The Ethics of Intimate Examinations -- Teaching Tomorrow's Doctors
Education for Health Care Professionals
Health Care Programs for Women
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AbstractSummary points: It is not easy to balance ethical duties and educational requirements, particularly when ethical values change; The teaching of intimate examinations poses ethical problems for students and educators -- students need to learn, but patients must be protected; A survey of students in one medical school found that intimate examinations had been done by second and third year students in situations that they found disconcerting; It also found that a quarter of examinations in anaesthetised or sedated patients seem not to have adequate consent from patients; Action was taken to ensure that best practice was re-established.
BMJ: British Medical Journal 2003 January 11; 326(7380): 97-99