Millennium Development Goals. Achieving the millennium development goals with equality in Latin America and the Caribbean: Progress and challenges. Summary
KeywordsOBJETIVOS DE DESARROLLO DEL MILENIO
MITIGACION DE LA POBREZA
IGUALDAD DE GENERO
ADELANTO DE LA MUJER
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH
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This document sets out the main findings of a review of the countries' progress towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals contained in the 2010 inter-agency regional report on the Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean. The main policy messages, analyses and conclusions included in the report, which was coordinated by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, are the outcome of a joint effort by specialized agencies, programmes and funds of the United Nations operating in the region.
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International Development Cooperation : Set of LecturesBartenev, Vladimir; Glazunova, Elena; Bartenev, Vladimir; Glazunova, Elena (World Bank, Moscow, 2013)This set of lectures is structured in accordance with the aforementioned objectives. It is divided into four parts. Part one examines the theoretical-methodological issues of development studies that remain largely a terra incognita for the Russian audience. The authors deliberately differentiated between two terms, development and international development assistance . The most voluminous Part two examines the key issues pertaining to aid architecture. In the beginning the authors reconstruct the terminological and institutional-legal system in which international development assistance is provided currently, classify the main criteria, forms, and modalities of aid, as well as identify key international development actors. The first introductory lecture is followed by a description of the latest trends in composition and distribution of aid flows with breakdowns by donor group, aid modality, region, country, income group, and sector. There is an analysis of those trends which hinder progress in increasing aid effectiveness. The authors develop the idea that international development assistance is a form of cooperation in which both donors and recipients (regardless of the differences in their motivation, interests, goals, and strategies) are engaged as partners. However, it is still the donors that drive the agenda. That is why most of attention in part two is paid to donors, both established and emerging ones. An analysis is provided of commonalities and particularities of donor national strategies of participation in international development cooperation. Part three is entirely devoted to the practical aspects of providing assistance, management, financing, monitoring and evaluation of aid programs. This section explores a wide range of issues, such as specifics of aid management systems, planning expenditures for bilateral and multilateral aid programs, advantages and shortcomings of various aid modalities and channels of aid delivery, as well as the project-based and program-based approaches. The last part, part four, sheds light on the provision of development assistance in specific spheres, such as support for production growth (including aid for trade), infrastructure (transport, energy, information and communications technologies), social services (education, health, water supply, and sanitation), and environment.
Arab Development AssistanceWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2017-08-16)This study provides an overview of Arab
official development assistance (ODA) over the past four
decades. Trends in volume, composition, and direction are
discussed in chapter two and the institutional framework is
discussed in chapter three. Over 90 percent of Arab
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