"Bioethics is a scientific field that attracts the attention not only of scientists
and physicians, but also of people belonging to all sections of the population.
Since bioethics is a system of thought, ideas, norms and values which regulates
people’s behaviour and relationship with every living thing, its role in society
is growing. Bioethical issues become clearly multidisciplinary as they cover all
major areas of human activity—starting with environmental protection actions
and ending with political decision-making process. Ideally, bioethics establishes
a set of ethical principles, standards and rules that are universal and compulsory
for all mankind, as well as helps to determine the redline threshold to human
intrusion into living nature. During the last few decades, ethical issues have
become increasingly understood within scientific, social and political circles, starting
with modern medicine and biology. The urgency for a wider understanding and
application of bioethics is a result of a number of scientific discoveries such as
the demonstration of fundamental possibility of human cloning, mapping on the
human genome, as well as a widespread introduction of totally new biomedical
technologies into medical practice"