Concept of Mental Health
Sociology of Health Care
Neurosciences and Mental Health Therapies
Health Care for Mentally Disabled Persons
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AbstractWhen psychiatrists treat patients with mental disorders--when clinicians of any stripe have a "difficult patient"--they confront and must come to terms with the thought that the patient is morally responsible for his conduct. Taken to its extreme form, this attitude leads to a repudiation of the whole concept of mental illness. In a modest form, and held perpetually in tension with an objective, clinical stance toward mental disorders, it is an ineluctable part of the practice of psychiatry.
Hastings Center Report 2002 March-April; 32(2): 14-21
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中國城市居民的親屬關係與精神健康: 親屬網絡與支持對心理抑鬱的影響 : 以北京為例.孫薇薇.; Chinese University of Hong Kong Graduate School. Division of Sociology.; Sun, Weiwei. (2009)At last, we found some basic characteristics in Chinese kinship. Couple and child-parent are still the pivots in present urban China. Filial piety is undergoing many changes. For adult children, parents are important in instrumental supports. And siblings are hardly regarded as expected supporters.
Exploring Psychosocial Well-being and Social Connectedness in Northern UgandaHorn, Rebecca (World Bank, Washington, DC, 2014-04-16)This paper describes research conducted
as the first stage in the process of developing a structured
interview schedule to assess psychological distress,
empowerment, social connectedness, economic well-being, and
other variables among women in the Acholi region of Uganda.
An interview schedule was developed following a review of
the literature, individual interviews with women in northern
Uganda, and group discussions with community members,
members of women's groups, and community leaders.
Following initial testing of the entire interview schedule,
the reliability and validity of two sections-measures of
psychological distress and social connectedness, were
explored in more detail. Initial analysis suggests that both
are potentially useful with this population. However, the
measure of psychological distress did not distinguish
clearly between a group of women identified by a local
community-based organization (CBO) as showing signs of
psychological distress and a group of women showing no such
signs. Additional work is required to confirm the validity
of the psychological distress scale used. It was found that
psychological well-being was more closely associated with
the amount of social support a woman receives than with how
many social activities or groups she is involved with.
Involvement in groups may not, in itself, alleviate
psychological distress, but the practical and emotional
support provided by friends, neighbors, and relatives is
likely to have a positive effect. Some evidence was found
that there is a relationship between involvement in
religious activities and psychological well-being.
Psychological distress is often accompanied by poor physical
health. Although further research is required to clarify the
nature of these relationships, initial findings suggest that
organizations that aim to improve psychological well-being
would do well to address physical health problems as a
priority, and may wish to explore ways in which women
experiencing psychological distress could link with
A model for empowerment of families with mentally handicapped childrenMavundla, T.R. (Prof.); Kgole, Jermina Chuene (2010-09-15)The purpose of this study was to develop an empowerment model for families of mentally handicapped children in Moletši district in Limpopo Province. To achieve this purpose, the study consisted of four steps, namely exploring the meaning of empowerment in the context of families with mentally handicapped children; developing and describing a model for empowerment of such families; formulating guidelines for the implementation of the model, and evaluating the implementation of the model. A qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual theory-generative design was used. The population of the study was all families who had mentally handicapped children in Moletši district of the Polokwane and Aganang municipalities. Semi-structured interviews, assessment guides and case studies were conducted with the families to evaluate the effectiveness of the model and whether the families reached self-efficacy in the care, treatment and rehabilitation of their mentally handicapped children. Non-probability, purposive sampling was used in order to obtain relevant information from the correct participants. Concepts were identified and analysed, which led to the development of the model for empowerment of families with mentally handicapped children. The model was applied in practice, where the families’ problems were identified and planned for, and the plans were put into action by means of case studies, and monitoring and evaluation was done through observation, interviews, discussion and meetings.The results revealed that the families proved to be independent and reached self-efficacy in the care, treatment and rehabilitation of their mentally handicapped children. The model is a unique contribution to nursing education, research, administration and practice and sets guidelines for a new field in the practice of psychiatric nursing.