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AbstractDuring last decade in Albania, land degradation has become a major problem including soil degradation, soil loss, water logging and pollution according climate change. This study aims to investigate the main factors that influence vulnerability of land degradation and agriculture in Albania from climate change in a context of multiple risks. Desertification, the loss of the land’s biological productivity in our region is one of the most serious threats facing humanity. Because of its high natural rates of soil erosion, and dependence on agricultural and forestry sectors for social, economic and environment development, the needs to address, sustainable land management is crucial for Albania. The result indicates the presence of multiple risks that affects agriculture, which are associated to climatic and non climatic factors. These risks influences exposure and sensitivity of agriculture and consist of, drought, extreme weather events, land use, erosion, environmental conditions and soil conditions. The results illustrates that changes in climate pattern are experienced together with wide range of non climatic risks which affects adaptive capacity, responses and the way in which agriculture is vulnerable to climate change. Current analysis of vulnerability shows that future vulnerability will be affected by economic situation, access to technology, institutions support and policies and in the nature and impact of climate change.