Globethics Climate ethics collection is focusing on the gathering of latest scientific and journalistic documentation available on the ethical and theoretical framework around climate change regulation and ethics, including the problematic tendency toward "climate deregulation", i. e. measures taken to scale back climate mitigation standards. Globethics Library provides updated research papers showing the promises of progress, and good will as well as the concrete risks of regressus, inherent to this intergenerational problem and moral dilemma.

Recent Submissions

  • Die Corona-Pandemie – eine Katastrophe mit Sprengkraft

    Dörre, Klaus (2020-06)
    Die Corona-Pandemie ist eine medizinische Katastrophe, die sich auf eigentümliche Weise mit einer epochalen ökonomisch-ökologischen Zangenkrise verbindet – so lautet die Kernthese des Beitrages. COVID-19 wird als „äußerer Stoß“ definiert, dem eine tiefe Rezession folgt. Sieht man von der natürlichen Virenmutation ab, lassen sich Pandemie, Rezession und Zangenkrise als unterscheidbare Repulsionen einer Hyperglobalisierung verstehen, die sukzessive ihre eigenen Voraussetzungen untergräbt. Ohne den Finanzcrash von 2007 bis 2009, das politische Interregnum der Nachkrisenjahre und die Tendenz zu bonapartistischen Demokratien lässt sich die neuerliche Zäsur nicht begreifen. Spontan führt die Corona-Krise keineswegs zu einem „build back better“. Der Staat des Ausnahmezustands ist zu solchen Weichenstellungen kaum in der Lage. Stattdessen wächst die Gefahr, dass harte Verteilungskämpfe, zunehmende Ungleichheit und Entsolidarisierung eine Nachhaltigkeitswende zusätzlich erschweren.
  • Hope for Climate Justice in Labour Law in Quebec

    Parent, Sébastien (Revue de droit comparé du travail et de la sécurité socialeCentre de droit comparé du travail et de la sécurité sociale, 2024-02-07)
    In the context of climate change litigation, the Quebec Court of Appeal in the Environnement Jeunesse case identifies major obstacles to the mobilization of human rights and international law against the State. However, these legal instruments in labour law jurisprudence show that this field paves the way for climate litigation against companies.
  • Rapport introductif « La lutte contre le réchauffement climatique après l’Accord de Paris : quelles perspectives ? »

    Yves Petit
    It was impossible for the Paris Climate Conference (COP 21) to fail as the climate warms up rapidly. Indeed, the Conference of Parties (COP) adopted the agreement with jubilation. This moment will live on in the memories of the participants. An innovative treaty, the Paris Agreement introduces a new technique to fight against climate change as well as a new combat logic. The innovations concerning the fight against global warming are bringing about evolutions in both treaty and environmental law. The Paris Agreement is of great architectural and normative complexity. In particular, it increases the scope of several principles of environmental law. For example, it is the first time that a universal multilateral agreement contains the concept of climate justice. Adopting a new logic of combating global warming, allows the Paris Agreement to highlight its specific dimensions. It can be considered as both a global agreement to renew our ambition of climate protection, while also being a dynamic agreement that reinforces this common climate ambition, to achieve our goal of limiting global warming to no more than 2 ° C.
  • Les Accords de Cancún face aux enjeux des négociations internationales sur le climat

    René Audet; Patrick Bonin (Éditions en environnement VertigO, 2010-12-01)
    The sixteenth Conference of the Parties (COP16) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ended on December 11, 2010, on a positive note, as the Cancún Accords were adopted. In order to evaluate the results of COP16, this paper will take on the double task of examining the main issues at stake in the climate negotiations, and of considering the Cancún Accords in light of those issues. The issues are : the future of the multilateral process, the problem of climate injustice, and the uncertainty regarding the legal architecture of the forthcoming climate treaty. This analysis of the Cancún Accords reveals a paradox that the next COP will have to confront at the end of 2011.
  • The Loss and Damage fund: An investigation of discourse and power under the UNFCCC

    Östlin, Olivia (Lunds universitet/Graduate School, 2024)
    At the international climate negotiations at COP27, parties reached the historic agreement to establish a fund to provide assistance to countries in responding to costs associated with climate change, the loss and damage fund. The decision is a result of many years of struggle for the recognition of loss and damage under the UNFCCC which have long been opposed by post-industrial countries. This thesis aims to explore the discourses shaping this decision and identify where current struggles lie, examine the G77's strategies in these negotiations, and to investigate whether the decision outcome on loss and damage funding at COP27 challenge power structures in international climate negotiations under the UNFCCC. To investigate these questions, the thesis employs Fairclough’s framework for critical discourse analysis. The results indicate a divide in discourses between pre-industrial and post-industrial countries regarding loss and damage financing, leading to struggles over the issue's nature, urgency, and how the issue should be addressed. The thesis further identifies three discursive strategies employed by the G77 to overcome these struggles. While the pre-industrial coalition obtained an agreement to establish the fund, they encountered challenges in integrating their perspectives on liability and compensation.
  • Protection internationale du climat et souveraineté étatique

    Agnès Michelot
    The role of State sovereignty in the development of international climate regime seems unavoidable because it is inherent to modern international law. International environmental law, on the other hand, relies on State sovereignty principle to develop its own objectives. No matter how fragile or weak international law appears in its current climate protection endeavours, it is still generally relevant. The real question is whether the present climate crisis does or could alter the principle of State sovereignty (ie., its definition, implementation, perspectives ). And could we consider that the concept of State sovereignty enhances or, on the contrary, mitigates the climate protection?
  • Sürdürülebilir Bir Turizm İçin İklim Değişimi Bilinci ve Çevre Duyarlılığı Araştırması; Atatürk Üniversitesi Örneği

    Beyza Hatırnaz; Ali İskender (Van Yuzuncu Yıl University, 2023-10-01)
    İçinde yaşadığımız Antroposen çağ dünya üzerinde insan etkilerinin en çok görüldüğü buna bağlı olarak da çevre sorunları başta olmak üzere insanlığı ilgilendiren tüm alanlardaki sorunların küresel bir karaktere büründüğü dönemi ifade etmektedir. İnsanlık olarak dünyayı algılama, ona davranma biçimimiz yaşadığımız hayatın niteliğini belirlemekte ve içinde bulunduğumuz ekonomik sistem içerisindeki tüm sektörleri etkilemekte ve ondan etkilenmektedir. Çevresel bozulmaya bağlı ortaya çıkan sorunlardan en çok etkilenen ve sunulan ürün ve hizmet bağlamında doğayı en çok etkileyen sektörlerden biri olarak turizme yön verecek kişilerin mevcut sorunları algılama ve bu sorunlara hassasiyet gösterebilme durumları turizmin sürdürülebilirliğini direkt etkileyecek önemli mevzulardandır. Bu bağlamda araştırma kapsamında Atatürk Üniversitesi’nde eğitim gören turizm fakültesi öğrencilerinin iklim değişimi algıları ve çevre duyarlılıkları ortaya koyulmaya ve mevcut durum yorumlanmaya çalışılmıştır. Araştırma neticesinde genel olarak öğrencilerin, özel olarak ise kadın öğrencilerin iklim değişimine yönelik algılarının ve çevre duyarlılıklarının yüksek olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Araştırma konuyu sektörün sürdürülebilirliği ve ekolojik etik bağlamında yorumlaması açısından önem arz etmekte ve sürdürülebilir ve ekolojik düşünme biçimlerinin benimsetilmesi vurgusuyla farklılaşmaktadır.
  • Les théories de la gouvernance. Pluralité de discours et enjeux éthiques

    Alain Létourneau
    Reflexion on the governance topic and the different uses of that term are going forward in the field of environmental issues and practices. Since that topic is very popular, we suppose it can only grow in the upcoming years. Considering it might be too soon to produce at this time a typology of governance theories or a too strict conceptualisation of the notion, we aim here instead at identifying the different ways in which this term is used in a plurality of discourses and how it probably goes with a plurality of meanings. We are at the starting point of field studies on governance practices; it seems more interesting now to focus on how the concept actually works in practice, instead of trying to build a unifying model from the theoretical point of view. A purely theoretical endeavour would probably miss the various ways by which actors find and give meaning to the uses of the governance concept. We also would like to reflect on the effects produced by uses of governance and what are the ethical issues that are raised by these uses.
  • Nouvelles convergences entre éthique environnementale et éthique animale : vers une éthique climatique non anthropocentriste

    Michel Bourban ; Lisa Broussois  (Éditions en environnement VertigO, 2020-04-01)
    This article investigates new convergences between animal ethics and environmental ethics by focusing on the effects as well as the causes of climate change. Its main objective is to show how a non-anthropocentric approach to climate ethics can increase the potential of collaboration between animal ethics theorists and environmental ethics theorists. It develops an approach that explains how animal ethics, environmental ethics and climate ethics can converge at the theoretical level on the common problem of livestock farming. Then it explains how, from a practical point of view, the vegetarian and vegan diet as well as the vegan lifestyle can be a solution to this common problem. Finally, it replies to major objections in order to develop arguments in favour of a duty not to consume animal products.
  • Seeking refuge? The potential of urban climate shelters to address intersecting vulnerabilities

    Amorim-Maia, Ana T; Anguelovski, Isabelle; Connolly, James; Chu, Eric (eScholarship, University of California, 2023-10-01)
    Climate shelters are critical urban infrastructures to support adaptation to extreme weather. They offer spaces – e.g., parks, libraries, and civic centers – where residents can take refuge during episodes of extreme temperatures. With over 200 public spaces designated as “Climate Shelters”, Barcelona (Spain) serves as an emblematic example of whether these emerging spaces are meeting the needs, expectations, and everyday experiences of the most vulnerable residents. By applying an intersectional climate justice perspective and mixed-method approaches rooted in a survey of a particularly climate-exposed working-class neighborhood (La Prosperitat), we found that the intersecting vulnerabilities of marginalized populations remain poorly addressed, largely due to differences in access to coping mechanisms that overlap with intersecting social positions, exacerbating vulnerability to climate risks. We also found that housing inadequacy and energy poverty experienced by low-income residents and those originally from Global South countries made them the most affected and least able to cope with extreme temperatures. Women were also more affected by climate impacts and more concerned about current and future risks. We argue that unequal lived experiences of thermal (dis)comforts inform heat and cold inequalities, which, in turn, are attributed to intersecting social positions and structural vulnerabilities. These uneven lived experiences shape – and are reshaped by – limited adaptive capacity, culturally inappropriate approaches, and insufficiently inclusive public spaces, thus complicating an equity-driven provision of refuge infrastructures. Results call for developing refuge infrastructures that address the intersecting social and climate needs of residents who need them the most.
  • L’espoir d’une justice climatique en droit du travail au Québec

    Parent, Sébastien (Revue de droit comparé du travail et de la sécurité socialeCentre de droit comparé du travail et de la sécurité sociale, 2024-01-30)
    Dans le sillage des actions climatiques, la Cour d’appel du Québec identifie, dans l’affaire Environnement Jeunesse, des blocages majeurs de l’opposition des droits de l’homme et du droit international à l’inaction de l’État. Pourtant, ces normes fondamentales dans les litiges en droit du travail représentent une voie de passage pour les actions climatiques dirigées contre les entreprises.
  • Comentário ao texto 'Nações, Gerações e justiça climática' de Axel Gosseries

    Colen, J. A. (Universidade do Minho. Centro de Estudos Humanísticos (CEHUM), 2014)
    Uma teoria da justiça intergeracional deve considerar que embora a conservação
 exija recursos, estes não são da mesma natureza e dimensão que os
 requeridos pela sua criação. A cultura musical dos alemães, ou individualmente
 uma composição de Mozart, e.g., implicam um investimento secular
 e em vidas, mas também em bens materiais e lazer, que não é da mesma
 natureza nem volume que o investimento que exige hoje a sua difusão –
 no limite a reprodução de um DVD. A mesma dificuldade se levanta em
 relação à educação, mesmo no sentido mais restrito da instrução escolar.
 Ou, num tom mais clássico podemos lembrar a metáfora da flauta que não
 deixou de ser usada de Platão a Amartya Sen. A flauta tem um componente
 material em madeira, exaurível, e uma ideia de flauta, que pode ser reproduzida
 ad infinitum. Uma teoria da justiça que ignore um dos componentes
 é necessariamente incompleta. Talvez o “estado estacionário” seja uma
 experiência mental tão pouco adequada como a de um progresso indefinido.
 Estes bens “imaterais”, tal como os bens cujo consumo públicos ou
 não-rivais podem e devem, em nossa opinião ser tratados numa contabilidade
 intergeracional, seguindo a mesma linha das propostas que, desde
 Samuelson e.g., tentaram corrigir a contabilidade nacional com recurso a
 melhores indicadores como o Bem Estar Líquido ou outros semelhantes.
 Talvez seja impraticável manter de forma constante e consistente numa
 estatística tais indicadores, mas não deve ser impossível usá-los para nos
 ajudar a pensar os problemas.
  • Media and climate justice: what space for alternative discourses?

    Carvalho, Anabela (2018)
    Preprint version of book chapter - To appear in: K.-K Bhavnani, J. Foran, P. A. Kurian & D. Munshi
 (eds) Climate Futures: Re-imagining Global Climate Justice, University of California Press
  • CLIMATE CHANGE AND INDUCED MARGINALIZATION: PERSPECTIVES

    PAUL TM, DERRY (Milano University Press, 2024-01-23)
    The global arena of international relations is placing increasing importance on the subject of climate change. The disruptions in natural weather patterns are giving rise to a wide array of challenges in ecological, sociopolitical, and economic systems. This piece of writing investigates the concept of marginalization brought about by the effects of climate change. The analysis adopts a multi-faceted approach, utilizing the framework of climate justice. The primary focus lies in understanding how climate-induced marginalization impacts a nation’s social structure, especially affecting disadvantaged communities. Following that, the conversation delves into making a comparison among different countries, examining their contributions to climate change and the subsequent difficulties they encounter. The article also underscores the insufficiencies in international frameworks aimed at mitigating climate change, underscoring the lack of accountability during their development. Additionally, the problem of climate-induced marginalization is evaluated in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals, and suggestions are put forth to effectively tackle this issue.
  • Climate Change, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Lawyers as Sustainability Leaders

    Russell, Irma S (UMKC School of Law Institutional Repository, 2021-04-19)
    UMKC Law Professor Irma Russell presents on Environmental Law as part of the Mercer University School of Law Guest Speaker series. Topics discussed in this presentation include climate change, corporate and social responsibility, compliance, model rules, and lawyers as sustainability leaders.
  • Reflections on the Future of Environmental Law Scholarship and Methodology in the Anthropocene

    Louis Kotze (17161618) (2019-01-01)
    Scientists believe we are entering a new geological epoch called the Anthropocene. In the Anthropocene, humans have become a force of nature, essentially dislodging the harmony of the Earth’s intertwined system that has hitherto prevailed in the relatively stable Holocene epoch. While its existence has yet to be formally confirmed, the Anthropocene as a trope undoubtedly already confront environmental law scholars with unique challenges concerning the need to critically question, and ultimately to re-imagine, those methodological and scholarly foundations, perspectives and approaches related to the discipline of environmental law.
  • Les potentialités de l’action collective en matière de contentieux environnemental

    Ribot, Catherine (2022)
    La technique contentieuse de l’action collective devait permettre l’introduction de nouvelles instances et aboutir à un renforcement des actions en faveur de la protection environnementale. En réalité, cet instrument a été largement ignoré en droit français. Pourtant, son existence même manifeste la possibilité d’une évolution prometteuse du droit de l’environnement. Les personnes publiques, devenant gardiennes de biens communs, seraient placées sur une échelle de communalité pour assurer la protection des éléments de notre patrimoine commun.
  • Could the European Court of Justice be a Decisive Player in Climate Justice?

    Aude Bouveresse (University of Bologna, 2023-12-01)
    The article aims to assess to which extent the European Court of Justice (ECJ) is able to play an effective role in climate change justice. While some national courts are trying to respond to one of the greatest challenges of our time, which is requiring them to reinvent their role, the ECJ is maintaining a very for-malistic approach that raises questions about its capacity to respond to these new challenges. The key question is whether, although the ECJ faces both procedural and substantive limitations, it has legal in-struments available to overcome them as well as the legitimacy. To that end, the article analyses the limits of individual access in environmental disputes in front of ECJ and tests the justifications ad-vanced. On the one hand, the European judge would appear to be best placed to take action on such an issue, in accordance with functionalist theories of integration: a transnational problem (climate change) must be resolved at the transnational level. Notably, in the past, when the will of Member States has been defective, the ECJ could be relied upon to advance action on a Europe-wide scale. Therefore, when it comes to climate change, its authority could be undermined if it maintains a formalistic approach to such a major societal issue. On the other hand, a less formalistic approach would require the European judge to accept, more broadly, private, and even transgenerational, claimants into its courtroom, so that it can become a new space for activist dialogue. Should, and can it be the guardian of agonistic democracy without doing judicial activism? As a result, the article suggests that by applying a climate justice lens, European judges could push the boundaries of existing law to address climate change more comprehensively, by exploring the potential of the European values, enshrined in Article 2 of TEU which could give substance to a subjective right of a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment.
  • Socio-economic projections in urban climate change adaptation planning: Practices and prospects for just adaptation

    European Commission; Prall, M.; Olazabal, M.; Lehmann, M. (Habitat International, 2024-01-05)
    Urban climate change adaptation efforts have often been criticized for exacerbating the inequitable impacts of climate change by failing to address the social, economic, and environmental impacts of adaptation. There is an urgent need to incorporate equity and justice concerns in adaptation planning as well as approaches and tools that enable such integration. However, climate justice scholarship to date has largely focused on theoretical questions and there is still a lack of focus on the operational aspects for supporting the implementation of climate justice. In this article, we argue that existing tools already in use in planning practice have the potential to support this aim. In particular, we argue that the integration of socio-economic data into adaptation planning practice could be an avenue for justice-centered urban adaptation. While the potential is clear, how to do this is still underexplored. To shed light on this question, we conduct a systematic review of research on the use of socio-economic projections in urban climate change adaptation planning and decision-making to investigate how these could be used as a tool to ensure just urban adaptation. Grounded in a recognized conceptual framework on urban climate justice, we analyze the evolution of research on socio-economic projections in urban adaptation and evaluate the potential for existing applications to promote climate justice. Through this analysis, we find that while socio-economic projections have not been explicitly linked to justice outcomes in the existing literature, clear potentials exist for these to be used as a tool to promote distributive, procedural, and recognition and restorative justice. Finally, we propose an operational framework for the application of socio-economic projections to promote justice-centered urban adaptation. Applying such a framework to urban adaptation planning can help center justice concerns in larger strategic adaptation planning efforts and enable a new form of more inclusive, data-driven climate governance in cities based on current know-how and existing capacities.
  • Mapping multiscalar power for fair, effective climate policy discourse

    Simone J. Domingue; Stacia S. Ryder (Elsevier, 2024-01-01)
    Mainstream climate policy discourse obscures power disparities between those who contribute the most to climate change and those who are hit the hardest, particularly in discussions regarding the appropriate targets for intervention, including behavioral change. We reflect and critique this obfuscation of power in policy debates, and as a corrective, we identify actors with high levels of climate responsibility and high capacity for mitigation and adaptation, and that intersect different scales of social organization. We visually map these overlaps to spur productive dialogue and generate new policy ideas to target the worst violators first and encourage action for others where it is rooted in what capacities they have. We include examples of how power disparities reflect and produce complex climate injustices, underscoring the importance of conceptualizing power through a multiscalar lens for fair and effective climate policy.

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