The Marketisation and Privatisation of Education through the EU’s “New Generation” Free Trade Agreements? A Case Study of the Possible Consequences of Including Education into the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership
Author(s)Larsen, Louise Hoej
Keywordsthe European Union
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
trade in services
Law and Political Science
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractSignificant positive and negative consequences across the entire spectrum of issues are expected from the much debated Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). This study investigates thoroughly the potential consequences for the education sector based on primary sources of the EU’s objectives and reflections for the TTIP negotiations. It approaches the possible consequences from the perspective of normative legitimacy and in particular how accountability standards differ significantly between the public and private sectors. In the education case the different accountability standards have critical implications for the universal provision of quality education. The study shows that at this still rather early stage of the negotiations on services in TTIP the EU generally continues the approach adopted since the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) with the inclusion of privately funded education services. This causes uncertainty as to how the concepts of respectively public and private education will be interpreted with potentially critical consequences of gradual but constantly increasing levels of marketisation and privatisation. Ultimately, the very public nature of education could be at stake. Importantly, the new disciplines and rules intended to be included in TTIP will considerably deepen and extend the scope of how education may be impacted via its possible inclusion in TTIP.