The road to Paris: Intellectual property, human rights, and climate justice
Keywords180111 Environmental and Natural Resources Law
180115 Intellectual Property Law
180116 International Law (excl. International Trade Law)
Paris Agreement 2015
Innovation Law and Policy
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AbstractAs well as outlining the structure and organisation of the collection, this introduction seeks to contextualise the debate over intellectual property and climate change. As a foundation to the collection, it provides an overview of the negotiation, agreement, and implementation of the Paris Agreement 2015. It offers a literature review in respect of international climate law, human rights, and technology transfer. The introduction highlights key research and scholarship on intellectual property and environmentally sound technologies. It outlines the relevance of various disciplines of intellectual property to the debate over climate change. In particular, it looks at the role and function of patent law, trademark law, consumer law, design law, copyright law, trade secrets, open licensing, as well as plant breeders’ rights, access to genetic resources, and Indigenous knowledge. It examines climate litigation in the field of intellectual property. The introduction considers the scope for law reform to ensure that intellectual property laws are better adapted to promote substantial and meaningful action in respect of climate change. It also explores how innovation law and policy may best promote climate justice and human rights.
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Adaptation to Climate Change -- Vulnerability Assessment and Economic Aspects : Plurinational State of BoliviaWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2013-03-14)The Economics of Adaptation to Climate Change (EACC) study estimates that it will cost $75 - $100 billion each year for developing countries to adapt to climate change from 2010 to 2050 (World Bank 2009a). The study funded by the governments of the Netherlands, United Kingdom, and Switzerland has two specific objectives. The first is to develop a global estimate of adaptation coststo inform the international community s efforts on how to tailor adequate and sustainable support regarding new and additional resources to help vulnerable developing countries meet adaptation costs. The second objective is to support decision makers in developing countries to better evaluate and assess the risks posed by climate change and to better design strategies to adapt to climate change. The EACC study includes a global track to meet the first study objective and a case study track to meet the second objective. The country track comprises seven countries: Ethiopia, Mozambique, Ghana, Bangladesh, Vietnam, The Plurinational State of Bolivia, and Samoa.
Sub-Saharan Africa - Managing Land in a Changing Climate : An Operational Perspective for Sub-Saharan AfricaWorld Bank (World Bank, 2012-03-19)Livelihoods, food security, and development processes in Sub-Saharan Africa are highly dependent on land management practices to generate natural ecosystem goods and services. Out of a total population of about 717 million people, almost 60 percent depend for their livelihood on agriculture, hunting, fishing, or forestry. However, unsustainable land management already is leading to large-scale land degradation trends, which pose a threat to food security and poverty alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Climate change threatens to exacerbate and add to the existing vulnerabilities. Evidence has shown that the number of people affected by climate variability, through floods and droughts, is already increasing. Much-needed increases in agricultural production have, as a result, been unrealized. These outcomes place smallholder farmers, who depend largely on rainfed agriculture, in highly vulnerable circumstances under climate-change predictions. The objective of this work is to improve practical knowledge resources for Sub-Saharan African countries, regional institutions, and development practitioners at the World Bank and other partner institutions to help them make informed decisions about: (i) the risks posed by climate variability and change to land-resource-dependent livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa; and (ii) Sustainable Land and Water Management (SLWM) approaches and practices that are best suited for meeting development objectives while also addressing the challenge posed by climate-change adaptation and mitigation.
Beyond Downscaling : A Bottom-Up Approach to Climate Adaptation for Water Resources ManagementGarcia, L.E.; DiFrancesco, K.N.; Wijnen, M.; Matthews, J.H.; Rodriguez, D.J.; Ray, P. (World Bank Group, Washington, DC, 2014-09-11)This report focuses on how we achieve
water sustainability over long timescales - decades, even
centuries from now. These timescales are important and
relevant to our decisions about planning, infrastructure,
and institutions today. Many of the methods we use to manage
water, directly or indirectly, commit us to future decision
pathways and restrict us from making other, alternative
decisions. Across the first four chapters, this report
describes the challenges of including climate change in
water management decision-making and provides an overview of
current practices in the adaptation field. After considering
the pros and cons of these practices, the book concludes
with a framework for an adaptation approach supported by
Alliance for Global Water Adaptation (AGWA).