Investigation of the Effects of an Autostereographic Virtual Environment on Recall in Participants of Differing Levels of Field Dependence
Author(s)Moore, Michael Wilson
Contributor(s)Teaching and learning
Moore, David Michael
Potter, Kenneth R.
Ogle, Jeffrey Todd
Burton, John K.
Lockee, Barbara B.
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AbstractStereographic virtual environments display data in such a way that a user perceives objects within the displayed environment to be separated in depth from the display itself. The effectiveness of stereographic virtual environments as learning tools has been evaluated relative to factors such as multidimensional cues, user interaction, and learner characteristics. This study has examined the relationship between two evaluative factors: the presence of stereographic depth cues and field dependence, a learner characteristic associated with performance on visual tasks. Adult learners were identified on a field dependence continuum based on scores on the Group Embedded Figures Test. Each student received instruction related to the heart using stereographic materials or nonstereographic materials, depending on assignment to treatment group. All participants were given two tests, identification and terminology, following this instruction. The scores on the combination of these tests, denoted as the Modified Total Criterion Test (MTCT), represented the level of visual recall relative to the instructional materials reviewed. Analyses of variance revealed an interaction effect between the level of field dependence and the presence of stereographic depth cues within a virtual environment such that field independent participants scored higher on tests of visual recall within stereographic conditions versus nonstereographic conditions and field dependent participants scored lower within stereographic conditions versus nonstereographic conditions.