This is an online collection of essay competitions. Essay competitions are organized occasionally by Regional Offices. The youth of China, India, Indonesia, East and Francophone Africa are invited to document their views, comments, opinions, and research on ethical issues with global relevance and contextual perspectives. Topics covered in the collection include bioethics, community ethics, cultural and religious ethics, economic ethics, and environmental ethics, among other subjects.

Recent Submissions

  • Social Ethics in Inter-Religious Interaction

    Muhammadsyah Siregar, Ferry; Nina Mariani, Noor (, 2015)
    It seems impossible to think of religion’s contribution to the development of social ethics when religion is practiced in a space and time where it is in its ostensibly exclusive form. In the last few years, the Indonesian space has been letting out an ambiance of presenting a closed understanding of religious guidance to followers who adhere to it with minimum wiggle space for the “goodness” of God’s guidance to embrace the people out there. Generosity to contribute a part of religious tradition to another group, on the one hand, is held back by the spirit of differentness and history of enmity, while on the other, the willingness to acquire from the neighbouring treasure-trove is obstructed by the concern of tainting the “holy” teaching of religion itself. In addition to that, how shared living spaces which overlaps in various issues with an individual and/ or religious followers living spaces is established so that all the people in a diverse society as Indonesia can live life freely, safely, and peacefully, as well as advance their self-potential without fear or prejudice from other members. Notions of this matter can be obtained from religious sources, although this is achieved sometimes by developing a certain exegesis of religious principles, that is through the creation of a wholly new exegesis or acquiring a dated source aged by history. Aside from technical knowledge in reading of religious text, this effort takes courage. The writings provided to the reader of this book, although collected under the title “Social Ethics in Inter Religious Interaction”, consist of nine articles which could be further specified into three categories: five writings regarding religious theme of particular traditions, three writings referring to social theme which take on thoughts from religious traditions, and one writing discussing public space where religion plays a role as a quite determining factor.
  • Responsible leadership in large corporations

    Kinder, Mariya
    In 2012 large international corporation HAY GROUP jointly with FORTUNE magazine published global Top-50 most successful companies. This list included mostly American companies from consumer commodities sector. Only 6 European enterprises were presented. More than 4000 opinions of CEO, top-managers from all over the world were analyzed to make this top-50 report the most faithful. Pursuant to the survey, about 30% of success depends on the leader’s qualities and traits of character, intuition and ability to perform duties in stressful circumstances. The author of this paper will give a short overview of key intangible qualities and skills (do not confuse with qualification), which are necessary for company to flourish and make profit. Moreover, the examples will be provided.
  • Responsible leadership.

    Osipova, Aleksandra
    The purpose of my essay is to reveal the two concepts in terms of the activity of large corporations, which are responsible leadership and ethical leadership. The relevance of this theme cannot be doubted. Contradictory achievements of big business, a disproportionate level of economic development of countries, pending environmental issues, cross-cultural encounters, social dissatisfaction of workers and consumers - all of these problems are the part of our world.
  • Historical Aspects of Russian Large Corporations' Ethics

    Arutyunyan, Spartak
    Ethics, according to Santa Clara University lectures, is a set of standards contributing to human well-being, or, if we are talking about large corporations – contributing to well-being of all their structural units and their environment. The word "leadership" in given context means imposing the making of final decision on somebody. Therefore, by ethical leadership we mean leadership model that takes into account not only and not so much the interests of the company as a whole, but also the interests of shareholders, creditors, hired employees, customers, suppliers, states, trade unions, local communities, the public, ecology and, in a sense, even the interests of their competitors. Ethical and responsible decisions will sometimes differ from generally accepted practices. Obviously, ethical leadership is part of corporate social responsibility, which, while meeting standards (ISO 26000), is a factor that increases the cost and profitability of the company.
  • Responsible leadership

    Semenov, Evgeniy
    Today we exist in the atmosphere of the eternal moral values substitution. The fashion for this or that ideology replaces eternal ideals. We are irresponsible before the future generation because we are irresponsible before ourselves now. This negative tendency appears in many spheres of the activity of the society: in the politics, health, economy, education and science. The last one is the most important. (The place) Where the scientist will direct his talent determines the future of all humanity. The invention of the wheel discovered to the mankind unprecedented opportunities related with the transportation of goods, building, geographical discoveries and the invention of gunpowder gave rise to the emergence of new sophisticated types of weapons. Also it gave rise to wars which cruelty doesn’t have precedents. Two brilliant scientific discoveries have so different consequences. This problems of moral responsibility manifest in terms of ethical leadership. The intellectual superiority give unprecedented opportunities but at the same time imposes certain responsibility for the impact on society.
  • Responsible Leadership

    Tolstaya, Polina
    Political leader plays an important role in the development of the state. In addition, it is easy to trace the process of increasing the role of the individual in international relations. A leader shall be a great example to others. Talking about political leaders it is essential to mention that they act as an example for the whole country and sometimes for groups of states or even for the whole world. Consequently political leaders shall respect the norms of morality and be able to take responsibility for decisions that can change the course of history and the fate of thousands of people. Each leader strives to achieve good results in his work. In order to succeed leader shall take responsibility for the choice of behavioral strategies, try to maximize the effectiveness of decisions, reduce potential risks and use rationally all available resources. Politician shall analyze all available alternatives to solve the problem, monitor the implementation of programs of action, be able to navigate in a rapidly changing world, etc. All these functions require political leader’s hard work and concentration. An example of a politician, who had a strong-willed character, able to persuade and achieve high results by means of hard work, is the "Iron Lady" Margaret Thatcher. She was an example of a woman who managed to perform stronger than many men. Modern management theorist Peter Drucker believes that the leadership is carried out by character. This view is shared by Warren Bennis, an expert on leadership. He was confident that the leadership is not just a matter of style. Leadership is associated with being a man. Consequently, the responsible leader is responsible for everything in his life. Responsibility is a character trait of a true leader.
  • Responsible leadership.

    Artes, Natalya
    In most modern models of managerial decision-making morality does not appear, but in today's society without a moral component companies will be extremely difficult to meet the standards. CEOs are increasingly coming to the idea that spirituality can be the foundation of responsible leadership as acting from positions of spirituality, corporate leaders naturally learn responsibility for the company and for their own actions. The modern model of responsible leadership includes such essential elements as: moral integrity; value basis; the ability to achieve a balance between personal interests and expectations of stakeholders; ability to establish and maintain harmonious relationships with partners from different cultural traditions.
  • Dakwahtainment and its Discontents [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    Discontent with Dakwahtainment in Indonesia begins with the way it systematically mixes spiritual enlightenment and entertainment, which creates a dumbing-down effect. This is often at the expense of the substance of the religious message. Asa concept and practice, dumbing down originated in American popular culture. It was seen as consistent with the way capitalism and the free market generally operates, focusing solely on the supply of the goods the consumers demand with very little consideration for making them smarter. It assumes that cultural products need not be intellectually heavy, if the intended goal is to achieve accessibility, comprehensibility and marketability.
  • Conclusion and Recommendations [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    Following the reformasi era, the KPI is confronted by a Herculean task of making broadcasting serve the public interest (kemashlahatan masyarakat). It also aspires to encourage broadcasting companies to support national integration and essential character (jati diri bangsa) building, to educate the nation, to advance general social welfare and to help shape a society that is autonomous, democratic, just and prosperous. Based on the findings and insights deriving from the action research, this study therefore proposes a set of recommendations for the various stakeholders of Dakwahtainment programmes:
  • Ethical Problems in Contemporary Indonesian Television Programmes [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    During Suharto’s New Order, television comedies were an outlet to escape from the intense securitisation, if not indeed militarisation, of society. The macho performances of men in military uniform, especially the army, parading with their rifles and artillery were a common feature on television. The prevalence of the military was also evident in weekly television musical performances such as Aneka Safari in which the venue more often than not was a military base. As if the location were not enough, it was common for the female hosts, obviously not military personnel, to don the military’s official green camouflaged uniform together with its green, black or red beret, depending on which military unit sponsored the weekly programme.
  • Foreword [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    This monograph stems from a research project entitled Religion and Gender in Indonesia, which was supported by the Netherlands-based Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development Aid (Cordaid). The grant was derived from carry-over funds from the conference on the Resurgence of Religions in Southeast Asia hosted by the Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies (ICRS) in January 2011. The project started in February 2012 and officially ended in December the same year
  • Religion in the Age of Media [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    The tragic 9/11 episode informed television viewers around the world that religion remained to be a force to be reckoned with and that the media (specifically, television) will continually cover any gruesome news. The old adage that “good news is bad news, and bad news is good news” is still engrained in the mind-set of both the producers and to a lesser degree the consumers of news
  • Religion and Ethics [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    Singer (1994: 3-4) defines ethics as the science “about how people ought to live” and “the systematic studying of reasoning about how we ought to act”. He argues that the term often refers to a set of rules, principles, or way of thinking that guide, or claim authority to guide, the actions of a particular group. This way, ethics is often misconstrued as being similar to “law” for the plain reason that many believe ethics should be the guiding principle that serves as the foundation for society’s conception of good and bad or in deciding what constitutes right and wrong action or behaviour. The immediate problem emerging from this discourse is the subjective claims made on the determination of what is good and bad or right and wrong for society
  • Democracy and Popular Culture [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky (, 2013)
    The national parliament also rode on the wave of democratisation and decentralisation throughout the country, and quickly ratified the new Law No.40/1999 on the media, which effectively annulled the long-held policy of government censorship and media licensing. The new law sees the government as a mere facilitator and regulator to ensure a healthy exchange of information and communication as well as dissemination of public education. The central government was effectively stripped of its right to monitor and scrutinise what is published, aired or broadcast to the public. The reformed media law together with the regulation on regional autonomy facilitated the growth and development of local media and television networks at provincial and district levels, further complicating government control over media content. Despite the overwhelming political victory and sense of triumph on the part of democracy activists and media professionals, a number of problems emerged as by-products of this abrupt change, which many observers have described as being kebablasan (over the top).
  • Introduction Action Research: Transforming Knowledge into Action [Religion and Television in Indonesia: Ethics Surrounding Dakwahtainment]

    Sofjan, Dicky ( India, 2013)
    In relation to the above, this monograph was written stylistically in a semi-academic form in the hope that this deliberate strategy would ensure greater accessibility and comprehensibility for readers interested in the subject matter. Hence, the monograph has been ‘translated’ into a more readable and accessible format for the benefit of non-academic readers. Elaboration on the relevant theories was also sparingly applied in order to capture the essence of the ethical problems and recommendations, without entering into the vast impenetrable forest of scientific arguments and moral philosophical reasoning
  • Cyberethics: Blogging Ethics Bagi Komunitas Cyber [Filsafat, Etika, dan Kearifan Lokal untuk Konstruksi Moral Kebangsaan]

    Puspasari, Dewi (, 2013)
    Writing a blog is part of the urban lifestyle. The blog is an outgrowth of a personal website. The owners usually use their blogs to write about their activity, to sell, or to provide information to the public, similar to the personal website. The difference is, the blog is more interactive. The reader can comment on or criticise the blog articles in two directions. With the various providers of free blog sites such as Multiply, Wordpress, and Blogspot, everyone can easily and quickly create and publish their blogs. However, this convenience also invites the negative side. A blog can be owned by anyone. A reader can write negative comments about anything without feeling guilty and not realise that his comment can be read across the whole country.
  • Business Ethics Dilemma: Menentukan Kebijakan “Hadiah dan Hiburan” di Indonesia [Filsafat, Etika, dan Kearifan Lokal untuk Konstruksi Moral Kebangsaan]

    Fachruddin, Kemas (, 2013)
    Salah satu topik yang ada dalam Etika Bisnis adalah aturan mengenai “Hadiah and Hiburan” [Gift and Entertainment]. Kebijakan perusahaan mengenai “Hadiah dan Hiburan” merupakan salah satu aturan yang penting dalam melengkapi kebijakan perusahaan dalam menjalankan Etika Bisnis. Pada perusahaan multi nasional terutama perusahaan yang berbasis di Amerika aturan ini disebut “Gift and Entertainment “ Policy. Aturan yang ada didalamnya dibuat untuk mengatur prilaku individu terhadap kebijakan perusahaan di dalam memberi dan menerima “Hadiah dan Hiburan”
  • The Ethics of Enculturation: The Post-Colonial Perspective on Christian Mission in Indonesia [Filsafat, Etika, dan Kearifan Lokal untuk Konstruksi Moral Kebangsaan]

    Aziz, Munawir (, 2013)
    Within Christian faith, the idea of enculturation in mission is an important context for imagining the transmission of religious values, especially in local cultures. Enculturation is one way of presenting the Christian faith. In the history of Christian mission in Indonesia, enculturation has been a possible strategy for missionaries engaged in proselytism in previous centuries. To spread their vision about Christian values, missionaries attended to viewing, observing and learning deeply about the culture of tribal communities in the context of the Javanese people, the Sumbanese, the Karo Batak and other communities
  • Towards a Theology of Forgiveness: An Indonesian Catholic Perspective on Responding to Interreligious Conflicts [Filsafat, Etika, dan Kearifan Lokal untuk Konstruksi Moral Kebangsaan]

    Rukiyanto, B Agus ( India, 2013)
    Interreligious dialogue is very important in Indonesia, where many religions and beliefs exist. Interreligious conflicts are still liable to happen because of political, social, economical or cultural factors. In this situation, it is an urgent to create an atmosphere of mutual acceptance and understanding. To be able to accept and understand others, especially during times of conflict, we need to develop the virtue of forgiving others.
  • Kesetaraan Gender Orang Pedalaman: Mengungkap Kearifan Lokal Etika Perkawinan Orang Baduy [ Filsafat, Etika, dan Kearifan Lokal untuk Konstruksi Moral Kebangsaan]

    Muhammad Hakiki, Kiki (, 2013)
    The weddding model of the western java features. These include the socialisation of Baduy youth, the engagement, the wedding itself, and how it is understood. Using a phenomenologicalethnographic approach, we find that (1) until today, the Baduy people still see the wedding process as an obligation with sacred value; (2) the relation of Baduy women and men is not for dominating, they live as a unity; (3) in Baduy belief (pikukuh), polygamy is forbidden; (4) in the practice of the wedding, there are some rituals that should be celebrated; even so, there are several processes characteristic of the Baduy people; (5) the obedience of the Baduy people in keeping their attitudes is due the fixed holding of rules (pikukuh)

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