Les coordonnateurs comme médiateurs entre deux cultures dans les interactions en ligne : le cas d'un échange franco-japonais
Keywordscommunication médiatisée par ordinateur
projets en ligne
Full recordShow full item record
AbstractAnalysant une expérience de trois mois qui a mis en relation via Internet, en mode essentiellement asynchrone, soixante étudiants japonais apprenant le français avec neuf étudiants de master 2 de FLE en France, futurs enseignants, cet article décrit le rôle joué par l'enseignante japonaise et par l'enseignant français (coordonnateurs du projet) pour que les échanges se déroulent de manière satisfaisante, aussi bien au plan de l'assiduité qu'à celui de la communication interculturelle. L'écart entre les deux cultures en présence, notamment en ce qui concerne la culture d'apprentissage, constituait un véritable défi : l'article montre comment certains écueils ont pu être surmontés et tente de modéliser les solutions adoptées. Après un cadrage théorique qui rappelle certaines difficultés de la communication interculturelle et de la télécollaboration, il aborde trois dimensions importantes des échanges en ligne, en mettant l'accent sur le rôle joué par les coordonnateurs : la recherche d'une participation régulière, la présentation réciproque d'éléments culturels concrets par les étudiants, la gestion des positionnements et de la dimension socio-affective des échanges.
Based on a 3-month experiment involving sixty Japanese learners of French as a Foreign Language and nine French teacher trainees engaged in mostly asynchronous Internet-based communication, this paper describes how French and Japanese project coordinators managed to sustain continuous communication on both parts and to provide opportunities for intercultural learning. The culture gap, notably with regards to the learning culture, was a real challenge: this paper shows how some of the pitfalls were avoided and attempts to draw a model for the approach the coordinators adopted. Following a theoretical framework emphasizing the challenges of intercultural communication and online collaboration, three major dimensions of online communication are then presented, focusing on the role played by the project coordinators: the enforcement of continuous participation, reciprocal student presentation of concrete cultural aspects, and the management of the relationship between both groups.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Distance Education and Community Learning Networks linked by a Library of CultureSantiago, Joseph A (DigitalCommons@URI, 2011-02-14)Humans are relational beings with their modeled behavior as practical examples of cultural routines that they hear, see, read, and assemble on their own from communal pieces of information to answer the needs of their everyday lives (Bandura, & Jeffrey, 1973). Yet few researchers have looked at the differing synthesis of culture and generally assume that others share similar ideas/values that lead to particular events and worldviews (Lillard, p.5 1998). Informational and cultural contact zones can be created to support CLNs, universities, and individuals in a variety of roles to encourage their interactions so they might design, and challenge the fundamentals of these programs and seek to better cooperation amongst the public itself (Tremmel, 2000). By increasing communication and collaboration of educational systems throughout the community will begin to raise the standard of living for all people (Bohn, & Schmidt, 2008). This will begin to draw people out from the digital divide and increase the access of technology and information available to all people with the community. Utilizing CLNs to support and further education will allow an interconnected web of assessments, standards, and cooperative efforts that has the potential of increasing democracy by empowering people from their communities.
Communicating the Impact of Communication for Development : Recent Trends in Empirical ResearchInogaki, Nobuya (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012-05-31)The UN Millennium Development Goals call
for not only greater financial commitment in international
assistance programs but also innovative strategies to tackle
the serious economic, health, education, and other basic
human rights problems in the developing world. This paper is
organized as follows: Chapter 2 is an overview of key
theoretical models of development communication. Chapter 3
describes the characteristic patterns of recent empirical
studies in development communication in terms of theoretical
models and types of communication strategies. Chapter 4
presents some outstanding evidence of the impacts of
communication on development initiatives. Chapter 5
discusses weak spots in the evidence. The concluding chapter
will make suggestions for further research by drawing
attention to the theoretical, methodological and empirical
gaps in the existing academic research in development communication.
Applications of Advanced Metering Infrastructure in Electricity DistributionWorld Bank (Washington, DC, 2011)In the second half of the 1980s, several electricity companies in developed countries incorporated the automation of the reads of the consumption meters installed in their customers' premises. Adoption of that approach was driven in all the cases by the need to lower the significant costs of in-site reading, reflecting high labor costs in rich countries. There are several AMI options potentially viable for each of the automated meter reading (AMI) applications, covering a wide range in terms of technical and functional specifications of hardware and software. However, the technical and economic feasibility of a specific option crucially depends on the current operational and financial performance of the involved utilities, as well as on other key characteristics (institutional, regulatory, development of communications infrastructure) of the environment in which they operate. It is very clear that, in AMI, one size does not fit all. The applicability and options for applying AMI or smart meters technology to a variety of customer management issues commonly found in public service utilities, in particular in electricity distribution companies, are described and analyzed in this report.