Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorElien Segers
dc.contributor.authorTom Beckers
dc.contributor.authorHilde Geurts
dc.contributor.authorLaurence Claes
dc.contributor.authorLaurence Claes
dc.contributor.authorMarina Danckaerts
dc.contributor.authorSaskia van der Oord
dc.contributor.authorSaskia van der Oord
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-28T20:21:08Z
dc.date.available2019-10-28T20:21:08Z
dc.date.created2018-09-05 00:44
dc.date.issued2018-03-01
dc.identifieroai:doaj.org/article:54d6231588f44ab08e38ee6f7284c303
dc.identifier1664-1078
dc.identifier10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00394
dc.identifierhttps://doaj.org/article/54d6231588f44ab08e38ee6f7284c303
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12424/2486308
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Behavioral Parent Training (BPT) is often provided for childhood psychiatric disorders. These disorders have been shown to be associated with working memory impairments. BPT is based on operant learning principles, yet how operant principles shape behavior (through the partial reinforcement (PRF) extinction effect, i.e., greater resistance to extinction that is created when behavior is reinforced partially rather than continuously) and the potential role of working memory therein is scarcely studied in children. This study explored the PRF extinction effect and the role of working memory therein using experimental tasks in typically developing children.Methods: Ninety-seven children (age 6–10) completed a working memory task and an operant learning task, in which children acquired a response-sequence rule under either continuous or PRF (120 trials), followed by an extinction phase (80 trials). Data of 88 children were used for analysis.Results: The PRF extinction effect was confirmed: We observed slower acquisition and extinction in the PRF condition as compared to the continuous reinforcement (CRF) condition. Working memory was negatively related to acquisition but not extinction performance.Conclusion: Both reinforcement contingencies and working memory relate to acquisition performance. Potential implications for BPT are that decreasing working memory load may enhance the chance of optimally learning through reinforcement.
dc.languageEN
dc.publisherFrontiers Media S.A.
dc.relation.ispartofhttp://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00394/full
dc.relation.ispartofhttps://doaj.org/toc/1664-1078
dc.sourceFrontiers in Psychology, Vol 9 (2018)
dc.subjectBPT
dc.subjectPREE
dc.subjectworking memory
dc.subjectacquisition
dc.subjectextinction
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectBF1-990
dc.titleWorking Memory and Reinforcement Schedule Jointly Determine Reinforcement Learning in Children: Potential Implications for Behavioral Parent Training
dc.typeArticle
ge.collectioncodeOAIDATA
ge.dataimportlabelOAI metadata object
ge.identifier.legacyglobethics:15135023
ge.identifier.permalinkhttps://www.globethics.net/gel/15135023
ge.lastmodificationdate2018-09-05 00:44
ge.lastmodificationuseradmin@pointsoftware.ch (import)
ge.submissions0
ge.oai.exportid149801
ge.oai.repositoryid52
ge.oai.setnameLCC:Psychology
ge.oai.setspecTENDOlBzeWNob2xvZ3k~
ge.oai.streamid2
ge.setnameGlobeEthicsLib
ge.setspecglobeethicslib
ge.linkhttps://doaj.org/article/54d6231588f44ab08e38ee6f7284c303


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record