The Codes of Ethics Collection is a thematic collection that aims to build a comprehensive structure of professional codes of ethics. The collection has six main parts: References, About codes of ethics, Codes of ethics by sectors, Codes of ethics by professions, Codes of ethics by geography, Other voluntary ethical regulations.

Recent Submissions

  • Corporate Codes of Conduct: Why Are We Here Again?

    Gault, Robert M.; Burnazian, Lara M.; Lynn, Jesse A. (2016-01-09)
  • Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

    Jackson, James K. (Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service., 2011-02-14)
    The U.S. economy has grown increasingly interconnected with other economies around the world, a phenomenon often referred to as globalization. Over the past 20 years, multinational corporations and nations have adopted voluntary, legally enforceable, and industry-specific codes of conduct to address concerns over the economic, social, and political impact of this phenomenon. Congress will continue to play a pivotal role in addressing the large number of issues regarding internationally applied corporate codes of conduct that remain to be negotiated.
  • Code of Conduct and Corporate Governance

    Arrigo, Elisa (Symphonya. Emerging Issues in ManagementSymphonya. Emerging Issues in Management, 2006-01-01)
    The code of conduct can be considered a tool of corporate governance because it identifies corporate responsibilities towards stakeholders and obliges top managers to comply with certain guidelines when exercising their authority, both inside and outside the company. The code of conduct encompasses a wide variety of subjects, because it addresses all the stakeholders who make up the operating scenario. Moreover, it is an expression of the corporate culture since it reveals how the rules of conducttowards the company’s interlocutors derive from cultural values and principles.
  • Task Force 6: Code of Conduct for Staff and Volunteer Leadership

    Douglas, Pamela S.; Ryan, Thomas J.; Beller, George A.; Hines, Edward F., Jr.; Livingston, David Wm.; McEntee, Christine W.; Brown, Nancy A.; Collishaw, Karen J.; Garson, Arthur, Jr.; Robertson, Rose Marie; et al. (2016-01-08)
  • Corporate Codes of Conduct: Is Common Environmental Content Feasible?

    Fischer, Carolyn; Parry, Ian W.H.; Aguilar, Francisco X.; Jawahar, Puja (AgEcon Search, 2005-10-26)
    In a developing country context, a policy to promote adoption of common environmental content for corporate codes of conduct (COCs) aspires to meaningful results on two fronts. First, adherence to COC provisions should offer economic benefits that exceed the costs of compliance; i.e., companies must receive a price premium, market expansion, efficiency gains, subsidized technical assistance, or some combination of these benefits in return for meeting the requirements. Second, compliance should produce significant improvements in environmental outcomes; i.e., the code must impose real requirements, and monitoring and enforcement must offer sufficient incentives to prevent evasion. With those goals in mind, we explore options for establishing common environmental content in voluntary COCs. Because the benefits of a COC rest on its ability to signal information, we ground our analysis in a review of experiences with a broad range of voluntary (and involuntary) information-based programs: not only existing corporate COCs, but also the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) family of standards, ecolabels, and information disclosure programs. We find some important tradeoffs between harmonization, applicability, feasibility, and efficacy.
  • The Impact of a Code of Conduct

    Pfeiffer, Anna Sarah; Prinsen, Marleen (Lunds universitet/Företagsekonomiska institutionen, 2009)
    Title: The Impact of a Code of Conduct: An Interpretative Case Study on the Implementation of CSR in Business Practice Seminar Date: June 4th 2010 Course: BUSM 18 – Degree Project Master Level in Managing People, Knowledge & Change Authors: Anna Pfeiffer & Marleen Prinsen Advisor: Stefan Sveningsson Thesis Purpose: The main purpose of this research is to critically examine Corporate Social Responsibility in organisational practice. Methodology: This research concerns an exploratory study, conducted from an interpretative, qualitative perspective. Theoretical Perspective: Previous research concerned with functional questions of ‘Why’, ‘What’ and ‘How’ CSR is, provide a theoretical basis. The inclusion of a more processual theoretical perspective and ‘understanding’ and ‘sensemaking’ as sensitising concepts provides ground to build on and go beyond previous functional perspectives in this research. Empirical Foundation: The empirical basis for this research was a case study of a company in the health industry. Triangulation of data sources was used, although interviews provide the main empirical basis. Conclusion: Employees behave in line with formal behavioural expectations. However, behaviour seems to be disconnected from the standards of conduct, based instead on organisational culture.
  • Codes of Conduct The real Impacts of Codes of Conduct in the Garment Industry in Tirupur

    van Westen, Guus; Wils, S.M.D. (2010-08-31)
    Codes of Conduct have become key instruments in ensuring minimum labor standards in global production system. However, although Codes have spread around all different kind of industries and have created a general awareness of the importance of social, environmental and labor standards, critics about the concept have also increased. The core debate is concerned with the question if Codes of Conduct meet their primary objective of benefiting workers in global production systems through improvements of employment conditions. The aim of this paper is to contribute to this debate, by exploring the real impacts of Codes of Conduct on labor conditions and how workers benefit from them. In order to get information about Codes and its impacts a research study about impacts of Codes was conducted in Tirupur India. The paper argues that Codes of Conduct meet their primary objective of benefiting workers in the production system, but in a limited way. There is gap between what codes intent to improve and what they really achieve.
  • Contractual Control in the Supply Chain. On Corporate Social Responsibility, Codes of Conduct, Contracts and (Avoiding) Liability

    Keirse, A.L.M.; Lennarts, M.L.; Vytopil, A.L. (Eleven International Publishing, info:eu-re)
    This research addresses a number of questions that have been raised in the wake of the Rana Plaza factory collapse. It focuses on the extent of the legal responsibility and liability for CSR violations in the supply chains of MNCs in the Netherlands, England and California (United States). Many MNCs currently take an array of (semi-)legal measures in order to govern their supply chains in terms of CSR. This book investigates which legal measures a limited number of Dutch, English and Californian MNCs take in practice, in order to govern their supply chains in terms of CSR; do they use contracts, general terms and conditions or codes of conduct (“COCs”) to effectuate certain CSR behavior with their suppliers? How can these instruments be qualified? And what are the consequences of these measures in terms of both contract law and liability law? 
 In identifying the measures that selected MNCs in three jurisdictions have taken to govern their supply chain, this research provides valuable insights into those companies that aim to improve the CSR performance in their supply chains and take measures accordingly. In addition, this research also offers a helpful “reality check” to those scholars working in the field of CSR and/or the law and who make assumptions in respect of the CSR choices that MNCs make. Secondly, and more importantly, it answers the crucial question of what legal impact these measures may have for MNCs, if those measures are not lived up to in practice. 
 It concludes that almost all of the MNCs studied took measures to govern the CSR behavior of their suppliers and that, with some local variations and exceptions, MNCs that used strong measures also ensured that these measures were legally binding, while vague measures were often voluntary in nature. Moreover, it concludes that on the basis of the scant case law available on this subject matter, it is unlikely that an MNC will be held liable for damage caused by CSR violations in the supply chain, unless it takes on obligations that, in one form or another, go outside of that which would normally be expected from the MNC in a buyer-supplier relationship, or unless the factual behavior of the MNC gives rise to a liability claim.
 A first, careful conclusion would therefore be that, perhaps, the law as it currently stands does not have all that much to offer when it comes to bringing about long‑term improvement for CSR in supply chains. After all, on the basis of the current legal framework, the risk of legal liability for MNCs is small, and what little risk there is tends to be remedied by the way in which COCs and contracts are drafted by MNCs. Moreover, since legislation is limited to transparency requirements for MNCs (and frequently not even that), and governments do not attempt to carve out a clear duty of care for MNCs, the law is unlikely to bring about the revolution that is perhaps necessary to prevent further disasters from occurring.
  • An Analysis of the Effect of Corporate Codes of Ethics on Corporate Culture

    Roush, Pamela; Flaugher, Renee (University of Central Florida, 2005)
    This item is only available in print in the UCF Libraries. If this is your thesis or dissertation, you can help us make it available online for use by researchers around the world by following the instructions on the distribution consent form at You may also contact the project coordinator, Kerri Bottorff, at for more information.
  • Suppliers' Compliance with MNCs' Codes of Conduct: Behind the Scenes at Chinese Toy Suppliers

    Egels-Zandén, Niklas (Springer, 2008-12-08)
    Despite increased academic and practitioner interest in codes of conduct, there has been little research into the actual compliance of suppliers in developing countries with the codes of conduct of multinational corporations (MNCs). This paper addresses this lack by analysing Chinese suppliers’ level of compliance with Swedish toy retailers’ codes of conduct. Based on unannounced and unofficial interviews with employees of Chinese suppliers, the study shows that all of the nine studied suppliers breached some of the standards in the toy retailers’ codes, with over two thirds of the suppliers not complying with the majority of the studied standards. While there are different explanations of this lack of compliance, the main explanation seems to be that Chinese suppliers successfully deceive toy retailers’ monitoring organisations by decoupling the formal monitored part of their organisation from the actual operational part of their organisation. The paper concludes with a discussion of how to increase compliance with MNCs’ codes of conduct.
  • Codes of conduct in subcontracting networks : a labour law perspective

    Audencia Recherche; Audencia; Sobczak, André (HAL CCSDSpringer Verlag, 2003-04)
    International audience
  • Integrating 'role play' in assessment to strengthen professional conduct and accountability of students: a pilot study

    Bainbridge-Smith, Andrew; Qi, Ziming Tom; Gupta, Gourab Sen; Rainey, Thomas; Jayasuriya, Kanchana; Gottlieb, Udo (Massey University, School of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 2014)
    Integrating 'role play' in assessment to strengthen professional conduct and accountability of students: a case study
  • Corporate Codes of Conduct: A Collective Conscience and Continuum

    Raiborn, Cecily A. and Payne, Dinah (2016-01-08)
  • Self-regulation of franchising : the IFA code of ethics : hearing before the Committee on Small Business, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, Washington, DC, June 30, 1994.

    United States. Congress. House. Committee on Small Business. (Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office,, 1995)
    "Serial no. 103-92."

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