Study on Attitudes of Cancer Patients about Breaking Ways of Bad News
Author(s)karimi Rahjerdi, Ashraf; Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (Corresponding author)
Nasiri, Bahareh; Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran.
Shamshiri, Ahmad Reza; Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Bad News; Cancer; Physician-Patient Relationship; Giving Bad News; Informing Source
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AbstractBackground and Aim: Giving bad news is an inevitable part of medical profession. There are different opinions about telling the truth and giving bad news to patients in different cultures and societies. Thus, purpose of this study was investigating attitudes of cancer patients about methods of awareness of bad news.Materials and Methods: The study was cross-sectional research that has been done on a sample of 160 people of cancer patients. This study used questionnaire that its validity was confirmed by communication sciences professors and medical experts. The reliability of questionnaire and Cronbach's alpha for all items of the questionnaire was 95 percent in estimating validity of questionnaire was determined that all questions were significantly correlated. SPSS software, regression analysis and Fisher test were used.Ethical Considerations: In this study, verbal informed consent of participants was obtained followed by an explanation about the purpose of the study, anonymity and confidentiality of patients' information.Findings: In this study investigated 160 patient point of view.37.5% of participants were men and 62.5 of them were women (18-77years). The results show that 57.7 % of patients agreed with historical approach, 78.8% of them agreed with direct source style and 94.4% agreed with informal style of giving information. 18.1% of patients disagree with the flow of the companions of patients of the disease.Conclusion: Findings indicates on better breaking of the bad news to the patients with a historical approach and telling to the patient by physician, directly.Citation: Karimi Rahjerdi A, Nasiri B. Study on Attitudes of Cancer Patients about Breaking Ways of Bad News. Bioeth Health Law J. 2017; 1(2):49-54.