Globethics.net Climate ethics collection is focusing on the gathering of latest scientific and journalistic documentation available on the ethical and theoretical framework around climate change regulation and ethics, including the problematic tendency toward "climate deregulation", i. e. mesures taken to scale back climate mitigation standards. Globethics.net Library provides updated research papers showing the promises of progress, and good will as well as the concrete risks of regressus, inherent to this intergenerational problem and moral dilemma. The whole collection has been updated as of February 2018.

Recent Submissions

  • [News Script: International news]

    WBAP-TV (Television station : Fort Worth, Tex.) (1973-03-29)
    Script from the WBAP-TV/NBC station in Fort Worth, Texas, covering international news stories in Memphis, Vatican City, Dublin, and Washington D. C.
  • Ètica ecològica i ecofeminisme : examinant les propostes d'Alicia Puleo, Vandana Shiva i Jorge Riechmann

    Tafalla González, Marta,; Moreno Marín, Ana; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Facultat de Filosofia i Lletres (2020)
    Premi UAB de la Fundació Autònoma Solidària (FAS) als millors Treballs de Fi de Grau sobre desenvolupament sostenible i justícia global. 4a Edició, curs 2019/2020
  • Pour une éthique pragmatiste des changements climatiques : la question spécifique de l’adaptation

    Létourneau, Alain; Brodeur, Jacques; Voisard, Anthony (Université de Sherbrooke, 2021)
    Nous proposons les bases d'une conceptualisation pragmatiste de l'éthique du climat. Nous examinons en particulier les dimensions éthiques de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques. Nous soutenons que l'un des principaux atouts d'une éthique de l'environnement pragmatiste réside dans sa capacité à amener la discussion morale sur le terrain de l’argumentation située. Selon nous, le pragmatisme environnemental représente une posture pluraliste permettant de mieux concilier, d’une part, les préoccupations généralement anthropocentrées et interdisciplinaires des discours en éthique du climat, et d’autre part, les développements de la pensée écologique en éthique environnementale. La perspective empirique et expérimentale dans laquelle s’inscrit le pragmatisme environnemental nous amène ensuite à enrichir notre conceptualisation par une analyse qualitative des récents développements de la notion « éthique » dans les rapports du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC). Nous soutenons que la réflexion sur la portée éthique (p. ex. les questions de justice et de valeurs liées aux opportunités, contraintes et limites de l’adaptation) favorise dans ces rapports la mise en lumière des jugements évaluatifs, qu'ils soient explicites ou implicites, relevant de la discussion politique sur les changements climatiques. Nous croyons toutefois que les enjeux éthiques de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques demeurent trop peu mis en évidence et constituent des points aveugles de cette documentation. Accorder une plus grande place à la réflexion éthique permettrait de mieux outiller les décideurs politiques à qui s’adressent, parmi d’autres, ces rapports portant sur l’état des connaissances relatives aux changements climatiques.
  • Pro-attitudinal advocacy, depolarization, and communicative intentions: The role of self-persuasion

    Abeywickrama, Ravini Savindya (2021-05-31)
    © 2020 Ravini Savindya Abeywickrama
  • "So richtig wie möglich leben": Vier Studien über radikale europäische Humanistinnen und Humanisten aus dem zwanzigsten Jahrhundert

    Schäfer, Torsten (DEUMainz, 2021-05-26)
    Es wird die philosophische Frage nach dem richtigeren Leben aus ökologischer Perspektive gestellt. Sie wird mit Hilfe der Kritischen Theoretiker, Simone de Beauvoir und Jean-Paul Sartre, Erich Fromm und Ernst Bloch beantwortet.
  • Pope Benedict XVI: Environmentalism, Relativism, and Catholic Post-Modernity

    Schopf, Sue; McKanan, Daniel; Biles, Courtney Leigh (2021-05-10)
    This thesis seeks to shed light on the Catholic response to the environmental crisis by analysing the corpus of works belonging to Joseph Ratzinger, now retired Pope Benedict XVI. This study examines Benedict's worldview and investigates the influence that his issue with relativism has on his environmental views. To better understand Benedict's environmental position we must examine his response to other problems in the modern world and realise their interconnection. The hypothesis of this investigation is that, for Benedict, the environmental crisis is a tangible manifestation of a much larger, more intangible problem: relativism.
 The four questions that this thesis will answer are: first, how do Catholic social teachings on the environment shape Benedict's environmentalism? Second, how does his personal, intellectual, and academic worldview influence his issue with relativism? Third, how does relativism affect his environmental position? Fourth, has his unique environmentalism had an influence on the environmental views of U.S. Catholics?
 This thesis interprets the numerous academic, theological, and bibliographical works published before and during his election as pope and establishes the institutional context through secondary biographical and historical writings on the subject. The material drawn from Benedict's writings, over a century of Catholic environmental teaching, and other critical writings all support the finding that Benedict's anti-relativism influences his environmental views.
 The pre-papal investigation follows the progress of Benedict's issue with relativism and the development of his environmental views, yet the culmination of this analysis materialises in one particular work promulgated during his papacy titled, "If You Want to Cultivate Peace, Protect Creation" (2010). It argues that, in the absence of absolute truth, not only has morality been relativised, but also human rights and human dignity, which Benedict deems to be universal truths. He always places human dignity at the centre of all social justice issues and believes that the environmental crisis poses a serious threat to human rights. He encourages a "human ecology," which binds environmental protection to the safeguarding of human dignity.
 This message embodies Benedict's unique environmentalism, as it rejects the relativising of human rights and dignity and requires accountability for the consequences of the environmental crisis. This thesis concludes that Benedict's anthropocentrism has the strongest influence on his issues with relativism and the environmental crisis and that his environmentalism puts into practice his theoretical objections to relativism.
 As a religious leader Benedict is one of the most important thinkers addressing and responding to the environmental crisis. The close analysis of his works illuminates how Catholic thought might be adapted to address this issue; it may also contain insight into how the issue can be re-framed in a way that could break down barriers and promote mutual understanding between religious and non-religious persons.
  • Beliefs and their Byproducts: The Impact of Religiosity and Political Ideology on Attitudes Toward COVID-19, Vaccines, and Climate Change

    Goodrich, Philip (Chapman University Digital Commons, 2021-05-01)
    Several studies have indicated that an individual’s level of religiosity impacts their views toward science and scientific phenomena. Moreover, research shows that these views can also be impacted by an individual's political affiliation and ideology. In this research paper, I examine the relationship between one’s religiosity and political ideology and their attitude toward the novel corona virus (COVID-19), vaccines, and climate change. Using data from the 2021 Chapman University Survey of American Fears, I find that while religiosity plays a role in one’s attitudes toward these three scientific phenomena, the greatest correlation stems from one’s political ideology. In other words, this study shows that when evaluating one’s outlook on COVID-19, vaccines, and climate change, an individual’s political views serve as a more substantial indicator of one’s perspective than religiosity. Tackling COVID-19, combating climate change, and convincing the public of vaccine safety and efficacy is of the utmost importance. These issues cannot be properly addressed if leaders, governments, and organizations do not understand the viewpoints of the general public. The conclusions of this research will allow these stakeholders, along with society as a whole, to gain a better grasp of the audiences in which they are dealing with as well as an enhanced awareness of why different individuals adopt certain attitudes toward scientific issues.
  • Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa: Future Trajectories for Improved Well-Being under a Changing Climate

    Speranza, Chinwe Ifejika; Tengö, Maria; Spear, Dian; Shackleton, Sheona; Hebinck, Paul; Masterson, Vanessa (MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-11)
    This book is based on a Special Issue of the journal LAND that draws together a collection of 11 diverse articles at the nexus of climate change, landscapes, and livelihoods in rural Africa; all explore the links between livelihood and landscape change, including shifts in farming practices and natural resource use and management. The articles, which are all place-based case studies across nine African countries, cover three not necessarily mutually exclusive thematic areas, namely: smallholder farming livelihoods under new climate risk (five articles); long-term dynamics of livelihoods and landscape change and future trajectories (two articles); and natural resource management and governance under a changing climate, spanning forests, woodlands, and rangelands (four articles). The commonalities, key messages, and research gaps across the 11 articles are presented in a synthesis article. All the case studies pointed to the need for an integrated and in-depth understanding of the multiple drivers of landscape and livelihood change and how these interact with local histories, knowledge systems, cultures, complexities, and lived realities. Moreover, where there are interventions (such as new governance systems, REDD+ or climate smart agriculture), it is critical to interrogate what is required to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of emerging benefits.
  • Law School News: The View From The Statehouse 04-27-2021

    Bowden, Michael M. (DOCS@RWU, 2021-04-27)
  • Etická výchova a zážitková pedagogika v adaptačním programu

    Hanková, Zdeňka; Richterová, Magdalena; Matulová, Jaroslava (Univerzita Karlova, Pedagogická fakulta, 2017-06-01)
    Katedra pedagogiky
  • Ethical Adaptation to Sea Level Rise: The Planner’s Perspective

    Wedin, Anna (KTH, FilosofiStockholm, 2021)
    This thesis addresses local adaptation to climate change-induced sea level rise, taking an ethical perspective and focusing at the role of planning and the planner. The research, which has been conducted within a transdisciplinary research project, takes a bottom-up approach to applied ethics, and relies to a great extent on empirical data. In doing this, it contributes to the growing field of ethics of climate change adaptation, with results that can be of interest to both ethicists and planners. The thesis consists of an introductory chapter and three articles.  Article 1: Departing from an interview study with planners working with adaptation to sea level rise in Sweden, a typology of ethical issues is presented. It is shown that planners have to deal with input-oriented, process-oriented, and outcome-oriented ethical issues, and that knowledge of these can contribute to ethical adaptation policy.  Article 2: A method building on Value Sensitive Design (VSD) and scenario planning is developed and applied to address the challenge of integrating ethics when planning for uncertainty over long time- horizons, in the context of adaptation to sea level rise. The method consists of three steps for scenario development and three steps for value investigations. The application resulted in insights on aspects important for an ethical long-term adaptation to sea-level rise.  Article 3: Responsibility of adaptation to sea level rise is often assigned to local planners. But what does it mean to be responsible? Departing from the idea of professional virtues, three codes of ethics for planners are analysed to extract aspirational characteristics for planners. The identified virtues are put in relation to central challenges of adaptation, where five virtues stand out as central to the understanding of what it means to be responsible in adaptation to sea level rise. 
  • From "global warming" to "climate change": ethical-political veiling and unveiling

    Palacio, Marta Inés; Buteler, María José (Universidad de Alcalá, 2021-05-13)
    Este trabajo se posiciona en el paradigma interdisciplinario de las humanidades ambientales desde el que problematiza críticamente el concepto de “cambio climático” con que el discurso social designa a los fenómenos ambientales extremos experimentados en las últimas décadas por el “calentamiento global” de la Tierra. A partir del método crítico-hermenéutico se pone al descubierto los núcleos conceptuales de la construcción argumentativa de los ideologemas enmascarados tras ciertas expresiones lingüísticas, con la intención de neutralizar, minimizar o eliminar la responsabilidad ética y política sobre los desequilibrios ambientales. El texto se posiciona en la crítica humanista ambientalista, que recupera el valor de las emociones y afectos en la génesis de nuestras ideas y conocimiento, así como ciertas tesis del neomaterialismo sobre la agencia de la materia y su capacidad de autorregulación. A partir de tomar como eje el concepto de “antropoceno”, el artículo cuestiona los binarismos humano/no-humano, materia/espíritu, naturaleza/cultura, y postula lo natural dentro de la historia humana o geohistoria.
 El texto profundiza la función crítica y creativa, asumida por la literatura de clima ficción, que a través de la narrativa presenta los riesgos ambientales causados por la acción humana con el fin de sacudir el aletargamiento de la conciencia frente a la crisis climática. Los relatos climáticos ficcionales son cercanos al propio presente, provocando identificaciones afectivas con las situaciones narradas y reacciones emocionales. Promueven una conciencia crítica sobre los modos antrópicos destructivos sobre el ambiente, al mismo tiempo que impulsan la toma de decisiones éticas y políticas para cambiarlos.
  • Využití etické výchovy ve školní družině

    Kohnová, Jana; Syřiště, Ivo; Affašová, Emilie (Univerzita Karlova, Pedagogická fakulta, 2017-10-25)
    Katedra pedagogiky
  • A philosopher’s guide to discounting

    Mintz-Woo, Kian (Oxford University Press, 2021-04)
    This chapter introduces several distinctions relevant to what is called the “discounting problem”, since the issue is how (future) costs and benefits are discounted to make them comparable in present terms. The author defends the claim that there are good reasons to adopt Ramsey-style discounting in the context of climate change: the Ramsey rule is robust, flexible, and well-understood. An important distinction involved in discounting—“descriptivism” and “prescriptivism”—is discussed. It is argued that, even if we adopt prescriptivism, and accept that this means there is need for moral experts in parameter assignments, there is a significant issue. The type of moral expertise required for the discounting problem will not involve knowledge of moral theory—thus making moral philosophy unhelpful in terms of making particular parameter assignments, despite these being substantive moral judgments.
  • A philosopher’s guide to discounting

    Mintz-Woo, Kian (Oxford University Press, 2021-05-17)
    This chapter introduces several distinctions relevant to what is called the “discounting problem”, since the issue is how (future) costs and benefits are discounted to make them comparable in present terms. The author defends the claim that there are good reasons to adopt Ramsey-style discounting in the context of climate change: the Ramsey rule is robust, flexible, and well-understood. An important distinction involved in discounting—“descriptivism” and “prescriptivism”—is discussed. It is argued that, even if we adopt prescriptivism, and accept that this means there is need for moral experts in parameter assignments, there is a significant issue. The type of moral expertise required for the discounting problem will not involve knowledge of moral theory—thus making moral philosophy unhelpful in terms of making particular parameter assignments, despite these being substantive moral judgments.
  • O Justice, Where Art Thou? Developing a New Take on Climate Justice

    von Lucke, Franziskus (Universität Tübingen, 2017-06-30)
    Since the beginning of the political debates in the 1980s, questions of justice have been at the core of the quest to find a political solution to global climate change. The literature has thus far identified a number of key justice dilemmas, central questions and justice principles. However, apart from a few exceptions in the ‘non-ideal theory’ strand, the majority of scholars has focused on the philosophical and theoretical level, making it difficult to transfer their ideas to the actual political struggles on the ground. The aim of this working paper is thus a twofold one. Firstly, it maps and discusses the most influential climate justice positions that the literature has developed so far. Secondly, it introduces three conceptions of justice, namely non-domination, impartiality, and mutual recognition, that are more attuned to the political struggles around climate change. The main objective is to discuss how they relate to the existing climate justice positions and to sketch out new ways of thinking about climate justice that allow us to critically examine the policies and behaviour of key actors in the international negotiations on climate change.
  • Hanging on to hope in troubled times. Ethics of care as foundation for pedagogies of relationality

    Ritchie, Jenny (School of Education, AUT University, 2015-03-11)
    As a multiplicity of environmental concerns emerge with increasing frequency and intensity,our awareness of the seriousness of the climate crisis deepens.On a daily basis as we witness the increasingly devastating effects of cyclones, droughts, huge floods and bushfires, along with ocean acidification, ozone depletion, freshwater shortages, species habitat destruction and extinction, chemical pollution, resource depletion, and earthquakes; the repercussion of which are exacerbating the impact on communities of the inequity of resource distribution, poverty, and war.
 
 Our reaction to this overwhelming onslaught might be to retreat into our supposedly safe domain as early childhood education practitioners and academics, feel a sense of powerlessness, dismissing these 'matters of concern' (Latour, 2004).
 
 Drawing from recent research, this paper focuses on pedagogical strategies to strengthen our relationality as global citizens, in both human and more-than -human realms. These strategies are founded in an ethic of care along with Maori concepts such as arohatanga, kaitiakitanga, manaakitanga and wairuatanga.
  • Využití prvků dramatické výchovy při výuce etické výchovy a při práci ve školní družině

    Hanková, Zdeňka; Duschinská, Karolina; Boudová, Dita (Univerzita Karlova, Pedagogická fakulta, 2017-05-26)
    Katedra pedagogiky
  • Children on the Move: The Health of Refugee, Immigrant and Displaced Children

    Oberg, Charles (MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-11)
    This Special Issue of Children will focus on the migration arc of children from their country of origin through the experience in refugee camps and, finally, to their arrival in in a new home. It will examine the impact experiencing migration as refugees, immigrants or those internally displaced due to war and conflict has on children’s health. Explored topics include adverse health conditions, trauma and mental health, best practice and care coordination. It explores specific populations, such as children with disabilities, unaccompanied minors and child separation at international borders. This Special Issue also includes an examination of new clinical guidelines, the development of new care systems and advocacy for new policies. It also provides a summary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child’s specific mandate to provide for the most vulnerable children in need.
  • Sacramental Theology: Theory and Practice from Multiple Perspectives: Theory and Practice from Multiple Perspectives

    Morrill, Bruce (MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-02-12)
    Throughout the second half of the twentieth century, sacramental theology has evolved as a discipline advancing comprehensive theories of sacraments and sacramentality as integral to the Christian faith while also studying the history and theology of the particular rites. Now, in the twenty-first century, the need for attention to the actual performance and specific social settings of sacramental worship has become well established. This makes the work of sacramental theology necessarily engaged with multiple, cross-disciplinary theories attentive to particular contexts, whether local, national, or global. Still, the divine human encounter at the heart of Christian symbol and ritual likewise beckons to philosophical–theological reflection. The essays in this volume begin with profound philosophical perspectives on the personal and communal sacramental experience, expanding from traditional cosmology to evolutionary and chaos theories of our planetary existence, continuing with shifts, especially among youth, to interreligious and non-institutional perspectives, consideration of change in popular notions of guilt, and social–ethical issues in relation to liturgical theology and practice, so as finally to return to fundamental theological reflection on human sacramentality and divine revelation.

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