This is an online collection of more than 8'000 documents on ethics in the Chinese context, for a large part in Chinese. Originaly the collection was developped on the basis of documents written in or translated into Chinese. As first effort, documents were uploaded by Globethics.net in Hong Kong and Beijing, and collected by experts, including through the Globethics.net China regional programme at the Center for International Business Ethics in Beijing. Since 2018, the collection includes harvested documents on chinese ethics, including latest research done on that subject. Topics covered in the collection include bioethics, community ethics, cultural ethics, economic ethics, and environmental ethics, among other subjects.

Recent Submissions

  • 臺北市政府實施殯葬禮儀服務業評鑑之研究

    [[advisor]]孫本初; [[advisor]]Sun,Ben CH'u; [[author]]何姍靜; [[author]]Ho,Shan Ching; 何姍靜; Ho,Shan Ching (2008)
    碩士
  • An evaluation of unethical business practices in Australia's China inbound tourism market

    King, Brian; Dwyer, Larry; Prideaux, Bruce (John Wiley & Sons, 2006)
    This paper examines the prevalence of unethical practices within the business sector operating in the China to Australia tourism market. The range and nature of the practices is outlined in the context of the structure of outbound operations in China and inbound operations in Australia, taking account of the roles of the respective governments. The prospective impact of the practices on the growth of the market is evaluated. An estimation is provided of the potentially negative impacts of word-of-mouth recommendations on future China to Australia tourism flows.
  • Causes and Consequences of Corporate Assets Exchange by China’s Listed Companies

    WANG, Jiwei; Yuan, Hongqi (Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University, 2010-07-01)
    China’s listed companies often exchange corporate assets with their unlisted affiliates such as parent companies, which is rarely observed in their American counterparts. We find that listed companies which are incompletely restructured from former state-owned enterprises tend to exchange more profitable assets for less profitable assets (i.e., tunneling). However, when there is a need to avoid reporting losses and to raise additional capital, listed companies tend to exchange less profitable assets for more profitable assets (i.e., propping). We also find that the market reacts indifferently to assets exchange announcement. Finally, we find that assets exchange with tunneling (propping) incentive is associated with detrimental (improved) post-exchange stock performance and financial performance. In summary, this study contributes to the corporate assets literature by providing two new incentives (tunneling and propping).
  • Causes and Consequences of Corporate Assets Exchange by China’s Listed Companies

    WANG, Jiwei; Yuan, Hongqi (Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University, 2011-07-01)
    China’s listed companies often exchange corporate assets with their unlisted affiliates such as parent companies, which is rarely observed in their American counterparts. We find that listed companies which are incompletely restructured from former state-owned enterprises tend to exchange more profitable assets for less profitable assets (i.e., tunneling). However, when there is a need to avoid reporting losses and to raise additional capital, listed companies tend to exchange less profitable assets for more profitable assets (i.e., propping). We also find that the market reacts indifferently to assets exchange announcement. Finally, we find that assets exchange with tunneling (propping) incentive is associated with detrimental (improved) post-exchange stock performance and financial performance. In summary, this study contributes to the corporate assets literature by providing two new incentives (tunneling and propping).
  • Causes and Consequences of Corporate Assets Exchange by China’s Listed Companies

    WANG, Jiwei; Yuan, Hongqi (Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University, 2011-03-01)
    China’s listed companies often exchange corporate assets with their unlisted affiliates such as parent companies, which is rarely observed in their American counterparts. We find that listed companies which are incompletely restructured from former state-owned enterprises tend to exchange more profitable assets for less profitable assets (i.e., tunneling). However, when there is a need to avoid reporting losses and to raise additional capital, listed companies tend to exchange less profitable assets for more profitable assets (i.e., propping). We also find that the market reacts indifferently to assets exchange announcement. Finally, we find that assets exchange with tunneling (propping) incentive is associated with detrimental (improved) post-exchange stock performance and financial performance. In summary, this study contributes to the corporate assets literature by providing two new incentives (tunneling and propping).
  • Does Religion Matter to Owner-Manager Agency Costs? Evidence from China

    Xingqiang Du; 杜兴强 (Springer Netherlands, 2013-10-08)
    杜兴强教授,2001年毕业于厦门大学会计系,获博士学位,并留校任教,现为厦门大学会计系教授、博士生导师;2004年入选教育部首届新世纪优秀人才计划;2006、2010年先后获教育部霍英东高等院校青年教师基金、霍英东高等院校青年教师奖一等奖,兼任第十届全国青联委员、福建省青联常委。曾主持国家自然科学基金、社会科学基金项目多项;作为主要贡献者获得国家级教学成果二等奖、教育部人文社科优秀成果一等奖、福建省社会科学一等奖等。
  • 裏表紙・目次(英)

    専修大学商学研究所, 2006-03-20
  • 表紙・目次

    専修大学商学研究所, 2006-03-20
  • 環境と健康文化 : 新パラダイムにおける環境科学の転換期

    山本, 美由紀 (信州大学環境科学研究会, 2011-04-19)
  • 台灣現行醫療行銷之商業倫理探究

    哲學研究所碩士在職專班; 張廣赦; Kuang-She Chang (國立中央大學圖書館, 2007-12-28)
    [[abstract]]在醫療行銷的觀念下,行銷管理的目的在於提升民眾的醫療服務品質。良好的醫療服務品質品質包括了: 1.生活在高品質的醫療服務環境:民眾可以很方便地得到費用合理和精湛設備、技術及多樣化的優良的醫療服務品質。 2.生活在高品質的自然環境:在製造產品與提供服務的過程中,減少對自然環境的破壞與污染(醫療廢水、廢棄物)。 3.生活在高品質的文化環境:期盼企業獲得利潤後,提撥部分的盈餘贊助社會之公益活動及文化事業。 醫療機構院所及非醫療機構和其相關企業運用商業手法從事行銷是否恰當?而許多醫療行銷的資訊,出現誇大不實,違反公平、不符公共利益的倫理問題,是本文研究的重點。 在顧及國人健康福祉資訊需求下,適當保障業者之言論自由、出版自由,適度開放醫療行銷之限制,如預防保健、醫學新知、新科技醫療技術或儀器、新藥品、健康講座等行銷是有其必要,但同時杜絕誇大不實之行銷行為,亦應對其制約規範,要求自律。以期保障優質醫療機構院所及其相關企業並建立安全、健康的倫理道德生活和醫療服務與品質環境。 醫療行銷管制之目主要的在於規範醫療市場競爭秩序以及保護民眾權益,然而法制面管制僅是最低規範標準,如何使醫療院所在從事行銷時能自律且符合醫學及商業道德倫理是各界所應努力的方向,因此政府衛生主管機關如何能有效管理且讓醫療機構院所可以有適切之空間進行行銷,令民眾能獲得充份醫療知識資訊。是研究者期許之目標,本文研究者係以醫學倫理為起點,轉以商業倫理之觀點作評論醫療行銷,再針對醫療機構院所、政府及社會大眾三者提出以國際超級規範、區域性規範整合出台灣醫療行銷適合之制約規範指導原則,以建立台灣往後醫療行銷應有之醫學、商業倫理道德社會責任。 In the context of medical marketing, the purpose of marketing management is to improve the medical services which include living in the high service quality of medical environment, living in the high natural quality environment, and living in the high culture quality environment. This essay aims at questioning that is it right for hospital to have non-medical advertisement? Recnetly there are many hospitals using non-medical advertisement to attract more patients to have unnecessary medical treatments due to the over competition. Moreover, this essay suggests that Tawian needs more proper medical and non-medical marketing norms as guidelines to let those hospitals to follow. In order to do so, Stakeholder Theory and Integrate Social Contract Theory (ISCT) have been applied and several principles of medical and non-medical advertisement have been proposed as well.
  • 臺灣勞資倫理關係之社會文化脈絡初探

    黃秉德 (1993-03)
    [[abstract]]近二十年來台灣企業的經營管理者在勞資關係上遭遇到前所未有的困境。續多人怪罪於傳統工作倫理的喪失,其實只是一種較便利的歸因而已,並不能提供有效的策略思考。台灣社會變遷的歷程中,傳統中國文化的影響,並未因經濟發展而消失。經由勞資倫理關係中社會文化脈絡之分析可知,對立衝突的勞資關係,往往是勞資雙方未能滿足彼此的倫理期望所致。和諧的勞資關係事需要勞資雙方以倫理的實踐,來贏得勞資合作的基礎。尤其,資方往往在能力、資源、資訊上都較勞方有優勢,更易造成勞方或社會大眾對資方在雇主倫理的實踐上,有較高或較嚴格的期待。台灣企業的經營管理者,承攬父權的文化傳統,雖然持有大家長事的管理風格,只要仍能進雇主應有的照扶責任,合乎勞方期待,往往並未受到嚴重的對抗。然而繼勞基法頒布、戒嚴時期終止,勞資爭議迭起,在勞基法即將跨大適用產業之際,雇主與管理者應了解員工必將法律所規範的雇主責任是為合理的期望。優於法律的標準,被視為「有情」的表現;在雇主能力不及之處,尚能勉勵進雇主之責任,也可被視為雇主「有情」之表現。如此,雇主堆員工的「有情」表現,才能激發員工援引傳統的倫理觀念,跳離經濟交易的工具性雇傭關係,以忠誠「報」之。在產業結構調整之際,建議企業主應以法律規範的雇主倫理範圍,納入成本的預算。同時,若能順應傳統對於大家長倫理的期待,超越法律所定的標準之上,必然將獲得員工以「情」來對待,反而使企業獲得順利調整的彈性,如:與聯福、福昌同業的新光、中紡,得以成功的關廠與業務移轉。 企業人力資源管理必須要抓緊產業環境的脈動,做出具前瞻性的預應(proactive)措施。企業管理者除了有應注意經濟與政治環境的變動外,同時應保持社會文化變遷的敏感度,才能在企業人力資源的取得、運用、維持、發展與流通方面做適當的策略選擇。
  • 提升台灣競爭力---1999企業倫理之教育、研究及發展研討會

    中央大學統計研究所; 王丕承; 林月雲 (行政院國家科學委員會, 1999-09-01)
    [[abstract]]研究期間 8709 ~ 8805
  • 公司政治與企業倫理-台灣地區管理者之公司政治與倫理傾向之實證研究

    企業管理學系暨國際企業研究所; 蔡明田 (1996)
    計畫編號:NSC85-2416-H006-008
  • A Confucian approach to developing ethical self-regulation in management

    Toombs, Leslie; Woods, Peter R; Lamond, David (Academy of Management, 2010)
  • 企業倫理規範之研究--以銀行業為例

    [[advisor]]張美燕; [[advisor]]Chung, May-Yein; [[other]]東海大學管理研究所; 曾致誠; Tseng, Chih-Cheng (1997)
    [[abstract]]ffff
  • Guanxi - social networking in China

    Köberl, Ulrike (2008)
    Ziel dieser Diplomarbeit ist es, den Einfluss den das besondere Beziehungssystem namens Guanxi auf die Chinesische Wirtschaft und deren Entwicklung ausübt, anhand einer ausführlichen Literaturrecherche und Metastudie zu analysieren.
 Guanxi, welches oft als Erbe Konfuzius und dessen Lehren angesehen wird, ist tief eingesessen in der Chinesischen Gesellschaft und übt nach wie vor seinen Einfluss auf Menschen und deren Handlungsweisen aus, nicht nur in der Volksrepublik Chinas sondern auch in der Republik China (Taiwan), Singapur, Hongkong und in ähnlicher Form in Korea und Japan.
 Andererseits wird Guanxi auch oft als Resultat zahlreicher Revolten, vor allem der Kulturrevolution (1966-1976), und der folgenden politischen und sozialen Unruhen angesehen, sowie auf ein fehlendes oder lückenhaften Rechtsystems und auf dessen mangelhafte Durchsetzung zurückgeführt 
 Die Entwicklung einer marktwirtschaftlich orientierten Gesellschaft unter Kommunistischem Regmime und die daraus resultierenden Schwierigkeiten mit Unterdrückung beziehungsweise Bevorzugung diverser Gruppen und Schichten, scheint die offensichtlichen und häufig gezogenen Verbindung zwischen Guanxi und Korruption verstärkt zu haben.
 Des Weiteren ist der staatliche Einfluss in teilprivatisierten Unternehmen ein häufiger Konfliktpunkt, da aus diesen oft mit Hilfe unübersichtlicher Konzerbildung und undurchsichtigen Managementpraktiken Ressourcen in privaten Taschen anstatt bei den Aktionären landen.
 Guanxi, dessen Anwendung meist als eine der essentiellsten Eigenschaften eines erfolgreichen Geschäftsmannes in China angesehen wird, weist neben Vorteilen wie z.B. der Reduktion von Transaktionskosten vor allem durch Minimierung opportunistischen Verhaltens und erleichtertem Zugang zu Ressourcen und folglich Wettbewerbsvorteilen auch zahlreiche Nachteile auf. Diese spiegeln sich vor allem im erhöhten Zeitaufwand wider sowie in der Risikoreichhaltigkeit dieser Strategie. Vor allem muss aber der negative Einfluss auf die Entwicklung der Wirtschaft und die Schaffung eines unfairen und ineffektiven Marktwettbewerbs bedacht werden, welcher Einigen Vorteile aufgrund Ihrer Beziehungen verschafft, die nicht mit Leistung und Konkurrenzfähigkeit im Einklang stehen.
 
 Die Analyse der unterschiedlichen Bedeutung von Guanxi in Taiwan und Singapur zeigt, dass negative Auswirkungen stark von gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen abhängen und insbesondere durch staatliche Kontroll –und – Sanktionsmechanismen weitgehend verhindert werden können.
 Mit der Entwicklung der chinesischen Wirtschaft sowie des Rechtsystems und dessen Durchsetzung und einem steigenden Lebensstandard, scheint Guanxi zumindest teilweise an Bedeutung zu verlieren, wobei Elemente der Konkurrenzfähigkeit wie Qualität und Preis zunehmend wichtiger werden, wenngleich Guanxi noch immer als ein wichtiger und nicht vernachlässigbarer Aspekt der Chinesischen Geschäftswelt anzusehen ist.
  • Winning Corporate Reputation Strategies: Lessons from Asia Pacific

    CHONG, Mark; Montesano, Jin (Institutional Knowledge at Singapore Management University, 2012-01-01)
    As Asian businesses become more financially material to global revenue streams, business leaders in the region are under increasing pressure to deliver consistent, outstanding performance. Failure to successfully navigate the often opaque policy, regulatory, and political complexities in the region may slow down -- or even derail -- corporate growth plans. From this vantage point, an understanding of the local business environment is not only a competitive advantage, but critical to corporate sustainability. This is the first book to examine and highlight effective corporate public affairs strategies that have played a key role in addressing business issues in this dynamic and fast-changing region. Comprising seven succinct case studies -- as well as two essays that shed light on the unique corporate public affairs landscape in the continent's two most important economies, China and India, respectively -- this thought-provoking compendium features contributions from senior practitioners and academics living and working in Asia Pacific.

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