Taking Stock of the Agent-Principal Challenges in the EU structural programs: the Case of the 'Extended University Programs' (PSE) in Greece (1997-2006)
Bildung und Erziehung
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Macroanalysis of the Education System, Economics of Education, Educational Policy
European Structural Funds
structural promotion (economic)
university level of education
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Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) : Reviewing the Link with In-Country Policy and Planning Processes - Synthesis ReportWorld Bank (World Bank, 2009-05-01)The synthesis report concerns to go beyond a summary of the country studies to provide lessons and recommendations on how to further improve Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) effectiveness. To do so, it draws on findings from country case studies, the literature and recent internal Bank reviews (World Bank 2006, 2008) on PSIA. The synthesis is structured in three parts. Section two reviews the role of PSIA in country work drawing on internal guidance from the Bank and the wider literature. It introduces the PSIA framework and the main elements of an effective PSIA. Section two ends with a presentation of the review framework and the approach to sampling and methodology for the country studies. Section three presents the bulk of the review findings and lessons learned with a focus on lessons for embedding PSIA into country processes. Section four addresses the future of PSIA with recommendations aimed at: (i) improving the influence that PSIA has on policy and planning processes in-country, and (ii) ensuring that it is applied more routinely by partner governments and Bank programs.
Romania - Functional Review : Center of governmentEvans, Anne; Evans, Gord; Dinu, Dragos; Myers, Bernard; Giosan, Victor (Washington, DC, 2010-10)The medium-term objective of this review of the Center of Government (CoG) is to improve the Government's policy performance by strengthening Romania's policy process and policy institutions. The objective of the review will be accomplished by identifying short- and medium-term measures to strengthen central capacity to deliver high quality policy management to the Prime Minister and government and effectively coordinate policy with other central institutions and line ministries. Four critical success factors will signal effective implementation: 1. Decision makers will focus increasingly on strategic rather than legal or administrative issues; 2. Sound policy formulation will precede and guide legal drafting; 3. GSG will be empowered by the Prime Minister to enforce the rules and assure the quality of ministry proposals; and 4. The central institutions responsible for public policy and public finance management will work collaboratively to provide coherent, high quality support to the GoR. 2. The CoG review seeks to engage Romania's decision makers in these deliberations and, ultimately, in a concerted effort to improve Romania's policy performance.
Analyzing the Effects of Policy
Reforms on the Poor : An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of
World Bank Support to Poverty and Social Impact AnalysesIndependent Evaluation Group (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012-03-19)The current global financial and
economic crises are likely to put enormous pressure on
governments to respond with immediate measures and to
undertake far-reaching reforms in the medium term, requiring
a substantial increase in donor support. To protect the poor
and enhance benefits to them, key policy reforms will need
to be underpinned by systematic analysis of their expected
poverty and social impacts. The World Bank's experience
to date with the Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA)
approach provides useful lessons for addressing these
issues. Overall, implementation of the PSIA approach has had
considerable limitations. There have been tensions between
the various operational objectives assigned to PSIAs. The
tensions concern inconsistencies between informing country
and Bank policy decisions in a timely way and building
country analytic capacity. PSIAs have had limited ownership
by Bank staff and managers and have often not been
effectively integrated into country assistance programs.
Quality assurance, monitoring, and evaluation of the overall
effectiveness of PSIAs have been weak. To improve
PSIAs' effectiveness, this evaluation recommends that
the Bank take measures to ensure that staff fully
understands what the PSIA approach is and when to use it,
clarify the operational objectives of each PSIA, and ensure
that the approach and timeline adopted are aligned with
those objectives. Quality assurance mechanisms should be
strengthened to ensure that PSIAs are designed to achieve
the intended effects.