Revitalizing Asia's irrigation: to sustainably meet tomorrow's food needs
de Fraiture, Charlotte
Water users associations
Resource /Energy Economics and Policy
Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety
Food Security and Poverty
Environmental Economics and Policy
Farmer managed irrigation systems
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An Impact Evaluation of India's Second and Third Andhra Pradesh Irrigation Projects : A Case of Poverty Reduction with Low Economic ReturnsIndependent Evaluation Group (Washington, DC : World Bank, 2008)Irrigation has made a major contribution
to poverty reduction in the past decades, enabling higher
yields and better nutrition. Despite these achievements,
large-scale irrigation schemes have usually yielded low
returns and attracted negative publicity because of their
adverse environmental and social impacts. As a result, the
Bank has largely switched its support for irrigation away
from new construction toward rehabilitation and policy
reform. This evaluation supports the need for reform but
shows that there are substantial benefits from further
investment in infrastructure. This study analyzes these
issues through an impact evaluation of one of the last
"old generation" of projects in which the Bank
directly supported creation of a new irrigation scheme:
India's Second and Third Andhra Pradesh Irrigation
Projects (AP II and AP III). Together these projects created
a new command area, the Srisailem Right Branch Canal (SRBC),
and rehabilitated an existing one that had been constructed
with Bank assistance, the Sriramasagar Project.
Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management: Challenges and OptionsWorld Bank (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012-06-04)The overall goal of this report is to give strategic focus to implementation of the agricultural water management (AWM) components of the corporate strategies. Its specific objectives are to set out the changing context of demand and supply for agricultural water; to identify the policy, institutional, and incentive reform options that will accelerate productivity improvements and pro-poor growth; and to articulate priorities for investment in AWM. It is also intended to define the role of the public sector and other stakeholders, and to set out how AWM can be best integrated upstream into water resources management, and downstream as an input provider into the agricultural economy.
Yield Impact of Irrigation Management Transfer : Story from the PhilippinesBandyopadhyay, Sushenjit; Shyamsundar, Priya; Xei, Mei (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2012-06-07)Irrigation management transfer is an important strategy among donors and governments to strengthen farmer control over water and irrigation infrastructure. This study seeks to understand whether irrigation management transfer is meeting the promise of its commitments. The authors use data from a survey of 68 irrigator associations and 1,020 farm households in the Philippines to estimate the impact of irrigation management transfer on irrigation association performance and on rice yields. They also estimate a stochastic frontier production function to assess contributions to technical efficiency. There are three main results. First, the presence of irrigation management transfer is associated with an increase in maintenance activities undertaken by irrigation associations. Second, by increasing local control over water delivery, the presence of irrigation management transfer is associated with a 2-6 percent increase in farm yields. Rice production in irrigation management transfer areas is greater even after controlling for various differences among rice farmers in transfer and non-transfer areas. Third, irrigation management transfer is, at a minimum, poverty-neutral, and may even give the asset-poor a small boost in terms of rice yields. The authors speculate that this boost may be a result of increased timeliness of water delivery and better resolution of conflicts related to illegal use.