Author(s)Agich, George J.
Conflict of Interest
Costs and Benefits
Health Care Delivery
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AbstractIn this paper I analyze the alleged conflict between economic incentives to efficiently utilize health care resources and the obligation to provide patients with the best possible medical care. My analysis is developed in four stages. First, I discuss briefly the nature of prospective payment systems and economic incentives as well as the issue of professional autonomy. Second, I discuss the notion of an incentive for action both as an economic incentive and as a concept of moral psychology. Third, I analyze several definitions of the physician's professional obligation and discuss four conditions that morally qualify the obligation. And fourth, I explore why the views of economists and physicians differ so strikingly on the question of economic incentives. In the process of this analysis, I argue that criticisms of prospective payment systems which are premised primarily on the conflict between economic incentives to contain cost and the professional....
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 1987 May; 12(2): 123-144.