Veritas (ISSN Print 0042-3955; Online 1984-6746; Qualis A2) is the first journal of PUCRS (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul), created in 1955, initially, Revista da Universidade, it became, as time went by, Revista do Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas. Currently, it's the first journal of our Philosophy Graduate Program, grade 6 at CAPES evaluation, indexed in the main national and international systems, platforms and databases. The periodical is quadrimestral and receives collaborations (articles, translations or reviews) in the field of philosophy, according to the theme of the respective number or varia.

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The Globethics.net library contains articles of Veritas as of vol. 50(2005) to current.

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  • On the ambivalences of Martyrdom

    Cicek, Hüseyin I. (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-07-08)
    When is a life and a death fully embedded in the Christian or the Muslim doctrine, and who should have the final word on such a fundamentally important question? In Christianity and Islam, martyrdom never appears as something independent, it is always placed in connection to bravery, love, courage and determination – and much more. The martyr is a specific “species,” a believer par excellence. What criteria must be met in order to speak of a martyr in Christianity and Islam? This is a question that is becoming more and more important due to various processes of radicalization in the world. The aim of this article is to show Christian and Muslim criteria of martyrdom in a compact way and to elaborate the interest of politics in martyrdom.
  • The republicanism of Coluccio Salutati and its Augustinian influence

    Cerqueira, Marcone Costa (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-30)
    In this brief article we will seek to support the thesis that there is in the thought of Coluccio Salutati, 14th century Florentine chancellor and prominent humanist, a clear republicanism that turns to the issue of the freedom of the republic and the active life of the individuals participating in it. However, in connection with this demonstration, we will also maintain that such republicanism has strong traces of Augustinian influence, mainly in view of the disposition of laws in the political arrangement, as well as the relationship between active life and the search for a human being’s own good. In view of this, we intend to demonstrate that, in general, Salutati’s Renaissance republicanism turns to the defence of the republic, its freedom and its characteristic of the proper scenario for the active life of individuals, however, it still maintains an ethical-political perspective typical of the medieval period, centrally influenced by Augustinian thought.
  • Christian art, paradox and Postmodernism

    da Rosa, Ronel Alberti (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-24)
    The history of Western art is the history of Christian art. Christianity has provided the distinguishing marks of European and Western art for two millennia: images, motifs, symbols, technics and personages. However, the deepest roots of Christian art aren’t exposed; its very nature and its most legitimate drives are ignored, even by the confessional public. The unavoidable outcome from that is the periodical outburst of polemics and misunderstandings. This paper aims to demonstrate that Christian art has never been refractory to aesthetical paradoxes and that, besides, the transcultural elements and technics of postmodern art have been borne along a process that was aesthetically and philosophically mostly a Christian one.
  • The problem of love and distance in Anne Carson

    Saldanha, Rafael (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-21)
    This work aims to evaluate the rearticulation of the problem of love in the work of the classicist and poet Anne Carson. In her book Eros, the bittersweet, Carson carries out a reconstruction of the problem of love in the Hellenic tradition. The operation, however, is not restricted to a mere historical reconstruction, since the author’s conceptual elaborations end up placing the problem of love as a type of situation that has its strength precisely in the transcendence of particular conditions. We will analyze, therefore, how Carson conceives the contours of the dynamics of love as a relationship between lover, loved one and the distance between them on the basis of the works of Safo of Lesbos. Then we will discuss in the article how, from this conception of the love relationship, the author elaborates, through a close reading of Plato’s Phaedrus dialogue, the unfoldings of the problem of love in the question of composition of subjects (that is, redefining ‘what is a subject’ from the problem of love) and in the experiences of time and space. In the end, we will believe we have shown how Carson’s work gives us a renewed vision of the problem of love.
  • Dispositivi della Normatività: Normalization and biopolitics in the work of Antonio Tucci

    do Amaral, Augusto Jobim; Ferraro, José Luís (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-17)
    The present text is a review of the book Dispositivi della Normatività, written by Antonio Tucci, professor at the Università degli Studi di Salerno, Italy. Throughout his work, Tucci sheds light on the issue of the norm, normalization and security dispositifs; inserting themes such as sovereignty — referring to the question of the borders —, identity and citizenship — by addressing issues related to the subjectivation processes and the necessary re-spatialization of political space, in a biopolitical governmentality framework.
  • MacIntyre against MacIntyre: Premisses for a reconciliation with the human rights

    Araújo, Luana Adriano; de Moraes, Renato José; de Melo, Arthur Cezar Alves (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-21)
    This paper, based on the diagnosis of Modernity undertaken by Alasdair MacIntyre, intends to evaluate the possibility of reconciling the universalizing discourse of human rights with the particularist ethics supported by the cited author from the point of view of an Aristotelian Ethics. The convergence between individual goods, embodied in rights, and the common good, an essential component of ethical practice and thought may represent a relevant theoretical contribution in the field of human rights studies. In this work, given the limitation of its nature, we attempted to analyze three intrinsic problems in the conception of rights, according to the perspective of MacIntyre: a) the idea that subjects of rights are autonomous and fully independent moral individuals; b) the separation of the individual good from the common good; c) the deflation of practical community reasoning, in relation to individual rationality. This work resulted in an analytical exposition of the points of contrast between the human rights perspective and ethics as understood by MacIntyre, to prepare ways of possible convergence between them.
  • Personalized truths or about our decision-making power in times of fake news: A reading under a philosophical view

    da Silva, Francisca Galiléia P.; da Cunha, Suelen Pereira (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-07)
    When the facts are not the verification matrix of reality, the speech obtains an independent ontological status. This identity between fact and speech is not free of consequences, especially when we observe the interference of this phenomenon in decision-making processes. For this reason, this article aims to reflect on the problem of the truth when we have ontological speech autonomy. Guided by the question: “How can we decide if we don’t know, for sure, about which object we decide?”, we use the classics of Philosophy to develop a discussion about the theme.
  • In Search of a Brazilian Colonial Philosophy

    Marques, Lúcio Álvaro (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-07)
    If it’s difficult to think of a meaning to the expression Brazilian philosophy, think of what it might mean a Brazilian colonial philosophy becomes even more challenging. To this, it will be necessary both the meaning and the scope of the issue in the period. We will do it in three steps: the first one situates the relationship between philosophy and coloniality in the constitution of the Portuguese America, considering the schools and the scope of the teaching in the colony, and it brings a brief state of the art of the research; the second one lists the corpora philosophica from the colleges of Maranhão, Pará, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso; and the third one characterizes the forms of the writings, the levels of the teaching in the colleges and teachers-authors and, finally, the main philosophical matrices that are recognizable in the colonial writings. So, regardless of the general difficulty of the question, we propose to confront directly this hypothesis: what does mean a Brazilian colonial philosophy?
  • Human Rights, Hermeneutics and Intercultural Reconciliation: Reflections from Fidel Tubino

    Schulz, Michael (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-09)
    On the basis of the Peruvian philosopher Fidel Tubino’s reflections on a diatopic hermeneutics, this article discusses the intercultural problem of human rights; they must be developed together in intercultural dialogue and cannot be implanted in other cultures starting from Western culture. The diatopic hermeneutics avoids both cultural relativism and cultural imperialism; it serves the reconciliation of cultures.
  • The arcana imperii of the telematic era in the face of the crisis of the sign: The global pandemic and the theological-political destiny of the West - Interview with Prof. Dr. Fabián Ludueña Romandini

    Romandini, Fabián Ludueña; Pontel, Evandro (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-09)
    Entrevista com o Prof. Dr. Fabián Ludueña Romandini (UBA/Argentina), a partir da Conferência proferida durante o Congresso Internacional Biopolíticas no Século XXI (PUCRS/2020).
  • Hans Jonas and the philosophy of life: Ontology, biology and phenomenology

    de Oliveira, Jelson Roberto; Malta, Pedro Jaras (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-09)
    This paper intends to present the general lines of what would be the philosophy of life developed by Hans Jonas special in his work The Phenomenon of Life, from 1966. To do so, the ontological, biological and phenomenological elements will be recovered to promote an analysis that starts from the Jonasian critique of the traditional interpretation of life in the philosophical and scientific realm, which is opposed to its ontological revolution, based on the conception of an integral monism. From there, the concept of psychophysical unity and freedom will be analyzed as the guiding thread of this interpretation, which achieves the recovery of teleology as a self-affirming action of life itself.
  • Do we have free will?

    da Silva, Ângelo Roberto Ilha; Dias, Daison Nelson Ferreira (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-09)
    Adotei uma abordagem experimental para essa questão. Atos de vontade livre são precedidos por uma mudança elétrica específica no cérebro (readiness potential, RP)3, que inicia 550 milissegundos antes do ato. As pessoas tomaram consciência da intenção de agir 350-400 milissegundos depois do início do RP e 200 milissegundos antes do ato motor. O processo volitivo é, portanto, iniciado inconscientemente. Mas a função consciente ainda poderia controlar o resultado; pode vetar o ato. O livre-arbítrio não é, portanto, excluído. Essas descobertas impõem restrições às visões de como o livre-arbítrio pode operar; não faria iniciar um ato voluntário, mas poderia controlar a realização. As descobertas também afetam perspectivas de culpa e responsabilidade.
  • Spinoza in modernity: From the reign of quantity to the immanent refoundation of democracy

     Ramond, Charles (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-06-09)
    In this article, the author overviews the French reception of Spinoza, so as to unveil the conservative dimension of Spinoza’s political philosophy, insofar as the determinism that generally reigns over the Spinozan metaphysical system lends itself to a compatibilism with its ideas of obedience and freedom. In this sense, skeptical obedience to democratic laws, namely, obedience to the law of counting (quantity), frees us and emancipates us in that it frees us from all transcendence. It seems thus that our contemporary democracies, so attracted by republican values and their transcendent dimension, still have a long way to go before arriving at the immanent and formal democracy that Spinoza called the absolute regime (imperium absolutum).
  • Three brief writings by Heidegger

    Dias, José Francisco de Assis; Valentini, Daniela (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    ---
  • Anguish in the dream: Symbolic repetition of the repressed or ontological alterity?

    Müller, Marcos José (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    In this article, my objective is to confront a structural reading (of Freud’s and Lacan’s meaning) with an ontological reading (of Merleau-Ponty’s meaning) concerning the genesis and clinical interpretation of dreams, regarding the formal operators who guide both readings, highlighting their differences. Beyond the “symbolic operator” - tasked with explaining the formation of unconscious desires that the dream would fulfill - it is my purpose to discuss the difference how - in each reading - the “real operator” is employed. In both, the real is pointed out as what would explain the emergence of anguish before which the dream would find a limit, leading the dreamer to awake. Therefore, according to each of the readings, the real concerns very different occurrences. And the question I intend to answer in this article is: how does each of these ways of understanding the real affect the comprehension of what anguish is in the dream field? In what sense, for Merleau-Ponty, can the dream be understood as a surreal passage?
  • Treatise on Rights? On Imam Ali Zayn Al-Abidin’s Risalat al-huqūq

    Ramírez, Carlos Andrés (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    The text translated as the ‘Treatise on Rights’ (Risalat al-huqūq) was written by the fourth Imam in Shiʻi Islam, Zayn al-’Abidin (659-713). The translation is both correct and vague, because huqūq does transmit the sense of ‘rights’, but it is only one among multiple meanings. The purpose of this essay is to make a contribution to the understanding of the term haqq, the plural of which is huqūq, by referencing a text of early Islam and considering the plurality and superposition of its semantic levels with the purpose of stimulating potential exercises of comparative political and legal theory. As a result, eight different but interconnected levels of meaning can be identified comprising ethical-religious, legal and ontological dimensions.
  • Ubuntu as a moral philosophy?

    da Silva, Fabricio Pereira (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-05-11)
    This article discusses different uses of ubuntu. Particularly, it debates the possibilities for the concept to sustain a moral philosophy. It is a strong issue, especially in the South African academy, and this discussion is basically divided among ubuntu “enthusiasts” as a possibility to rescue a lost sense of community; and its “detractors”, who understand it as incompatible with modernity.
  • Phenomenology in nursing studies: New perspectives

    Ribeiro Mota, Hugo; da Mata Ribeiro Gomes, Betânia; Zahavi, Dan; M. M. Martiny, Kristian (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-04-13)
    The aim of this article is, first, to present and consider Paley’s criticism in some detail and, then, to discuss some of the significant applications of phenomenology that have often been overlooked by qualitative researchers. As has been amply demonstrated over the years, phenomenology can not only make a difference in the handling, analysis, and interpretation of the available data, but also, in how the data are obtained in the first place, for instance, through special interview techniques. We will consider some central figures in classical phenomenological psychology and phenomenological psychiatry, and present some of the more recent developments in cognitive science. We will then discuss three concrete cases that demonstrate how phenomenology has been applied in clinical work with patients with schizophrenia, cerebral palsy, and hemispatial neglect.
  • The deconstruction of “discomfort in/ of/ for Sovereignty” and its role in a critique of representative democracy

    Pérez Portales, Oscar; Roland Madarasz, Norman (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-03-18)
    In this paper, the imprint of the deconstructive perspective of evil in / of / for sovereignty, in the work of Jaque Derrida, for an anti-idolatrous critique of democracy is valued. Part of the critical study of two contemporary traditions of representative democracy. The examination of the proposal of deliberative democracy of Habermas and of the conception of radical democracy by Ernesto Laclau, allow demonstrating the reproduction of a formalization of democracy. Both criticize the paradigm of the material conflict of classes of Marxist origin. They respond to this with a communicative understanding that starts from the centrality of language and discourse as a subjective consensual practice. From the reduction of the subjective process to the pre-eminent precedent of the discourse, democracy ceases to understand the material conditions of reproduction of the bodily subject. Framework before which we value the role of criticism of the unease of the sovereignty present in the work of Jaque Derrida. Derridian thinking about the Upset of Sovereignty criticizes the reduction of the difference from a categorical and methodical constellation that implies the recognition of the irreducible conflict that represents the contingency of the other. The spectrality as a comprehensive intuition allows the affirmation of responsibility, ethical, as the basis of every gnoseological position, which seeks to give condition of possibility to a true discourse. Position that protects the transformative possibility of the exercise of sovereignty from revealing its processes of subjective repression. This categorical constellation is substantive to a critique of the reduction of democracy as a sovereign exercise.
  • Aesthetic experience as an expression of the Alterity of the non-identical

    Guadagnin, Renata (Editora da PUCRS - ediPUCRS, 2021-03-18)
    We try to think of a possible intertwining, or, at least, an approximation between the Adorno Aesthetics and the Levinas Ethics, especially from the non-identical and the aesthetic experience as an experience of the encounter with the Other. We will see that the moment of accomplishment of the Work of Art is its ethical moment. The one who detaches the work from the one who places it in the world and opens the way for other subjectivities to form. Therefore, we are dealing with the aesthetic movement that can provoke outbreaks of new senses and perceptions, as concerns that keep the non-identical alive without subsuming it to the identical. And, on the other hand, we bring some aspects of Levinas’ work to think about the work of art and poetry, especially that of Obliteration, as resistance to idolatrous reason.

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