosophy. It is a strong issue, especially in the South African academy, and this discussion is basically divided among ubuntu “enthusiasts” as a possibility to rescue a lost sense of community; and its “detractors”, who understand it as incompatible with modernity.
  • Phenomenology in nursing studies: New perspectives

    Ribeiro Mota, Hugo; da Mata Ribeiro Gomes, Betânia; Zahavi, Dan; M. M. Martiny, Kristian (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-04-13)
    The aim of this article is, first, to present and consider Paley’s criticism in some detail and, then, to discuss some of the significant applications of phenomenology that have often been overlooked by qualitative researchers. As has been amply demonstrated over the years, phenomenology can not only make a difference in the handling, analysis, and interpretation of the available data, but also, in how the data are obtained in the first place, for instance, through special interview techniques. We will consider some central figures in classical phenomenological psychology and phenomenological psychiatry, and present some of the more recent developments in cognitive science. We will then discuss three concrete cases that demonstrate how phenomenology has been applied in clinical work with patients with schizophrenia, cerebral palsy, and hemispatial neglect.
  • The deconstruction of “discomfort in/ of/ for Sovereignty” and its role in a critique of representative democracy

    Pérez Portales, Oscar; Roland Madarasz, Norman (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-03-18)
    In this paper, the imprint of the deconstructive perspective of evil in / of / for sovereignty, in the work of Jaque Derrida, for an anti-idolatrous critique of democracy is valued. Part of the critical study of two contemporary traditions of representative democracy. The examination of the proposal of deliberative democracy of Habermas and of the conception of radical democracy by Ernesto Laclau, allow demonstrating the reproduction of a formalization of democracy. Both criticize the paradigm of the material conflict of classes of Marxist origin. They respond to this with a communicative understanding that starts from the centrality of language and discourse as a subjective consensual practice. From the reduction of the subjective process to the pre-eminent precedent of the discourse, democracy ceases to understand the material conditions of reproduction of the bodily subject. Framework before which we value the role of criticism of the unease of the sovereignty present in the work of Jaque Derrida. Derridian thinking about the Upset of Sovereignty criticizes the reduction of the difference from a categorical and methodical constellation that implies the recognition of the irreducible conflict that represents the contingency of the other. The spectrality as a comprehensive intuition allows the affirmation of responsibility, ethical, as the basis of every gnoseological position, which seeks to give condition of possibility to a true discourse. Position that protects the transformative possibility of the exercise of sovereignty from revealing its processes of subjective repression. This categorical constellation is substantive to a critique of the reduction of democracy as a sovereign exercise.
  • Aesthetic experience as an expression of the Alterity of the non-identical

    Guadagnin, Renata (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-03-18)
    We try to think of a possible intertwining, or, at least, an approximation between the Adorno Aesthetics and the Levinas Ethics, especially from the non-identical and the aesthetic experience as an experience of the encounter with the Other. We will see that the moment of accomplishment of the Work of Art is its ethical moment. The one who detaches the work from the one who places it in the world and opens the way for other subjectivities to form. Therefore, we are dealing with the aesthetic movement that can provoke outbreaks of new senses and perceptions, as concerns that keep the non-identical alive without subsuming it to the identical. And, on the other hand, we bring some aspects of Levinas’ work to think about the work of art and poetry, especially that of Obliteration, as resistance to idolatrous reason.
  • Presentation

    Fett, J.R; Marim, Caroline (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Apresentação do v. 65, n. 3, 2020.
  • The True Method

    Fortes, Fabrício (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    O texto desta tradução foi originalmente redigido como prefácio à “Science Générale”, projeto inacabado de Leibniz que tinha por objetivo final uma formalização das ciências pelo uso de sistemas semióticos capazes de superar as limitações das linguagens ordinárias. Em especial, o autor discute nestas páginas a possibilidade de converter a metafísica em uma ciência exata, capaz de apresentar resultados tão evidentes quanto aqueles que se obtêm em aritmética. Desse modo, embora o autor não tenha conseguido levar a cabo seu projeto, essas observações preliminares permitem delinear um conceito de método que se distancia da ideia cartesiana de um conjunto de regras ou instruções, formuladas em linguagem ordinária, cuja observação deveria conduzir à verdade. A noção leibniziana de método, esboçada neste texto, pode ser entendida como um tipo de notação, capaz de guiar os pensamentos pela mera manipulação de signos.
  • Information: Possible worlds and their duals

    Sautter, Frank Thomas (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Formulations of the classical deductive validity often resort explicitly to modalities: for example, an argument is classically deductively valid if, and only if, necessarily if the premises are true, the conclusion is also true. It is not possible to completely abolish this appeal to modal discourse; inasmuch classical logic is the domain of possibilities. Nevertheless, through an informational semantics, it is possible to avoid that the user of classical logic has to manipulate modalities, although they are somehow imbricated in the infons - minimum information units. From the pioneering work of Carnap and Bar-Hillel, I will present two informational semantics: one directly related to possible worlds, and the other related to the duals of possible worlds.
  • Philosophy of religion: Interreligious and intercultural

    Nascimento, Gabriela; Schulz, Michael; Nascimento, Norton Gabriel (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Starting from religious pluralism as a European fact, in interreligious dialogue there is a chance for a kind of agreement between different cultures. In this text, after intense debates on different religious and philosophical currents in the course of history, Professor Dr. Michael Schulz uses especially the approach of the thinkers Stephan Grätzel and Armin Kreiner to explain what an inter-religious and intercultural philosophy of religion means.
  • From Empirical Evidence to First Principles: Thomas Kuhn’s Methodological Revolution

    Pirozelli, Paulo (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    The Structure of Scientific Revolutions represented a milestone in the attempt to understand scientific development based on empirical observations. However, in the next decades after the publication of his book, history, psychology, and sociology became increasingly marginal in Kuhn’s discussions. In his last articles, Kuhn even suggested that philosophers should pay less attention to empirical data and focus more on “first principles.” The purpose of this article is, first, to describe this radical transformation in Kuhn’s methodological approach, from his initial naturalism to his later and more strict philosophical stance. Next, I present some of the alleged justifications for explaining this transition, such as his interest in problems more firmly attached to the philosophical tradition and a desire for greater acceptance within this community. Although these factors certainly played a role in explaining Kuhn’s change, I also believe that an important theoretical component exerts a fundamental function in this transition: the idea that scientific development is a kind of evolutionary process, which is better understood through the use of abstract theoretical models, instead of sparse observations of scientific activity.
  • Youth Movements, Civil Disobedience, and the Skandalon of the Ecological Crisis

    Castanheira, Nuno Pereira (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    The ecological crisis is endangering life on Earth as we know it, giving rise to multiple protests, strikes and marches around the world, most of them lead by children and teenagers. The aim of this paper is to argue for the legitimacy of the presence of children and teenagers in political life in the current state of the ecological crisis through a seemingly paradoxical kind of participation: civil disobedience, i.e. refusal to participate. The paper will start by addressing the need to think the ecological crisis and analyze its origins; it will then consider the significance of the role performed by children and teenagers in the political stances regarding the crisis on the basis of Hannah Arendt’s ontological-political thought.
  • The proof methods in Aristotle’s Prior Analytics and its normative nature

    Heck, Ralph Leal (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    This article is divided into two steps. The first has two objectives. The first objective is to present three methods of proof present in Aristotle’s First Analytical the direct, reductio ad impossibile and ekthesis, in addition, a method of counterproof. The second objective is to provide a notation and deduction schemes familiar to contemporary logic, easy to access, understand and relatively neutral to interpretations in order to demonstrate that syllogistics preserves interesting deduction tools and intuitively fertile questions for today’s philosophical research, particularly, to those who wish to understand philosophical readings of Aristotle’s logic such as those found in Łukasiewicz (1957) and Corcoran (2009). The second step aims to provide a normative interpretation for Aristotelian syllogistics. I argue in favor of this reading, the way in which the deduction paths described in the methods can be read as authorizations, commitments and incompatibilities in the inferences, in turn, guided by logical principles and by the value of the components of the syllogism. I conclude, therefore, that syllogism has the role of explaining and demonstrating reasoning in view of certain norms.
  • Hermeneutics and Psychoanalysis as epistemologies appropriate to the improvement of the soul

    Rohden, Luiz (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Considering that Hermeneutics and Psychoanalysis consist of the exercise of interpreting and understanding the world, I will develop, in this article, the similarity between both in relation to the object and the method of investigation. I will show that both aim to know the human soul, by understanding, contributing to its improvement through the use of a measure appropriate to it and its purpose, which is to live happily. Considering Gadamer’s philosophical project, I will justify that the dialogical praxis, common to Hermeneutics and Psychoanalysis, enables the care of the soul translated into its happiness and stamped on its different faces, such as pleasure of understanding, establishment of meaning and growth of being. The set of these dimensions constitutes an epistemology appropriate to the improvement of the soul and reveals its ethical feature.
  • Goethe and Mozart - the Opera problem (1991)

    Rajobac, Raimundo (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    The text by Hans-Georg Gadamer, which has been presented in Portuguese translation, comprises a broader effort to investigate Music Hermeneutics in his Complete Works (Gesammelte Werke). From a fundamental point of view, it brings about the issues raised upon the comprehension and interpretation phenomenon presented in Truth and Method (1960) (Wahrheit und Methode), concerning mainly the art experience in the first part of the Work. The music experience is sought after through several texts about music that can be found in the whole Work and which have not yet been translated into Portuguese. This way, by considering the contemporary success of Hermeneutics in the scope of science debate against the objectifying methodological claims and the resulting critique about epistemology, the Gadamerian resource applied to music unfolds on the paths of ontological criticism about the aesthetic way of being. The writing Goethe and Mozart - the Opera problem (1991) establishes the ninth Volume of Complete Works under the title Ästhetik und Poetik II: Hermeneutikim Vollzug.
  • Between death and life of action: Meditations on what you can learn from a philosophy of shipwrecked

    de Souza, Galileu Galilei Medeiros (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Maurice Blondel wrote in 1906: “Plato and Spinoza have long said: ‘philosophy is the learning of death’, that is, it is the anticipation of life, life that for us is indivisible knowledge and action” (BLONDEL, 1997, p. 569). Following a dialectical and phenomenological methodology, this work intends an approximation to the meaning of philosophy as “learning of death” or “anticipation of life”, having as a priority orientation the text of Action (1893) and the two articles that compose Le point de départ de la recherche philosophique (1906). A characterization of human life as an action and, consequently, carrying out a task will be explained. In the meantime, the phenomenology of action will be elucidated as the realization of the dialectics of the human will, which must, after a long process, put up the problem “of death or life of action”, which will correspond to the very question of “death or life of intelligence”, or rather, “of life that for us isindivisible knowledge and action” (BLONDEL, 1997, p. 569).
  • The liberation of recognition

    Prestifilippo, Agustín Lucas; Correia, Fábio Caires (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Contemporary Critical Theory presents a curious movement. While on the one hand it requests Marx’s categories to account for the recent phenomenon of the crisis of neoliberal capitalism, at the same time it recognizes that this theory cannot say everything, calling for an approach of its perspective towards different objects and problems, perhaps hindered by the limits within which its thought would have moved. One of the most powerful sources of inspiration for this movement of enlargement, the result of which is nothing but a true philosophical heteroglossia, is found in the theory of the spirit of German idealism, more precisely in its Hegelian modulations. The return to Hegel would be motivated by the need to investigate, as can be seen in Axel Honneth’s work, the dilemmas of human bonds in a social world marked by the phenomenon of fragmentation. In this paper we will analyze some elements of a recent debate within contemporary Critical Theory about the problem of the articulation between recognition and freedom, reconstructing the different reading strategies of Hegel that are put in motion here.      
  • The insufficiency of tolerance: Diversity and interreligious relations in the public debate

    Spica, Marciano Adilio (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    The central question of this paper is: is the tolerance a sufficient value in interreligious relationships in a society where there is religious diversity? To answer this, I begin by showing some everyday uses of such concept in order to elucidate some errors common to such uses. Then I present some philosophical defenses of this concept and I defend an idea of tolerance that I believe to be more reasonable. After that, I show how that concept is necessary and important for interreligious relations, despite being insufficient for such relations and may in fact to limit more fruitful relations between religions, especially concerned to public interest debates. At the end, I present a proposal for an interreligious relationship that goes beyond tolerance and promotes, in my view, a more fruitful interaction between different religions.
  • Defense of the human: Fundamental questions of an embodied anthropology, by Thomas Fuchs

    Caprio Leite de Castro, Fabio; Jung, Luã (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2020-12-31)
    Resenha do livro de Thomas Fuchs.

View more