Das wirkliche Leben pulsiert woanders: Gedanken zum Theorie-Praxis-Problem in der PsychologInnen-Ausbildung
Bildung und Erziehung
Training, Teaching and Studying, Professional Organizations of Psychology
Lehre und Studium, Professionalisierung und Ethik, Organisationen und Verbände der Psychologie
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AbstractIm folgenden wird der Frage nach dem Theorie-Praxis-Verhältnis in der Ausbildung von PsychologInnen nachgegangen. Dabei wird die These vertreten, daß eine allenthalben geforderte Hereinnahme berufspraktischer Anteile in das Studium letztlich nicht möglich ist. Dies wird anhand zurückliegender Versuche sowohl der Mainstream-Psychologie wie der ihrer Kritiker erörtert. Zugleich wird die weitere These vertreten, daß die gegenwärtige Ausbildung von Diplompsychologen an der "imaginierten Berufsidentität" der Studierenden vorbeigeht und insofern einer Entfremdung von den berufsspezifischen Aufgaben Vorschub leistet.
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Sexuated Topology and the Suspension of Meaning: A Non-Hermeneutical Phenomenological Approach to Textual AnalysisBailey, Steven (2014-07-31)This study assumes the subject's pursuit of meaning is generally incapacitating and should be suspended. It aims to demonstrate how such a suspension is theoretically accomplished by utilizing Lacan's formulae of sexuation integrated with his work in discourse theory and topology. Part I places this study into context by examining scholarship from the established fields of hermeneutics, phenomenology, (post)structuralism, aesthetic theory and psychoanalysis in order to extract out their respective theory of meaning. These theories reveal that an historical struggle with meaning has been underway since the Reformation and reaches near crisis proportions in the 20th century. On the one hand this crisis is mollified by the rise of Heideggerian-Gadamerian hermeneutical phenomenology which questions traditional epistemological approaches to the text using a new ontological conceptualization of meaning and a conscious rejection of methodology. On the other hand this crisis is exacerbated when the ubiquitous nature of meaning is itself challenged by (post)structuralism's discovery of the signifier which inscribes a limit to meaning, and by the domains of sense and nonsense newly opened up by aesthetic theory. These historical developments culminate in the field of psychoanalysis which most consequentially delimits a cause of meaning said to be closely linked to the core of subjectivity. Part II extends these findings by rigorously constructing out of the Lacanian sexuated formulae a decidedly non-hermeneutical phenomenological approach useful in demonstrating the sexual nature of meaning. Explicated in their static state by way of an account of their original derivation from the Aristotelian logical square, it is argued that these four formulae are relevant to basic concerns of textual theory inclusive of the hermeneutical circle of meaning. These formulae are then set into motion by integrating them with Lacan's four discourses to demonstrate the breakdown of meaning. Finally, the cuts and sutures of two-dimensional space that is topology as set down in L'étourdit are performed to confirm how the very field of meaning is ultimately suspended from a nonsensical singular point known in Lacanian psychoanalysis as objet a. The contention is that by occupying this point the subject frees himself from the debilitating grip of meaning.
But What IS the 'Right Thing'?: Ethics and Information Systems in the Corporate DomainSmith, H. Jeff (AIS Electronic Library (AISeL), 2008-02-08)Information systems executives, and other executives, are often prodded to "do the right thing" when they face ethical quandaries. But how do they determine what is "right" ethically, especially when the ethical quandaries occur in the corporate domain? Some individuals rely solely on their own emotions, but they often have a hard time convincing rational thinkers to embrace their position. Other individuals rely on traditional philosophical theories, but this approach is seldom optimal in the corporate domain because the traditional philosophical theories do not specifically address the corporate setting. However, two theories do address ethical quandaries in the private sector: stockholder theory and stakeholder theory. This article discusses these two theories. Stockholder theory holds that executives should resolve ethical quandaries by taking actions that maximize the long-term profits to stockholders without violating the law or engaging in fraud or deception. Stakeholder theory claims that executives should resolve ethical quandaries by balancing stakeholder interests without violating the rights of any stakeholder. These theories are explored by first applying them to a specific real-world quandary: Blockbuster Video's reported plans to market its customer lists. Then the theories are applied to several other current quandaries. Finally, the article explores action steps for applying each theory.
Βιβλιοκρισία του: Α. ΠΑΠΑΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΥ, Η μονή του Αγίου Ιωάννου του Λαμπαδιστού στον Καλοπαναγιώτη [Οδηγοί Βυζαντινών Μνημείων της Κύπρου]Σταύρος Γ. ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΥ; Διδάκτωρ Βυζαντινής και Μεσαιωνικής Ιστορίας (Institute for Byzantine Research, National Hellenic Research FoundationΙνστιτούτο Βυζαντινών Ερευνών, Εθνικό Ίδρυμα Ερευνών, 2009-08-28)Βιβλιοκρισία του παραπάνω βιβλίου.