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dc.contributor.authorAbayomi, A
dc.contributor.authorCowan, MN
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-25T11:14:48Z
dc.date.available2019-09-25T11:14:48Z
dc.date.created2016-02-29 19:50
dc.date.issued2014-09-17
dc.identifieroai:ojs.ajol.info:article/107874
dc.identifierhttp://www.ajol.info/index.php/samj/article/view/107874
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12424/247154
dc.description.abstractRecent assessment reports suggest that climate change patterns are threatening social and ecological vulnerability and resilience, with the strong potential of negatively affecting human health. Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have weakened physiological responses and are immunologically vulnerable to pathogens and stressors in their environment, putting them at a health disadvantage in climate-based rising temperatures, water scarcity, air  pollution, potential water- and vector-borne disease outbreaks, and habitat redistributions. These climatic  aberrations may lead to increased surface drying and decreased availability of arable land, threatening  food/nutrition security and sanitary water practices. Coupled with HIV/AIDS, climate change threatens ecological biodiversity via a larger-scale socioeconomic recourse to natural resources. Corresponding human and environmental activity shape conditions conducive to exacerbating high rates of HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, this epidemic is forming a ‘syndemic’ with tuberculosis (TB), which has come to include multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) strains. Because of high convergence rates, one epidemic cannot be addressed without understanding the other. Concurrent climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies are becoming increasingly important to curb changes that negatively affect the biospheres on which civilisation is ultimately dependent – from an agricultural, a developmental, and especially a health standpoint. Mitigation strategies such as reducing carbon emissions are essential, but may be only partially effective in slowing the rate of surface warming. However, global climate assessments assert that these are not sufficient to halt climate change patterns. The roles of regionally specific climate research, socioecologically sustainable industrialisation paths for developing countries, and adoptionof health system strengthening strategies are therefore vital.
dc.format.mediumapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherHealth and Medical Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartofhttp://www.ajol.info/index.php/samj/article/view/107874/97713
dc.rightsThe SAMJ reserves copyright of the material published.
dc.sourceSouth African Medical Journal; Vol 104, No 8 (2014); 583
dc.titleThe HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa: Convergence with tuberculosis, socioecological vulnerability, and climate change patterns
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
ge.collectioncodeBA
ge.dataimportlabelOAI metadata object
ge.identifier.legacyglobethics:6829537
ge.identifier.permalinkhttps://www.globethics.net/gel/6829537
ge.lastmodificationdate2016-03-21 15:49
ge.submissions0
ge.oai.exportid53
ge.oai.repositoryid224
ge.oai.setnameArticles
ge.oai.setspecsamj:ART
ge.oai.streamid1
ge.setnameGlobeEthicsLib
ge.setspecglobeethicslib
ge.linkhttp://www.ajol.info/index.php/samj/article/view/107874


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