Livro de materiais pedagógicos para o 1º grau de formação musical
Author(s)Nogueira, Bruno Ricardo Salvador
Contributor(s)Castilho, Maria Luísa Faria de Sousa Cerqueira Correia
Ensino básico da música
Basic music education
Domínio/Área Científica : Humanidades
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AbstractO presente trabalho tem como objetivo a construção de uma proposta de livro de
materiais pedagógicos para o primeiro grau do ensino básico para a disciplina de Formação Musical do Ensino Especializado da Música. Foi construído tendo em conta a análise de manuais já existentes no mercado, as teorias da aprendizagem musical de vários pedagogos da música e necessidades de professores e alunos da área.
Este trabalho de investigação encontra-se separado em duas partes. A primeira inerente à prática de ensino supervisionada e a segunda à construção do livro acima mencionado.
Na primeira parte são apresentadas a cidade da realização da prática supervisionada, as instituições envolvidas na mesma e as turmas com as quais o mestrando trabalhou. Serão apresentados alguns planos de aula e relatórios, através dos quais serão retiradas conclusões sobre que práticas de ensino são mais ou menos efetivas tendo em conta as turmas trabalhadas. Por sua vez, na segunda parte, encontra-se uma reflexão sobre os métodos de investigação, a forma como funciona ou deveria funcionar o ensino sob o ponto de vista de várias individualidades e, como não poderia deixar de ser, o trabalho intrínseco à criação do livro de materiais pedagógicos.
Quanto à construção do livro, esta servir-se-á da análise de livros e manuais existentes, da execução e análise de um inquérito a preencher pelo máximo de indivíduos ligados à comunidade musical e na análise das teorias da aprendizagem musical de pedagogos de renome. Após a construção do livro, este será enviado a profissionais e especialistas da área a fim de ser validado. Além da realização do livro em questão, este trabalho visa promover uma reflexão sobre o sistema de ensino, nomeadamente o ensino da música. Ao longo da história, a escola foi das instituições que menos evoluiu e, salvaguardando as diferenças tecnológicas, não se notam grandes evoluções no que diz respeito ao seu funcionamento desde os últimos cinquenta anos. Deste modo, é feita uma reflexão sobre até que ponto o sistema de ensino realmente prepara os alunos para o futuro e a forma como deve funcionar num tempo em que a informação é criada a um ritmo nunca antes visto na história da humanidade. Toda essa discussão sobre a forma de como o funcionamento do ensino pode ou não estar
a preparar os alunos para o futuro é transposta para a música. A reflexão deste ponto é feita no sentido de tentar entender se os conteúdos devem ser passados da forma que a tradição dita ou se, por outro lado, devem ser passados de modo a que os alunos possam evoluir de acordo com as suas capacidades e trabalho individual, fornecendo-lhes, além dos conteúdos, as ferramentas necessárias para, de acordo com o seu interesse e capacidade, poderem ir em busca de mais conhecimento, conseguindo autonomamente decidir se esse conhecimento é ou não válido. Este é o verdadeiro objetivo deste trabalho. O livro que dele resultar deve ter como base o cumprimento destes requisitos. Deste modo, espera-se a obtenção não de um livro de teoria musical nem de um livro de exercícios, mas sim um livro de materiais pedagógicos, ferramentas com as quais os alunos poderão evoluir para além da informaçãoque o livro em questão fornece.
The present work has as objective the construction of a proposal of book of pedagogic
materials for the first degree of the basic teaching for the discipline of Musical Formation of
the Specialized Teaching of the Music, through the analysis of manuals already existent in the
market, of the theories of the several educators of the music musical learning and tends in bill
the teacher’s needs and students of the area.
This investigation work is separate in two parts. The first inherent to the teaching
practice supervised and Monday to the construction of the book above mentioned.
In the first part, on the teaching practice supervised, they are presented the city of the
accomplishment of it practices supervised, the institutions involved in the same and the
groups with which the student worked. Some will be presented class plans and reports,
through which will be removed a series of conclusions on that teaching practices are more or
less effective tends in bill the worked groups. For his time, in the second it leaves, it is a
reflection on the investigation methods, the form how it works or the teaching should work
under the point of view of you vary individualities and, as it could not stop being, the
fundamental work to the creation of the book of pedagogic materials.
As for the construction of the book, this will be served as the analysis of books and
existent manuals, of the execution and analysis of an inquiry to fill out for the linked
individuals' maximum to the musical community and in the analysis of the theories of the
renowned educators' musical learning. After the construction of the book, this will be sent to
professionals and specialists of the area in order to be validated.
Besides the accomplishment of the book in subject, this work seeks to promote a
reflection on the education system, namely the teaching of the music. Along the history, the
school was of the institutions that less it developed and, safeguarding the technological
differences, they are not noticed great evolutions in what says respect to his operation since
the last fifty years. This way, it is made a reflection the education system really prepares the
students for the future and the form on to what extent how it should work in one time in that
the information is created to a rhythm never before seen in the humanity's history. That whole discussion on the form of as the operation of the teaching it can or not to be to
prepare the students for the future is transposed for the music. The reflection of this point is
made in the sense of trying to understand the contents should be passed in the way that the
said tradition or if, on the other hand, they should be passed in way what the students can
develop in agreement with their capacities and individual work, supplying them, besides the
contents, the necessary tools for, in agreement with his interest and capacity, they could go in
search of more knowledge getting them self’s to decide that knowledge it is or no valid. This
is the true objective of this work. The book that of him to result should have as base the
execution of these requirements. This way, the obtaining is not expected of a book of musical
theory nor of a book of exercises, but a book of pedagogic materials, tools with which the
students can develop besides the information that the book in subject supplies.
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