Building a Sustainable Future : The Africa Region Environment Strategy
QUALITY OF LIFE
ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES
NATURAL RESOURCE BASE
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
LAND USE PLANNING
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
NON- GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
CHANGES IN LAND USE
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
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AbstractThis environment strategy outlines the current thinking in the World Bank Group Africa Region about priorities and actions for the institution in the environmental arena. The Africa Region Environment Strategy (ARES) outlines the Bank's commitment to help its clients achieve sustainable poverty reduction through better environmental management. It identifies the most urgent issues at the interface of environment and poverty and discusses targeted actions for addressing them. It reviews the lessons from experience to date and proposes new approaches. The strategic context in which the ARES has evolved and will be implemented is defined by the Bank's mission statement and operational policies, the World Bank Environment Strategy (WBES), and by the Bank's broader objectives, priorities, and strategies in the Africa Region. Like the WBES, the ARES approaches environment through a "poverty lens" and targets four main objectives: a) ensuring sustainable livelihoods, b) improving environmental health, c) reducing vulnerability to natural disasters, and d) maintaining local, regional, and global ecosystems and values. Key elements of the ARES include integrating environment into development and poverty reduction strategies; building an enabling environment and the institutional and human capacity for sustainable environmental management; promoting environmentally sustainable and equitable private sector-led economic development; improving governance; and encouraging decentralization.
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Republic of Ecuador Country Environmental Analysis : Environmental Quality and Natural Resource Management for Sustained Economic Growth and Poverty AlleviationWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2007-06-28)Ecuador is a country with exceptional natural resource and environmental advantages and challenges. It is strategically located and has considerable oil reserves in the interior and the coastal region. This document does not aim to describe the state of the environment in Ecuador. Rather, its main objective is to provide an analytical foundation to identify the country's institutional weaknesses and provide practical policy options that will enhance its capacity to establish and address environmental policy priorities linked to poverty reduction and sustained economic growth. Linking environmental considerations to sectoral projects and policies will provide important information on key synergies and tradeoffs involving the environment, economic growth, and poverty. The second objective is to guide environmental assistance and capacity building supported by the bank or other development partners through the assessment of capacity issues, especially in relation to specific environmental priorities. The main elements of the Country Environment Analysis (CEA) include analyses of: a) environment and natural- resource-related institutions, b) the environmental aspects of the oil sector, c) forestry, d) conservation, e) environmental-health, and f) climate change. The CEA also identifies policy recommendations and describes the role that the World Bank could play in helping the Government of Ecuador (GOE) strengthen its institutional capacity in order to address the country's natural resource and environmental problems in a more effective way.
Strengthening Policy Dialogue on Environment : Learning from Five Years of Country Environmental AnalysisPillai, Poonam (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2008-02)The objective of this paper is to review experience with completed country environmental analysis (CEAs) to improve the effectiveness of CEAs as a strategic analytical tool. Through in-depth analysis of the process, methodologies, costs, and results of completed CEA pilots, the paper assesses how effective CEAs have been in informing and providing strategic guidance to the Bank and client countries on environment-development issues and the extent to which they have facilitated donor coordination. The analysis carried out in this paper also provides feedback on when to prepare a CEA, how to prepare and structure CEAs, and how to use specific methodologies and processes in influencing policy dialogue with partner countries. The findings are of potential interest to World Bank sector managers, country directors, CEA task teams, and environmental staff, but also to development partners who carry out work similar to CEAs. The paper is based on a desk review of completed CEAs and on interviews with task managers and members of CEA teams. Several reports, including a fieldwork-based assessment of the Ghana, India, and Guatemala CEAs commissioned by the Environment Department; a review on Tunisia by the Quality Assurance Group (QAG); and a report commissioned by the Latin America and Caribbean Region, based on in-country assessments of completed CEAs, have also informed this study. A detailed case study analysis of each completed CEA was prepared for this exercise; it substantively informed the review and is available as a background paper. The original CEA concept note proposed that CEAs have three main building blocks: (a) establishment of environment-development priorities linked with growth and poverty reduction, (b) assessment of the environmental implications of sector policies, and (c) institutional analysis. Assessing CEAs against this building block structure, the review highlights several findings.
Urban Environment and Infrastructure : Toward Livable CitiesDahiya, Bharat; Bigio, Anthony G. (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2013-08-12)This review of the active portfolio of World Bank projects aimed at improving urban environmental quality was carried out during 2002-03 in order to assess the level of commitment of the institution to urban sustainability. The review focuses on the contributions of key sectors to urban environmental improvements, in particular on those belonging to the Infrastructure Vice-Presidency, and on how projects are contributing to achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. It also highlights some of the apparent gaps in current Bank lending in regional, spatial, and thematic terms and argues for a more comprehensive and holistic approach to urban environmental priorities, which could lead to better-integrated investments. The Bank corporate strategy on urban development (World Bank 2000a) addresses the urban environment as part of enhancing urban livability. The corporate environment strategy (World Bank 2001b) states its importance through its goals of improving the quality of life, improving the quality of growth, and protecting the quality of regional and global commons.