• 1 Future global ethics:

      The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives; Environmental Change; Embedded Ethics; Des Gasper (2016-09-07)
      Work on global ethics looks at ethical connections on a global scale. It should link closely to environmental ethics, recognizing that we live in unified social-ecological systems, and to development ethics, attending systematically to the lives and interests of contemporary and future poor, marginal and vulnerable persons and groups within these systems and to the effects on them of forces around the globe. Fulfilling these tasks requires awareness of work outside academic ethics alone, in other disciplines and across disciplines, in public debates and private agendas. A relevant ethics enterprise must engage in systematic description and understanding of the ethical stances that are expressed or hidden in the work of influential stakeholders and analysts, and seek to influence and participate, indeed embed itself, in the expressed and hidden choice-making involved in designing and conducting scientific research and in policy analysis and preparation; it will contribute in value-critical and interpretive policy analysis. It should explore how the allocation of attention and concern in research and policy depend on perceptions of identity and of degrees of interconnection, and are influenced by the choice or avoidance of humanistic interpretive methodologies. The paper illustrates these themes with reference to the study of climate change.
    • 1 Governance of bio-energy: The case of Overijssel

      The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives; Annemarije Kooijman-van Dijk; Maarten Arentsen (2016-09-04)
      Abstract: Traditional regional economies are bound to change. The finiteness of natural resources, overexploitation of soils, dependency on fossil fuels, and climate change demand a rapid, innovative, and sustainable approach to foster the interests of current and future generations. One of the core challenges concerns bio-energy. Switching to bio-energy is a major issue in lowering CO2 emissions, and can be viewed as a step in the right direction towards achieving a bio-based economy and sustainable development in the long run. The province of Overijssel, a Dutch subnational administrative authority, aims to achieve large-scale uptake of bio-energy within its jurisdictional area. In its climate policy program bio-energy accounts for 60 % of the CO2 emission reduction needed to achieve its goals. The chances that the goal will be achieved are high as the precondition for doing so are relatively good in the Overijssel area: it has a high biomass potential, there is an adequate energy infrastructure, and the region is not densely populated. Two questions are central to this paper. First, what is the bio-energy ambition and governance approach in Overijssel? And second, what are the bio-energy governance challenges in Overijssel?
    • 1 World Manga : Passages

      Ng, Leandro; Wong, Walden; Roman, Annette (San Francisco: VIZ Media and World Bank, 2007)
      The first World Manga series offers a premise where the hero must grapple with social problems of a global magnitude that are set in the real world. Fifteen year-old orphan Rei survives by his wits and guts on the mean streets of the world. His fortunes take a strange turn when he meets a trainer wielding some powerful transformational magic who offers to coach him to achieve his dream of becoming the greatest marital artist in the world! But it seems Rei's trainer is more interested in developing his mind, spirit and ugh! Heart than his thrashing, raging, and fighting moves! The stakes get higher when Rei meets a young woman fighting just to survive! Can Rei meets vanquish the specter of poverty? This publication includes some of the following headings: poverty - a ray of light; HIV/AIDS - first love; child soldiers of boys and men; global warming - the lagoon of the vanishing fish; girl's education - life lessons; corruption - broken trust; and interview with the author of the first World Bank Manga (passage one to passage six).
    • 1. Introduction

      Betz, Gregor; Cacean, Sebastian (KIT Scientific Publishing, 2017-01-12)
      1.1. Geoengineering – Climate Engineering The term “climate engineering” (CE) refers to large-scale technical interventions in the climate system with the objective of offsetting anthropogenic climate change. One distinguishes roughly between solar radiation management (SRM) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) technologies. The main questions in dispute are whether CE technologies should (a) be researched into and (b) be deployed where appropriate. Man is changing the climate. Although both the ...
    • 1. Introduction

      Wambui, Reuben Muhindi (Graduate Institute Publications, 2021-04-02)
      "Climate change is the Tragedy of the Horizon. We don’t need an army of actuaries to tell us that the catastrophic impacts of climate change will be felt beyond the traditional horizons of most actors – imposing a cost on future generations that the current generation has no direct incentive to fix." – Carney, 2015 Climate change is one of the most defining issues of the century that presents a direct existential threat (Guterres, 2018). Traditionally, central bankers did not wade into the cl...
    • 1. Le réchauffement climatique

      Cometti, Geremia (Graduate Institute Publications, 2011-05-05)
      1.1. De l’Holocène à l’Anthropocène Les immenses émissions anthropiques de dioxyde de carbone dans la biosphère changent les climats présents et futurs (voir figure 1). C’est pour cette raison que le Prix Nobel de chimie en 1995, Paul Crutzen, s’est mis à évoquer une nouvelle ère géologique venue se substituer à l’Holocène : l’Anthropocène. Paul Crutzen parle de l’Anthropocène comme de la « géologie de l’humanité », une nouvelle ère géologique fortement influencée par les activités des êtres...
    • ‘1.5°C to stay alive’: climate change, imperialism and justice for the Caribbean

      Sealey-Huggins, Leon (Routledge, 2017-09-08)
      Treating the threat of climate change in the Caribbean as a case study instructive for responses globally, this article examines the social and political relations of climate change. It argues for an analysis taking into account the ways in which the histories of imperialism and colonialism have shaped contemporary global ‘development’ pathways. The article charts how Caribbean vulnerability to temperature rises of more than 1.5°C of warming comprise an existential threat structured by contemporary social relations that are imperialist in character. Hope can be taken from a politics of climate justice which acknowledges the climate debts owed to the region.
 
    • 10th Anniversary of Water

      MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 2021-05-01
      First issued in 2009, Water is celebrating our 10th anniversary this year. Thanks to all the dedicated researchers, reviewers, and editors, Water has become a popular outlet for cutting-edge research in the broad field of water science, technology, management, and governance. The open access format has proven to be attractive, and authors highly value the quick handling of papers, higher visibility and citations, as well as free and unlimited access to the new papers. After 10 years, Water has become an established journal in the field. This Special Issue is set up to mark the 10th anniversary of Water. It is devoted to the publication of comprehensive reviews encompassing the most significant developments in the realm of water sciences in the last decade.
    • 11-02 "Ethics and the Economist: What Climate Change Demands of Us"

      Julie A. Nelson
      Climate change is changing not only our physical world, but also our intellectual, social, and moral worlds. We are realizing that our situation is profoundly unsafe, interdependent, and uncertain. What, then, does climate change demand of us, as human beings and as economists? A discipline of economics based on Enlightenment notions of mechanism and disembodied rationality is not suited to present problems. This essay suggests three major requirements: first, that we take action; second, that we work together; and third, that we focus on avoiding the worst, rather than obtaining the optimal. The essay concludes with suggestions of specific steps that economists can take as researchers, teachers, and in our other roles.
    • 12. Mang Research. Man Methodology Of Relationship Between Ethical Work Climate And Organisational Effectiveness

      Impact Journals
      Cement companies in Chhattisgarh are studied to establish relationship between ethical work climate and organisational effectiveness. A sample size of 408 employees was finally taken against 600 responses. ANOVA & F-test was used.
    • 
 An Empirical Investigation Of The Influence Of Organizational Justice On Safety Climate: 
 The Moderating Role Of Job Security, Trust And Transformational Leadership

      Munisamy, Kogilavani (2012)
      Kajian ini menyiasat kesan keadilan organisasi (keadilan prosedur, keadilan pengedaran, keadilan interpersonal dan keadilan maklumat)
 
 This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on safety climate through the moderating effect of job security, interpersonal trust and transformational leadership.
    • 
 An Empirical Investigation Of The Influence Of Organizational Justice On Safety Climate: The Moderating Role Of Job Security, Trust And Transformational Leadership 

      Munisamy, Kogilavani (2012)
      Kajian ini menyiasat kesan keadilan organisasi (keadilan prosedur, keadilan pengedaran, keadilan interpersonal dan keadilan maklumat) terhadap iklim keselamatan(safety climate)
 
 This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on safety climate through the moderating effect of job security
    • .15 Ambiguous Futures: Global Warming and the Third World

      The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives; Arthur Saniotis; Carl Sagan (2013-12-15)
      Our loyalties are to the species and to the planet. We speak for earth.
    • 1999 annual progress report -- Energy conservation team

      US Department of Energy (United States); Chalk, S. (EERE OTT Office of Advanced Automotive Technologies Energy Conversion Team Leader) (National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States), 1999-10-19)
      This report highlights progress achieved during FY 1999 under the Light-duty Fuels Utilization R and D Program. The program is comprised of two elements: the Advanced Petroleum-Based APB Fuels Program which focused on developing and testing advanced fuels for use with compression-ignition direct-injection (CIDI) engines and fuel cells and the Alternative Fuels Program which focused on Natural gas and natural gas derived fuels. The report contains 17 summaries of industry and National Laboratory projects. Fuel efficient vehicles with very low emissions are essential to meet the challenges of climate change, energy security, and improved air quality. The authors anticipate cooperative efforts with the auto and energy industries to develop new and innovative technologies that will be used to make advanced transportation vehicles that are fuel efficient, clean, and safe.
    • 19: Climate Justice

      Bertin, Sandra; Wisehart, Christiane; Cullison, Andy (Scholarly and Creative Work from DePauw University, 2017-04-26)
      Happy Earth Month! Many people think of climate change as something that will affect the world equally sometime in the distant future. But that's not true. Some communities are already experiencing the effects. Join special guest host Jen Everett and producers Christiane Wisehart and Sandra Bertin as we learn how to challenge our thinking about the environment with scholar Kyle Whyte.
    • 2. Env Eco IJEEFUS Mitigating Climate Change Challenges ISIFE CHIMA THERESA

      This paper discussed the climate change, its challenges and ways of mitigating the climate change challenges in Nigeria in order to enhance sustainable development using secondary data. It also reviewed the causes of climate change in two categories; natural and manmade. The effects of the climate Change were equally reviewed. The paper concluded that there is need for commitment towards ensuring and adopting healthy, friendly strategies to adapt to the climate change challenges for sustainable development. The paper recommended that Nigerian government and all the stakeholders involved in the global phenomenon needs to increase public awareness, promote research and establish a commission or an agency that will handle issues related to global warming and climate change.
    • 2. The Macrostructure of the Overall Debate

      Betz, Gregor; Cacean, Sebastian (KIT Scientific Publishing, 2017-01-12)
      The analysis of the CE controversy carried out hereunder uses placeholders. Instead of referring to specific CE methods, the reconstructed arguments speak generically of the CE technology “T” – which, later, must be specified when evaluating the argumentation. The central thesis of the controversy holds that R&D into the CE technology T ought to be carried out immediately (T1). This R&D obligation is contradicted by the R&D prohibition thesis T6. The central justification of research obligati...
    • 2. Tuvalu face à la montée des eaux

      Cometti, Geremia (Graduate Institute Publications, 2011-05-05)
      2.1. Les caractéristiques de Tuvalu Tuvalu est un Etat indépendant depuis 1978, après la colonisation britannique. Le pays, composé de neuf atolls, est situé dans le sud-ouest de l’océan Pacifique, à un millier de kilomètres au nord des îles Fidji. Avec ses 26 km2, Tuvalu est le quatrième Etat le plus petit au monde après l’Etat du Vatican, la principauté de Monaco et Nauru. En 2004, il ne comptait que 11 636 habitants – seuls le Vatican et Nauru en ont moins. La région où se situent les neuf...
    • 20% Wind Energy - Diversifying Our Energy Portfolio and Addressing Climate Change (Brochure)

      USDOE Office of Wind and Water Power Program (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.), 2008-05-01)
      This brochure describes the R&D efforts needed for wind energy to meet 20% of the U.S. electrical demand by 2030. In May 2008, DOE published its report, 20% Wind Energy by 2030, which presents an in-depth analysis of the potential for wind energy in the United States and outlines a potential scenario to boost wind electric generation from its current production of 16.8 gigawatts (GW) to 304 GW by 2030. According to the report, achieving 20% wind energy by 2030 could help address climate change by reducing electric sector carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 825 million metric tons (20% of the electric utility sector CO2 emissions if no new wind is installed by 2030), and it will enhance our nation's energy security by diversifying our electricity portfolio as wind energy is an indigenous energy source with stable prices not subject to fuel volatility. According to the report, increasing our nation's wind generation could also boost local rural economies and contribute to significant growth in manufacturing and the industry supply chain. Rural economies will benefit from a substantial increase in land use payments, tax benefits and the number of well-paying jobs created by the wind energy manufacturing, construction, and maintenance industries. Although the initial capital costs of implementing the 20% wind scenario would be higher than other generation sources, according to the report, wind energy offers lower ongoing energy costs than conventional generation power plants for operations, maintenance, and fuel. The 20% scenario could require an incremental investment of as little as $43 billion (net present value) more than a base-case no new wind scenario. This would represent less than 0.06 cent (6 one-hundredths of 1 cent) per kilowatt-hour of total generation by 2030, or roughly 50 cents per month per household. The report concludes that while achieving the 20% wind scenario is technically achievable, it will require enhanced transmission infrastructure, streamlined siting and permitting regimes, improved reliability and operability of wind systems, and increased U.S. wind manufacturing capacity. To meet these challenges, the DOE Wind Energy Program will continue to work with industry partners to increase wind energy system reliability and operability and improve manufacturing processes. The program also conducts research to address transmission and grid integration issues, to better understand wind resources, to mitigate siting and environmental issues, to provide information to industry stakeholders and policy makers, and to educate the future generations.
    • 2003. “Discounting and uncertainty in climate change policy analysis.” Land Econ

      The Pennsylvania State University CiteSeerX Archives; Richard B. Howarth (2010-10-19)
      Climate change policy is often evaluated by discounting the future benefits of emissions abatement at a high (6%) discount rate. This suggests that greenhouse gas emissions should continue to grow and that the welfare of future generations is unimportant. Economic theory supports the use of low ( ≤ 1%) discount rate based on decisionmakers’ aversion to risk and uncertainty. The use of a low discount rate supports aggressive steps to stabilize global climate and also upholds the principles of intergenerational fairness. Some Fundamentals In the theory of cost-benefit analysis, the discount rate represents the return on investment required to justify the expenditure of scarce social resources. This in turn reflects decisionmakers’ impatience or time preference – the degree to which they prefer to receive benefits in the present rather than the future. In the economics of climate change, one key argument is that the future benefits provided by greenhouse gas emissions abatement should be discounted at a rate equal to the