Nature, Place & People:Forging Connections through Neighbourhood Landscape Design
Flood Hazard Mitigation
Storm and Domestic Waste Water Treatment
Soil Quality Maintenance
Sense of Place
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AbstractNeighbourhood landscapes are the quintessential forms of urban landscapes in most cities worldwide. They are pervasive, and hence experienced by the large majority of urban dwellers in their everyday life. More than parks, nature reserves or nature areas which are visited as destinations, neighbourhood landscapes provide the most immediate, frequent and convenient form of nature experienced by urban dwellers on a daily basis. They are also valuable as social spaces to bring residents together, foster social ties, and strengthen communities. Despite their importance, surprisingly little has been written to guide the planning and design of neighbourhood landscapes.This book is written for a specific purpose, to illustrate how the design of neighbourhood landscapes helps to deliver more benefits for urban dwellers and, at the same time, protect ecosystems that facilitate human well-being. This is in turn important as the synergistic relationships between human well-being, quality of biophysical urban environment, and health of human–environment interactions fundamentally underpin urban sustainability. The authors emphasize the role neighbourhood landscapes play in forging connections between people and nature, people and people, and people and place. Most of all, the book highlights the role of focusing on people in this endeavour, as it is only when landscapes are appropriately designed, and when people recognize these benefits, that they become valued and protected as a community resource.This book is organized into two parts. Part 1 focuses on the conceptual foundations that underpin the neighbourhood landscape design guidelines being developed. In this section, the authors describe the key concepts relating functions of neighbourhood landscapes to the key urban development goals of sustainability, liveability and reliance; how they can be represented in a framework; and how a synthesis of current knowledge of cities as socio-ecological systems helps to identify principles that can guide the designing of neighbourhood landscapes. Part 2 is more application focused, and is centred on neighbourhood landscape design guidelines inspired by the concept of ecosystem services. The guidelines consist of design approaches, practical strategies, design targets and performance monitoring indicators for tracking the performance of neighbourhood landscapes. The book is written for readers in academia and design practice, and anyone who has a role in shaping neighbourhood landscapes for the benefit of urban dwellers.
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VIDEO: Session 4: Modern Challenges and Modern Solutions, and Session 5: The Future of our Public LandsTheobald, Dave; Culver, Nada; Birdsong, Brett; Leshy, John D.; Lance, Linda; Dombeck, Mike (Colorado Law Scholarly Commons, 2016-10-21)VIDEO: 2:50 p.m. - 4:10 p.m. SESSION 4: Modern Challenges and Modern Solutions Moderator and Commentator: Mark Squillace, University of Colorado School of Law Panelists: Dave Theobald, Conservation Science Partners Nada Culver, The Wilderness Society Bret Birdsong, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, School of Law 4:10 p.m. - 5:10 p.m. SESSION 5: The Future of our Public Lands Panelists: John D. Leshy, University of California, Hastings College of the Law Linda Lance, Bureau of Land Management (Invited) Mike Dombeck, University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point
VIDEO: Session 2: Managing our Public Lands for Conservation ValuesRait, Ken; Dickson, Brett; Bail, Kristin (Colorado Law Scholarly Commons, 2016-10-21)VIDEO: 10:50 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. SESSION 2: Managing our Public Lands for Conservation Values Moderator and Commentator: Fred Cheever, University of Denver, Sturm College of Law Speakers: Ken Rait, The Pew Charitable Trusts Brett Dickson, Conservation Science Partners Kristin Bail, Bureau of Land Management
Designing for education at the University of Illinois ArboretumLawson, Laura J.; Giannetti, Gina F. (2010-05-18)This thesis project consists of the development of a framework for visitor experience at the University of Illinois Arboretum that focuses on educational programming and includes the design of a Discovery Center - a facility that serves as the locus for educational experience - at the core of the arboretum. The development of both the visitation framework and the Discovery Center is the result of a progression that begins with research and is followed by a series of design investigations that lead to the final design for the arboretum. The thesis presented here is both a research and a design project because the site design stems from a synthesis of research regarding site context, educational goals and philosophies, and precedent studies. This research is integrated with design explorations and a theory of planting design that I have developed to produce a framework for visitor experience and detailed design of the Discovery Center. Determination of the arboretum???s context involves investigation into the origin of the arboretum and the established mission and programmatic goals for the arboretum; investigation of the arboretum???s unique situation within the local and university community and usage of the site by frequent and occasional visitors; consideration of site features such as topography, soils, and existing built elements; and evaluation of plans for future development of the areas immediately surrounding the arboretum and their potential influence on arboretum usage and offsite connections. Research on three educational philosophies - outdoor, environmental, and experiential education - inform the design by providing ideas about how an arboretum can best be developed as an educational institution and ways to facilitate different types of learning to satisfy programmed and unprogrammed educational goals throughout the arboretum. Evaluation of precedents including other arboreta, educational institutions, and literary examples provide a basis of information regarding educational concepts applicable to an arboretum setting and possible ways to implement these ideas on site. Following research on site context, educational philosophies, and precedents, the design project evolves into a study of the expression of form in the landscape, a road development study, a spatial relationship analysis, an architectural prototype study, and the development of a theory in planting design. Explorations of landscape form are used to express ideas about educational goals and provide a meaningful design hierarchy throughout the arboretum. The road development study analyzes points of access to the arboretum and seeks to integrate the arboretum within its neighborhood setting while optimizing access for both frequent and occasional users. The spatial relationship analysis determines ideal locations for the Discovery Center within the arboretum to increase visibility and recognition from an exterior perspective, to facilitate access to the Discovery Center for varying group sizes and event types, and to establish effective relationships between arboretum elements. Architectural prototype studies identify ways to integrate notions of interior versus exterior spaces and provide functional educational facilities. The theory of planting design outlines the role of cultural and environmental influences in the development of plant communities - namely grassland, shrubland, savanna, and woodland - and seeks to express these relationships through planting design and maintenance practices throughout the arboretum. The culmination of research and design exploration is the production of a detailed design for the Discovery Center, illustration of the framework for visitor experience throughout the arboretum, and application of planting design theory to various areas of the arboretum. The Discovery Center design involves identifying and spatially organizing the necessary educational facilities and developing a design language that supports the educational goals of these facilities. The framework for visitor experience includes providing a system of circulation throughout the arboretum, implementing wayfinding devices at key locations within the arboretum, and developing a system of visitor interpretation to emphasize arboretum program goals and enhance experience of the site. The application of planting design theory is used to further promote educational goals within the arboretum and to illustrate the aesthetic differences between plant communities influenced to varying degrees by environmental factors and cultural factors. The design project is followed by a post-design evaluation that identifies the success of the design in relation to the initial program goals, outlines lessons learned throughout the design process, and suggests next steps for further development of the arboretum. The purpose of this thesis is threefold: to explore methods of designing landscapes for educational purposes, to design the Discovery Center and a framework for visitation throughout the University of Illinois Arboretum with specific educational goals in mind, and to communicate the development of the project from initial concept through final evaluation.