Evaluation of student and graduates` opinions on the medical ethics course in the medical school curriculum, Ahwaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, 2006-2007
Author(s)Dibaiei, Amir; متخصص پزشکی قانونی، عضوهیأت علمی و مدیرگروه پزشکی قانونی.
Saadati, Nasrin; فوق لیسانس مامایی، عضوهیأت علمی گروه پزشکی اجتماعی. (نویسنده مسئول)
Ghadakzadeh, Saber; دانشجوی پزشکی.
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractIntroduction and Aim: The emphasize that is on religious values in our country is the basis of activities that are considered to protect the level and value of human beings and the medical ethics has a great place among them. Medicine is unique among all the sciences, as it is related directly with the lives of humans, so ethics is an inseparable part of it and ethical advices act as guides during the medical professional activities. Teaching the medical ethics has been an important issue in medical curriculum during past two decades in Iran. The aim of this study was to gain the opinions and insights of medical students and also graduates of Jundishapur University of medical sciences on the course of medical ethics during 1385-86. The findings and results of this study may help in solving possible problems and be beneficial in adjusting the curriculum.Methods and Materials: this is a cross-sectional descriptive epidemiologic study and all the medical students and graduates of Jundishapur University of medical sciences in educational year 1385-86 who had had medical ethics in their curriculum before participated in this study. In this study 457 paper questionnaires including demographic and 8 questions about the insight and opinion on the course of medical ethics were distributed among the medical students and graduates, but only 398 answered questionnaires were gathered due to non-cooperation. The data were analyzed with SPSS software and P&lt;0.05 considered to be significant. Results: Among all the participates, 332 were medical students (83.4%), 66 were medical graduates (16.5%). In addition, 235 were female (59%) and 163 were male (41%). Overall, the graduates were less satisfied with the content of the medical ethics course and the ways it is taught and they simultaneouslyealized the importance of that course much more than the students. Most of the students (53.0%) considered the internship the appropriate time for the course and the same was considered by the graduates with a greater percentage (93.9%).Conclusion: according to the results of this study, a serious revision and change in the contents and the references of this course to more applied references and also an increase in the hours related to the course is suggested. In addition, the course should be taught in late steps of the medical education (last year for example) in order to be considered with more attention and interest by the students.
Copyright/LicenseCopyright (c) 2016 Medical Ethics Journal
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Aggravation of chronic stress effects on hippocampal neurogenesis and spatial memory in LPA₁ receptor knockout mice.Castilla-Ortega, Estela; Hoyo-Becerra, Carolina; Pedraza, Carmen; Chun, Jerold; Rodríguez De Fonseca, Fernando; Estivill-Torrús, Guillermo; Santín, Luis J (Public Library of Science, 2012-12-10)BACKGROUND The lysophosphatidic acid LPA₁ receptor regulates plasticity and neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus. Here, we studied whether absence of the LPA₁ receptor modulated the detrimental effects of chronic stress on hippocampal neurogenesis and spatial memory. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Male LPA₁-null (NULL) and wild-type (WT) mice were assigned to control or chronic stress conditions (21 days of restraint, 3 h/day). Immunohistochemistry for bromodeoxyuridine and endogenous markers was performed to examine hippocampal cell proliferation, survival, number and maturation of young neurons, hippocampal structure and apoptosis in the hippocampus. Corticosterone levels were measured in another a separate cohort of mice. Finally, the hole-board test assessed spatial reference and working memory. Under control conditions, NULL mice showed reduced cell proliferation, a defective population of young neurons, reduced hippocampal volume and moderate spatial memory deficits. However, the primary result is that chronic stress impaired hippocampal neurogenesis in NULLs more severely than in WT mice in terms of cell proliferation; apoptosis; the number and maturation of young neurons; and both the volume and neuronal density in the granular zone. Only stressed NULLs presented hypocortisolemia. Moreover, a dramatic deficit in spatial reference memory consolidation was observed in chronically stressed NULL mice, which was in contrast to the minor effect observed in stressed WT mice. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE These results reveal that the absence of the LPA₁ receptor aggravates the chronic stress-induced impairment to hippocampal neurogenesis and its dependent functions. Thus, modulation of the LPA₁ receptor pathway may be of interest with respect to the treatment of stress-induced hippocampal pathology.
A comparative study of dyslipidaemia in men and woman with androgenic alopeciaArias-Santiago, Salvador; Gutierrez-Salmeron, Maria Teresa; Buendia-Eisman, Agustin; Giron-Prieto, Maria Sierra; Naranjo-Sintes, Ramon (Society for the Publication of Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 2011-12-21)Several studies have analyzed the relationship between androgenetic alopecia and cardiovascular disease (mainly heart disease). However few studies have analyzed lipid values in men and women separately. This case-control study included 300 patients consecutively admitted to an outpatient clinic, 150 with early onset androgenetic alopecia (80 males and 70 females) and 150 controls (80 males and 70 females) with other skin diseases. Female patients with androgenic alopecia showed significant higher triglycerides values (123.8 vs 89.43 mg/dl, p = 0.006), total cholesterol values (196.1 vs 182.3 mg/dl, p = 0.014), LDL-C values (114.1 vs 98.8 mg/dl, p = 0.0006) and lower HDL-C values (56.8 vs 67.7 mg/dl, p <0.0001) versus controls respectively. Men with androgenic alopecia showed significant higher triglycerides values (159.7 vs 128.7 mg/dl, p = 0.04) total cholesterol values (198.3 vs 181.4 mg/dl, p = 0.006) and LDL-C values (124.3 vs 106.2, p = 0.0013) versus non-alopecic men. A higher prevalence of dyslipidemia in women and men with androgenic alopecia has been found. The elevated lipid values in these patients may contribute, alongside other mechanisms, to the development of cardiovascular disease in patient with androgenic alopecia.
Life-long environmental enrichment counteracts spatial learning, reference and working memory deficits in middle-aged rats subjected to perinatal asphyxia.Galeano, Pablo; Blanco, Eduardo; Logica Tornatore, Tamara M A; Romero, Juan I; Holubiec, Mariana I; Rodríguez de Fonseca, Fernando; Capani, Francisco (Frontiers Media, 2016-08-09)Continuous environmental stimulation induced by exposure to enriched environment (EE) has yielded cognitive benefits in different models of brain injury. Perinatal asphyxia results from a lack of oxygen supply to the fetus and is associated with long-lasting neurological deficits. However, the effects of EE in middle-aged rats suffering perinatal asphyxia are unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess whether life-long exposure to EE could counteract the cognitive and behavioral alterations in middle-aged asphyctic rats. Experimental groups consisted of rats born vaginally (CTL), by cesarean section (C+), or by C+ following 19 min of asphyxia at birth (PA). At weaning, rats were assigned to standard (SE) or enriched environment (EE) for 18 months. During the last month of housing, animals were submitted to a behavioral test battery including Elevated Plus Maze, Open Field, Novel Object Recognition and Morris water maze (MWM). Results showed that middle-aged asphyctic rats, reared in SE, exhibited an impaired performance in the spatial reference and working memory versions of the MWM. EE was able to counteract these cognitive impairments. Moreover, EE improved the spatial learning performance of middle-aged CTL and C+ rats. On the other hand, all groups reared in SE did not differ in locomotor activity and anxiety levels, while EE reduced locomotion and anxiety, regardless of birth condition. Recognition memory was altered neither by birth condition nor by housing environment. These results support the importance of environmental stimulation across the lifespan to prevent cognitive deficits induced by perinatal asphyxia.