Now showing items 5335-5354 of 12181

    • Factores jurídico procesales inquisitivos en el codigo procesal penal que impiden consolidar el modelo acusatorio en el Perú

      SANTOS CRUZ, TEÓDULO JENARO; BURGOS MARIÑOS, VÍCTOR ALBERTO MARTÍN (Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, 2017-01-16)
      The present investigation aimed to determine the existence of procedural legal factors questioning in the text of the Code of Criminal Procedure to prevent the consolidation of the adversarial model in Peru. To perform this research analyzes the new Code of Criminal Procedure, Case casatorias, full jurisdictional monitoring reports of the courts which applied the new Criminal Procedure Code, the international human rights instruments, foreign law in Chile and Colombia and reports to monitor the reform process in Latin America, found that: a) The criminal procedure reform in Peru, has not been accompanied by reforms to the Constitution and the organic laws to conform to the adversarial model; b) Exist in the Criminal Procedure Code inquisitive lags rules that maintain existing culture and practices of the mixed model of inquiry, as the prevalence of literacy and the record, the use of detention as early penalty, the person as an object of test, the interrogation of the accused as the first action of the trial evidence, rigid order, the performance of the office of Judge affecting adversarial trial and the right to a second hearing; c) The literal interpretation of the rules of the Code also may affect the consolidation of the adversarial model, in particular, the design of an efficient investigation based on coordinated work between the National Police and the Public Ministry, orality in pretrial hearings oral alternative solutions in the intermediate stage and the right to challenge; and, d) Article X of the Preliminary Title Code of Criminal Procedure provides that the interpretation of the rules of the Code, must be in accordance with the guiding principles of the Preliminary, ie should not be a literal interpretation, but rather a constitutional interpretation.
    • FACTORES JURÍDICO PROCESALES INQUISITIVOS EN EL CODIGO PROCESAL PENAL QUE IMPIDEN CONSOLIDAR EL MODELO ACUSATORIO EN EL PERÚ

      SANTOS CRUZ, TEÓDULO JENARO; BURGOS MARIÑOS, VÍCTOR ALBERTO MARTÍN (2017-01-16)
      La presente investigación ha tenido como objetivo determinar la existencia de factores jurídicos procesales inquisitivos en el texto del Código Procesal Penal que impidan la consolidación del Modelo Acusatorio en el Perú. Para realizar esta investigación se ha estudiado el Nuevo Código Procesal Penal, las sentencias casatorias, plenos jurisdiccionales, informes de seguimiento de las Cortes donde se aplica el Nuevo código Procesal Penal, los instrumentos internacionales de Derechos Humanos, la legislación extranjera de Chile y Colombia, y los informes de seguimiento de la Reforma Procesal en América Latina, encontrándose que: a) La reforma procesal penal en el Perú, no ha sido acompañada con reformas de la Constitución y las leyes orgánicas para adecuarlas al modelo acusatorio; b) Existen en el Código Procesal Penal normas con rezagos inquisitivos, que mantienen vigentes la cultura y prácticas del modelo mixto inquisitivo, como el predominio de la escrituralidad y el expediente, el uso de la prisión preventiva como pena anticipada, el imputado como objeto de prueba, el interrogatorio del acusado como la primera actuación probatoria del juicio oral, el orden rígido, la actuación de oficio del Juez que afectan el juicio adversarial y el derecho a la doble instancia; c) La interpretación literal de las normas del Código también puede afectar la consolidación del modelo acusatorio, en especial, el diseño de una investigación eficiente basado en el trabajo coordinado entre la Policía Nacional y el Ministerio Público, la oralidad en las audiencias previas al juicio oral, las salidas alternativas en etapa intermedia y el derecho a la impugnación; y, d) El artículo X del Título Preliminar del Código Procesal Penal, establece que la interpretación de las normas del Código, deben de realizarse conforme a los principios rectores del Título Preliminar, es decir, que no debe de realizarse una interpretación literal, sino, una interpretación constitucional.
    • Factores jurídico procesales inquisitivos en el codigo procesal penal que impiden consolidar el modelo acusatorio en el Perú

      SANTOS CRUZ, TEÓDULO JENARO; BURGOS MARIÑOS, VÍCTOR ALBERTO MARTÍN (Universidad Nacional de Trujillo, 2017-01-16)
      La presente investigación ha tenido como objetivo determinar la existencia de factores jurídicos procesales inquisitivos en el texto del Código Procesal Penal que impidan la consolidación del Modelo Acusatorio en el Perú. Para realizar esta investigación se ha estudiado el Nuevo Código Procesal Penal, las sentencias casatorias, plenos jurisdiccionales, informes de seguimiento de las Cortes donde se aplica el Nuevo código Procesal Penal, los instrumentos internacionales de Derechos Humanos, la legislación extranjera de Chile y Colombia, y los informes de seguimiento de la Reforma Procesal en América Latina, encontrándose que: a) La reforma procesal penal en el Perú, no ha sido acompañada con reformas de la Constitución y las leyes orgánicas para adecuarlas al modelo acusatorio; b) Existen en el Código Procesal Penal normas con rezagos inquisitivos, que mantienen vigentes la cultura y prácticas del modelo mixto inquisitivo, como el predominio de la escrituralidad y el expediente, el uso de la prisión preventiva como pena anticipada, el imputado como objeto de prueba, el interrogatorio del acusado como la primera actuación probatoria del juicio oral, el orden rígido, la actuación de oficio del Juez que afectan el juicio adversarial y el derecho a la doble instancia; c) La interpretación literal de las normas del Código también puede afectar la consolidación del modelo acusatorio, en especial, el diseño de una investigación eficiente basado en el trabajo coordinado entre la Policía Nacional y el Ministerio Público, la oralidad en las audiencias previas al juicio oral, las salidas alternativas en etapa intermedia y el derecho a la impugnación; y, d) El artículo X del Título Preliminar del Código Procesal Penal, establece que la interpretación de las normas del Código, deben de realizarse conforme a los principios rectores del Título Preliminar, es decir, que no debe de realizarse una interpretación literal, sino, una interpretación constitucional.
    • FACTORES JURÍDICO PROCESALES INQUISITIVOS EN EL CODIGO PROCESAL PENAL QUE IMPIDEN CONSOLIDAR EL MODELO ACUSATORIO EN EL PERÚ

      SANTOS CRUZ, TEÓDULO JENARO; BURGOS MARIÑOS, VÍCTOR ALBERTO MARTÍN (2017-01-16)
      La presente investigación ha tenido como objetivo determinar la existencia de factores jurídicos procesales inquisitivos en el texto del Código Procesal Penal que impidan la consolidación del Modelo Acusatorio en el Perú. Para realizar esta investigación se ha estudiado el Nuevo Código Procesal Penal, las sentencias casatorias, plenos jurisdiccionales, informes de seguimiento de las Cortes donde se aplica el Nuevo código Procesal Penal, los instrumentos internacionales de Derechos Humanos, la legislación extranjera de Chile y Colombia, y los informes de seguimiento de la Reforma Procesal en América Latina, encontrándose que: a) La reforma procesal penal en el Perú, no ha sido acompañada con reformas de la Constitución y las leyes orgánicas para adecuarlas al modelo acusatorio; b) Existen en el Código Procesal Penal normas con rezagos inquisitivos, que mantienen vigentes la cultura y prácticas del modelo mixto inquisitivo, como el predominio de la escrituralidad y el expediente, el uso de la prisión preventiva como pena anticipada, el imputado como objeto de prueba, el interrogatorio del acusado como la primera actuación probatoria del juicio oral, el orden rígido, la actuación de oficio del Juez que afectan el juicio adversarial y el derecho a la doble instancia; c) La interpretación literal de las normas del Código también puede afectar la consolidación del modelo acusatorio, en especial, el diseño de una investigación eficiente basado en el trabajo coordinado entre la Policía Nacional y el Ministerio Público, la oralidad en las audiencias previas al juicio oral, las salidas alternativas en etapa intermedia y el derecho a la impugnación; y, d) El artículo X del Título Preliminar del Código Procesal Penal, establece que la interpretación de las normas del Código, deben de realizarse conforme a los principios rectores del Título Preliminar, es decir, que no debe de realizarse una interpretación literal, sino, una interpretación constitucional.
    • Factors affecting professional ethics in nursing practice in Iran: a qualitative study

      Dehghani, Ali; Mosalanejad, Leili; Dehghan-Nayeri, Nahid (BioMed Central, 2015-09-09)
    • Factors affecting professional ethics in nursing practice in Iran: a qualitative study

      Dehghani, Ali; Mosalanejad, Leili; Dehghan-Nayeri, Nahid (BioMed Central Ltd., 2015-09-09)
      Abstract Background Professional ethics refers to the use of logical and consistent communication, knowledge, clinical skills, emotions and values in nursing practice. This study aimed to explore and describe factors that affect professional ethics in nursing practice in Iran. Methods This qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis approach. Thirty nurses with at least 5 years of experience participated in the study; they were selected using purposive sampling. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results After encoding and classifying the data, five major categories were identified: individual character and responsibility, communication challenges, organizational preconditions, support systems, educational and cultural development. Conclusions Awareness of professional ethics and its contributing factors could help nurses and healthcare professionals provide better services for patients. At the same time, such understanding would be valuable for educational administrators for effective planning and management.
    • Factors influencing the level of awareness of Teachers Service Commission code of conduct and ethics among public secondary school teachers in Machakos town constituency

      Mulelu, Joel M (University of Nairobi, 2017-01-03)
      The code of conduct and ethics forms a framework for ethical decision making within an organization and must be embedded within the organizations so as to inspire appropriate culture that is instilled in the hearts and minds of staff at all levels. All stakeholders to an organization should therefore be encouraged to embrace code of conduct and ethics by creating awareness. The purpose of the study was to understand the factors that influence level of awareness of teachers’ service commission code of conduct and ethics among public secondary schools in Machakos Town Constituency. The societal theory of functionalism and the theory of Moral positivism were adopted as a guide to frame this research. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The sample size of 75 respondents out the expected sample of 80 teachers participated in the survey. Data was collected using semi-structured questionnaires which were administered through drop and pick method. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the data and the results were presented in form of charts and tables. The findings from the study revealed that secondary school teachers in Machakos town Constituency had low level of awareness of Teachers Service Commission Code of Conduct and Ethics. Various factors influenced the level of awareness of the TSC code of conduct and ethics. The highest influencing factor on level of awareness was the availability of a hard copy of the code of conduct and ethics which was followed by management effort of encouraging staff to embrace ethical practice and availability of soft was the third factor. The study recommends that code of conduct and ethics should form an integral part of schools’ culture which must be communicated regularly to all teachers using different modes. Additionally, more awareness intervention should be devised and copies of the code should be made readily available to all teachers. Successful work ethics depends on strong support, participation and involvement of those in leadership positions and all stake holders. Further research should be conducted in other parts of Machakos County and Kenya.
    • Faculty and Students' Self-Assessment of Client Communication Skills and Professional Ethics in Three Veterinary Medical Schools

      Fogelberg, Katherine; Farnsworth, Charles C (2016-01-09)
      Client communication skills and professional ethics are areas that have received much attention in veterinary education in recent years. The objectives of this study were to: i) establish the confidence level of faculty teaching in three veterinary schools with regard to their client communication skills, ii) establish a baseline of professional ethics indicators in the same faculty, and iii) compare veterinary students of all levels to faculty in both areas. Students and faculty received identical questionnaires, including statements addressing client communication skills and professional ethics. The results indicate that students are generally comfortable with their communication skills, except in the areas of visual and/or audio aid use, handling emotional clients, and discussing costs of care and payment. Faculty were more comfortable than students in all areas of client communication, although they also had low confidence when dealing with costs of care and payment. Ethically, students and faculty answered similarly. Faculty showed a stronger belief that people are basically honest and ethical, but both cohorts responded similarly when asked about reporting an ethical violation admitted to them by their best friend. Further research is needed to determine whether students are communicating as effectively as they believe they are, with particular attention paid to improving communications with emotional clients and the business aspects of veterinary medicine. Additional work is needed to ensure that veterinary students are learning how to cope with ethical issues objectively. This may begin by ensuring that faculty are teaching and, more importantly, modeling these behaviors during the clinical year(s).
    • Faculty Senate-Code of Ethics.

      School of Medicine Faculty Senate. (Stony Brook University: School of Medicine Faculty Senate., 2007-09-18)
    • FAKE NEWS AND INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS CODES OF ETHICS

      Juan-José Boté-Vericad (Universidad Privada Dr. Rafael Belloso Chacín, 2020)
      El objetivo de este artículo es debatir los conceptos relacionados con las Fake News. Estos conceptos están relacionados con los diferentes significados de las noticias falsas, el trastorno informativo, así como analizar códigos éticos de los profesionales de la información frente a los desórdenes informativos y al comportamiento ético con respecto a la gestión de la información. La rapidez y facilidad con las que se pueden difundir las noticias falsas tiene implicaciones en estos profesionales. En la revisión de la literatura se exploran las diferentes taxonomías y tipologías de Fake News publicadas por los siguientes autores: Aznar (2019), Froehlich (2017), Verstraete, Bambauer y Bambauer (2017) y Wardle y Derakshan (2017). Así, se debate de forma reflexiva los códigos de conducta de las principales organizaciones y asociaciones de estos colectivos. Metodológicamente se analiza de manera reflexiva la información de los códigos profesionales de conducta de los profesionales de la información para las principales organizaciones y asociaciones. Se analizan los códigos publicados por la Federación Internacional de Bibliotecas (IFLA, 2017) y otras entidades también relevantes como la Asociación Americana de Bibliotecas (ALA, 2017), la Asociación de Ciencias de la Información y Tecnología (ASIS&T, 1992) y Sociedad de periodistas profesionales (Society of Professionals Journalists, 2014). Se muestra también unas pautas para evitar comportamientos no éticos con la información. Las conclusiones que se derivan de este estudio es que las Fake News impactan en muy diversos ámbitos como la economía o la ciencia. No obstante, los profesionales de la información mediante sus códigos de conducta pueden ayudar a la sociedad a evitar la diseminación de noticias falsas, pero también ayudados por la tecnología.
    • Fake news and information professionals’ codes of ethics

      Boté Vericad, Juanjo (2020)
      The goal of this paper is to discuss concepts related to Fake News. The study includes the different meanings of Fake News, along with related information disorders. It also includes an analysis of information professionals’ ethical codes in relation to information disorders and ethical behaviours regarding information management. The speed and ease with which Fake News can be disseminate d has implications for these information professionals. The literature review explore some of the different taxonomies and typologies of Fake News published by the following authors: Aznar (2019), Froehlich (2017), Verstraete, Bambauer and Bambauer (2017) and Wardle and Derakshan (2017). Methodologically, this paper analyzes the information professionals’ codes of conduct for the main organizations and associations, in a thoughtful manner. These codes of conduct include those published by the International Federation of Libraries (IFLA, 2017), the American Library Association (ALA, 2017), the Association for Information Sciences and Technology (ASIS&T, 1992), and the Society of Professional Journalists (Society of Professional Journalists, 2014). We also dis cuss guidelines to avoid unethical behaviours relating to information. The conclusions inferred from this study are that Fake News impacts many different disciplines, such as economics and science. However, information professionals, through their codes of conduct and aided by technology, can help society prevent the spread of Fake News
    • Fantástica Loja da Cultura: práticas midiáticas e deontologia capitalista em Zygmunt Bauman

      CAPES; Casadei, Eliza Bachega; Universidade de São Paulo; Venancio, Rafael Duarte Oliveira; Universidade de São Paulo (Universidade Estadual de Maringá, 2011-08-20)
      O presente artigo busca analisar as questões da reprodução material da sociedade em interação com as práticas midiáticas se baseando nos conceitos de Zygmunt Bauman. Relacionando outros autores e vendo os processos culturais atuais, a reflexão se direciona à observação de que as práticas midiáticas atuais funcionam tal como um grande repositório de receitas de vida que se colocam enquanto imperativo nos novos tempos. Imperativo esse que representa uma deontologia capitalista, que movimenta a lógica parasitária do Sistema.
    • Fantástica Loja da Cultura: práticas midiáticas e deontologia capitalista em Zygmunt Bauman

      Eliza Bachega Casadei; RAFAEL DUARTE OLIVEIRA VENANCIO (Universidade Estadual de Maringá, 2011-08-01)
      O presente artigo busca analisar as questões da reprodução material da sociedade em interação com as práticas midiáticas se baseando nos conceitos de Zygmunt Bauman. Relacionando outros autores e vendo os processos culturais atuais, a reflexão se direciona à observação de que as práticas midiáticas atuais funcionam tal como um grande repositório de receitas de vida que se colocam enquanto imperativo nos novos tempos. Imperativo esse que representa uma deontologia capitalista, que movimenta a lógica parasitária do Sistema.
    • Fantástica Loja da Cultura: práticas midiáticas e deontologia capitalista em Zygmunt Bauman The Fantastic shop of culture: Capitalist Ethics and media practice in Zygmunt Bauman

      Eliza Bachega Casadei; Rafael Duarte Oliveira Venancio (Universidade Estadual de Maringá, 2011-10-01)
      <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman","serif";">O presente artigo busca analisar as questões da reprodução material da sociedade em interação com as práticas midiáticas se baseando nos conceitos de Zygmunt Bauman. Relacionando outros autores e vendo os processos culturais atuais, a reflexão se direciona à observação de que as práticas midiáticas atuais funcionam tal como um grande repositório de receitas de vida que se colocam enquanto imperativo nos novos tempos. Imperativo esse que representa uma deontologia capitalista, que movimenta a lógica parasitária do Sistema. </span></p><br><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%; text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: "Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language: EN;">This article explores the issues of material reproduction of society in interaction with the media practices, relying on the concepts of Zygmunt Bauman. Relating other authors and viewing the current cultural processes, reflection is directed to the observation that the current media practices act as a great repository of life recipes that stand as imperative in modern times. This imperative represents a capitalist deontology that drives the parasitic logic of the System.</span></p>
    • Fast Food

      Anwar, Citra Rosalyn (Universitas Hasanuddin, 2016-12)
      As the capital city of South Sulawesi, Makassar’s economy has developed significantly. This is accompanied by mushrooming of food industry, such as catering, cafetaria and restaurant, including fast food restaurant, which can be seen from the increase number of such industry in many corners of the city. This article deals with how fast food restaurant has changed people’s life style and how such restaurant is promoted in various ways by different agents. Fast food restaurants have well developed—particularly in terms of variation of menu, taste, restaurant facilities, and services—and this has attracted many, including family and fast become ‘comfort food’ for its customers. People’s eating habit has changed, fast food reataurant is one of the pioneers of such change, from making fast food restaurant just as a dining area to become a place where people can eat and relax. Fast food restaurant was promoted not only by the restauran itself in various ways (i.e. advertisements, meal packages, payment methods in cooperation with certain banks, internal services, etc.), but also by the family from mother to children (and other members of the family and visa versa) through various occasion (i.e. eating out on the weekend, birthday party, arisan, etc.). The health information which concerning nutrition of fast food is poorly understood by the family. Despite the fact that nutrition and health aspects of fast food are considered, they are not really the primary matter of concern, reflecting the lack of awareness regarding nutricious and healthy food.
    • FATHOMING TAX HAVENS CLIMATE THROUGH A CONSEQUENTIALIST VERSUS A DEONTOLOGICAL MORAL LENS

      LARISSA BǍTRÂNCEA; IOAN CHIRILĂ; RAMONA-ANCA NICHITA (Academica Brâncuşi, 2014-05-01)
      By means of an extensive methodological apparatus including analysis of chain base indexes, 
 comparisons, syntheses and case studies, literature review of scientific articles, books or official documents released 
 by international organizations and national agencies, viz. World Bank, OECD, Tax Justice Network, U.S. Internal 
 Revenue Service, U.S. Government Accountability Office, UK HM Revenue & Customs, Christian Aid, the present 
 paper assesses tax havens climate through a consequentialist vs. a deontological moral lens, approach which to our 
 knowledge has not been tackled before. Thus, it offers a variety of consequentialist and deontological judgments on 
 naysayers and yea-sayers to tax havens climates. Adding a philosopher’s eye to an economist’s view regarding the 
 morality of tax havens and appraising main aspects based on unprejudiced multidisciplinary evaluation, this article 
 tries to umpire all voices, making the case that the morality of international financial centers is not a resolute one. 
 Therefore, it should be discussed, analyzed and understood according to different perspectives of morality and 
 parties involved: international bodies, non-tax haven countries and their citizens, tax havens, foreign investors in 
 offshore businesses. 
    • FATHOMING TAX HAVENS CLIMATE THROUGH A CONSEQUENTIALIST VERSUS A DEONTOLOGICAL MORAL LENS

      LARISSA BATRANCEA; Ioan Chirila; RAMONA-ANCA NICHITA
      By means of an extensive methodological apparatus including analysis of chain base indexes, comparisons, syntheses and case studies, literature review of scientific articles, books or official documents released by international organizations and national agencies, viz. World Bank, OECD, Tax Justice Network, U.S. Internal Revenue Service, U.S. Government Accountability Office, UK HM Revenue & Customs, Christian Aid, the present paper assesses tax havens climate through a consequentialist vs. a deontological moral lens, approach which to our knowledge has not been tackled before. Thus, it offers a variety of consequentialist and deontological judgments on naysayers and yea-sayers to tax havens climates. Adding a philosopher’s eye to an economist’s view regarding the morality of tax havens and appraising main aspects based on unprejudiced multidisciplinary evaluation, this article tries to umpire all voices, making the case that the morality of international financial centers is not a resolute one. Therefore, it should be discussed, analyzed and understood according to different perspectives of morality and parties involved: international bodies, non-tax haven countries and their citizens, tax havens, foreign investors in offshore businesses.
    • Features of Psychosocial Intervention in Forming the Professional Ethics of PR-Activity

      Golubeva, Mary; Ryabets, Irina (2018)
      The article considers the question of the role of psychosocial intervention in forming the professional Ethics of PR-specialists. There are three ethical areas (social, corporate, personal) of professional Ethics of PR-activities. The first area of professional Ethics of PR-activities is social. It consists of responsibility of PR-specialist before society. The second area of professional Ethics of PR-activities is corporate. It consists of the responsibility of PRspecialists before the PR profession in general, a PR agency, increasing the reputation of the profession of PR. The third area of professional Ethics of PR-activities is personal. This area is the basis of the Ethics of PR-activities. This area is the foundation for the development of corporate and social professional Ethics of PR-activities. The authors formulate three levels of psychosocial intervention according to the three ethical areas of professional Ethics of PR-activities. They are social, corporate, and personal. The aim of psychosocial intervention on the first level (social) is to deepen knowledge, transform the attitude towards social phenomena and society in general. The aim of psychosocial intervention on the second level (corporate) is to deepen the knowledge (professional development), actualize professional subjectivity, relevant professional activity at this level. The aim of psychosocial intervention on the third level (personal) is to deepen the subjection of PR-experts. The authors define professional competencies of the PR-specialists, which they have to get on the three levels.